अतिशा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

atish dipankar shrigyan (atisha) (janm-981 bharat, mrityu-1054) bauddh dharm ki brajayan shakha (tantrik mahayan) ke ve mahanh darshanik the. jisaka vikas vikramashila vishvavidyalay men hi hua tha. usake bad brajayan darshan ko unhonne tibbat men bhi phailaya. tibbat men prachalit lama pranali mool roop se isi brajayan darshan ka vikasit roop hai. jise atish apane sath tibbat le ge. unhen tibbat men mnjushri ka avatar mana jata hai tatha buddh aur padmasambhav ke bad sabase adhik sammanit mana jata hai.

jivan parichay

atisha ka janm 981 ee. men bharat ke ek sampann zamindar parivar men sahor athava jahor namak sthan par hua, jise kuchh log bngal men batate hain. atisha ke pita ka nam shrikalyan aur mata ka nam padmaprabha tha. mata-pita ne atisha ka nam chandragarbh rakha tha. prarambhik jivan men atisha sadharan grihastha aur taradevi ka upasak tha. yuva hone par usane bauddh siddhanton ka adhyayan kiya aur shighr hi bauddh dharm ka prachur gyan arjit kar liya. udyantapur-bihar ke achary shilabhadr ne jahan atisha adhyayan kar raha tha, atisha ko 'dipnkar shriman' upadhi se vibhooshit kiya. bad men tibbati logon ne use atisha nam se pukarana arambh kar diya. shighr hi log usake asali nam chandragarbh ko bhool gaye aur vah atisha dipnkar shrigyan ke nam se amar ho gaya.

karyakshetr

atisha 31 varsh ki ayu men hi bhikshu ho gaya aur agale 12 varsh usane bharat aur bharat ke bahar adhyayan aur yogabhyas men bitaye. vah pegu (barama) aur shrilnka gaya. videshon men adhyayan karane ke bad jab vah lauta, to pal vnsh ke raja nyayapal ne use vikramashila bihar ka kulapati bana diya. usaki vidvatta aur dharmashilata ki khyati desh-deshantar men phaili aur tibbat ke raja ne tibbat akar vahan phir se bauddh dharm ka prachar karane ke lie atisha ko nimntrit kiya. us samay atisha ki avastha 60 varsh ki thi. lekin tibbat ke raja ka anavarat agrah vah asvikar nahin kar saka. do tibbati bhikshuon ke sath atisha ne vikramashila se tibbat ki kathin yatra nepal hokar poori ki. tibbat men usaka rajakiy svagat kiya gaya. atisha ne 12 varsh tak tibbat men rahakar dharm ka prachar kiya. usane svayn tibbati bhasha sikhi aur tibbati v snskrit men ek sau se adhik granth likhe. usaki shikshaon se tibbat men bauddh dharm men pravisht anek buraeeyan door ho geen. usake prabhav se tibbat men anek bauddh bhikshu hue, jinhonne usake bad bhi bahut varshon tak dharm ka prachar kiya. atisha ne tibbat ke anek bhagon ki yatraen kin.

mrityu

atisha ne 1054 ee. men 73 varsh ki umr men apane sharir ka tyag kiya. tibbati logon ne usaki samadhi ne - thang math men rajakiy samman ke sath banayi. tibbati log ab bhi atisha ka smaran bade samman ke sath karate hain aur usaki moorti ki pooja bodhisattv ki moorti ki bhanti karate hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh


bhattachary, sachchidanand bharatiy itihas kosh, dvitiy snskaran-1989 (hindi), bharat diskavari pustakalay: uttar pradesh hindi snsthan, 7.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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