अरुणाचल प्रदेश  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

India-flag.gif
arunachal pradesh
Arunachal-map-large.jpg
rajadhani eetanagar
rajabhasha(en) angrezi bhasha, hindi bhasha, asamiya bhasha
sthapana 20 faravari, 1987
janasnkhya 1, 091, 117 [1]
· ghanatv 13 [2] /varg kimi
kshetraphal 83,743 varg kimi
bhaugolik nirdeshank 27°04′N 93°22′E
zile 16 [3]
sabase bada nagar eetanagar
mukhy paryatan sthal eetanagar, tavang, dirang ghati, bomadila, tipi, malinithan, likabali, pasighat
ling anupat 1000:901 ♂/♀
saksharata 54.74%
rajyapal bi. di. mishra[3]
mukhyamntri pema khandoo[3]
vidhanasabha sadasy 60 [3]
lokasabha kshetr 2
rajyasabha sadasy 1
rajakiy pashu gaur (Mithun)
rajakiy pakshi dhanesh (Hornbill)
rajakiy pushp faauks tel archid (Rhynchostylis retusa)
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait
adyatan‎
Arunachal Pradesh-Logo.gif

arunachal pradesh (angrezi: Arunachal Pradesh) bharat ganarajy ka ek uttar poorvi rajy hai. 'arunachal' ka arth hindi men shabdik arth hai 'ugate soory ki bhoomi' (arun+achal). arunachal pradesh bharat ka abhinn rajy hai kintu chin rajy ke ek bhag par apana adhikar dakshini tibbat ke roop men jatata hai. arunachal pradesh ki mukhy bhasha hindi bhasha aur asamiya hai sath hi angrezi bhasha bhi ajakal dhire dhire lokapriy ho rahi hai.

itihas

arunachal pradesh ko pahale poorvattar simant ejensi (narth eest phrntiyar ejensi- nepha) ke nam se jana jata tha. is rajy ke pashchim, uttar aur poorv men kramash: bhootan, tibbat, chin, aur myanmar deshon ki antararashtriy simaen hain. arunachal pradesh ki sima nagalaind aur asam se bhi milati hai. is rajy men pahadi aur arddh-pahadi kshetr hai. isake pahadon ki dhalan asam rajy ke maidani bhag ki or hai.
tavang, arunachal pradesh
'kameng', 'subanasiri', 'siang', 'lohit' aur 'tirap' adi nadiyan inhen alag-alag ghatiyon men vibhajit kar deti hain. yahan ka itihas likhit roop men upalabdh nahin hai. maukhik parnpara ke roop men kuchh thoda sa sahity aur aitihasik khndahar hain jo is parvatiy kshetr men milate hain. in sthanon ki khudaee aur vishleshan ke dvara pata chalata hai ki ye eesvi sanh prarnbh hone ke samay ke hain. aitihasik pramanon se pata chalata hai ki yah jana-pahachana kshetr hi nahin tha varanh jo log yahan rahate the unaka desh ke any bhagon se nikat ka snbndh tha. arunachal pradesh ka adhunik itihas 24 faravari, 1826 ko 'yndaboo sndhi' hone ke bad asam men british shasan lagoo hone ke bad se prapt hota hain. sanh 1962 se pahale is rajy ko narth-eest phrntiyar ejensi (nepha) ke nam se jana jata tha. snvaidhanik roop se yah asam ka hi ek bhag tha parntu samarik mahattv ke karan 1965 tak yahan ke prashasan ki dekhabhal videsh mntralay karata tha. 1965 ke pashchath asam ke rajpal ke dvara yahan ka prashasan grih mntralay ke antargat a gaya tha. sanh 1972 men arunachal pradesh ko kendr shasit rajy banaya gaya tha aur isaka nam 'arunachal pradesh' kiya gaya. is sab ke bad 20 faravari, 1987 ko yah bharatiy sngh ka 24van rajy banaya gaya.

bhoogol

arunachal ka adhikatar bhag himalay se dhaka hai, lekin lohit, changalang aur tirap patakaee pahadi़yon men sthit hain. kangto, nyegi kangasang, mukhy gorichan choti aur poorvi gorichan choti is rajy men himalay ki sabase oonchi chotiyan hain.

tavang ka 'bumala darra' sanh 2006 men 44 varshon men pahali bar vyapar ke lie khola gaya tha aur vyapariyon ko ek doosare ke kshetr men pravesh karane ki anumati di gee thi. himalay parvatamala ka poorvi bhag arunachal pradesh ko chin se alag karata hai. yah parvatamala age nagalaind ki or mud jati hai aur bharat aur barma (vartaman myanmar) ke madhy changalang aur tirap zile men ek prakritik sima ka nirman karati hai aur ek sima ka kary karati hai.
buddh ki pratima, tavang gompa
arunachal pradesh ki simayen dakshin men asam, dakshin poorv men nagalaind, poorv men myanmar, pashchim men bhootan aur uttar men tibbat se milati hain. prasiddh 'ledo barma rod' ka ek bhag is rajy se hokar jata hai, is sadak ne dvitiy vishv yuddh ke dauran chin ke liye 'jivan rekha' ki bhoomika nibhaee thi.

arunachal pradesh ka mausam badalata rahata hai. himalay ke oonchaee vale bhag sthit tibbat ke nikatavarti bhagon men mausam tundra pradesh ki bhanti hota hai. madhy himalayi bhagon men mausam samashitoshn hota hai. yahan seb, sntara, adi phaladar vriksh hote hain. himalay ke kshetr men nam ushnakatibndhiy mausam rahata hai jahan adhik tez garami aur halki sardiyan hoti hai. arunachal pradesh ki prakritik sundarata dekhate hi banati hai. yahan arkid ke phool bhi pae jate hain. hari bhari ghatiyan aur yahan ke lok-git sngit,hastashilp sabhi kuchh man lubhavana hai. arunachal pradesh men 160 se 80 inch (2000 se 4000 mimi) tak varshik varsha hoti hai. adhikatar varsha mee aur sitnbar mah men hoti hai. yahan ke pahad aur unaki dhalanen samashitoshn aur upavishuvatiy jngalon se bhari hain, isi karan se yahan bauna raaudaaudendron, ok, chid, maiple, phar aur junipar ke vriksh milate hain sath hi sal aur sagaun prajati ke vriksh bhi milate hain.

jalavayu

  • arunachal pradesh ki jalavayu men bhoo-akriti evn oonchaee ke sath parivartan hota hai.
  • laghu parvatiy kshetr uposhn katibndhiy hai. yahan garm evn ardr jalavayu hai.
  • nimn ghatiyon men grishmakalin adhikatam tapaman 30° se., jabaki sharad ritu men nimnatam tapaman 14° se. tak a jata hai.
  • rajy ki ausat varshik varsha ki dar lagabhag 2,000 mimi hai, jo aprail aur sitnbar ke madhy adhikatar hoti hai.
  • poorv evn pashchim siyang zilon (arunachal pradesh ke madhy bhag men sthit) men yah 4,064 mimi tak pahunch jati hai.
  • pahadon ki oonchaee ke sath ausat tapaman girata chala jata hai.

janasankhyiki ankade

63 pratishat arunachal nivasi 19 pramukh janajati tatha 85 any janajatiyon se hain. inamen se adhikatar tibbat-barma mool se hain. shesh 35 pratishat janasnkhya apravasi hain, jinamen se 31,000 bngali, bodo, hajong, bngala desh se aye chakama sharanarthi aur asam, nagalaind aur bharat ke any bhagon se aye pravasi hain. sabase badi janajatiyon men galo, nishi, khamti, monpa, daphala, sinhapo aur apatani pramukh roop se hain.

arunachal pradesh ki saksharata dar 1991 men 41,59 % se badhakar 54.74 % ho gayi hai . 487796 vyakti padhe likhe hai. bharat sarakar ki 2001 ki janaganana ke ankadon ke anusar arunachal ke 20 % nivasi prakritidharmi hain, jo jivavadi dharm- do nyi-polo aur rangaphrah ka nirvah karate hain. miri aur nokte jati ke lagabhag paintis pratishat nivasi hindoo hain. rajy ke 13% nivasi bauddh dharm ka palan karate hain. tibbati bauddh dharm mukhy roop se tavang, pashchim kameng aur tibbat se lage bhagon men prachalit hai. theravad bauddh dharm ka myanmar ki sima se sate kshetron men palan kiya jata hai. lagabhag 19 pratishat nivasi eesaee dharm se hain.

bunaee karati mahila, arunachal pradesh

arthavyavastha

san 2004 men arunachal pradesh ka sakal ghareloo utpadan 706 miliyan daaular ke lagabhag tha. arthavyavastha mukhyat: krishi pradhan hai. 'jhum' kheti jo adivasi samoohon men pahale prachalit thi, ab kam log is prakar kheti karate hain. arunachal pradesh ka lagabhag 61000 varg kilomitar ka bhag ghane jngalon se bhara hai, aur vany utpad rajy ki arthavyavastha ka doosara mahattvapoorn bhag hai. yahan fasalon men chaval, makka, bajara, gehoon, dalahan, ganna, adarak aur tilahan mukhy roop se hain.

arunachal pradesh phalon ke utpadan ke lie adarsh hai. paryavaran ki drishti se yahan ke pramukh udyog ara mil aur plaeevud ko qanoonan bnd kar diya gaya hai. chaval mil, phal parirakshan ikaiyan, hastashilp aur hathakaragha adi yahan ke any pramukh udyog hain.

samajik jivan

arunachal pradesh ke kuchh mahattvapoorn tyoharon men 'adis' samuday ka 'mapin aur solngu', 'monapa' samuday ka tyohar 'lossar', 'apatani' samuday ka 'dri', 'taginon' samuday ka 'si-donyaee', 'idu-mishami' samuday ka 'reh', 'nishing samuday ka 'nyokum' adi tyohar shamil hain. adhikatar tyoharon par pashuon ko bali chadhane ki puratan pratha hai.

krishi

khet ki gudaee karati mahila, arunachal pradesh
  • arunachal pradesh ke nagarikon ke jivanayapan ka mukhy adhar krishi hai.
  • arunachal pradesh ki arthavyavastha 'jhoom' kheti par hi mukhyat: adharit hai.
  • ajakal nakadi fasalon, jaise-aloo aur bagabani ki fasalen, jaise seb, sntare aur anannas adi ko protsahan ja raha hai.
  • arunachal pradesh ke pahadi logon men kheti ki parnparik vidhi shiing (jhoom) ka prayog hota hai.
  • is krishi vidhi ki mukhy paidavar chaval, makka, jau evn mothi (kootoo) hain.
  • arunachal pradesh ki mukhy fasalon men chaval, makka, bajara, gehoon, jau, dalahan, ganna, adarak aur tilahan hain.

khanij aur udyog

rajy ki vishal khanij snpada ke snrakshan ke lie 1991 men 'arunachal pradesh khanij vikas' aur 'vyapar nigam limited' (e. pi. em. di. ti. si. el.) ki sthapana ki gee thi. vibhinn prakar ke vyapar men dastakaron ko prashikshan dena, roing, tabarijo, dirang, yupaiya aur maio men karyarat panch 'sarakari audyogik prashikshan snsthan' (aee.ti.aee.) hain. aee.ti.aee. yupaiya mahilaon ke lie vishesh roop se bana hai jo papum pare zile men sthit hai.

sinchaee aur bijali

arunachal pradesh men 87,500 hekteyar se adhik bhoomi sinchit kshetr hai. rajy ki vidyut kshamata lagabhag 30,735 megavaaut hai. rajy ke 3,649 ganvon men se lagabhag 2,600 ganvon ka vidyutikaran kar diya gaya hai.

eetanagar, arunachal pradesh

parivahan

arunachal pradesh men 330 kilomitar lamba rashtriy rajamarg (sadak marg) hai. arunachal pradesh ki visham bhoo-akriti ne sucharu parivahan evn snchar vyavastha ko kathin bana diya hai. pakki sadakon ki kami evn rel marg ki anupasthitim se arunachal pradesh shesh bharat se lagabhag kata hua hai, jabaki prachin kal men is kshetr men vibhinn oonchaiyon par base ganvon aur tibbat ke madhy himalay ke darron se vyapar hota tha. vayudoot antarkshetriy vayuseva ki vyavastha karata hai.

pnchayati raj

gramin kshete ke vikas ke lie 'arunachal pradesh rajy nirvachan ayog' ne rajy sarakar ke sahayog se mee, 2008 men pnchayati chunav saphalatapoorvak snpann karae hain jisase ki gramon ka samuchit vikas ho sake.

sanskritik jivan

qalin banati mahilayen, arunachal pradesh
  • arunachal pradesh men vibhinn janajatiyon ke logon ki apani-apani alag pagadi evn paridhan hai.
  • bunaee kala ka apana mahattv hai evn har janajati ki apani vishisht shaili hai.
  • nrity samajik jivan ka abhinn ang hai.
  • losar, mepin evn solung yahan ke pramukh janajatiy parv hai.
tyohar
  • rajy ke kuchh mahattvapoorn tyoharon men adis logon dvara manae jane vale mopin aur solung;
    • monapa logon ka tyohar lossar;
    • apatani logon ka dri, taginon ka si-donyaee;
    • idu-mishami samuday ka reh;
    • nishing logon ka nyokum adi shamil hain.
  • adhikansh tyoharon ke avasar par pashuon ki bali chadhane ki pratha hai.

paryatan sthal

rajy ke pramukh paryatan sthal-

tavang, arunachal pradesh
eeta qila

is qile ka nirman 14 -15vin shatabdi men karaya gaya tha. isake nam par hi is jagah ka nam eetanagar hai. is qile se bahut hi sundar drishy dikhayi dete hain. qile ko dekhane ke bad sailani pauranik gnga jhil bhi dekh sakate hain.

pauranik gnga jhil

pauranik gnga jhil eetanagar se 6 kilomitar ki doori par hai. jhil ke pas sundar prakritik jngal hai. sailani yahan sundar ped-paudhe, vany jiv aur phoolon ke bagiche bhi dekh sakate hain.

eetanagar, arunachal pradesh
bauddh mndir

yahan par ek khoobasoorat bauddh mandir hai. bauddh guru dalaee lama bhi yahan ki yatra kar chuke hain. is mandir ki chhat pile rng ki hai aur is mandir ka nirman tibbati shaili men kiya gaya hai. is mandir ki chhat se eetanagar ke sundar drishy dikhayi dete hain. mandir men ek sngrahalay bhi hai jisaka nam javaharalal neharoo sngrahalay hai. is sngrahalay men poore arunachal pradesh ki jhanki dekhi ja sakati hai. isake atirikt yahan par lakadiyon se bani khoobasoorat vastuen, vady yntr, sundar kapade, hastanirmit vastuen aur ken ki bani sundar kalakritiyon ka sngrah dekh sakate hain. sngrahalay men ek pustakalay bhi hai. any sthalon men donyi-polo vidya bhavan, vigyan snsthan, indira gandhi udyan aur abhiyantriki snsthan pramukh hain.

papum per

arunachal pradesh ka papum per bahut hi sundar sthan hai. isaka mukhyalay yoopiya men sthit hai. yah eetanagar se 20 kilomitar door hai. papum per himalay ki taraee men basa hua hai. yahan se himalay ki anek chotiyan dikhayi deti hain. inake atirikt yahan jngalon, nadiyon ki prakritik chhata ko bhi dekh sakate hain. adhikatar paryatan sthal eetanagar, doeemukh, sigeli aur kimin men sthit hai. in sthalon ki yatra karane ke lie paryatakon ko arunachal pradesh ke sarakari karyalay se paramit lena padata hai.

tavang math
pasighat, arunachal pradesh

tavang math ka nirman merak lama lodre gyatso ne 1680-81 ee. men karaya tha. tavang math ek pahadi par bana hua hai. samudr tal se isaki oonchaee 10,000 phit hai. yahan par kee chhoti nadiyan bhi bahati hain. yahan se poori tvang-choo ghati ke khoobasoorat drishy dekhe ja sakate hain.

arunachal pradesh men mahattvapoorn jagahen hain-
  1. tavang
  2. parashuram kund
  3. bhismaknagar
  4. malinithan
  5. akashignga
  6. namadapha
  7. eetanagar
  8. bomadila


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 2001 ki janaganana ke anusar
  2. State with Lowest Population Density in India (angrezi) (ech.ti.em.el) Colors of india. abhigaman tithi: 26 mee, 2011.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Arunachal Pradesh (angrezi) (ech.ti.em.el) arunachal pradesh ki adhikarik vebasait. abhigaman tithi: 13 mee, 2012.