अवयव  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

avayav aur avayavi

'avayav' ka arth hai ang aur 'avayavi' ka arth hai angi. bauddhon aur naiyayikon men is vishay ko lekar gahara matabhed chalata hai. bauddhon ke mat men dravy (ghat adi) apane utpadak paramanuon ka samooh matr hai arthath‌ vah avayavon ka punj hai. nyayamat men avayavon se utpann honevala avayavi ek svatntr padarth hai, avayavon ka snghat matr nahin. bauddhon ki manyata hai ki paramanu punj hone par ghat ko pratyaksh asiddh nahin mana ja sakata. akela paramanu apratyaksh bhale hi ho, parntu usaka samooh kathamapi apratyaksh nahin ho sakata. jaise door par sthit ek kesh bhale hi pratyaksh n ho, parntu jab keshon ka samooh hamare netron ke samane prastut hota hai, tab usaka pratyaksh avashyamev siddh hota hai. vyavahar men isaka pratyaksh drishtant milata hai. nyay isaka joradar khndan karata hai. usaki shakti hai ki kesh aur paramanu ko ham ek koti men nahin rakh sakate. paramanu atiendriy hai isalie usaka snghat bhi usi prakar atindriy atev pratyaksh ke ayogy hai. kesh to atindyrai nahin hai, kyonki samip lane par ek kesh ka bhi pratyaksh ho sakata hai. adrishy paramanupunj se drishy paramanupunj ka uday manana bhi ekadam yuktihin hai, kyonki adrishy drishy ka utpadak kabhi nahin ho sakata. is prakar yadi ghada paramanuon arthath‌ avayavon ka hi samooh hota (jaisa bauddh manate hain), to usaka pratyaksh kabhi ho hi nahin sakata. parntu ghat ka pratyaksh to hota hi hai. atev avayavon se bhinn tatha svatntr avayavi ka astitv manana hi yuktiyukt mat hai.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. hindi vishvakosh, khand 1 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 281 |

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