अबुल फ़ज़ल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

abul fazal
abul fazal
poora nam abul fazal ibn mubarak
prasiddh nam abul fazal
janm 14 janavari sanh 1551 ee.
mrityu 12 agast, 1602
abhibhavak shekh mubaraq nagauri
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr kavi
mukhy rachanaen 'akabaranama' evn 'aina-e-akabari'
vishay itihas, darshan evn sahity
puraskar-upadhi akabar ke navaratn
vishesh yogadan abul fazal ne mugalakalin shiksha evn sahity men apana bahumooly yogadan diya hai.
any janakari abul fazal ratri men daraveshon ke yahan jata, unamen asharfiyan bantata aur apane dharm ke lie unase dua mangata tha. 1602 ee. men bundela raja virasinhadev ne shahazada salim ke ukasane se abul fazal ki hatya kar dali.

abul fazal shekh mubaraq nagauri ka dvitiy putr tha. inaka janm 958 hijari (6 muharram, 14 janavari sanh 1551 ee.) men hua tha. vah bahut padha-likha aur vidvanh tha aur usaki vidvata ka log adar karate the. inaka svabhav ekantapriy tha, isalie inhen ekant achchha lagata tha. abul fazal ratri men daraveshon ke yahan jate, unamen asharfiyan bantate aur apane dharm ke lie unase dua mangate the. 1602 ee. men bundela raja virasinhadev ne shahazada salim ke ukasane se abul fazal ki hatya kar dali.

buddhi v vakachatury ka dhani

yah apani buddhi tivrata, yogyata, pratibha tatha vakachatury se shighr apane samay ka advitiy evn asamany purush ho gaya. 15ven varsh tak isane darshan shastr tatha hadis men poora gyan prapt kar liya tha. kahate hain ki shiksha ke arambhik dinon men jab vah 20 varsh ka bhi nahin hua tha, tab sifahani ya isfahani ki vyakhya isako mili, jisaka adhe se adhik ansh dimak kha ge the aur is karan se vah samajh men nahin a raha tha. isane dimak khae hue hisse ko alag kar sade kagaz jode aur thoda vichar karake pratyek pnkti ka arambh tatha ant samajh kar sade bhag ko andaz se bhar dala. bad men jab doosari prati mil gee aur donon ka milan kiya gaya, to ve mil ge. do–tin sthanon par samanarthi shabd–yojana ki vibhinnata thi aur tin-char sthanon par uddharan bhinn the, par unamen bhi bhav prayah mool ke hi the. sabako yah dekhakar bada hi ashchary hua. inaka svabhav ekantapriy tha, isalie inhen ekant achchha lagata tha aur inhonne logon se milana–julana kam kar diya tatha svatntr jivan vyatit karana chaha.

akabar se bhent

abul fazal ne kisi vyapar ke dvar ko kholane ka prayatn nahin kiya. mitron ke kahane par 19ven varsh men yah badashah akabar ke darabar men us samay upasthit hua, jab vah poorviy pranton ki or ja raha tha aur isane 'ayatul kursi' par likhi huee apani tika use bhent men di. jab akabar doosari bar fatehapur sikari lauta tab yah doosari bar usake yahan par gaya. isaki vidvata tatha yogyata ki khyati akabar ke pas kee bar pahunch chuki thi. isilie in par asim kripaen hueen. jab akabar kattar mullaon se bigad baitha tab ye donon bhaee (abul fazal v faizi), jo apani uchch koti ki vidvata tatha yogyata ke sath dhoortata tatha chapaloosi men bhi kam nahin the, bar-bar shekh abdunnavi aur makhadoomulamulq se, jo apane gyan tatha prachalit vidyaon ki janakari se samrajy ke stambh the, tark karake unhen chup kar dene men akabar ki sahayata karate rahate the, jisase din–pratidin unaka prabhutv aur badashah se mitrata badhati gee. abul fazal tatha usake bade bhaee shekh faizi ka svabhav badashah ki prakriti se milata tha, isase abul fazal amir ho gaya. 32ven varsh men yah ek hazari manasab ho gaya. 34ven varsh men jab abul fazal ki man ki mrityu huee tab akabar ne shok manane ke lie isake grih par jakar isako samajhaya ki, 'yadi manushy amar hota aur ek–ek kar n marata to sahanubhootishil hridayon ke virakti ki avashyakata hi n rah jati. is saray men koee bhi adhik dinon tak nahin rahata, tab kyon ham log asntosh ka dosh apane oopar len.' 37ven varsh men inaka manasab do hazari ho gaya.

akabar se ghanishthata

jab abul fazal ka badashah par itana prabhav badh gaya ki shahazade bhi isase eershya karane lage, tab afasaron ka kahana hi kya aur yah barabar badashah ke pas ratn tatha kundan ke saman rahane laga. tab kee asntusht saradaron ne akabar ko abul fazal ko dakshin bhejane ke lie badhy kiya. yah prasiddh hai ki ek din sultan salim shekh ke ghar aya aur vahan chalis lekhakon ko quran tatha usaki vyakhya ki pratilipi karate dekha. vah un sabako pustakon ke sath badashah ke pas le gaya, jo sashnkit hokar vicharane laga ki yah hamako to aur qism ki baten sikhalata hai aur apane grih ke ekant men doosara karata hai. us din se unaki mitrata ki baton tatha dosti men farq pad gaya.

Blockquote-open.gif jakhiratul khavanin men likha hai, ki abul fazal ratri men daraveshon ke yahan jata, unamen asharfiyan bantata aur apane dharm ke lie unase dua mangata. isaki prarthana yahi hoti thi ki 'shok' kya karana chahie? tab apane hath ghutanon par rakhakar gahari sans khinchata. isane apane naukaron ko kabhi kuvachan nahin kaha, anupasthiti ke lie kabhi dnd nahin lagaya aur n unaki mazadoori adi zabt kiya. jise ek bar naukar rakh liya, use yathasambhav thik kam n karane par bhi kabhi nahin chhudaya. isaka bhojan ashcharyajanak tha. isaka putr abdurrahaman ise bhojan karata aur pas rahata. bavarchikhana ka nirikshak musalaman tha, jo khada hokar dekhata rahata. jis tashtari men abul fazal do bar hath dalata, vah doosare din phir taiyar kiya jata. yadi kuchh svad rahit hota to vah use apane putr ko khane ko deta aur tab vah jakar bavarchiyon ko kahata tha. abul fazal svayn kuchh nahin kahate the. Blockquote-close.gif


43ven ilahi varsh men yah dakshin shahazada murad bakhsh ko lane bheja gaya. ise agya mili thi ki vahan ke raksharth niyukt afasar thik kary kar rahe hon, to vah shahazade ke sath laut ayen aur yadi aisa n ho to shahazade ko bhej de, mirza sahab ke sath vahan ka prabandh thik kare. jab vah burahanapur pahuncha tab khanadesh ke adhyaksh bahadur khan ne, jisake bhaee se abul fazal ki bahan byahi huee thi, chaha ki ise apane ghar liva lae v jakar isaki khatir karen. abul fazal ne kaha ki yadi tum mere sath badashah ke kary men yog dene chalo to ham nimntran svikar kar len. jab yah marg band ho gaya, tab usane kuchh vastr tatha rupaye bhent bheje. abul fazal ne uttar diya ki mainne khuda se shapath li hai ki jab tak char sharten poori n hon tab tak main kuchh upahar svikar nahin karoonga. pahali shart prem hai, doosari yah ki upahar ka main vishesh mooly nahin samajhoonga, tisari yah ki mainne usako manga n ho aur chauthi yah ki usaki mujhe avashyakata ho. inamen pahali tin to poori ho sakati hain par chauthi kaise poori hogi? kyonki shahnshah ki kripa ne ichchha rahane hi nahin di hai.

dhairyavan chitt ka malik

shahazada murad bakhsh, jo ahamadanagar se asaphal hokar lautane ke karan mastishk vikar se grasit ho raha tha aur usake putr rustam mirza ki mrityu se usamen adhik sahayata mili, any madira payiyon ke protsahan se pan karane laga aur use lakava ki bimari ho gee. jab use apane bulae jane ki agya ka samachar mila, to vah ahamadanagar chala gaya. jisamen is chadhaee ko darabar n jane ka ek bahana bana le. yah poorna nadi ke kinare dihari pahunch kar sanh 1007 hijari (1599 ee.) men mar gaya. usi din abul fazal phurti se kooch kar padav men pahuncha. vahan atyant gadabad macha hua tha. chhote–bade sabhi laut jana chahate the, par abul fazal ne yah soch kar ki aise samay jab shatru pas men hai aur ve videsh men hain, lautana apani hani karana hai. bahutere kruddh hokar laut ge, par isane dridh hriday tatha sachche sahas ke sath saradaron ko shant kar sena ko ekatrit rakha aur dakshin vijay ke lie kooch kar diya. thode hi samay men bhage hue bhi a mile aur usane kul prant ki achchhi tarah se raksha ki. nasik bahut door tha, isalie nahin liya ja saka, par bahut se sthan, batiyala, talatum, sitoonda adi samrajy men mila lie ge. godavari ke tat par padav dal charon or yogy sena bheji. sndesh milane par isane chandabibi se yah thik pratigya tatha vachan le liya ki abhag khan habshi ke, jisase usaka virodh chal raha tha, dnd pa jane par vah apane lie juner jagir men lekar ahamadanagar de degi. sherashahagadh se us or ko ravana hua.

akabar ka chaheta

isi samay akabar ujjain aya aur use gyat hua ki asir ke adhyaksh bahadur khan ne shahazada daniyal ko kornish (jhukakar salam karana) nahin kiya hai tatha shahazada use dnd dena chahata hai. badashah burahanapur tak jana chahate the, isalie shahazade ko likha ki vah ahamadanagar lene men prayatn kare. is par patr shahazade ke yahan se abul fazal ke pas ane laga ki usaka utsah door–door tak logon ko maloom hai, par akabar chahata hai ki shahazada ahamadanagar vijay kare. isalie abul fazal is ladaee se hath khinche. jab shahazada burahanapur se chala tab abul fazal agyanusar mir murtaza tatha khvaza abulahasan ke sath mirza shaharukh ke adhin kainp chhodakar darabar chala gaya. 14 ramazan sanh 1008 hijari (19 march sanh 1600 ee.) ko 45ven varsh ke arambh men bijapur rajy men karaganv men badashah se bhent ki. akabar ke honth par is ashay ka sher tha —

sundar ratri tatha sushobhit chandr ho, jisamen, tumhare sath har vishay par main batachit karoon.


Blockquote-open.gif kahate hain ki shiksha ke arambhik dinon men jab vah 20 varsh ka bhi nahin hua tha, tab sifahani ya isfahani ki vyakhya isako mili, jisaka adhe se adhik ansh dimak kha ge the aur is karan se vah samajh men nahin a raha tha. isane dimak khae hue hisse ko alag kar sade kagaz jode aur thoda vichar karake pratyek pnkti ka arambh tatha ant samajh kar sade bhag ko andaz se bhar dala. bad men jab doosari prati mil gee aur donon ka milan kiya gaya to ve mil ge. do–tin sthanon par samanarthi shabd–yojana ki vibhinnata thi aur tir–char sthanon par ke uddharan bhinn the, par unamen bhi bhav prayah mool ke hi the. Blockquote-close.gif

char hazari manasab evn asiragadh ki vijay

mirza ajij koka, asaf khan aur shekh farid bakhshi ke sath abul fazal durg asir gherane par niyat hue aur khanadesh prant ka shasan use mila. usane apane putr tatha bhaee ke adhin apane adamiyon ko bhejakar 22 thane sthapit kie aur vidrohiyon ka daman karane ka prayatn kiya. isi samay isane char hazari manasab ka jhanda phaharaya. ek din abul fazal topakhane ka nirikshan karane ge. ghire huon men se ek adami ne, jo topakhane ke manushyon se a mila tha, maligadh ke divar tak pahunchane ka ek marg batala diya. asir ke parvat ke madhy men uttar ki or do prasiddh durg mali aur antaramali hain, jinamen se hokar hi log ukt durg men ja sakate the. isake siva vayavy, uttar tatha eeshan men ek aur durg joona mali hai. isaki divar poori nahin huee thi. poorv se nairity tak kee chhoti pahadiyan hain aur dakshin men oonchi pahadi kortha hai. dakshin-pashchim men sapan namak oonchi pahadi hai. yah antim shahi sena ke hath men a gaya tha, isase abul fazal ne topakhane ke afasaron se yah nishchit kiya ki jab ve dnde turahi adi ka shabd sunen tab sabhi sidhi lekar bahar nikal ayen aur bada dnka piten. vah svayn ek andhakarapoorn tatha badalamay ratri men apane sainikon ke sath sapan par chadh aya aur vahan par se adamiyon ko pata dekar age bheja. un sabane mali ka phatak tod dala aur bhitar ghusakar dnka pitane aur turahi bajane lage. durg vale ladane lage, par abul fazal bhi subah hote - hote a pahuncha. tab durgavale asiragadh men chale ge. jab din hua tab gherane vale kortha, joonamali adi sab or se a pahunche aur badi bhari vijay huee. bahadur khan sharanagat hua aur khan-e-azam koka ke madhyasth hone par kornish (jhukakar salam karana) karane ki use agya mili. jab shahazada daniyal asir vijay ki khushi men darabar aya tab rajoomana ke karan vahan gadabad mach gayi aur nizamashah ke chacha ke ladake shahali ko gaddi par baithane ka prayatn hua. abdurrahim khanakhanan ahamadanagar aya aur abul fazal ko nasik vijay karane ki agya mili. par shahali ke putr ko lekar bahut se adami ashanti machae hue the, isalie agyanusar abul fazal vahan se lautakar khanakhanan ke sath ahamadanagar gaya.

rajoomana se yuddh

jab 46ven varsh men akabar burahanapur se hindustan lauta tab shahazada daniyal vahin par rah gaya. jab khanakhanan ne ahamadanagar ko apana nivas sthan banaya, tab senapatitv aur yuddh snchalan ka bhar abul fazal par a pada. yuddhon ke hone ke bad abul fazal ne shahali ke ladake se sndhi kar li aur tab rajoomana ko dnd dene ki taiyari ki. jalanapur tatha as–pas ke prant par, jisamen shatru the, adhikar kar vah daulatabad ghati tatha rauja ki or badha. katak chatavara se kooch kar rajoomana se yuddh kiya aur vijayi raha. rajoo ne daulatabad men kuchh din sharan li aur phir upadrav karata pahuncha. thodi hi ladaee par vah punah bhaga aur pakada ja chuka tha ki vah durg ki khaee men kood pada. usaka sara saman loot liya gaya.

jahangir ki sazish

Blockquote-open.gif jab vah burahanapur pahuncha tab khanadesh ke adhyaksh bahadur khan ne, jisake bhaee se abul fazal ki bahan byahi huee thi, chaha ki ise apane ghar liva lae v isaki khatir karen. abul fazal ne kaha ki yadi tum mere sath badashah ke kary men yog dene chalo to ham nimntran svikar kar len. jab yah marg band ho gaya tab usane kuchh vastr tatha rupaye bhent bheje. abul fazal ne uttar diya ki mainne khuda se shapath li hai ki jab tak char sharten poori n hon tab tak main kuchh upahar svikar nahin karoonga. pahali shart prem hai, doosari yah ki upahar ka main vishesh mooly nahin samajhoonga, tisari yah ki mainne usako manga n ho aur chauthi yah ki usaki mujhe avashyakata ho. inamen pahali tin to poori ho sakati hain par chauthi kaise poori hogi? kyonki shahnshaha ki kripa ne ichchha rahane hi nahin di hai. Blockquote-close.gif

47ven varsh men jab akabar shahazada jahangir se kuchh ghatanaon ke karan khafa ho gaya, tab usane, kyonki usake naukar shahazada ka paksh le rahe the aur satyata tatha vishvas men koee bhi abul fazal ke barabar nahin tha, abul fazal ko apana kul saman vahin par chhodakar bina sena lie phurti se laut ane ke lie likha. abul fazal apane putr abdurrahaman ke adhin apani sena tatha sahayak afasaron ko dakshin men chhodakar phurti se ravana ho gaya. jahangir ne isaki apane svami ke prati bhakti tatha shraddha ke karan is par shnka ki tatha isake ane ko apane kary men badhak samajha aur isake is prakar akele ane men apana labh mana. agunagrahakata se abul fazal ko apane marg se hata dene ko usane apane samrajy ki pratham sidhi man liya aur virasinhadev bundela ko bahut sa vada kar, jisake rajy men se hokar abul fazal ana vala tha, use mar dalane ko taiyar kar liya. tab logon ne ray di ki use malava ke ghati chanda ke marg se jana chahie. abul fazal ne kaha ki "dakuon ki kya majal hai ki mera rasta roken." 4 rabiulh avval sanh 1011 hijari (12 agast, 1602 ee.) ko shukravar ke din bada ki saray se adha kos par, jo naravar se 6 kos par hai, virasinhadev ne bhari ghudasavar tatha paidal sena ke sath dhava kiya. abul fazal ke shubhachintakon ne abul fazal ko yuddh sthal se hata le jane ka prayatn kiya aur isake ek purane sevak gadaee afagan ne kaha bhi ki antari basti ke pas hi rayarayan tatha raja soorajasinh tin hazar ghudasavaron sahit maujood hain, jinhen lekar use shatru ka daman karana chahie, par abul fazal ne bhagane ki apratishtha nahin uthani chahi aur jivan ke sikke ko virata se khel dala.

chagataee vnsh men niyam tha ki shahazadon ki mrityu ka samachar badashahon ko khule roop se nahin diya jata tha. unake vaqil nila roomal hath men bandhakar kornish (jhukakar salam karana) karate the, jisase badashah ukt samachar se avagat ho jate the. abul fazal ki mrityu ka samachar badashah ko kahane ka jab kisi ko sahas nahin hua, tab yahi niyam barata gaya. akabar ko apane putron ki mrityu se adhik shok hua aur kul vritt sunakar kaha ki 'yadi shahazada badashahat chahata tha, to use mujhe marana chahie tha aur abul fazal ki raksha karani chahie thi.' usane yah sher ekaek padha —

'jab shekh hamari or bade agrah se aya, tab hamare pair choomane ki ichchha ke bina sir pair ke aya.'
khane azam ne abul fazal ki mrityu ki tarikh is muamma men kaha—'khuda ke paigambar ne bagi ka sir kat dala.' (1011 hi0 1602 ee.).

kahate hain ki abul fazal ne svapn men usase kaha ki 'meri mrityu ki tarikh bndah abul fazal' hai, kyonki khuda ki duniya men bhatake huon par vishesh kripa hoti hai. kisi ko bhi nirash nahin hona chahie. shah abul maliqadiri ke vishay men, jo lahaur ke shekhon ka ek mukhiya tha, kaha jata hai ki usane kaha tha ki, abul fazal ke karyon ka virodh karo. ek ratri mainne svapn men dekha ki abul fazal paigambar ke jalase men laya gaya. usane apani kripa drishti us par dali aur apane jalase men sthan diya. usane kripa kar kaha ki is adami ne apane jivan ke kuchh bhag kukary men vyatit kie par inaki yah dua, jisaka arambh yon hai ki 'ai khuda, achchhe logon ko unaki achchhaee ka puraskar de aur buron par apani uchchata se daya kar', usaki mukti ka karan ho gee.'

jan-manas ke vichar

chhote–bade sabhi ke mukh par yah bat thi ki abul fazal qafir tha. koee use hindoo kah kar usaki ninda karata tha, to koee agni poojak batalata tha tatha matandh ki padavi deta tha. kuchh logon ne yahan tak apani ghrina dikhalaee hai ki use napaq tatha anishvar vadi tak kaha hai. par doosare jinamen nyay buddhi adhik hai aur jo soofi mat ke anuyayiyon ke saman bure nam valon ko achchhe nam dete hain, ise unamen ginate hain, jo sabase shanti rakhate hain, atyant udar hriday hain, sab dharmon ko manate hain, niyam ko dhila karate hain tatha svatntr prakriti ke hain. alamara abbasi ka lekhak likhata hai ki shekh abul fazal nuqatavi tha, jaisa ki ek akshar ke roop men likhe hue ek manshoor se maloom hota hai, jise abul fazal ne mir saiyad ahamad kashi ke pas bheja tha, jo mat ka ek mukhiya tatha us nukta mat ki pustakon ka ek lekhak tha. yah sanh 1002 hijari (sanh 1594 ee.) men, jab qafiron ko faras men mar rahe the, kashan men shah abbas ke niji hathon se mara gaya tha. nuktamat kufr, apavitrata, vnkachata aur ghor eesaeepan hai aur nuktavi log darshanikon ke saman vishv ko anadi manate hain. ve pralay tatha antim din aur achchhe–bure karmon ke badale ko nahin manate. ve svarg aur narak ko yahin sansarik sukh aur du:kh manate hain. khuda hamen bachave.

akabar ke vichar

Blockquote-open.gif chagataee vnsh men niyam tha ki shahazadon ki mrityu ka samachar badashahon ko khule roop se nahin diya jata tha. unake vaqil nila roomal hath men bandhakar kornish (jhukakar salam karana) karate the, jisase badashah ukt samachar se avagat ho jate the. abul fazal ki mrityu ka samachar badashah ko kahane ka jab kisi ko sahas nahin hua, tab yahi niyam barata gaya. Blockquote-close.gif

akabar samajh ane ke samay hi se bharat ke chal vyavahar adi ko bahut pasand karata tha. isake bad vah apane pita humayoon ke upadeshon par chala, jisane faras]ke shah tahamasp ki sammati man li thi. (nirvasan ke samay) humayoon ke sath batachit karate hue bharat tatha rajy chhin jane ke vishay men charcha chalakar usane kaha ki aisa gyat hota hai ki 'bharat men do dal hain, jo yuddh kala tatha sainik snchalan men prasiddh hain. afagan tatha rajapoot.' is samay parasparik avishvas ke karan afagan apake paksh men nahin a sakate, isalie unhen sevak n rakhakar vyapari banao aur rajapooton ko mila rakho. akabar ne is dal ko mila rakhana ek bhari rajanitik chal mana aur isake lie poora prayatn kiya. yahan tak ki unaki chal apanaee, 'gayon ko marana bnd kar diya, dadhi banavata, motiyon ki mala pahanata, dashahara tatha divali tyohar manata adi.' abul fazal ka badashah par prabhav tha. is sabaka usi par ulta asar pada.

nekadil insan

jakhiratul khavanin men likha hai, ki abul fazal ratri men daraveshon ke yahan jata, unamen asharfiyan bantata aur apane dharm ke lie unase dua mangata. isaki prarthana yahi hoti thi ki 'shok' kya karana chahie? tab apane hath ghutanon par rakhakar gahari sans khinchata. isane apane naukaron ko kabhi kuvachan nahin kaha, anupasthiti ke lie kabhi dnd nahin lagaya aur n unaki mazadoori adi zabt kiya. jise ek bar naukar rakh liya, use yatha sambhav thik kam n karane par bhi kabhi nahin chhudaya. yah kahata ki log kahenge ki isamen buddhi ki kami hai, jo bina samajhe ki kaun kaisa hai, rakh leta hai. jis din soory mesh rashi men jata hai us din yah sab gharaoo saman samane mngavakar usaki soochi banava leta aur apane pas rakhata. yah apane bahi khaton ko jalava deta aur kul kapadon ko nauroj ko naukaron men bant deta, keval payajamon ko samane jalava deta. isaka bhojan ashcharyajanak tha. isaka putr abdurrahaman ise bhojan karata aur pas rahata. bavarchikhana ka nirikshak musalaman tha, jo khada hokar dekhata rahata. jis tashtari men abul fazal do bar hath dalata, vah doosare din phir taiyar kiya jata. yadi kuchh svad rahit hota, to vah use apane putr ko khane ko deta aur tab vah jakar bavarchiyon ko kahata tha. abul fazal svayn kuchh nahin kahate the.

vinamrata ki misal

kahate hain ki dakshin ki chadhaee ke samay isake sath ke prabandh aur karakhane aise the jo ki vichar se pare the. cheval ravati men abul fazal ke lie masanad bichhata aur pratidin ek sahasr thaliyon men bhojan ata tatha afasaron men bntata. bahar ek naugazi lagi rahati, jisamen din–rat sabako paki - pakaee khichadi bntati rahati thi. kaha jata hai ki jab abul fazal ka vaqil mulataq tha, tab ek din khanakhanan sindh ke shasak mirza janibeg ke sath isase milane ke lie aya. abul fazal bistar par lamba soya hua akabaranama dekh raha tha. isane kuchh bhi dhyan nahin diya aur usi prakar pade hue kaha ki, 'mirza ao aur baitho.' mirza janibeg men saltanat ki boo thi, isalie vah kudhakar laut gaya. doosari bar khanakhanan ke bahut kahane se mirza, abul fazal ke grih par ge. abul fazal fatak tak svagat ko aya aur bahut suvyavahar karake kaha ki, 'ham log apake sathi nagarik hain aur apake sevak hain.' mirza ne ashchary men padakar khanakhanan se poochha ki 'us din ke anhakar aur aj ki namrata ka kya arth hai?' khanakhanan ne uttar diya, ki 'us din pradhan amaty ke pad ka vichar tha, chhaya ko vastavikata ke saman mana. aj bhatritv ka bartav hai.'

asamay hatya

abul fazal bahut varshon tak akabar ka vishvasapatr vazir aur salahakar raha. vah keval darabari aur ala afasar hi nahin tha, varanh bada vidvanh tha aur usane anek pustaken bhi likhi thin. usaki aina-e-akabari men akabar ke samrajy ka vivaran milata hai aur akabaranama men usane akabar ke samay ka itihas likha hai. usaka bhaee faizi bhi akabar ka darabari shayar tha. '1602 ee. men bundela raja virasinhadev ne shahazada salim ke ukasane se abul fazal ki hatya kar dali.


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tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh