आर्मीनी भाषा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

armini bhasha bharat-yooropiy-parivar ki yah bhasha mesopotaimiya tatha kakeshas parvat ki madhyavarti ghatiyon aur kale sagar ke dakshini poorvi pradesh men boli jati hai. yah pradesh armini soviyat jarjiya tatha soviyat azarabaijan (uttar pashchimi eeran) men padata hai. isake bolanevalon ki snkhya lagabhag 34 lakh hai. armini bhasha ko poorvi aur pashchimi bhagon men vibhajit karate hain. gathan ki drishti se isaki sthiti grik aur hind-eerani ke bich ki hai. purane samay men arminiya ka eeran se ghanishth snbndh raha hai aur eerani ke pray: do hajar shabd armini bhasha men milate hain. inhin karanon se bahut dinon tak armini ko eerani ki keval ek shakha matr samajha jata tha. par ab isaki svatntr satta many ho gee hai.

armini bhasha men panchavin shatabdi ee. ke poorv ka koee grnth nahin milata. is bhasha ka vynjanasamooh mool roop se bharatiy aur kakeshi samooh ki jarji bhasha se milata julata hai. ph‌ th‌ kh‌ vynjanon ka bh‌ dh gh‌ se paraspar vyatyay ho gaya hai. udaharanarth, snskrit vash ke lie armini men tasn shabd hai. snskrit pitri ke lie armini men hyar hai. adim bharopiy bhasha se yah bhasha kaphi door ja padi hai. snskrit dvi aur tri ke lie armini men erku aur erekh shabd hain. isi se doori ka anuman ho sakata hai. vyakaranatmak ling prachin armini men bhi nahin milata. snskrit gau ke lie armini men kevh‌ hai. aise shabdon se hi adi adim aryabhasha se isaki vyutpatti siddh hoti hai. armini adhikatar bolachal ki bhasha rahi hai. eerani shabdon ke atirikt isamen grik, arabon aur kakeshi ke bhi shabd hain.

armini ka jo bhi prachin sahity tha use eesaee padariyon ne chauthi aur panchavin ee. shatabdiyon men nasht kar diya. kuchh hi samay poorv ashok ka ek abhilekh armini bhasha men prapt hua hai jo snbhavat: armini ka sabase purana namoona hai. armini ki ek lipi panchavi eesavi shatabdi men gadhi gee jisamen injil ka anuvad aur any eesaee dharmapracharak grnth likhe ge. panchavin shatabdi men hi grik ke bhi kuchh grathon ka anuvad hua. isi shatabdi men likha hua phausatus namak ek grnth chauthi shatabdi ki armini paristhiti ka sundar chitran karata hai. isamen arminiya ke chhote-chhote nareshon ke darabaron, rajanitik sngathan, jatiyon ke paraspar yuddh aur eesaee dharm ke sthapit hone ka itihas ankit hai. ailiseus vardapait ne vardan ka ek itihas likha jisamen arminayon ne sasaniyon se jo dharmayuddh kiya tha usaka varnan hai. khaurain ke mozez ne arminiya ka ek itihas likha jisamen 450 eesavi tak ka varnan hai. yah grnth snbhavat: satavin shatabdi men likha gaya. athavin shatabdi se barabar arminiya ke grnth milate hain. inamen se adhikansh itihas aur dhamr se snbndh rakhate hain.[1]

19vin shatabdi ke madhyabhag men arminiya ke roosi aur turki jilon men ek nee sahityik prerana nikali. is sahity ki bhasha prachin bhasha se vyakaran men yathesht bhinn hai, yadyapi shabdavali pray: purani hai. is navin prerana ke dvara armini sahity men kavy, upanyas, natak, prahasan adi yathesht matra men pae jate hain. armini men patr-patrikaen bhi paryapt snkhya men nikali hain. sovayit sngh men pravesh kar is pradesh ki bhasha aur sahity ne badi teji se unnati ki hai.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. hindi vishvakosh, khand 1 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 437-38 |
  2. sn.grn.-meie le lang du mand (peris); babooram saksena: samany bhashavigyan (prayag).

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