अलंकार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kavy men bhasha ko shabdarth se susajjit tatha sundar banane vale chamatkarapoorn manornjan dhng ko alnkar kahate hain. alnkar ka shabdik arth hai, 'abhooshan'. jis prakar suvarn adi ke abhooshanon se sharir ki shobha badhati hai usi prakar kavy alnkaron se kavy ki.

  • snskrit ke alnkar snpraday ke pratishthapak achary dandi ke shabdon men 'kavy' shobhakaran dharman alnkaran prachakshate' - kavy ke shobhakarak dharm (gun) alnkar kahalate hain.
  • hindi ke kavi keshavadas ek alnkaravadi hain.

bhed

alnkar ko do bhagon men vibhajit kiya gaya hai:-

  1. shabdalnkar- shabd par ashrit alnkar
  2. arthalnkar- arth par ashrit alnkar
  3. adhunik/pashchaty alnkar- adhunik kal men pashchaty sahity se aye alnkar

1.shabdalnkar

  • jahan shabdon ke prayog se saundary men vriddhi hoti hai aur kavy men chamatkar a jata hai, vahan shabdalnkar mana jata hai.
prakar

2.arthalnkar

  • jahan shabdon ke arth se chamatkar spasht ho, vahan arthalnkar mana jata hai.
prakar

adhunik/pashchaty alnkar

alnkar lakshan\pahachan chihn udaharan\ tippani
manavikaran amanav (prakriti, pashu-pakshi v nirjiv padarth) men manaviy gunon ka aropan jagin vanaspatiyan alasaee, mukh dhoti shital jal se. (jayashnkar prasad)
dhvanyarth vynjana aise shabdon ka prayog jinase varnit vastu prasng ka dhvani-chitr ankit ho jay. charamar-charamar- choon- charar- marar. ja rahi chali bhainsagadi. (bhagavaticharan varma)
visheshan - viparyay visheshan ka viparyay kar dena (sthan badal dena) is karunakalit hriday men
ab vikal ragini bajati. (jayashnkar prasad)
yahan 'vikal' visheshan ragini ke sath lagaya gaya hai jabaki kavi ka hriday vikal ho sakata hai ragini nahin.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

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