अली सरदार जाफ़री  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ali saradar jafari
ali saradar jafari
poora nam ali saradar jafari
janm 29 navambar, 1913
janm bhoomi balaramapur, uttar pradesh
mrityu 1 agast, 2000
mrityu sthan mumbee, maharashtr
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr shayar
mukhy rachanaen paravaz, nee duniya ko salam, khoon ki lakir, aman ka sitara, eshiya jag utha, patthar ki divar, mera safar adi.
bhasha urdoo, farasi
vidyalay aligadh muslim vishvavidyalay, lakhanoo vishvavidyalay
shiksha em. e.
puraskar-upadhi padmashri, gyanapith puraskar, rashtriy iqabal samman, uttar pradesh urdoo akadami puraskar, roosi soviyat laind neharoo puraskar adi
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari apane chintan ke karan saradar ka jhukav vamapnthi rajaniti ki or hua aur ve kamyunist parti ke sakriy sadasy ban ge. rajanaitik utha-patak ka natija yah hua ki unhen kee bar jel jana pada aur unhonne kee rachanaen jel ki sikhachon ke bhitar rah kar hi likhin.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

ali saradar jafari (angrezi: Ali Sardar Jafri, janm: 29 navambar, 1913; mrityu: 1 agast, 2000) urdoo bhasha ke ek prasiddh sahityakar the. inhen 1997 men gyanapith puraskar se sammanit kiya gaya tha.

jivan parichay

navambar, mera gahnvara hai, ye mera mahina hai
isi mahe-mannavar men
miri ankhon ne pahali bar sooraj ki sunahari raushani dekhi
mire kanon men pahali bar insani sada ayi

sanh‌ 29 navambar 1913 ee. ko janm lene vale prasiddh shayar ali saradar jafari ke lie nishchit hi navambar ek yadagar mahina raha hoga. saradar ka janm gonda zile ke balaramapur ganv men hua tha aur vahin par haeeskool tak unaki shiksha-diksha bhi huee thi. age ki padha़ee ke lie unhonne aligadh ki muslim vishvavidyalay men pravesh liya. yahan par unako us samay ke mashahoor aur ubharate hue shayaron ki sngat mili jinamen akhtar husain rayapuri, sibte-hasan, jazbi, majaz, jannisar akhtar aur khvaja ahamad abbas jaise adib bhi the.

koee saradar kab tha isase pahale teri mahafil men
bahut ahale-sukhan utthe bahut ahale-kalam aye.

yah vah daur tha jab angrezon ke khilaf svatntrata andolan ki shuruat ho chuki thi aur kee naujavan is andolan men kood pade़ the. isi samay vaauyasaray ke ikzikitiv kaunsil ke sadasyon ke viruddh hadatal karane ke lie saradar ko yoonivarsiti se nikal diya gaya. apani padha़ee age jari rakhate hue unhonne englo-arebik kalej, dilli se bi.e. pas kiya aur bad men lakhanoo vishvavidyalay se em.e. ki digri hasil ki. phir bhi, chhatr-andolanon men bhag lene ka unaka jazba kam nahin hua. parinamasvaroop unhen jel jana pada़. isi jel men unaki mulakat pragatishil lekhak sngh ke sajjad zahir se huee aur lenin v marks ke sahity ke adhyayan ka avasar mila. yahin se unake chintan aur marg-darshan ko thos zamin bhi mili. isi prakar apani samyavadi vicharadhara ke karan ve pragatishil lekhak sngh se jude़ jahan unhen premachand, ravindranath thakur, faiz ahamad 'faiz' , mulkaraj annd jaise bharatiy sahityakaron tatha nerooda v luee aranga jaise videshi chintakon ke vicharon ko janane - samajhane ka avasar mila. kee alimon ki sngat ka yah asar hua ki saradar ek aise shayar bane jinake dil men mehanatakashon ke dukh-dard base hue the.[1]

pramukh kritiyan

  • ‘paravaz’ (1944)
  • ‘jamhoor’ (1946)
  • ‘nee duniya ko salam’ (1947)
  • ‘khoob ki lakir’ (1949)
  • ‘amman ka sitara’ (1950)
  • ‘eshiya jag utha’ (1950)
  • ‘patthar ki divar’ (1953)
  • ‘ek khvab aur' (1965)
  • 'pairahane sharar' (1966)
  • ‘lahu pukarata hai’ (1978)
  • 'mera safar' (1999)

sahityik parichay

mehanatakash chahe khet ke khule vatavaran men kam karane vala kisan ho ya mil ki kafas men karyarat mazadoor, shoshan to usaka har jagah hota hai. sab se adhik du:kh to is bat ka hai ki bal shramik bhi is shoshan se nahin bach paya hai. apane isi chintan ke karan saradar ka jhukav vamapnthi rajaniti ki or hua aur ve kamyunist parti ke sakriy sadasy ban ge. rajanaitik utha-patak ka natija yah hua ki unhen kee bar jel jana pada aur unhonne kee rachanaen jel ki sikhachon ke bhitar rah kar hi likhin.

mujhe giraphtar karake jab jel la rahe the pulisavale
tum apane bistar se apane dil ke
adhoore khvabon ko lekar bedar ho gee thin
tumhari palakon se nind ab bhi tapak rahi thi
magar nigahon men napharaton ke azim shole bhadak uthe the...

saradar chahe jahan bhi rahe, unaki lekhani nirntar chalati rahi. natijatan unhonne gyarah kavy-sngrah, char gady sngrah, do kahani sngrah aur ek natak ke alava kee pady evn gady ka yogadan sahityik patrikaon ko diya. parntu unaki khyati ek aise shayar ke roop men ubhari jisane urdoo shayari men chhnd-mukt kavita ki parnpara shuroo ki. tabhi to unaki kee rachanaen; jaise paravaz, nee duniya ko salam, khoon ki lakir, aman ka sitara, eshiya jag utha, patthar ki divar aur mera safar khyati prapt kar chuke hain. apani rachanaon men unhonne pratikon, bimbon aur mithakon ka bhi sundar prayog kiya hai. yadyapi saradar ne apani shayari men farasi ka adhik prayog kiya hai, phir bhi unaki rachanaen am adami tak pahunchi aur behad makabool huee. unake qalam ka loha desh men hi nahin, apitu antararashtriy sahity jagath men bhi mana jata hai.[1]

samman aur puraskar

nidhan

is azim shayar ne apane poore jivan men mazaloom aur mehanatakash garibon ki samasyaon ko ujagar karane ke lie apani qalam chalaee jisake lie unhen niji yatanaen bhi jhelani padi़. 86 varsh ki ayu tak pahunchate-pahunchate apane jivan ke antim dinon men bren-tyoomar se grast hokar kee mah tak mumbee aspatal men maut se joojhate rahe.

main sota hoon aur jagata hoon
aur jag kar phir so jata hoon
sadiyon ka purana khel hoon main
main mar ke amar ho jata hoon.

antatah 1 agast, 2000 ko is fani duniya ko ali saradar jafari ne alavida kah diya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 prasad, chndr mauleshvar. main yahan phir aoonga - ali saradar jafari (hindi) sahity kunj. abhigaman tithi: 24 janavari, 2015.

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