अवध  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

chitrakar dvara chitrit shujauddaula ka chitr

avadh shabd ayodhya se nikala hai. uttar pradesh ka yah bhag koshal kahalata tha. dasharath yahan ke raja the aur ayodhya unaki rajadhani thi. itihas men uttar bharat ke jin solah janapadon ka ullekh hai, unamen yah bhi ek tha, aur shravasti isaki rajadhani thi. bad men isako jitakar nndon aur mauryon ne magadh rajy ka ang bana liya. chauthi shatabdi men avadh gupt samrajy ka aur satavin men harshavardhan ke samrajy ka ang tha. navin shatabdi men gurjar-pratiharon ne ise apane samrajy men mila liya. sanh 1192 men shahabuddin muhammad gori ke ek sahayak ne avadh ko jita, to usake bad musalaman amiron ka yahan basana arnbh ho gaya.

sthapana

'sadat khan burahanulamulk' avadh ke svatantr rajy ka snsthapak tha. 1720 se 1722 ee. tak usane agara ke soobedar ke pad par kary kiya. 1722 ee. men samrat muhammadashah ne use avadh ka soobedar niyukt kiya, jahan bad men isane mugal samrajy se alag svatantr avadh rajy ki sthapana ki.

saadat khan dvara atmahatya

1723 ee. men sadat khan ne nayi ‘rajasv bandobast’ vyavastha ko lagoo kiya. 1739 ee. men sadat khan ko nadirashah ke khilaf ladane ke lie samrat muhammadashah ne dilli bulaya. kalantar men sadat khan ne hi nadirashah ko dilli par akraman karane ke lie prerit kiya tha. kintu usane akramanakari ko 20 karod ki asha dilayi thi, parantu nadirashah se kiye gaye vade ko n poora kar pane ke karan hi sadat khan ne 1739 men zahar khakar atmahatya kar li.

sadat khan ki mutyu ke bad samrat muhammadashah ne sadat khan ke bhatije evn damad 'safadarajng' ko avadh ki navabi pradan ki. 1748 ee. men mugal samrat ne use apana vazir banaya aur isake sath hi use ilahabad ka bhi prant de diya gaya. usane marathon ke viruddh ek ladaee ladi tatha hindoo evn musalamanon men koee bhed n karate hue donon ko barabar mahatv diya. usane apani sarakar men maharaj 'navabaray' ko uchch pad pradan kiya. 1754 ee. men usaki mrityu ho gee.

angrezon ka adhikar

1754 ee. men shujauddaula avadh ka navab evn samrat ka vazir bana. usane baksar ke yuddh me bhag liya tatha 1774 ee. men ruhelon ko parast kar ruhelakhnd par adhikar kar liya. 1775 ee. men usaki mrityu ho gee. shujauddaula ke bad ‘asafuddaula’ (1775-95 ee.) avadh ka shasak bana. usane apani rajadhani phaijabad se lakhanoo sthanantarit ki. 1819 ee. men is vnsh ke sataven shasak sadat khan ne avadh ke raja ki upadhi grahan ki. avadh ke svatntr shasakon ki antim kadi v antim shasak 'vajid alishah' tha. 1856 ee. men laaurd dalahauji ne avadh ko british shasan ke adhin kar liya.

uttar pradesh ki sthapana

1902 ee. men agara aur avadh ko milakar ‘snyukt prant agara v avadh’ banaya gaya. bharat ke svatntr hone par is prant ka nam uttar pradesh pada. avadh ke navabon ke shasanakal men yahan muslim snskriti ka paryapt prasar hua. unhonne anek masjidon aur bhavanon ka nirman kiya, jo aj bhi rajadhani lakhanoo tatha any nikatavarti nagaron ka akarshan hai .


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