अवहट्ट भाषा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

avahatt bhasha satath parivartanashil hoti hai. koee bhi bhasha jab sahityalamb hokar pratishtit hoti hai to vah vyakaran ke niyamon ki shrinkhala baddh hone lagati hai aur dhire-dhire janabhasha se usaka alagav hone lagata hai. apabhrnsh ke hi uttarakalin ya paravarti roop ko 'avahatt' nam diya gaya hai. gyarahavin se lekar chaudahavin shati ke apabhrnsh rachanakaron ne apani bhasha ko avahatt kaha. 'avahatt' shabd ka sarvapratham prayog jyotirishvar thakur ne apane 'varn ratnakar' men kiya prakrit paingalam ke tikakar vnshidhar ne avahatt mana. sndesh rashak, maithil kohil krit kirtilata ki bhasha ko, addahaman aur vidyapati ne avahatt mana. avahatt ko apabhrnsh aur purani hindi ke bich ki kadi mana jata hai. puratan prabndh sngrah ki katipay anu-shrutiyon, nath aur siddh sahity, neminath chaupaee, bahubali ras, thoolimadd phag adi ke alava snt gyaneshvar ki 'gyaneshvari' aur rodakrit raulabel ki bhasha ko bhi avahatt mana gaya. khadi boli hindi ke bhashik aur sahityik vikas men jin bhashaon aur boliyon ka vishesh yogadan raha hai unamen apabhrnsh aur avahatt bhashaen bhi hai. hindi ko apabhrnsh aur avahatt se jo kuchh bhi mila usaka poora lekha jokha in tinon ki bhashik aur sahityik snpatti ka tulanatmak vivechan karane se prapt hota hai.

apabhrnsh aur avahatt ka vyakaranik roop

apabhrnsh kuchh -kuchh aur avahatt bahut kuchh viyogatmak bhasha ban rahi thi, arthath vikari shabdon (snge, sarvanam, visheshan,aur kriya) ka roopantar snskrit ki vibhaktiyon se mukt hokar parsargon aur svatntr shabdon ya shabdkhndon ki sahayata se hone laga tha. isase bhasha ke saralikaran ki prakriya tej ho gee. apabhrnsh aur avahatt ka sabase bada yogadan parsargon ke vikas men hai. sarvanamon men ham aur tum kafi purane hain. shesh sarvanamon ke roop bhi apabhrnsh aur avahatt men snpann ho ge the. apabhrnsh min se avahatt men main ho gaya tha. tuhun se too prapt ho gaya tha. bahut se apabhrnsh aur avahatt ke sarvanam poorvi aur pashchimi boliyon ko mile. sabase mahattvapoorn yogadan kriya ki rachana men kridntiy roopon ka vikas tha jo apabhrnsh aur avahatt men hua. bhavishyath kal ke roop itar boliyon ko mile; avahatt men, bhale hi chhitaput, g-roop ane laga tha. isi se khadi boli ko ga ge gi prapt hue. apabhrnsh aur avahatt men snyukt kriyaon ka prayog bhi dhyatavy hai. isi ke age hindi men sakana, chubhana, ana, lana, jana, lena, dena, uthana, baithana ka antar kriyaon se yog karane par snyukt kriyaon ka vikas hua aur unamen nee arthavatta vikasit huee. apabhrnsh kal se tatsam shabdon ka pun:jivan, videshi shabdavali ka grahan, deshi shabdon ka gathan drut gati se badh chala. prakrit to snskrit ki anugamini thi - tadbhav pradhan. apabhrnsh aur avahatt ki udarata ne hindi ko apana shabd bhndar bharane men bhari sahayata di.[1]


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tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. apabhrnsh, avahatt evn arnbhik hindi ka vyakaranik aur prayogik roop (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) basnt kumar chaudhari (blaaug). abhigaman tithi: 11 faravari, 2013.

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