इटली  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

itali ka dhvaj

itali dakshini yoorop men bhoomadhy sagariy kshetr men sthit hai. isake uttar pashchim men phrans, ligooriyan sagar, tiraheniyan sagar, dakshin men ayoniyan sagar, poorv men edriyatik sagar, uttar-poorv men yoogoslaviya uttar men astriya aur svitzaralaind sthit hain. itali bhoomadhy sagar men ek prayadvipiy desh hai. isake dakshin men sisali tatha sardiniya, namak do sabase bade dvip tatha elva krenvi, ischiya v kee chhote dvip hain. vetikan siti tatha sain marino itali ke antargat samahit do svatntr desh hain .

itali, yoonan ke bad yoorop ka doosara ka doosara prachinatam rashtr hai. rom ki sabhyata tatha itali ka itihas desh ke prachin vaibhav tatha vikas ka pratik hai. adhunik itali 1861 ee. men rajy ke roop men gathit hua tha. desh ki dhimi pragati, samajik sngathan tatha rajanitik uthal-puthal itali ke 2,500 varsh ke itihas se snbaddh hai. desh men poorvakal men rajatntr tha jisaka antim rajagharana sevay tha. joon, sanh 1946 se desh ek janatantrik rajy men parivartit ho gaya.

rom itali desh ki rajadhani hai. jo yooropiy sngh ka ek sadasy desh hai. 19 vin shati men, itali ke nivasi manoochi ne prayag ke qile ki chattan se nile pani ki sarasvati nadi ko nikalate dekha tha. yah nadi gnga-yamuna ke sngam men hi mil jati thi.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. de. manoochi, jild 3,pri. 75.

snbndhit lekh