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ashvini kumar datt
ashvini kumar datt
poora nam ashvini kumar datt
janm 15 janavari, 1856
janm bhoomi poorvi bngal
mrityu 7 navambar, 1923
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi rajanitigy, samajik karyakarta aur desh bhakt
dharm hindoo
shiksha vakalat
any janakari brahm samaji vicharon ke ashvini kumar datt 'gita', 'guru grnth sahib' aur 'baibil' ka shraddha ke sath path karate the.

ashvini kumar datt (angrezi: Ashwini Kumar Dutt, janm- 15 janavari, 1856, poorvi bngal; mrityu- 7 navambar, 1923) bharat ke prasiddh rajanitigy, samajik karyakarta aur desh bhakt the. ek adhyapak ke roop men unhonne apana vyavasayik jivan prarambh kiya tha. unhonne varsh 1886 men kangres ke doosare kolakata adhiveshan men pratinidhi ke roop men bhag liya tha.[1]

janm tatha shiksha

ashvini kumar datt ka janm ka janm 15 janavari, 1856 ee. ko barisal zila (poorvi bngal) men hua tha. unake pita braj mohan datt dipti kalaktar the, jo bad men zila nyayadhish bhi bane the. ashvini kumar ne ilahabad aur kalakatta (vartaman kolakata) se apani qanoon ki shiksha prapt ki thi. isake bad unhonne kuchh samay tak adhyapak pad par bhi kary kiya. bad men varsh 1880 men barisal se vakalat ki shuruat ki.

satyanishth acharan

ashvini ji jab haeeskool men padhate the, us samay 'kalakatta vishvavidyalay' ka niyam tha ki 16 varsh se kam umr ke vidyarthi haeeskool ki pariksha men nahin baith sakate. ashvini kumar datt ki is pariksha ke samay umr 14 varsh thi. kintu jab unhonne dekha ki kee kam umr ke vidyarthi 16 varsh ki umr likhavakar pariksha men baith rahe hain, tab unhen bhi yahi karane ki ichchha huee. unhonne apane avedan patr men 16 varsh ki umr likh di aur pariksha di. is prakar unhonne maitrik ki pariksha uttirn ki. isake thik ek varsh bad jab agali kaksha ki pariksha men uttirn hue, tab unhen apane asaty acharan par bahut khed hua. unhonne apane kaaulej ke prachary se bat ki aur is asaty ko sudharane ki prarthana ki. prachary ne unaki satyanishtha ki badi prashnsa ki, kintu ise sudharane men apani asamarthata jahir kar di. ashvini kumar ka man nahin mana. ab ashvini kumar vishvavidyalay ke rajistrar se mile, kintu vahan se bhi unhen yahi javab mila ki ab kuchh nahin ho sakata. kintu saty premi ashvini kumar ko to prayashchit karana tha. isalie unhonne do varsh jhoothi umr badhakar jo labh uthaya tha, usake lie do varsh tak apani padhaee bnd rakhi aur svayn dvara ki gee us galati ka unhonne prayashchit kiya.[2]

nisntan

ashvini kumar datt ke koee sntan nahin thi, isalie unhonne apane kshetr ke skool jane vale sab bachchon ki shiksha ki zimmedari apane oopar le li thi. isake sath hi shiksha ke prasar ke lie kuchh vidyalay bhi sthapit kie.

rajanitik gatividhiyan

1880 ee. se hi ashvini kumar datt ne sarvajanik karyon men bhag lena shuroo kar diya tha. sarvapratham unhonne barisal men lokamnch ki sthapana ki. varsh 1886 men kangres ke doosare kolakata adhiveshan men pratinidhi ke roop men bhag liya. 1887 ki amaravati kangres men unhonne kaha- "yadi kangres ka sndesh gramin janata tak nahin pahuncha to yah sirf tin din ka tamasha banakar rah jaegi." unake in vicharon ka prabhav hi tha ki varsh 1898 men unako pndit madanamohan malaviy, dinashavacha adi ke sath kangres ka naya snvidhan banane ka kam saupa gaya tha.[1]

vichar

bngal vibhajan ne ashvini kumar datt ke vichar badal die. ve naram vicharon ke rajanitigy n rahakar ugr vicharon ke ho ge the. ve logon ke ugr vicharon ke pratik ban ge. unake shabdon ka barisal ke log qanoon ki bhanti palan karate the. mahanh krantikari vicharak evn lekhak sakharam ganesh deuskar dvara likhit krantikari bangla pustak 'desher katha' ke bare men ashvini kumar ne apani kalighat vali vaktrita men kaha tha ki "itane dinon tak sarasvati ki aradhana karane par bhi bngaliyon ko matribhasha men vaisa upayogi grnth likhana n aya jaisa ek parinamadarshi maharashtr ke yuva ne likh dikhaya. bngaliyon, is grnth ko padho aur apane desh ki avastha aur nij kartavy par vichar karo."

jel yatra

bngal ki janata par ashvini kumar datt ka badhata hua prabhav angrez sarakar ko sahan nahin hua. sarakar ne unhen bngal se nirvasit karake 1908 men lakhanoo jel men bnd kar diya. san 1910 men ve jel se bahar a sake. ab ve videshi sarakar se kisi prakar ka sahayog karane ke viruddh the. unhonne mahatma gandhi ke 'asahayog andolan' ka bhi samarthan kiya.[1]

nidhan

brahm samaji vicharon ke ashvini kumar datt 'gita', 'guru grnth sahib' aur 'baibil' ka shraddha ke sath path karate the. ve samaj sudharon ke pakshadhar the aur chhuachhoot, madyapan adi ka sada virodh karate rahe. apane samay men poorvi bngal ke betaj badashah mane jane vale ashvini kumar datt ka 7 navambar, 1923 ee. men dehant ho gaya.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 sharma, liladhar bharatiy charit kosh (hindi). bharat diskavari pustakalay: shiksha bharati, dilli, prishth 62.
  2. jivan darshan (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 23 navambar, 2012.

bahari kadiyan

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