अग्रिपा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

agripa sndehavadi grik darshanik. isaka samay thik prakar se gyat nahin hai, par snbhavat yah inesidemas ke pashchath‌ hua tha. isane nirbhrant sunishchit gyan ki snbhavyata ke viruddh usake vishay men sndeh karane ke panch adhar ya hetu batalae hain
(1) vaimaty,
(2) annt vistar,
(3) sapekshikata,
(4) upakalpana (haipaauthesis)
(5) parasparashrit anuman hain.
agripa ka uddeshy yah tha ki usake ye panch hetu inesidemash‌ ityadi prachin sndehavadiyon ke das hetuon ka sthan grahan kar len.


agripa, markas vipsanias (63-12 ee. poo.)

yah prasiddh roman samrat ogustas ka param mitr aur senapati tha tatha usaka priy salahakar bhi. in donon ka ullekh misr ki rani kliyopatra ke snbndh men hua hai. usase ogustas ki beti bhi byahi thi, yadyapi usaki umr samrat ke barabar hi thi aur donon ne ek sath hi yoonan men adhyayan kiya tha. agripa ant tak apane mitr samrath ke sath raha tha aur nirntar usane usake kary sampann kie. 37 ee. poo. men vah rom ka kaunsal hua. rom ki nausena ka adhyaksh hone ke nate usane us mahanh‌ nagar ke bndaragah ka sundar prabndh kiya aur nausena ko ne dhng se sngathit kiya. rom nagar ki pradhan imaraton ka jirnoddhar karaya aur nee imaraten, naliyan, snanagrih, udyan adi banavae. usane lalit kalaon ko apana snrakshan diya aur jo yah kaha jata hai ki ogustas ne paya rom nagar jo eetn ka tha, par chhoda use sngamaramar ka banakar vastut samrat ke paksh men utana sahi nahin hai jitana agripa ke paksh men aur us disha men jo kuchh bhi samrat kar saka vah agripa ki karyashilata se. mark antoni ke viruddh aktiyan ki ladaee samrat ke lie agripa ne hi jiti thi aur parinamasvaroop apani bhatiji marasevala ka vivah usane agripa se kar diya tha. 23 ee. poo. men agripa poorv ka gavarnar banakar bheja gaya. vahan se lautane par samrat ne apani mitrata usake sath dridh karane ke lie usase patni ka talak dilakar use apani beti byah di. kuchh kal bad use phir poorv jana pada aur vahan use apani nyayapriyata aur sushasan se logon ka hriday jit liya. panoniya ka vidroh bina raktapat ke dabakar usane aur bhi lokapriyata arjit ki. 51 varsh ki umr men agripa ki knpaniya men mrityu huee. vah lekhak bhi tha. usane bhoogol par kaphi likha hai. usane apani atmakatha bhi likhi thi jo ab nahin milati.


agripa, herod pratham (10 ee. poo.-44 ee.)

aristibolus ka putr herod mahanh‌ ka pautr; lagabhag 10 ee. poo. men paida hua. usaka vastavik nam markas yoolias agripa tha. apane shaishav aur yuva kal men vah rom ke samrat tiberias ke darabar men raha. vahan usake oopar kaphi rin ho gaya to usake chacha ne use egoranomas arthath‌ mndiyon ka ovarasiyar banava diya aur upahar men use bahut sa dravy diya. sanh‌ 37 ee. men rom ke samrat keligula ne prasann hokar use batani aur konitis ka shasak banaya. sanh‌ 41 eesvi men jab kladias rom ka samrat bana to agripa herod jooda ka shasak bana diya gaya. yahoodi usake shasan se bahut sntusht the. usane juroosalam ki chaharadivariyon ko majaboot banaya aur apane samnt shasakon ko anushasan men rakha. sanh‌ 44 ee. men usaki hatya kar di gee. usaki hatya ke pashchath‌ rom ke samrat ne jooda ke rajapad ko samapt kar diya.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. hindi vishvakosh, khand 1 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 79 |

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