इंदिरा गाँधी का विद्यार्थी जीवन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

indira gandhi vishay soochi

indira gandhi bharat ki pratham mahila pradhanamntri ke roop men apani pratibha aur rajanitik dridhata ke lie 'vishvarajaniti' ke itihas men jani jati hain. indira ji ko janm ke kuchh varshon bad bhi shiksha ka anukool mahaul nahin upalabdh ho paya tha. panch varsh ki avastha ho jane tak balika indira ne vidyalay ka mukh nahin dekha tha. pita javaharalal neharoo desh ki azadi ke andolan men vyast the aur mata kamala neharoo us samay bimar rahati thin. ghar ka vatavaran bhi padhaee ke anukool nahin tha. kangres ke karyakartaon ka rat-din annd bhavan men ana jana laga rahata tha. tathapi pndit neharoo ne putri ki shiksha ke lie ghar par hi shikshakon ka intazam kar diya tha. balika indu ko annd bhavan men hi shikshakon dvara padhaya jata tha.

shiksha ka mahattv

pndit javaharalal neharoo shiksha ka mahattv kafi achchhi tarah samajhate the. yahi karan hai ki unhonne putri indira ki prathamik shiksha ka prabndh ghar par hi kar diya tha. lekin angrezi ke atirikt any vishayon men balika indira koee vishesh dakshata nahin prapt kar saki. tab indira ko shanti niketan skool men padhane ka avasar prapt hua usake bad unhonne baidamintan skool tatha aauksaphord yoonivarsiti men adhyayan kiya. lekin indira ne padhaee men koee vishesh pravinata nahin dikhaee. vah ausat darje ki chhatra rahin.

pndit neharoo angrezi bhasha ke itane achchhe gyata the ki laaurd mauntabetan ki angrezi bhi unake samane phiki lagati thi. is prakar pita dvara angrezi men likhe ge patron ke karan putri indira ki angrezi bhasha kafi samriddh ho gee thi. indira ka prathamik bachapan ekaki tha. ant: yah svikar karana hoga ki behad snpan aur shikshit parivar men janm lene ke bavazood indira ko mata-pita ka svabhavik prem aur snrakshan nahin prapt ho saka jo sadharan parivar ke bachchon ko samany prapt hota hai. yahi karan hai ki indira ne bachapan men angrezi sahity ki utkrisht pustakon ka bhi adhyayan kiya un pustakon se unhen jivan ki gaharaee aur yatharth ka bodh hua. svatntrata sngram men bhag lene ke karan pndit neharoo ko akasar angrezon dvara jel ki sazaen pradan ki jati thin. tab vah apani putri indira ko kafi lnbe-lnbe patr likhate the. un patron ka mahattv is bat se bhi samajha ja sakata hai ki bad men inhen pita ke patr putri ke nam' pustak ke roop men hindi tatha angrezi donon bhashaon men prakashit kiya gaya.

bording skool

neharoo parivar svadhinata sngram men juta hua tha, is prakar indu ki padhaee us prakar arnbh nahin ho saki jis prakar ek sadharan parivar men hoti hai shiksha ka prabndh ghar par hi kiya gaya tha. 1931 men inake dada pndit motilal neharoo ki mrityu ho jane ke bad yah avashyak samajha gaya ki indira ko kisi vidyalay men dakhil karana chahie. is samay indu ki umr 14 varsh ho chuki thi. ab tak indu ko ghar par hi adhyayan ka avasar prapt hua tha aur pndit neharoo usase sntusht nahin the. vah yah bhi samajh rahe the ki ilahabad men rahate hue unaki putri ki padhaee ho pana snbhav nahin hai. at: unhonne indu ko bording skool men dalane ka phaisala kar liya.

indira gandhi ki pratima
Statue Of Indira Gandhi

abhivyakti ki kala

inake bad indira ko poona ke 'pipuls aaun skool' men dakhila dilava diya gaya. unhen kaksha sat men pravesh mila tha. inaki sahapathiyon ki umr inase kafi kam thi. at: kaksha ki chhatraon ko lagata tha ki ek badi umr ki chhatra unake bich hai. lekin un chhatraon ko yah gyat nahin tha ki us balika ne jivan ki jis pathashala men ab tak adhayayan kiya hai, usi ke karan usaki vidyalayi shiksha prabhavit huee hai. indu ne shighr hi apani bauddhik kshamata ka parichay diya aur skool men padhae ja rahe sabhi vishayon ko atmasat karane ka prayas bhi kiya. indira ko ghar men rahate hue bhi patr patrikaen tatha pustaken padhane ka shauq tha jo yahan bhi jari raha isaka ek fayada indu ko yah mila ki usaka samany gyan pathy pustakon tak simit nahin raha. use desh duniya ka kafi gyan tha aur vah abhivyakti ki kala men bhi nipun ho gee thi. vidyalay dvara ayojit hone vali vad vivad pratiyogita men usaka koee sani nahin tha.

shanti niketan

1934 men indira ne 10vin kaksha ki pariksha uttirn kar li ab age ki padhaee karane ke lie use aise vidyalay men jana pad sakata tha jahan bharatiy snskriti se snbndhit padhaee nahin hoti thi aur sabhi kaaulej angrezon dvara snchalit hote the. kafi soch-vichar ke bad pndit neharoo ne nishchay kiya ki vah apani beti indira ko shanti niketan men padhane ke lie bhejenge. gurudev ravindranath taigor un dinon kolakata se kuchh doori par prakritik vatavaran men 'shanti niketan' namak ek shikshan snsthan chala rahe the. shanti niketan ka snchalan gurudev evn prachin ashram vyavastha ke anukool tha. vahan ka rahan-sahan evn samany jivan sadagi se paripoorn tha. indira ka svasthy bhi in dinon bahut achchha nahin tha. at: pndit javaharalal neharoo ne apani beti ka dakhila shanti niketan men karava diya. yahan indu ne svayn ko poornataya ashram ki vyavastha ke anusar dhal liya.

indira pratibhashali thin. aur unaka sahaj gyan bhi any bachchon se kafi behatar tha. is karan vah shighr hi shanti niketan men sabhi ki priy ban gee. shiksharthi bhi unaka samman karane lage. shanti niketan men rahate hue indira ko khadi ki sadi pahanani padati thi aur varjit sthalon par nnge pair hi jana hota tha. shanti niketan ka anushasan kafi kada tha. samany: amiri men pale bachchon ke lie vahan tik pana kathin tha. lekin indira ji ne sakht anushasan tatha any niyamon ka poornataya palan kiya yahan ane ke bad unake svasthy men bhi apekshit sudhar ke snket dikhane lage. pndit javaharalal neharoo ki beti indira ji ko gurudev ravindranath taigaur bhali-bhanti janate the. isi karan indira par unako vishesh kripa drishti rahati thi. gurudev ne shighr hi jan liya ki indira namak yah kishori behad pratibhavan hai. yahi karan hai ki vah gurudev ke priy vidyarthiyon men se ek ban gee. indira men adhyayan se itar lok kala aur bharatiy snskriti men bhi ruchi jagrat ki gee. indu ne shighr hi manipuri shastriy nrity men dakshata hasil kar li. usaka nrity kafi manamohak hota tha.

shanti niketan ki ek atirikt visheshata yah thi ki vahan ke sabhi adhyapak apane vishayon ke dhurndhar gyata the. yah unaki vidvatta ka hi pariman tha ki indira ne gyanarjan karane men achchhi gati dikhaee. lekin shanti niketan men rahate hue indira apani padhaee poori n kar sakin jabaki vah vahan ke vatavaran se kafi prasann thin. lekin insan ka bhagy bhi kafi prabal hota hai aur usake adeshon ko svikar karana hi padata hai.

aauksaford yoonivarsiti men pravesh

pndit neharoo apani priy beti ki shiksha ko lekar bahut chintit the. kafi sochane ke pashchath unhonne indira ka dakhila aauksaford yoonivarsiti (inglaind) men karava diya. indira ne apana dhyan padhaee ki or laga diya. lekin inglaind men rahate hue bhi vah vahan rah rahe bharatiyon ke snpark men thin. un dinon inglaind men 'indiya lig' namak ek snstha thi jo bharat ki azadi ke lie nirntar prayasarat thi. indira ji men deshaseva ka prasphutan barason poorv hi ho chuka tha, is karan vah bhi indiya lig ki sadasya ban geen aur unake karyakalapon men apana yogadan dene lagin. vahan indira ji ka parichay pndit neharoo ke mitr krishn menan (jo bad men bharat ke raksha mntri bhi bane) ke sath hua. krishn menan ek vidvanh vyakti the. unaka snbndh vishv ke anek khyatanam vyaktiyon se tha. shri menan ke sannidhy se indira ji ko yah labh hua ki vah vishv ke mahanh rajanitigyon aur unaki vicharadharaon ko samajhane men saksham ho geen lekin aauksaford yoonivarsiti se indira gandhi ko koee bhi upadhi nahin prapt ho saki. pratham vishv yuddh chhid chuka tha. jarmani ne inglaind ke viruddh yuddh chhed diya tha. mitr deshon ki senaen inglaind ke sath thin lekin hitalar ka palada bhari tha. aise men indira ka inglaind men rahana uchit nahin tha. samudri marg par bhi khatara tha magar samay par bharat lautana zaroori tha. atah 1941 men indira bharat laut aeen jabaki samudri marg par kafi khatara bana hua tha.


pichhe jaen
indira gandhi ka vidyarthi jivan
age jaen


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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