अंगिका  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

angika prachin ang mahajanapad arthath bharat ke uttar-poorvi evn dakshin bihar, jharakhnd, bngal, asam, udisa aur nepal ke taraee ke ilaqon men mukhy roop se boli jane vali bhasha hai. lagabhag char se panch karod log angika bhasha ko matribhasha ke roop men prayog karate hain. yah prachin bhasha kambodiya, viyatanam, maleshiya adi deshon men bhi prachin samay se boli jati rahi hai. prachin samay men angika bhasha ki apani ek alag 'ang lipi' bhi thi.

namakaran

prachin ang pradesh ki bhasha ko 'angika' kaha jata hai. angika bhashi bharat men lagabhag sat lakh log hain. is bhasha ka nam 'bhagalapuri' isaki sthaniy rajadhani ke karan pada. isake alava angika ko 'angi', 'angikar', 'chikka chiki' aur 'apabhransha' bhi kaha jata hai. angika ki upabhashaen hain- 'deshi', 'dakhanaha', 'mungeriya', 'devaghariya', 'gidhhoriya', 'dharamapuriya'. aksar bhasha ka namakaran usake bole jane ke sthan se hota hai, yahi ham yahan bhi dekhate hain.[1]

bolane valon ki snkhya

angika 'ary-bhasha parivar' ki sadasy hai aur bhashaee taur par bangla, asamiya, udiya aur nepali, khmer bhasha se isaka kafi nikat snbndh hai. prachin angika ke vikas ke shuruati daur ko 'prakrit' aur 'apabhrnsh' ke vikas se joda jata hai. lagabhag 4 se 5 karod log angika ko matri-bhasha ke roop men prayog karate hain aur isake prayogakarta bharat ke vibhinn hisson sahit vishv ke kee deshon me phaile hue hain.

sahityik bhasha

bharat ki angika ko sahityik bhasha ka darja hasil hai. angika sahity ka apana samriddh itihas raha hai aur athavin shatabdi ke kavi 'sarah' ya 'sarahapa' ko angika sahity men sabase ooncha darja prapt hai. sarahapa ko hindi evn angika ka adi kavi mana jata hai. 'bharat sarakar' dvara angika ko jald hi bharatiy snvidhan ki athavin anusoochi men bhi shamil kiya jaega.

snkatagrast bhasha

aj vishv men bahuteri bhashaen marane ke kagar par hain. 96 pratishat bhashaen matr char pratishat abadi dvara boli jati hain. 500 bhashaon ko bolane valon ki snkhya 100 hi hai; 1500 bhashaon ko 1000 se kam log bolate hain aur 5000 bhashaon ko 100,000 se kam bolane vale hi hain. dhire-dhire ek ke bad ek marate ja rahe hain. n keval bhashaen marati hain; ek bhasha ke sath samudayik itihas, bauddhik aur sanskritik vividhata, sanskritik pahachan bhi mar jati hai. yah kshati sabaki kshati hai; ek tarah se sthayi kshati. qarib 3000 bhashaen agale 100 sal men mar jaengi. har do saptah men ek bhasha mar rahi hai. jitani adhik vividhata hai, utana hi adhik khatara hai. aur isalie bharatiy bhashaen bhi usaki jad men hai. 197 bhashaen bharat men marane ke kagar par hain aur unamen se ek hai 'angika'.[2]

halanki angika mushkil men dikhati hai, lekin sthiti vikat nahin hai. bahutere kshetr men kam ho rahe hain. angika men sahity upalabdh hai. log likh rahe hain. kuchhek filmen bhi bani hain. shabdakosh adi bhi taiyar kie ge hain. lekin is badalate parivesh men sabase zaroori hai, angika ko soochana-praudyogiki ke patal par lana, jisase dijital yug men ham angika ki maujoodagi ko rekhankit kar saken.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. bhagalapuri ya angika.....ek vivechana (hindi) laharen. abhigaman tithi: 22 julaee, 2014.
  2. to kya angika mar jayegi (hindi) kramash:. abhigaman tithi: 22 julaee, 2014.

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