अशफ़ाक़ उल्ला ख़ाँ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ashafaq ulla khan
ashafaq ulla khan
poora nam ashafaq ulla khan
janm 22 aktoobar, 1900 ee.
janm bhoomi shahajahanpur, uttar pradesh
mrityu 19 disambar, 1927 ee.
mrityu sthan phaijabad, uttar pradesh
abhibhavak pita- mohammad shafiq ulla khan, mata- majahoorunnishan begam
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi svatntrata senani
dharm islam
vishesh yogadan ashafaq ulla sada yah prayatn karate rahe ki unaki bhanti aur bhi muslim navayuvak krantikari dal ke sadasy banen aur desh ki azadi men apana yogadan karen.
snbndhit lekh kakori kand, ram prasad bismil, rajendranath lahidi, chndrashekhar azad
vishesh ashafaq ulla khan bharat ke aise pahale muslim the, jinhen kisi shadayntr ke tahat fansi ki saza di gee thi.
any janakari mahatma gandhi ka prabhav ashafaq ulla khan ke jivan par prarambh se hi tha, lekin jab 'chauri chaura ghatana' ke bad gandhiji ne 'asahayog andolan' vapas le liya, tab unake man ko atynt pida pahunchi thi.

ashafaq ulla khan (angrezi: Ashfaq Ulla Khan; janm- 22 aktoobar, 1900 ee., shahajahanpur, uttar pradesh; mrityu- 19 disambar, 1927 ee., phaijabad) ko bharat ke prasiddh amar shahid krantikariyon men gina jata hai. desh ki azadi ke lie hnsate-hnsate pran nyauchhavar karane vale ashafaq ulla khan hindoo-muslim ekata ke prabal pakshadhar the. 'kakori kand' ke silasile men 19 disambar, 1927 ee. ko unhen phaijabad jel men phansi par chadha diya gaya. ashafaq ulla khan aise pahale muslim the, jinhen shadyntr ke mamale men phansi ki saza huee thi. unaka hriday bada vishal aur vichar bade udar the. hindoo-muslim ekata se sambandhit snkirnata bhare bhav unake hriday men kabhi nahin a paye. sab ke sath sam vyavahar karana unaka sahaj svabhav tha. kathor parishram, lagan, dridhata, prasannata, ye unake svabhav ke vishesh gun the.

janm tatha parivar

ashafaq ulla khan ka janm 22 aktoobar, 1900 ee. ko uttar pradesh men shahajahanpur zile ke 'shahidagadh' namak sthan par hua tha. inake pita ka nam mohammad shafiq ulla khan tha, jo ek pathan parivar se talluk rakhate the tatha mata majahoorunnishan begam thin. inaki mata bahut sundar thin aur khoobasoorat striyon men gini jati thin. inaka parivar kafi samriddh tha. parivar ke sabhi log sarakari naukari men the. kintu ashafaq ko videshi dasata vidyarthi jivan se hi khalati thi. ve desh ke lie kuchh karane ko betav the. bngal ke krantikariyon ka unake jivan par bahut prabhav tha.

balyavastha

apani balyavastha men ashafaq ulla khan ka man padhane-likhane men nahin lagata tha. khanaut men tairane, ghode ki savari karane aur bhaee ki bandook lekar shikar karane men inhen bada anand ata tha. ye bade sudaul, sundar aur svasth javan the. chehara hamesha khila rahata tha aur doosaron ke sath hamesha prem bhari boli bola karate the. bachapan se hi unamen desh ke prati apar anurag tha. desh ki bhalaee ke liye kiye jane vale andolanon ki kathaen ve badi ruchi se padate the.

kavita ka shauk

ashafaq kavita adi bhi kiya karate the. unhen isaka bahut shauq tha. unhonne bahut achchhi-achchhi kavitayen likhi thin, jo svadeshanurag se sarabor thin. kavita men ve apana upanam hasarat likhate the. unhonne kabhi bhi apani kavitaon ko prakashit karane ki cheshta nahin ki. unaka kahana tha ki "hamen nam paida karana to hai nahin. agar nam paida karana hota to krantikari kam chhod lidari n karata?" unaki likhi huee kavitaen adalat ate-jate samay aksar 'kakori kand' ke krantikari gaya karate the.

  • apani bhavanaon ka ijahar karate hue ashafaq ulla khan ne likha tha ki- jamin dushman, jaman dushman, jo apane the paraye hain, sunoge dastan kya tum mere hale pareshan ki.[1]

ram prasad bismil se mitrata

ram prasad bismil aur ashafaq ulla khan ke samman men jari dak tikat

desh men chal rahe andolanon aur krantikari gatividhiyon se ashafaq ulla khan prabhavit hone lage the. dhire-dhire unamen krantikari bhav paida hone lage. unako badi utsukata huee ki kisi aise adami se bhent ho jaye, jo krantikari dal ka sadasy ho. us samay 'mainapuri shadayantr' ka mamala chal raha tha. ashafaq shahajahanpur men hi skool men shiksha pate the. 'mainapuri shadayantr' men shahajahanpur ke hi rahane vale ek navayuvak ke nam bhi varant nikala tha. vah navayuvak aur koee nahin, ramaprasad bismil the. yah janakar ashafaq ko badi prasannata huee ki unake shahar men hi ek adami hai, jaisa ki ve chahate the. kintu mamale se bachane ke liye ramaprasad bismil farar the. jab shahi ailan dvara sab rajanitik kaidi chhod diye gaye, tab ramaprasad bismil bhi shahajahanpur a gaye. jab ashafaq ko yah bat maloom huee to unhonne bismil se milane ki koshish ki. unase milakar shadyntr ke sambandh men batachit karani chahi. pahale to ramaprasad bismil ne talamatool kar di. parantu phir ashafaq ke vyavahar aur bartav se vah itane prasann hue ki unako apana bahut hi ghanisht mitr bana liya. is prakar ve krantikari jivan men a gaye. krantikari jivan men padarpan karane ke bad se ashafaq ulla khan sada prayatn karate rahe ki unaki bhanti aur bhi the muslim navayuvak krantikari dal ke sadasy banen. hindu-muslim ekata ke ve bahut bade samarthak the.

kakori kand

mahatma gandhi ka prabhav ashafaq ulla khan ke jivan par prarambh se hi tha, lekin jab 'chauri chaura ghatana' ke bad gandhiji ne 'asahayog andolan' vapas le liya to unake man ko atynt pida pahunchi. ramaprasad bismil aur chandrashekhar azad ke netritv men 8 agast, 1925 ko shahajahanpur men krantikariyon ki ek aham baithak huee, jisamen hathiyaron ke lie tren men le jae jane vale sarakari khazane ko lootane ki yojana banaee gee. krantikari jis dhan ko lootana chahate the, darasal vah dhan angrezon ne bharatiyon se hi hadapa tha. 9 agast, 1925 ko ashafaq ulla khan, ramaprasad bismil, chandrashekhar azad, rajendranath lahidi, thakur roshan sinh, sachindr bakhshi, keshav chakravarti, banavari lal, mukund lal aur manmath lal gupt ne apani yojana ko anjam dete hue lakhanoo ke najadik 'kakori' men tren dvara le jae ja rahe sarakari khazane ko loot liya. 'bharatiy itihas' men yah ghatana "kakori kand" ke nam se jani jati hai. is ghatana ko azadi ke in matavalon ne apane nam badalakar anjam diya tha. ashafaq ulla khan ne apana nam 'kumaraji' rakha. is ghatana ke bad british hukoomat pagal ho uthi aur usane bahut se nirdoshon ko pakadakar jelon men thoons diya. apanon ki dagabaji se is ghatana men shamil ek-ek kar sabhi krantikari pakade ge, lekin chandrashekhar azad aur ashafaq ulla khan pulis ke hath nahin ae.[2]

giraphtari

is ghatana ke bad ashafaq ulla khan shahajahanpur chhodakar banaras a ge aur vahan das mahine tak ek injiniyaring knpani men kam kiya. isake bad unhonne injiniyaring ke lie videsh jane ki yojana banaee taki vahan se kamae ge paison se apane krantikari sathiyon ki madad karate rahen. videsh jane ke lie vah dilli men apane ek pathan mitr ke snpark men ae, lekin unaka vah dost vishvasaghati nikala. usane inam ke lalach men angrez pulis ko soochana de di aur is tarah ashafaq ulla khan pakad lie ge.

sarakari gavah banane ki koshish

jel men ashafaq ko kee tarah ki yatanaen di geen. jab un par in yatanaon ka koee asar nahin hua to angrezon ne tarah−tarah ki chalen chalakar unhen sarakari gavah banane ki koshish ki, lekin angrez apane iradon men kisi bhi tarah kamayab nahin ho pae. angrej adhikariyon ne unase yah tak kaha ki hindustan azad ho bhi gaya to bhi us par muslimon ka nahin hinduon ka raj hoga aur muslimon ko kuchh nahin milega. isake javab men ashafaq ulla khan ne angrez afasar se kaha ki- "phoot dalakar shasan karane ki chal ka un par koee asar nahin hoga aur hindustan azad hokar rahega". unhonne angrez adhikari se kaha- "tum log hindoo-muslimon men phoot dalakar azadi ki ladaee ko ab bilakul nahin daba sakate. apane doston ke khilaf main sarakari gavah kabhi nahin banoonga."[3]

shahadat

19 disambar, 1927 ko ashafaq ulla khan ko phaijabad jel men phansi de di gee. is tarah bharat ka yah mahanh sapoot desh ke lie apana balidan de gaya. unaki is shahadat ne desh ki azadi ki ladaee men hindoo-muslim ekata ko aur bhi adhik majaboot kar diya. aj bhi unaka diya gaya balidan deshavasiyon ko ekata ke sootr men pirone ka kam karata hai.

prerak prasng

ashafaq ulla khan se jude kee prasng aise hain, jo unhen hindoo-muslim ekata ka pakshadhar siddh karate hain-

  • ashafaq ulla khan ke lie mndir aur masajid ek saman the. ek bar jab shahajahanpur men hindoo aur muslimon men jhagada hua aur shahar men marapit shuroo ho gee, us samay ashafaq bismil ji ke sath ary samaj mandir men baithe hue the. kuchh muslim mandir ke pas a ge aur akraman karane ke lie taiyar ho ge. ashafaq ulla khan ne apana pistaul nikal liya aur ary samaj mandir se bahar akar muslimon se kahane lage ki "main katatar musalaman hoon, parantu is mandir ki ek-ek eent mujhe pranon se pyari hai. mere najadik mandir aur masajid ki pratishtha barabar hai. agar kisi ne is mandir ki or nigah uthaee to goli ka nishana banega. agar tumako ladana hai to bahar sadak par chale jao aur khoob dil khol kar lad lo." unaki is sinh garjana ko sunakar sabake hosh gum ho ge aur kisi ka sahas nahin hua, jo ary samaj mandir par akraman kare. yah ashafaq ka sarvajanik prem tha. is se bhi adhik unako ramaprasad bismil ji se prem tha.[4]
  • ek bar ashafaq ulla khan bahut bimar pad gaye. us samay ve 'ram-ram' kahakar pukarane lage. mata-pita ne bahut kaha ki tum muslim ho, khuda-khuda kaho, parantu us prem ke sachche pujari ke kan men yah avaz hi nahin pahunchi aur vah barabar 'ram-ram' kahate rahe. mata-pita tatha any sambandhiyon ki samajh men yah bat nahin aee. usi samay ek any vyakti ne akar unake sambandhiyon se kaha ki yah ramaprasad bismil ko yad kar rahe hain. yah ek-doosare ko ram aur krishn kahate hain. atah ek adami jakar bismil ji ko bula laya. unako dekh kar ashafaq ne kaha "ram tum a ge". us samay unake ghar valon ko ram ka pata chala. ashafaq ke in acharanon se unake sambandhi kahate the ki ve kafir ho gaye hain, kintu ve in baton ki kabhi paravah nahin karate the aur sadaiv ekagr chitt se apane vrat par atal rahe.[4]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. ashafaq ulla khan (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 22 faravari, 2013.
  2. ekata ki dor majaboot ki ashafaq ulla khan ne (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 22 faravari, 2013.
  3. ekata ke pratik-ashafak ulla khan (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 22 faravari, 2013.
  4. 4.0 4.1 ashafaq ulla khan-main musalaman tum kaphir (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 22 faravari, 2013.

snbndhit lekh