आपस्तंब  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

apastnb ye sootrakar hain; rishi nahin. vaidik snhitaon men inaka ullekh nahin paya jata. apastnbadharmasootr men sootrakar ne svayn apane ko 'avar' (paravarti) kaha hai.[1] inake nam se krishn yajurved ki taittiriy shakha ka apastnbakalpasootr paya jata hai. yah grnth 30 prashnon men vibhajit hai. isake pratham 24 prashnon ko apastnbashrautasootr kahate hain jinamen vaidik ygyon ka vidhan hai. 25 ven prashn men paribhasha, pravarakhnd tatha hautrak mntr hai, isake 26 ven aur 27 ven prashn ko milakar apastnbagrihmasootr kaha jata hai jinamen grihmasnskaron aur dharmik kriyaon ka varnan hai. kalpoosatr ke 28ven or 29ven prashn apastnbadharmasootr ke nam se prasiddh hain. 30van prashn shulvasootr shulvasootr kahalata hai. isamen ygykund aur vedika ki map ka varnan hai. rekhaganit aur vastushastr ka prarnbhik roop inamen milata hai.

samajashastr, shasan aur vidhi ki drishti se apastnbadharmasootr vishesh mahatv ka hai. yah do prashnon men aur pratyek prashn 11 patalon men vibhakt hai. pratham prashn men ninmalikhit vishayon ka varnan hai:dharm ke mool-ved tatha vedavidon ka shil; char varn aur unaka variyatakram; achary; upanayan ka samay aur usaki avahelana ke lie prayashchit; brahmachari ki karttavy; brahmacharyakal-48,36,25 athava 12 varsh; brahmachari ki jivanacharya, dnd, mekhala, ajin, bhiksha, samidhaharan, agnyadhan; brahmachari ke vrat, tap; achary tatha vibhinn varno ko pranam karane ki vidhi; brahmachary ke vrat, tap; achary tatha vibhinn varno ko pranam karane ki vidhi; brahmachary samapt hone par gurudakshina; snan aur snatak; vedadhyayan tatha anadhyay; pnchamamahaygy-bhootaygy, nriygy, devaygy, pitriygy; tatha rishiygy; sabhi varno ke sath shishtachar; ygyopavit; achaman; bhojan tatha pey, nishedh; brahman ke lie apaddharm-vanikkarm, kuchh padartho ka vikray varjit; pataniy-chaury, brahmahatya athava hatya; bhroonahatya; nishiddh snbndh men yonisnbndh, surapan adi; adhyatmik prashn-atm,brahm, naitik sadhan aur dosh; kshatriy, vaishy tatha shoodr hi hatya ki kshatipoorti; brahman, guru evn shrotriy ke vadh ke lie prayashchit; guru-talp-gaman, surapan tatha suvarnachaury ke lie prayashchitt; pakshi, gay tatha sand ke vadh ke lie prayashchit; gurujanon ko apashabd kahane ke lie prayashchitt; shoodra ke sath maithun tatha nishiddh bhojan ke lie prayashchitt; krichchhravat; chaury; patit guru tatha mata ke sath vyavahar; guru-talp-gaman ke lie prayashchit; par vividh mat; pati patni ke vyabhichar ke lie prayashchit; bhroon (vidvan brahman) hatya ke lie prayashchit; atmaraksha ke atirikt shastragrahan brahman ke lie nishiddh; abhishast ke lie prayashchit; chhote papon ke lie prayashchit; vidyasnatak, vratasnatak tatha vidyvraatasnatak ke snbndh men vividh mat aur snatakon ke vrat tatha achar.

dvitiy prashn ke vishay nimnankit hain: panigrahan ke uparant grihasth ke vrat; bhojan, upavas tatha maithun; sabhi varn ke log apane karttavyapalan se upayukt tatha n palan se nimn yoniyon men janm lete hain; pratham tin varnon ko nity snan kar vishvedav ygy karana chahie; shudr kisi ary ke nirikshan men any varrnaeen ke lie bhojan pakave; pakvann ki bali; pratham atithi tatha pun: bal, vriddh, rugn tatha garbhini ko bhojan; vaishvadev ke ant men ae kisi agntuk ko bhojan ke lie pratyakhyan nahin; avidvan brahman, kshatriy, vaishy evn shoodr atithi ka svagat; grihasth ke lie uttariy athava ygyopavit; brahman ke abhav men kshatriy athava vaishy achary; guru ke agaman men grihasth ka kartavy; grihasth ke lie adhyapan tatha any kartavy; agyat varn aur shil ke atithi ka svagath‌; atithi; madhupark; shadvedang; vaishvadev ke pashchath‌ shvan tatha chandal ko bhi bhojan; dan, bhrity aur das ko kasht dekar nahin; svayn, stri tatha putr ko kasht dekar dan; brahmachari, grihasth, parvraaijak adi ko bhojan; achary, vivah, ygy, mata-pita ka poshan, vratapalan adi bhiksha ke avasar; brahman adi varnon ke kartavy; yuddh ke niyam; purohit ki niyukti; dnd; brahman ki adndayata aur avadhyata; marg ke niyam; varn ka utkarsh aur apakarsh pahali patni (sntanavati evn sushila) ke rahate doosara vivah nishiddh; vivah ke niyam; vivah ke chhah prakar-brahm, arsh, daiv, gandharv, asur, aur rakshas; vivahit dnpati ke kartavy; vividh prakar ke putr; sntan ki adeyata aur avikreyata; day tatha vibhajan; pati patni men vibhajan nishiddh; vedaviruddh deshachar aur kulachar anukaraniy nahin; maranashauch; dan; shraddh; char ashram; parvraaijakadharm; rajadharm; rajadhanisabha; aparadhanirmoolan; dan; prajarakshan; kar tatha kar se mukti; vyabhicharadnd; apashabd tatha narahatya; vividh prakar ke dnd; vad (abhiyog); sndehavastha men anuman tatha divy praman; striyon tatha samany janata se vividh dharmo ka gyan.[2]

prachinata men apastnbadharmasootr gautamadharmasootr aur baudhayanadharmasootr se pichhe ka tatha hiranyakeshi aur vasishthadharmasootr ke pahale ka hai. isake sngrah ka samay 500 ee.poo. ke pahale rakha ja sakata hai. apastnbadharmasootr[3] men audichyon (uttaravalon) ke achar ka vishesh roop se ullekh hai. isapar kee vidvanon ne yah nishkarsh nikala hai ki apastnb dakshinaty (snbhavat: andhr) the. parntu sarasvati nadi ke uttar ka pradesh udichi hone se yah anuman keval dakshin par hi lagoo nahin hota. yah sach hai ki apastnbiy shakha ke brahman narmada ke dakshin men pae jate hain, parntu unaka yah prasar paravarti kal ka hai. apastnbadharmasootr par haradatt ka ujvalavritti namak bhashy prasiddh hai.[4]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.2.5.4
  2. hindi vishvakosh, khand 1 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 382-83 |
  3. 2.7.17.17.
  4. sn.grn.-apastnbiyadharmasootramh‌, dan. jaaurj byoohalar dvara snpadit, tritiy snskaran, 1932, banbe snskrit siriz sn. 44 tatha 50; pi.vi. kane: histri aauv dharmashastr jild 1, pri.32-46.

snbndhit lekh

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