आज़ाद हिन्द फ़ौज स्थापना दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

azad hind fauj sthapana divas
azad hind fauj ka dhvaj
vivaran bharat ko svatntr karane ke uddeshy se 21 aktoobar, 1943 ko 'azad hind sarakar' ki sthapana ki tatha 'azad hind fauj' ka gathan kiya.
tithi 21 aktoobar
snbndhit lekh azad hind fauj, subhash chndr bos

azad hind fauj sthapana divas 21 aktoobar ko banaya jata hai. 'netaji' ke nam se vikhyat subhash chandr bos ne sashakt kranti dvara bharat ko svatntr karane ke uddeshy se 21 aktoobar, 1943 ko 'azad hind sarakar' ki sthapana ki tatha 'azad hind fauj' ka gathan kiya. is sngathan ke pratik chihn par ek jhnde par dahadate hue bagh ka chitr bana hota tha.

itihas

samany dharana yah hai ki azad hind fauj aur azad hind sarakar ki sthapana netaji subhashachandr bos ne japan men ki thi; par isase pahale pratham vishv yuddh ke bad afaganistan men mahanh krantikari raja mahendr pratap ne azad hind sarakar aur fauj banayi thi. isamen 6,000 sainik the. dvitiy vishv yuddh ke bad itali men krantikari saradar ajit sinh ne 'azad hind lashkar' banaee tatha 'azad hind rediyo' ka snchalan kiya. japan men rasabihari bos ne bhi azad hind fauj banakar usaka janaral kaipten mohan sinh ko banaya. bharat ko angrezon ke chngul se sainy bal dvara mukt karana hi is fauj ka uddeshy tha.

netaji subhashachandr bos 5 disambar, 1940 ko jel se mukt ho gaye; par unhen kolakata men apane ghar par hi najaraband kar diya gaya. 18 janavari, 1941 ko netaji gayab hokar kabul hote hue jarmani ja pahunche aur hitalar se bhent ki. vahin saradar ajit sinh ne unhen azad hind lashkar ke bare men batakar ise aur vyapak roop dene ko kaha. jarmani men bandi british sena ke bharatiy sainikon se subhash baboo ne bhent ki. jab unake samane aisi sena ki bat rakhi gayi, to un sabane is yojana ka svagat kiya.[1]

netaji ji ka netritv

japan men rasabihari bos dvara nirmit ‘indiya indipendes lig’ (ajad hind sngh) ka joon, 1942 men ek sammelan hua, jisamen anek deshon ke pratinidhi upasthit the. isake bad rasabihari bos ne japan shasan ki sahamati se netaji ko amantrit kiya. mee, 1943 men japan akar netaji ne pradhanamantri janaral tojo se bhent kar angrezon se yuddh ki apani yojana par charcha ki. 16 joon ko japani snsad men netaji ko sammanit kiya gaya. netaji 4 julaee, 1943 ko azad hind fauj ke pradhan senapati bane.

subhashachndr bos ka sambodhan

9 julaee ko netaji subhashachndr bos ne ek samaroh men 60,000 logon ko sambodhit karate hue kaha- "yah sena n keval bharat ko svatantrata pradan karegi, apitu svatantr bharat ki sena ka bhi nirman karegi. hamari vijay tab poorn hogi, jab ham british samrajy ko dilli ke lal qile men daphana denge. aj se hamara paraspar abhivadan jay hind aur hamara nara dilli chalo hoga." subhashachndr bos ne 4 julaee, 1943 ko hi tum mujhe khoon do, main tumhen azadi doonga ka udghosh kiya. unhonne 21 aktoobar, 1943 ee. ko singapur men asthayi bharat sarakar 'azad hind sarakar' ki sthapana ki. subhashachandr bos is sarakar ke rashtrapati, pradhanamntri tatha senadhyaksh tinon the. vitt vibhag es. si chatarji ko, prachar vibhag es. e. ayyar ko tatha mahila sngathan lakshmi svaminathan ko saunpa gaya.

pratik chihn

'azad hind fauj' ke pratik chihn ke lie ek jhnde par dahadate hue bagh ka chitr bana hota tha. 'qadam-qadam badhae ja, khushi ke git gae ja'- is sngathan ka vah git tha, jise gunaguna kar sngathan ke senani josh aur utsah se bhar uthate the. japani sainikon ke sath azad hind fauj rngoon (yangoon) se hoti huee thalamarg se bharat ki or badhati huee 18 march san 1944 ee. ko kohima aur imfal ke bharatiy maidani kshetron men pahunch gee.[2]

briged

jarmani, japan tatha unake samarthak deshon dvara 'azad hind sarakar' ko manyata pradan ki gee. isake pashchath netaji bos ne singapur evn rngoon men azad hind fauj ka mukhyalay banaya. pahali bar subhashachandr bos dvara hi mahatma gandhi ke lie 'rashtrapita' shabd ka prayog kiya gaya. julaee, 1944 ee. ko subhashachandr bos ne rediyo par gandhi ji ko snbodhit karate hue kaha- "bharat ki svadhinata ka akhiri yuddh shuroo ho chuka hai. he rashtrapita! bharat ki mukti ke is pavitr yuddh men ham apaka ashirvad aur shubhakamanaen chahate hain." isake atirikt fauj ki bigred ko nam bhi diye ge-

  1. mahatma gandhi briged
  2. abul kalam azad briged
  3. javaharalal neharoo briged
  4. subhashachandr bos briged
netaji bos dvara fauj ka nirikshan

bos ki mrityu aur fauj ki parajay

kaipten shahanavaj ke netritv men azad hind fauj ne rngoon se dilli prasthan kiya aur anek mahatvapoorn sthanon par vijay paee; par amarika dvara japan ke hiroshima aur nagasaki nagaron par paramanu bam dalane se yuddh ka pasa palat gaya aur japan ko atmasamarpan karana pada. sath hi azad hind fauj ko bhi parajay ka samana karana pada. azad hind fauj ke sainik evn adhikariyon ko angrezon ne 1945 ee. men giraftar kar liya. sath hi ek havaee durghatana men subhashachandr bos ki bhi 18 agast, 1945 ee. ko mrityu ho gee. halanki havaee durghatana men unaki mrityu abhi bhi sndeh ke ghere men hai. bos ki mrityu ka kisi ko vishvas hi nahin hua. aj itane varshon bad bhi janamanas unaki rah dekhata hai.

azad hind fauj ke giraftar sainikon evn adhikariyon par angrez sarakar ne dilli ke lal qile men navambar, 1945 ee. ko rajadroh ka mukadama chalaya. is mukadame ke mukhy abhiyukt karnal sahagal, karnal dhillon evn mejar shahavaj khan par rajadroh ka arop lagaya gaya. inake paksh men sar tejabahadur saproo, javaharalal neharoo, bhoola bhaee desaee aur ke. en. katajoo ne dalilen din, lekin phir bhi in tinon ki phansi ko saza sunaee gayi. is nirnay ke khilaf poore desh men kadi pratikriya huee, nare lagaye gaye- "lal qile ko tod do, azad hind fauj ko chhod do." vivash hokar tatkalin vayasaray laaurd vevel ne apane visheshadhikar ka prayog kar inaki mrityudand ki saza ko maph kar diya. yadyapi azad hind phauz ke senaniyon ki snkhya ke bare men thode bahut matabhed rahe hain, parantu jyadatar itihasakaron ka manana hai ki is sena men lagabhag chalis hazar senani the. is snkhya ka anuman british intelijens men rahe karnal jidi endarasan ne bhi kiya hai.[2]

azad hind fauj

azad hind fauj ki pratham divijan ka gathan 1 disambar, 1942 ee. ko mohan sinh ke adhin hua. isamen lagabhag 16,300 sainik the. kalantar men japan ne 60,000 yuddh bndiyon ko azad hind fauj men shamil hone ke lie chhod diya. japani sarakar aur mohan sinh ke adhin bharatiy sainikon ke bich azad hind fauj ki bhoomika ke snbadh men vivad utpann ho jane ke karan mohan sinh evn nirnjan sinh gil ko giraphtar kar liya gaya. azad hind fauj ka doosara charan tab prarambh hua, jab subhashachandr bos singapur gaye. subhashachandr bos ne 1941 ee. men barlin men 'indiyan lig' ki sthapana ki, kintu jab jarmani ne unhen roos ke viruddh prayukt karane ka prayas kiya, tab kathinaee utpann ho gee aur bos ne dakshin poorv eshiya jane ka nishchay kiya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. azad hind fauj ki sthapana (hindi) tejasraval.wordpress.com. abhigaman tithi: 01 march, 2017.
  2. 2.0 2.1 kitana janate hain ap 'azad hind fauj' ke bare men (hindi) firkee.in. abhigaman tithi: 01 march, 2017.

snbndhit lekh