अल्बेनियन भाषा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

albeniyaee bhasha bharatiy yooropiy parivar ki yah prachin bhasha apane pray: maulik roop men albeniyaee janata ki prachin prathaon ki bhanti aj bhi vidyaman hai. isake bolanevalon ki snkhya lagabhag das lakh hai. uttari aur dakshini do boliyon ke roop men yah prachalit hai. uttari boli ko 'gvegui' kahate hain aur dakshini ko 'tosk'. inake sngya roopon men kinchith‌ bhed hai: gveguee men svaron ke madhy ka 'n' tosk men 'ra' ho jata hai. in boliyon ka bharatiy yooropiy roop inake sarvanamon tatha kriyapadon men aj bhi surakshit hai. yatha : to (daoo-angreji; too-hindi); na (vi-angreji, ham-hindi); joo (yoo-angreji, tum-hindi) tatha kriyapadon men roopavidhan : dom (main kahata hoon); doti (vah kahata hai); domi (ham kahate hain); aur doni (ve kahate hain).

isaki adhikansh shabdavali videshi shabdon se milakar bani hai, yadyapi bharatiy yooropiy parivar ke anek maulik shabd isamen aj bhi vidyaman hain. prachin grik bhasha se bahut hi kam shabd isamen ae pratit hote hain, kintu madhyakalin tatha adhunik grik se avashy kuchh shabd ghoom phirakar (aur kabhi-kabhi vesh badalakar bhi) is bhasha men a ge hain. jaise 'lipaset' (yah avashyak hai) shabd sarbiyan bhasha se albeniyaee men aya, kintu usase pahale sarbiya ne ise grik se liya tha. slav bhashaon se bhi anek shabd lie ge hain. klasiki yug men prachin grik ka prabhav albeniya tak nahin pahunch paya, jabaki latini prabhav bahut pahale se hi vahan tak pahunch chuka tha. albeniyaee ankavali men char ke lie 'katre' tatha shat ke lie 'kvidh' shabd avashy hi latini bhasha ke hain. jabaki 'pes' (panch) aur dahet (dash) mool bharatiy-yooropiy-parivar ke hain. isi prakar latini 'amikas' (doodh) albeniyaee men 'mik' rah gaya hai.

shaktishali roman samrajy ke prabhutvakal men albeniyaee nagarik shabdavali par yathanusar prabal latini prabhav bhi pada, kintu gramin janata ne apani bhasha ko aj tak sarvada 'shuddh' rakha hai. isaka uchcharan aur vyakaran aj bhi apane maulik roop men akshunn hai. yah bhasha jis parvatiy pradesh men boli jati hai, vah epiras ke uttar men, mantinigro ke dakshin men aur adriyatik sagar ke poorvasth hai. yah kab aur kaise is kshetr men aee, yah abhi tak anishchit hai. is bhasha ke 15vin shatabdi ke hi upalabdh sahity ko sabase prachin kaha jata hai, kintu any adhikansh prachin sahity 16vin aur 17vin shatabdi ka hi milata hai. adhunik albeniyaee sahity jis bhasha men likha gaya hai vah vartaman bhasha se bahut bhinn nahin hai aur vartaman bhasha prachin boliyon ka hi pray: aparivartit roop hai.[1]



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. hindi vishvakosh, khand 1 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 268 |

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