इतिहास मुखपृष्ठ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

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  • yahan ham bharat ke itihas se snbndhit janakari prapt kar sakate hain. bharatiy itihas janane ke srot ko tin bhagon men vibhajit kiya ja sakata hain- sahityik sakshy, videshi yatriyon ka vivaran aur puratattv sambandhi sakshy.
  • bharat men manaviy karyakalap ke prachinatam chihn 4,00,000 ee. poo. aur 2,00,000 ee. poo. ke bich doosare aur tisare him-yugon ke sndhikal ke hain. us samay patthar ke upakaran kam men lae jate the.
  • jivit vyakti ke aparivartit jaivik gunasootron ke pramanon ke adhar par bharat men manav ka sabase pahala praman keral se mila hai jo sattar hazar sal purana hone ki snbhavana hai. is vyakti ke gunasootr afriqa ke prachin manav ke jaivik gunasootron (jins) se poori tarah milate hain.[1]is kal men afriqa se adi manav vishv ke anek hisson men bas raha tha.
  • bharatakosh par lekhon ki snkhya pratidin badhati rahati hai jo ap dekh rahe vah "prarambh matr" hi hai...
mukhy akarshan- itihas samany gyan · itihas kosh · aitihasik sthal · bharat ka itihas

vishesh alekh

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1200 ee.poo se 240 ee. tak ka bharatiy itihas, prachin bharat ka itihas kahalata hai. isake bad ke bharat ko madhyakalin bharat kahate hain jisamen mukhyatah muslim shasakon ka prabhutv raha tha. prachin bharat ke itihas men mukhyat: maury kal, shung kal, shak evn kushan kal ate hain. yoonani itihasakaron ke dvara varnit 'presiaee' desh ka raja itana shaktishali tha ki sikandar ki senaen vyas par karake presiaee desh men nahin ghus sakin aur sikandar, jisane 326 ee. men pnjab par hamala kiya, pichhe lautane ke lie vivash ho gaya. .... aur padhen

shivaji raje bhonsale

maratha logon ko 'maharatta' ya 'maharatti' bhi kaha jata hai, bharat ke ve pramukh log, jo itihas men kshetrarakshak yoddha aur hindoo dharm ke samarthak ke roop men vikhyat hain, inaka grihakshetr, aj ka marathi bhashi kshetr maharashtr rajy hai, jisaka pashchimi kshetr samudr tat ke kinare munbee (bhootapoorv bnbee) se gova tak aur antarik kshetr poorv men lagabhag 160 kimi. nagapur tak phaila hua tha. maratha shabd ka tin milate-julate arthon men upayog hota hai- marathi bhashi kshetr men isase ekamatr prabhutvashali maratha jati ya marathon aur kunbhi jati ke ek samooh ka bodh hota hai, maharashtr ke bahar mote taur par isase samoochi kshetriy marathi bhashi abadi ka bodh hota hai, jisaki snkhya lagabhag 6.5 karod hai. aitihasik roop men yah shabd maratha shasak shivaji dvara 17vin shatabdi men sthapit rajy aur unake uttaradhikariyon dvara 18vin shatabdi men vistarit kshetriy rajy ke lie prayukt hota hai. .... aur padhen

itihas tithi kram 1947 tak

kram tithi kram vivaran
1 7000 ee.poo. rajasthan (sanbhar) men paudhe bone ke pratham sakshy.
2 6000 ee.poo. meharagadh (sindh-baloochistan sima), burzahom (kashmir) men bharat ke prachinatam avas, krishi tatha pashupalan ke avashesh.
3 5000–4000 ee.poo. bagor (bhilavada) tatha adamagadh (hoshngabad) ke nikat akhetakon dvara bhed-bakari palan ke pratham avashesh.
4 4000–3000 ee.poo. khetiharon-pashupalakon ki sthaniy sabhyataen.
5 2500 ee.poo. sindhu ghati men poorv-hadappa sabhyata ke nagaron ka vikas, asthi evn prastar upakaran tatha manakon ke abhooshan ke avashesh.
6 2500–1750 ee.poo. rediyo-karban tithi-nirdharan ke adhar par hadappa sabhyata ka kal-vistar.
7 2250–2000 ee.poo. hadappa sabhyata ka poorn-vikasit daur, vighatan tatha sthaniy sabhyataon ka uday.
8 1500 ee.poo. bharat men aryon ka agaman, rigved ki rachana, vaidik kal (1500-1000) prarambh, gnga maidan men aryottar tamr sabhyata.
9 1000 ee.poo. aryon ka (gnga maidan) vistar, uttar vaidik kal prarambh, 'brahman granthon' ki rachana, varn vyavastha ka bijaropan, lauh dhatu ka prayog prarambh.
10 950 ee.poo. mahabharat ka yuddh.
11 800 ee.poo. maharshi vyas ke dvara mahabharat mahakavy ki rachana, aryon ka dakshin-poorv (bngal) ki or vistar, ramayan ka pratham vrittant.
12 600–550 ee.poo. upanishadon ki rachana, aryon ka vidarbh tatha godavari tak dakshin-vistar. solah mahajanapadon ki sthapana, ary sabhyata men karmakandiy anushthan pratishthit.
13 563–483 ee.poo. bauddh dharm ke snsthapak gautam buddh ka jivan kal, janm-lumbini, mrityu-kushinagar.
14 599–257 ee.poo. jain dharm ke punarpratishthapak vardhaman mahavir ka kal (janm-kundagram, vaishali), mrityu-pavapuri, kushinagar.
15 544–492 ee.poo. gautam buddh ke samakalik bimbisar (haryak vnsh) ka rajyakal, magadh rajy ki shreshthata.
16 517–509 ee.poo. akhamani vnsh (eeran) ke samrat deriyas pratham ke sath pratham videshi akraman, aryon ki parajay, yoonani nausenapati skailaiks dvara sindhu nadi par gaveshan abhiyan.
17 492–460 ee.poo. bimbisar ke putr ajatashatru ka rajyakal.
18 412–344 ee.poo. shishunag vnsh ka shasanakal, avanti ke pradyaut vnsh ka magadh samrajy men vilay.
19 400 ee.poo. sampoorn dakshin bharat men aryon ka prabhutv evn sambhavatah shrilnka tak vistar.
20 344 ee.poo. mahapadmanand dvara magadh men nndavnsh ki sthapana.
21 326 ee.poo. nnd vnshi raja ghanannd ki sainy shakti se prabhavit hokar sikandar ke sainikon ka vapas lautane ka irada, vapasi marg men bebilon men sikandar ki mrityu.
22 322 ee.poo. chndragupt maury dvara (kautily ki madad se) nnd shasak ghanannd ko parajit kar maury vnsh ki sthapana.
23 315 ee.poo. 'indika' ke lekhak tatha selyukas (yoonani shasak) ke doot megasthaniz ka bharat men agaman.
24 298–273 ee.poo. chandragupt maury ke putr bindusar ka rajy kal.
25 273–232 ee.poo. ashok ka shasanakal, mauryavnsh ka svarnayug, ashok ke dvara kaling ki vijay (262-61).
26 185 ee.poo. antim maury shasak brihadrath ki hatya kar maury senapati pushyamitr shung dvara shung vnsh ki sthapana.
27 190–171 ee.poo. yavan shasak demetriyas ka rajyakal.
28 165 ee.poo. kaling shasak kharavel dvara 'tramiradesh snghatam' (pandy, chol) rajy par vijay.
29 155–130 ee.poo. sabase prasiddh yavan shasak 'minandar' ( bharatiy nam 'milind') ka rajyakal.
30 145 ee.poo. chol raja elara ki shrilnka ke shasak asel par vijay tatha lagabhag 50 varshon tak shasan.
31 128 ee.poo. yoochi akraman ke bhay se shak qabilon ka bharat men pnjab se pravesh.
32 71 ee.poo. shung vnsh ke antim samrat devabhooti ki hatya, vasudev ke dvara kanv vnsh ki sthapana.
33 60 ee.poo. andhr men simuk dvara satavahan vnsh ki sthapana.
34 58 ee.poo. ujjain ke shasak vikramadity dvara vikram snvat ka prarambh.
35 50 ee.poo. 'dakshin bharat' (dakkan) men satavahan vnsh shuroo.
36 22 ee.poo. rom ke shasak agastas ke darabar men pandy rajadoot pahuncha, chol, pandyon ka rom se vyaparik sambandh.
37 14–13 ee. shak (hind-parthiyan) shasak gondofaras ka shasan, eesaee dharm prachar hetu roman snt sent tamas ka bharat men agaman.
38 15 ee. kushanon (yoochi ka tochariyan) ka bharat men pravesh.
39 64 ee. uttar-pashchimi bharat men shak vim kadafaisis ka rajy.
40 78 ee. kushan vnsh ke mahanatam shasak kanishk ka rajyarohan, usake dvara shak snvat ka prarambh.
41 78–101 ee. kanishk ka shasanakal, chauthi bauddh sngiti ka (kashmir men) ayojan.
42 100 ee. ashvaghosh dvara 'saundaranand' tatha 'buddhacharit' evn kumaralat ke dvara 'kalpamnditika' ki rachana.
43 100–200 ee. sngam yug, karikal ka shasan (tricharapalli ke nikat kaveri nadi par sinchaee bandh ka nirman).
44 109–132 ee. mahanatam satavahan shasak gautamiputr shatakarni dvara rajy vistar.
45 150 ee. baghelakhand, varanasi tatha age chalakar mathura tak ke kshetr men bharashiv nagaon ki vibhinn shakhaon ka rajy.
46 200–250 ee. satavahanon ka patan, maharashtr men abhir, uttari kanara tatha maisoor zilon men kuntal aur katu, andhr men ikshvaku tatha vidarbh men vakatakon ki satta sthapit.
47 300–888 ee. kanchi men pallavon ka shasanakal.
48 225 ee. vindhyashakti dvara vakatak shasan ki sthapana, agale 272 varshon tak is vnsh ka shasan.
49 250 ee. nasik men abhiron dvara traikutakar vnsh ki sthapana, agale 250 varshon tak is vnsh ka shan.
50 320–335 ee. chandragupt pratham ne gupt vnsh ko sthapit kiya.
51 325 ee. krishna nadi ke dakshin men pallav vnshi rajy ki sthapana.
52 335–376 ee. samudr gupt ka shasan kal.
53 330–375 ee. sampoorn uttar bharat men samudragupt ka shasan. poorv men asam, pashchim men kabul, uttar men nepal tatha dakshin men pallavon tak, keval ujjain svatntr (shak vnsh ke adhin).
54 350 ee. mayoorasharman dvara kadamb vnsh ki sthapana, jo agale 200 varshon tak vidyaman raha.
55 375–413 ee. chandragupt dvitiy vikramadity dvara ujjain, malava tatha gujarat par vijay, rajadhani pataliputr se ayodhya aur tatpashchat kaushambi sthanantarit, chini yatri fahyan ka bharat agaman.
56 415–454 ee. kumaragupt pratham ka shasanakal, nalanda men bauddh vihar tatha vishvavidyalay ki sthapana, hunon ke akraman ka khatara.
57 455–467 ee. skandagupt ka shasanakal, hoonon ka bharat par pratham akraman tatha unaki parajay.
58 477–496 ee. buddhagupt, guptavnsh ka antim samrat, guptavnsh ka vighatan prarambh.
59 490–766 ee. saurashtr ke ballabhi kshetr men 'maitrak' (sambhavatah videshi mool) akramakon ka shasan. (pashchim bharat)
60 500–502 ee. hoonon ke pratham shasak toraman dvara bharat men rajy sthapana tatha madhyavarti bhag (malava men eran) tak usaka vistar.
61 500–757 ee. pashchim tatha madhy dakkan men vatapi ka pratham chaluky vnsh.
62 502–528 ee. toraman ka uttaradhikari mihirakul bharat men gupt shasak bhanugupt dvara parajit, eran par guptavnsh ka punah adhikar, (510).
63 533 ee. mndasaur ke yashodharman ki mihirakul par vijay.
64 540 ee. paravarti gupt tatha gupt vnsh ki mukhy shakha ka ant.
65 550–861 ee. madhy rajapootana men madhy eshiya men aye hue gurjar khanabadosh dalon ka shasan sthapit. (pashchim bharat)
66 600–1200 ee. maukhari vnsh ke shasak yashovarman ki mrityu (752); uttar-madhy pashchim tatha dakshin bharat men anek samnton ke dvara svatntrata ki ghoshana, anek chhote-bade rajyon ka uday, bngal men gaud, khng, varman, pal tatha sen vnsh, ujjain men gurjar-pratihar, kannauj men pratihar, udisa men bhaum, bhnj, som tatha poorvi gng vnsh, asam men bhaskar varma, gujarat men chaluky, dhara men paramar, narmada-tripuri tatha uttar pradesh men kalachuri, rajasthan men 'chahaman' (chauhan), bundelakhand men chndel, kannauj men gahadaval, kashmir men karkot, utpal tatha lohar, afaganistan- pnjab men hindoo shahi vnsh.
67 606–647 ee. harsh (pushyabhooti ya kanyakubj vnsh) ka shasanakal. chini bauddh yatri hven tsang ka bharat agaman (630-44), banabhatt ne 'harshacharit' ki rachana ki.
68 630–970 ee. poorvi dakkan men vengi ke poorvi chalukyon ka shasanakal. (dakshin bharat)
69 636–637 ee. khalifa umar ke samay men arabon ka bharat par pahala abhilikhit hamala. (dakshin bharat)
70 643 ee. chini yatri hvenasang ki chin vapasi. (dakshin bharat)
71 647 ee. tibbat se kannauj ate hue hvenasang par kisi sthaniy samnt ke dvara hamala. harshavardhan ki mrityu, hvenasang par hamala. (dakshin bharat)
72 674 ee. vikramadity pratham chaluky aur pallav vnsh ke parameshvar varma pratham shasak bane. (dakshin bharat)
73 675–685 ee. tisare chini yatri itsing ka nalanda avas. (dakshin bharat)
74 700 ee. kannauj men yashovarman (maukhari vnsh) sinhasanaroodh, snskrit ke natyakar bhavabhooti tatha prakrit kavi vakpatiraj ko usake rajadarabar men snrakshan.
75 700–900 ee. dakshin bharat men alavaron (vaishnav) ka bhakti andolan, bhakti sngrah 'prabndhamh' ki rachana.
76 712 ee. muhammad bin qasim ke netritv men bharat par pratham arab akraman, maitrak rajy ka patan. (pashchim bharat), muhammad bin qasim ka sindh par akraman, devalagadh vijay, neoon ki ladaee men hindoo raja dahir ki mrityu, qasim ki brahmanabad par vijay.
77 730 ee. kannauj men maukhari shasak yashovarman sinhasanarudh.
78 753–774 ee. khalifa mnsoor ke kal men brahmagupt ke 'brahm siddhant' tatha 'khandanakhady' ka alfajari dvara arabi men anuvad.
79 757–973 ee. manyakhet men rashtrakooton ka shasanakal. (dakshin bharat)
80 740–1036 ee. uttar bharat men gurjar-pratiharon ka adhipaty, arabon ka pratirodh. (uttari bharat)
81 746–974 ee. 'chhap' ya 'chhapautakatt', gurjar qabile dvara 746 ke as-pas anhilapur (anandapur) ki sthapana, jo 15vin shati tak pashchim bharat ka pramukh nagar raha.
82 786–808 ee. eerani shasak khalifa haroon-al-rashid ka shasanakal, baramask (ek mantri) dvara bharat ke anek vaidyon, jyotishiyon, rasayanashastriyon, vicharakon ko bagadad bulakar unase in vishayon ke anek granthon ka arabi men anuvad karavaya.
83 824–924 ee. vaishnav bhakti kal
84 831–1310 ee. chandelon dvara bundelakhand men svatntr rajy ki sthapana, anek vishnu mandiron aur khajurahon ke mandiron ka bhi nirman. (pashchim bharat)
85 840–890 ee. sataluj se narmada nadi tak mihirabhoj ya bhoj ka shasan. (pashchim bharat)
86 950–1200 ee. indaur ke pas dhara men paramaron ka rajy, jinamen munj (974-994) tatha bhoj prasiddh raja hue, bhoj jyotish, kavyashastr, vastukala tatha snskriti ka vidvan tha. (pashchim bharat)
87 973–1189 ee. kalyani ka dvitiy chaluky vnsh. (dakshin bharat)
88 974–1240 ee. chalukyon ka anhilapur, saurashtr tatha aboo kshetr men prabhutv, chaluky shasak moolaraj ka shasan kal (974-995). (pashchim bharat)
89 985–1014 ee. chol shasak rajaraj ka shasanakal, bhoomi-sarvekshan ka prarambh (1000 ee.). (dakshin bharat)
90 986–87 ee. khurasani shasak alaptagin ke gulam subuktagin ka kabul-kndhar men hindooshahi shasak jayapal par pratham akraman, jayapal parajit.
91 997–998 ee. subuktagin ki mrityu, mahamood gazanavi khurasan ki gaddi par baitha.
92 999 ee. bagadad ke khalifa dvara mahamood gazanavi ko svatntr shasak ke roop men manyata.
93 1000 ee. mahamood gazanavi ka bharat par (kabul men) pratham akraman, sthaniy janata par loot tatha dharm parivartan.
94 1002 ee. mahamood gazanavi ka tisara akraman, anandapal se yuddh tatha usaki parajay.
95 1010 ee. anandapal apamanajanak sharton par mahamood gazanavi ka samnt bana.
96 1011–1012 ee. mahamood ka thaneshvar par hamala, uttar-pashchim bharat men hindooshahi vnsh ke chhote-bade sabhi rajy dhvast.
97 1013 ee. anandapal ki mrityu, putr trilochanapal uttaradhikari bana.
98 1014 ee. toshi ki ladaee men trilochanapal parast, jhelam nadi tak ka kshetr mahamood gazanavi ke rajy men sammilit.
99 1014–1044 ee. chol raja rajendr ka shasanakal, shrilnka ki vijay (1018), bngal par akraman (1021). (dakshin bharat)
100 1017 ee. shnkarachary ke mayavad ka khndan kar 'vishishtadvaitavad' mat ki sthapana karane vale vaishnav achary ramanuj ka janm.
101 1018–1019 ee. mahamood gazanavi ka gnga-yamuna doab kshetr par qabza.
102 1025–1026 ee. gazanavi ke dvara somanath mandir (gujarat) ki loot.
103 1026 ee. antim hindooshahi shasak bhimapal ki mrityu, kabul-kndhar ke hindooshahi vnsh ka ant.
104 1027 ee. jaton ko kuchalane ke lie mahamood ka bharat (gujarat-sindh) par 17van v antim akraman.
105 1030 ee. mahamood gazanavi ki mrityu; masood gazanavi gazani ka sultan, 'kitab-ul-hind' ke lekhak alabarooni ka bharat agaman.
106 1043 ee. sthaniy hindoo rajaon ka lahaur par punah adhikar kar svadhin rajy sthapit karane ka prayas viphal.
107 1044–52 ee. rajendr ke uttaradhikari rajadhiraj pratham ka shasanakal. (dakshin bharat)
108 1052–64 ee. rajendr dvitiy ka shasanakal. (dakshin bharat)
109 1064–70 ee. vir rajendr chol ka shasanakal. (dakshin bharat)
110 1070–1120 ee. kulottung pratham ka shasanakal, andhr ka chol samrajy men viley (1076). (dakshin bharat)
111 1120–1267 ee. paravarti chol shasakon ka kal. (dakshin bharat)
112 1131 ee. karnatak men lingayat sampraday ke snsthapak snt basaveshvar ya 'basav' ka janm. (dakshin bharat)
113 1137 ee. vishishtadvaitavad ke vicharak snt ramanujachary ka dehant.
114 1162 ee. dvaitavadi vaishnav snt nimvark svami ka janm.
115 1173 ee. muijuddin muhammad gori gazani ka shasan bana.
116 1167 ee. snt basaveshvar ka nidhan.
117 1191 ee. tarain ke pratham yuddh men rajapoot shasak prithviraj tritiy ke hathon muhammad gori parajit.
118 1192 ee. tarain ke dvitiy yuddh men muhammad gori ke hathon prithviraj tritiy ki har, gori ka gulam kutubuddin aibak bharat ka soobedar niyukt, merath evn kaul (aligadh) par adhikar.
119 1192–1193 ee. dilli par kutubuddin aibak ka adhipaty.
120 1199 ee. dvaitavad sampraday ke achary mahadev madhvachary ka janm.
121 1200 ee. muhammad gori ki mrityu.
122 1206 ee. kutubuddin aibak dvara 'dilli saltanat' ki sthapana; dilli saltanat par shasan karane vale pratham vnsh- 'ilbari vnsh' ki sthapana; qutubaminar ka nirman arambh.
123 1210 ee. kutubuddin aibak ki mrityu, aramashah uttaradhikari bana.
124 1211–1236 ee. iltutamish ka shasanakal, ranathambhaur vijay (1226).
125 1221 ee. bharat par chngez khan ka hamala.
126 1228 ee. bagadad ke khalifa se iltutamish ko 'khillat' arthath islami shasak ke roop men manyata.
127 1229 ee. pratham yooropiy yatri mante kairbano (itali) ka bharat agaman.
128 1236 ee. iltutamish ke uttaradhikari rukunuddin firozashah ki mrityu, rajiya sultan gaddi par baithi.
129 1239 ee. malik altooniya ka vidroh.
130 1240 ee. rajiya sultan ki hatya.
131 1241 ee. bharat par mngolon ka pratham akraman.
132 1246 ee. nasiruddin mahamood gaddi par asin, 1266 men usaki mrityu.
133 1253 ee. amir khusaro ka janm.
134 1266 ee. gayasuddin balaban gaddi par baitha.
135 1279 ee. maharashtr men snt sammelan ka ayojan.
136 1279 ee. bngal men tugaril khan ka vidroh.
137 1286 ee. gayasuddin balaban ki mrityu.
138 1288–1293 ee. prasiddh venish yatri marko polo ki bharat yatra.
139 1290 ee. jalaluddin khilaji dilli ka sultan, khilaji vnsh ki sthapana.
140 1294 ee. alauddin khilaji ka devagiri abhiyan.
141 1295–1316 ee. alauddin khilaji dilli ka sultan, rajy-vistar abhiyan prarambh; gujarat (1299), ranathambhaur (1301), chittaud (1303), malava (1305), malik kafoor ke netritv men dakkan abhiyan, 1320-1325-alauddin ki mrityu
142 1320–1325 ee. gayasuddin tugalaq (gazi malik) dilli ka sultan bana, tugalaq vnsh ki sthapana, kakatiy tatha pandyon ke rajy ka dilli saltanat men vilay (1321-1323).
143 1325 ee. gayasuddin ki mrityu, muhammad bin tugalaq gaddi par asin, amir khusaro ki mrityu, phainsiskan padari adorik aauf pordenaaun ki bharat yatra.
144 1326–1327 ee. muhammad tugalaq dvara dilli se daulatabad rajadhani ka sthanantaran.
145 1330 ee. muhammad tugalaq dvara prayog ke taur par sone ke sthan par tanbe ke sikke jari kie ge.
146 1333 ee. afriki yatri ibnabatoota ki bharat yatra.
147 1336 ee. harihar evn bukka dvara vijayanagar rajy ki sthapana.
148 1342 ibnabatoota ka chin ko prasthan.
149 1347 ee. bahamanashah ke dvara bahamani rajy ki sthapana.
150 1350 ee. vidyapati ka janm, snt namadev ka nidhan.
151 1351 ee. muhammad tugalaq ki mrityu, firoz shah tugalak uttaradhikari bana.
152 1351–1388 ee. sultan firoz shah tugalak ka rajyakal, bngal abhiyan (1353-54, 1359, 1369), kangada vijay (1360-61), thatta vijay (1371-72), firoj ki mrityu.
153 1388–1414 ee. paravarti tugalaq shasakon ka shasanakal.
154 1398 ee. taimoor lng ka bharat par akraman, dilli par adhikar, bharat men arajakata.
155 1399 ee. dilli saltanat ka vighatan prarambh, soobedaron dvara svatntr rajyon ki sthapana, dilli-doab men iqabal khan, gujarat men jafar khan, sindh-multan men khizr khan, mahoba-kalpi men mahamood khan, kannauj athava bihar men khvaja jahan, dhara (indaur) men dilavar khan, saman men galib khan, bayana men shakhs khan tatha gvaliyar men bhimadev dvara svatntr rajy sthapit.
156 1411–42 ee. ahamadashah bahamani dvara ahamadabad ki sthapana evn svatntrata ki ghoshana.
157 1412 ee. antim tugalaq shasak mahamood ki mrityu, tugalaq vnsh ka patan.
158 1414 ee. dilli par khizr khan ka adhikar.
159 1420–1421 ee. itali ke yatri nikolo konti ki bharat yatra.
160 1429 ee. bahamani rajy ki rajadhani gulabarga se bidar sthanantarit.
161 1430–69 ee. mevad men rana kumbha ka rajyakal.
162 1442 ee. abdurrajjaq ki vijayanagar yatra.
163 1447 ee. bahalol lodi ka dilli par adhikar, lodi vnsh ki sthapana.
164 1450 ee. gorakhanath ki sakhiyon ki rachana.
165 1455 ee. prasiddh snt kabir ka janm.
166 1469 ee. sikkh dharm ke snsthapak gurunanak dev ka nanakana (pnjab) men janm.
167 1470 ee. roosi yatri nikitin ki bharat yatra.
168 1472 ee. sherashah soori ka janm.
169 1479 ee. ballabhachary ka janm.
170 1483 ee. jahirooddin babar ka faragana men janm.
171 1485 ee. chaitany mahaprabhu ka janm.
172 1486 ee. purtagali navik saradar bartholomyo diaj denovej ne 'kep aauf gud hop' (shubh yatra antarip) ki khoj ki, isi marg se bad men vaskodigama ne bharat ki yatra ki.
173 1489 ee. sikandar lodi gaddi par asin, bijapur svadhin.
174 1490 ee. dilli saltanat se ahamadanagar svadhin.
175 1493 ee. bngal men husainashah gaddi par asin, babar faragana ka amir bana.
176 1498 ee. purtagali navik vaskodigama bharat men, kalikat pahuncha.
177 1502 ee. purtagal ke raja jaaun dvitiy ko pop alekjendar shashtam ka 'bul' pradan kiya gaya, jisase purtagaliyon ko bharat ke sath vyapar karane ka ekadhikar tatha bharat men rajy sthapit karane ka aupacharik adhikar mila.
178 1503 ee. faragana babar ke adhikar se mukt.
179 1504 ee. itali ke ludoviko di barthema ki pashchim tatha dakshin bharat ki yatra, kabul par adhikar kar babar ka multan ki or prasthan.
180 1507 ee. gujarat ke shasak mahamood begada ka div (gova) men purtagaliyon ke viruddh abhiyan.
181 1508 ee. dvitiy mugal samrat humayoon ka janm.
182 1509 ee. vijayanagar men krishnadevaray sinhasanaroodh, purtagali gavarnar fransisko-d-almeda bharat aya.
183 1509–1527 ee. mevad men rana sanga ka rajyakal.
184 1510 ee. gova par purtagaliyon ka adhikar, alabukark gavarnar bana.
185 1512–1518 ee. golakunda bahamani rajy se mukt.
186 1517 ee. sikandar lodi ki mrityu ke pashchath ibrahim lodi gaddi par baitha.
187 1519 ee. babar ka bharat agaman.
188 1520 ee. babar ka bhira, siyalakot par akraman.
189 1522 ee. babar ka kndhar par adhikar.
190 1523 ee. lahaur aur sarahind par babar ka akraman, lahaur par adhikar (1524).
191 1526 ee. (21 aprail) babar tatha ibrahim lodi ke madhy panipat ka pratham yuddh, ibrahim lodi ki parajay tatha mrityu, dilli par qabze ke sath hi mugal samrajy ki sthapana.
192 1527 ee. rana sngram sinh tatha babar ke madhy khanava ka yuddh (16 march), sngram sinh parajit.
193 1528 ee. rana sngram sinh ki mrityu, babar ne sahayog ke badale sherashah ko sasaram (bihar) ki paitrik jagir vapas ki.
194 1530 ee. babar ki mrityu (29 mee), vijayanagar ke raja krishnadev ray ki mrityu (26 disambar).
195 1531 ee. gujarat ke bahadurashah ka malava tatha ujjain par adhikar.
196 1532 ee. rayasen, chnderi evn mndasaur par bahadurashah ka adhikar tatha chittaud par pahala hamala.
197 1533 ee. bahadurashah ne chittaud ka ghera uthaya, ranathambhaur tatha ajamer par adhikar, vaishnav snt chaitany ka nidhan.
198 1534 ee. humayoon ka malava ko prasthan, sherashah ne soorajagadh ke yuddh men bngal ke shasak mahamood shah ko parast kiya.
199 1535 ee. purtagaliyon ki sahayata se bahadurashah ka chittaud par adhikar, humayoon se bahadurashah parajit, humayoon ki gujarat tatha malava par vijay.
200 1536 ee. humayoon ne askari ko gujarat ka shasak niyukt kiya, gujarat men mugalon ke viruddh vidroh.
201 1537 ee. gujarat ke shasak bahadurashah ki mrityu.
202 1538 ee. sherashah ke hathon bngal ka shasak mahamoodashah parast, humayoon ka bngal par akraman, sikkh guru nanak dev ka nidhan.
203 1539 ee. chausa ke yuddh men humayoon sherashah se parajit.
204 1540 ee. sherashah dilli ki gaddi par baitha.
205 1542 ee. maravad ke raja maladev ke amntran par humayoon jodhapur pahuncha, amarakot men (15 aktoobar) akabar ka janm.
206 1544 ee. humayoon faras ke tahamasp shah ki sharan men.
207 1545 ee. shah tahamasp ki madad se kndhar-kabul par punah humayoon ka adhikar, sherashah ki mrityu, islam shah soor gaddi par baitha.
208 1553 ee. soor vnshi shasak islam shah ki mrityu.
209 1555 ee. lahaur par humayoon ka adhikar.
210 1556 ee. humayoon ki mrityu (24 janavari), bairam khan ke snrakshan men akabar mugal samrat bana, panipat ke doosare yuddh (5 navambar) men akabar ke dvara muhammad adilashah ka divan hemoo parajit, purtagal se pahala pres bharat pahuncha, jise jesuit padari gova lekar ae the.
211 1557 ee. khizr khan ke sath ladaee men adilashah mara gaya, sikandar soor ko harakar manakot ke qile par akabar ka adhikar.
212 1560 ee. akabar ke dvara bairam khan ka nishkasan.
213 1561 ee. akabar ki malava par vijay.
214 1562 ee. amer ki rajakumari (raja bharamal ki putri) se akabar ka vivah, yuddh-bnndiyon ko das banaye jane ki 'das pratha' ka unmoolan.
215 1563 ee. akabar dvara tirthayatra-kar ki samapti.
216 1564 ee. akabar dvara jaziya kar ki ugahi band, rani durgavati ko parast kar gondavana mugal rajy men sammilit, rani dvara atmahatya.
217 1564–1567 ee. uzabekon ka vidroh.
218 1565 ee. vijayanagar ke shasak ramaray aur bahamani sultanon ke bich talikota ka yuddh, vijayanagar parajit.
219 1567 ee. radhavallabh sampraday ke pravartak shriharivnsh ka devaband (saharanapur) men janm.
220 1568 ee. akabar ki chittaud par vijay.
221 1569 ranathambhaur aur kalinjar par akabar ka adhikar, yuvaraj salim (jahangir) ka janm.
222 1571 ee. akabar dvara fatehapur sikari ka nirman tatha rajadhani banane ka nirnay.
223 1572 ee. rana udayasinh ki mrityu, jalaur ke raja aur mevad senapatiyon ke dvara rana pratap ko gaddi par baithaya gaya.
224 1573 ee. kabir ka nidhan, gujarat par akabar ka adhipaty.
225 1574–76 ee. akabar ki bihar-bngal par vijay.
226 1575 ee. thukaroee (udisa) ka yuddh, akabar dvara daood khan parajit fatehapur sikari men ibadatakhana ki sthapana.
227 1576 ee. haldighati ka yuddh, akabar dvara rana pratap parajit, akabar ka bngal par adhikar, daood khan ki mrityu.
228 1578 ee. bharatiy bhasha ki pahali pustak "dutrina krista' (tamil bhasha men) mudrit v prakashit, is pustak ke lie taip juabon gunjalbej nam ke speni luhar ne kkilon (keral) men dhale the. (dakshin bharat)
229 1579–1580 ee. akabar ne 'mahajaranama' (inphailibiliti dikri) jari kiya, bngal-bihar men vidroh, akabar ke darabar men gova se pratham jesuit mishan aya (1580).
230 1580–1611 ee. golakunda men sultan quli qutubashah dvitiy ke ashray men rekhta (hindustani ke adi roop) ke kaviyon ko protsahan.
231 1611–1656 adilashah bijapur ki gaddi par asin.
232 1582 ee. akabar ke dvara 'din-e-ilahi' ki ghoshana.
233 1583 ee. pahale panch angrez vyapari ('jaaun nyoobari', 'richard stepar', 'ralf', 'jems stori' tatha 'viliyam lids') akabar ke nam maharani elijabeth ka patr lekar bharat pahunche, akabar se inaki mulaqat nahin ho paee, lekin lids ko akabar ke yahan 'jhaveri' ki naukari mil gee, phinch ath sal tak bharat-barma ki yatra karane ke bad 26 aprail, 1591 ko landan pahuncha, phinch ke vivaran se hi angrez vyapariyon ki bharat se vyapar karane ki lalasa balavati huee.
234 1585 ee. kashmir par akabar ka adhipaty.
235 1589 ee. raja todaramal ki mrityu.
236 1590–1592 ee. akabar ki sindh par vijay.
237 1591 ee. faizi ko mugal rajadoot banakar dakkan ke rajyon men bheja gaya.
238 1592 ee. udisa par akabar ka adhikar.
239 1595 ee. akabar ki kndhar vijay, baloochistan mugal samrajy men sammilit.
240 1597 ee. rana pratap ki mrityu.
241 1600 ee. ahamadanagar ka patan, landan men maharani elijabeth dvara apane bhaee jaaurj, arl aauf kambaralaind tatha sar jaaun haaurt ki eest indiya kampani ('d gavarnar end kampani aauf landan treding in tu d eest indij') ko bharat se vyapar karane ke lie adhikar patr pradan kiya gaya.
242 1601 ee. akabar ka asiragadh par adhikar.
243 1602 ee. abul fazal ki mrityu, 'dach yoonivarsal yoonaited eest indiya kampani' ki sthapana, 13 varshon men hi haaulaind ke eshiya vyapar men asadharan vriddhi.
244 1601–1603 ee. akabar ke putr salim ka vidroh.
245 1605 ee. akabar ki mrityu (16 aktoobar), jahangir gaddi par baitha (24 aktoobar).
246 1606 ee. shahazada khusaro ka vidroh, jahangir ke adeshanusar panchaven sikkh guru arjun dev ko pranadand, eeraniyon dvara kndhar ka gherav, jahangir ki mevad par chadhaee.
247 1607 ee. mugalon ke dvara kndhar mukt.
248 1608 ee. ahamad nagar par malik ambar ka punah adhikar, inglaind ke raja jems pratham ka patr lekar viliyam hakins jahangir ke darabar men bharat aya tatha tin sal tak usake darabar men raha, 1612 men vapas inglaind lautakar bharat yatra ka vivaran likha, snt tukaram ka janm.
249 1609 ee. pulikat men dach phaiktari sthapit.
250 1611 ee. masulipattam men angrez phaiktari sthapit, jahangir ka noorajahan se vivah.
251 1611-1625 ee. golakunda men sultan muhammad kutubashah ka shasanakal.
252 1612 ee. shahazada khurram (shahajahan) ka mumataz mahal se vivah, bngal ki rajadhani rajamahal se dhaka sthanantarit.
253 1614 ee. mevad ke rana amar sinh se jahangir ki sndhi.
254 1615 ee. mevad par jahangir ka adhikar, inglaind ke shasak jems pratham ke rajadoot ke roop men sar taaumas ro jahangir ke darabar men aya.
255 1620 ee. kangada par mugalon ka adhikar.
256 1622 ee. kndhar par faras ka punah adhikar, shahajahan ka vidroh, gosvami tulasidas ka janm.
257 1625-1674 ee. golakunda ki gaddi par sultan abdulla qutubashah baitha.
258 1624 ee. ahamadanagar ke malik ambar ke hathon mugal sena parajit.
259 1626 ee. mahavat khan ka vidroh.
260 1627 ee. jahangir ki mrityu (29 aktoobar), junnar (poona) ke nikat shivaner ke qile men shivaji ka janm (20 aprail).
261 1628 ee. shahajahan mugal samrat bana (6 faravari).
262 1631 ee. mumataz mahal ki mrityu (7 joon).
263 1632 ee. bijapur par mugal akraman, purtagaliyon ke viruddh sainy abhiyan, hugali men unaki basti nasht.
264 1633 ee. ahamadanagar ke nizamashahi vnsh ka ant, ahamadanagar mugal samrajy men sammilit, daulatabad ke qile par adhikar.
265 1634 ee. angrezon ko bngal men vyapar karane ka faraman mila, mahavat khan ki mrityu.
266 1636 ee. bijapur aur golakunda se mugalon ki sndhi, aurngazeb dakkan ka soobedar niyukt.
267 1638 ee. ali mardan dvara kndhar mugalon ko samarpit.
268 1638 ee. shahajahan dvara ne rajadhani shahar shahajahannabad ka nirman prarambh.
269 1639 ee. angrezon dvara madras men sent jaaurj qile ki adharashila rakhi gee. (dakshin bharat)
270 1646 ee. balkh par mugalon ka adhikar, toran par shivaji ka adhikar.
271 1649 ee. kndhar par par punah faras ka adhikar.
272 1650 ee. marathi snt tukaram ka nidhan.
273 1656 ee. shivaji ka javali par adhipaty.
274 1657 ee. bidar ka patan aur mugalon dvara bijapur ki gherabandi, shahajahan ke asvasth hone par 'uttaradhikari ka yuddh' prarambh, bijapur ke sath dvitiy sandhi.
275 1658 ee. dharamat ke yuddh (5 mee) tatha samoogadh ke yuddh (8 joon) men dara shikoh ki aurngazeb ke hathon parajay, shahajahan agara men bandi (5 joon), aurngazeb ka rajyabhishek (31 julaee).
276 1659 ee. dara shikoh ko mrityudand, shivaji ke hathon afazal khan ki mrityu.
277 1660 ee. mir jumala bngal ka soobedar niyukt, shivaji ke dvara dakshin karnatak kshetr men charon or hamale.
278 1661 ee. shahazada murad ki hatya, purtagaliyon dvara is shart par bambee angrezon ko hastantarit ki gayi ki ve dachon ko is kshetr men vyapar se bahar khadedane men inaka sath denge.
279 1662 ee. mir jumala ka asam abhiyan.
280 1663 ee. mir jumala ki mrityu, shaista khan bngal ka soobedar niyukt.
281 1664 ee. shivaji ka soorat par akraman, sthaniy purtagali upanivesh dvara shivaji ko varshik nazarana dena svikar, fransisi eest indiya kampani ki sthapana.
282 1665 ee. raja jayasinh ke hathon shivaji ki parajay, mugalon ke sath shivaji ki purandar ki sandhi.
283 1666 ee. shahajahan ki mrityu, mugal darabar men shivaji bandi (mee), nazarabandi se mukt.
284 1668 ee. aurngazeb dvara hinduon ke viruddh naye adesh, eest indiya kampani ka poorn adhikar.
285 1669 ee. mathura men jat saradar gokul ka vidroh, bambee par angrez 'eest indiya kampani' ka poorn adhikar.
286 1670 ee. shivaji ka soorat par doosara akraman.
287 1671 ee. chhatrasal ke netritv men bundelon ka vidroh.
288 1672 ee. aphridi tatha satanami vidroh, dam lauhem ke netritv men fransisiyon ne shrilnka men trinkomali tatha chennee ke nikat sent tom par adhikar kiya, kuchh samay ke pashchath dachon ne fransisiyon se donon sthanon ko chhin liya.
289 1673 ee. shivaji ka soorat par tisara akraman, hindi kavi dhanannd ka janm.
290 1674 ee. fransisi kaptan fransis martin ke dvara panndicheri ki sthapana, shivaji dvara rajyabhishek (rayagadh men) tatha 'chhatrapati' ki upadhi dharan, 'svaraj' ki sthapana.
291 1675 ee. sikkh guru tegabahadur sinh ko aurngazeb dvara mrityudand.
292 1677 ee. karnatak men shivaji ki vijay.
293 1679 ee. aurngazeb dvara jaziya kar punah aropit, maravad abhiyan.
294 1680 ee. shivaji ki mrityu, shnbhaji peshava bana, alnkaravadi hindi kavi keshavadas ka janm.
295 1681 ee. asam punah svatntr, aurngazeb ka dakshin men abhiyan.
296 1685 ee. angrez eest indiya kampani ka mukhy vyapar karyalay soorat se bambee (vartaman mumbee) sthanantarit.
297 1686 ee. aurngazeb ka bijapur par adhikar.
298 1687 ee. golakunda mugal samrajy men sammilit, eest indiya kampani dvara aurngazeb ke viruddh yuddh ki ghoshana.
299 1689 ee. aurngazeb dvara shnbhaji ko pranadand, rajaram sattaroodh, shahoo ko bandi banaya gaya.
300 1699 ee. malava par marathon ka pratham akraman.
301 1700 ee. shnbhaji ke chhote bhaee rajaram ki mrityu, tarabaee ke snrakshan men shivaji dvitiy (rajaram ka putr) gaddi par baitha.
302 1702 ee. inglainnd men rani ain gaddi par baithin, godolphin ke hastakshep se purani aur nayi kampaniyon ko ekikaran kar nayi eest indiya kampani ka uday.
303 1703 ee. marathon ka barar par akraman.
304 1706 ee. marathon ka gujarat par akraman, badauda dhvast.
305 1707 ee. aurngazeb ki mrityu, bahadurashah pratham (rajakumar muhammad muajjam) mugal samrat bana, shahoo mukt, tarabaee tatha shahoo samarthakon ke madhy kheda ka yuddh, maratha rajy do bhagon men vibhakt, [[satara]] men shahoo ka rajy tatha kolhapur men tarabaee (ya shivaji dvitiy) ka rajy, peshava balaji vishvanath shahoo ke sath.
306 1708 ee. shahoo ka rajyabhishek chhatrapati ke roop men, balaji vishvanath ko 'senakarte' ki upadhi, sikkhon ke antim guru govind sinh ka nidhan (nanded men).
307 1712 ee. bahadurashah pratham ki mrityu, jahandarashah uttaradhikari bana.
308 1713 ee. jahandarashah ki hatya, saiyyad bandhuon ki madad se farrukhasiyar sinhasanaroodh.
309 1714 ee. balaji vishvanath ki 'peshava' ke pad par padonnati, husain ali dakshin ka soobedar, husain ali ki marathon se sandhi.
310 1715 ee. sikkh neta banda bahadur ko pranadand.
311 1717 ee. eest indiya kampani ko badashah farrukhasiyar ka svatntr vyapar (dyooti-fri) faraman, kalakatta ke nikat 37 ganvon ko kharidane ka adhikar bhi mila.
312 1719 ee. farrukhasiyar ki hatya, muhammadashah gaddi par asin (do alpakalik shasakon rafi-ud-daula tatha rafi-ud-darajat ki mrityu ke uparant), mugal samrat dvara sanad pradan kar 'chauth' tatha 'saradeshamukhi' vasoolane ka adhikar tatha dakkan ke 6 soobon ko svarajy pradan kiya gaya.
313 1720 ee. bajirav pratham peshava bana, saiyyad bandhuon ka ant, marathon ka uttari abhiyan prarambh.
314 1723 ee. shivaji ke guru samarth ramadas ki mrityu, peshava ka malava par akraman.
315 1724 ee. sadat khan avadh ka soobedar niyukt, dakshin men nizam svatntr.
316 1725 ee. shujauddin bngal ka soobedar.
317 1731 ee. gaautanabarg men samrat fredarik dvara 'svidish eest indiya' ka gathan.
318 1735 ee. mugal badashah dvara peshava bajirav pratham ko malava ke shasak ke roop men svikriti.
319 1738 ee. tulasidas ('ramacharitamanas' ke rachayita) ka nidhan.
320 1739–40 ee. dilli par nadirashah ka akraman, 'kohinoor hira' evn 'takhtetaoos' nadirashah ke qabze men, khurasan men nadirashah ki usake hi senapatiyon ke dvara hatya.
321 1740 ee. sarafaraj khan ki hatya kar alivardi khan bngal ka navab bana, balaji bajirav peshava bane, arkat par marathon ka akraman.
322 1742 ee. bngal par marathon ka akraman, doople panndicheri ka gavarnar niyukt.
323 1744 ee. yoorop men phrans tatha inglaind ke bich yuddh arambh, donon ke vibhinn upaniveshon men tanav tatha sngharsh.
324 1746–48 ee. pratham karnatak yuddh.
325 1745 ee. roohelakhand roohilon ke adhikar men.
326 1746 ee. la bordane ke netritv men fransisiyon ka chennee par adhikar.
327 1747 ee. ahamadashah abdali ka bharat par akraman.
328 1748 ee. haidarabad ke nizam asafajah ki mrityu, putr nasir jng tatha mujaffar jng men satta ke lie sngharsh, sngharsh ke karan nizam ka prabhav kshin tatha gaddi ke lie karnatak ke navab chnda sahab tatha navab anavaruddin ke bich sngharsh.
329 1748–51 ee. ahamadashah abdali ka afaganistan aur pnjab par adhikar, muhammadashah ki mrityu ke pashchath ahamadashah mugal badashah bana (1748).
330 1749 ee. yoorop men british aur fransisiyon ke bich 'eks-la-shapel' ki sandhi, bharat men angrezi aur fransisi kampaniyon men bhi yuddh viram, fransisiyon dvara chennee angrezon ko vapas, shahoo ki mrityu tatha ramaraj ka chhatrapati ke roop men rajyabhishek.
331 1750–1754 ee. dvitiy karnatak yuddh, doople ki sahayata se chnda sahab ki anavaruddin par vijay, haidarabad ki nizamat mujaffar jng ko dilane ke lie chnda sahab tatha doople ka nasir jng par sammilit hamala, nasir jng ko 600 sainikon ki sahayata, karnatak ki gaddi ke lie muhammad ali ko bhi angrez madad.
332 1751 ee. arkat ke qile par rabart klaiv ka adhikar, jisase fransisi tricharapalli se hate, mujaffar jng ki mrityu, salavat jng nizam bana, alivardi khan ki marathon se sandhi.
333 1754 ee. doople frans vapas, godehoo naya fransisi dayarektar janaral, godehoo tatha angrez gavarnar sandars ke bich sandhi, donon ka bharatiy riyasaton ke antarik mamalon men hastakshep n karane ka nirnay, fransisiyon dvara angrez samarthit muhammad ali karnatak ka navab svikrit, alamagir dvitiy mugal badashah bana.
334 1756 ee. alivardi khan ki mrityu, sirajuddaula bngal ki gaddi par asin tatha kalakatta par adhikar, tritiy karnatak yuddh.
335 1757 ee. plasi ka yuddh (23 joon) men angrezon dvara sirajuddaula parajit, mir zafar navab banaya gaya (28 joon), angrezon ka kalakatta par punah adhikar, sirajuddaula ko mrityudand (2 julaee), angrezon ka rajanitik prabhutv sthapit.
336 1758 ee. fransisi gavarnar marakuis di busi ka bharat agaman, angrezon ke viruddh abhiyan arambh, fort sent devid par qabza, pnjab par marathon ka adhikar.
337 1759 bngal men angrezon dvara dach parajit, bidar ka yuddh, gaziuddin imamulamulk dvara alamagir dvitiy ki hatya, shahalam dvitiy badashah bana (1759-1806).
338 1760 ee. vadivash ke yuddh men angrezon ke hathon fransisi parajit, raaubart klaib inglaind vapas, mir qasim bngal ka navab bana.
339 1761 ee. ahamadashah abdali tatha marathon ke bich panipat ka tisara yuddh (14 janavari), marathe parajit, fransisiyon dvara panndicheri angrezon ko samarpit, peshava bajirav ka nidhan, madhavarav sinhasanaroodh, haidar ali maisoor ka navab, avadh ka navab shujauddaula vazir bana.
340 1762 ee. madhavarav ke sinhasanaroodh hone ke uparant raghunatharav dvara nizam se madad ki mang.
341 1763 ee. angrezon dvara panndicheri fransisiyon ko vapas, bngal evn bihar par mir qasim ka adhikar samapt, mir qasim nishkasit, mir zafar punah nabab bana, raghunatharav ka satta par qabza, madhavarav bandi.
342 1764 ee. baksar ka yuddh, shahalam, shujauddaula tatha mir qasim ki snyukt senayen angrezon se parajit.
343 1765 ee. raaubart klaib doosari bar punah bngal ka gavarnar banakar vapas aya, shujauddaula, shahalam tatha eest indiya kampani ke madhy 'ilahabad ki sandhi', shahalam ne bihar, bngal tatha udisa ki 'divani' kampani ko saunpi, mir jafar ki mrityu.
344 1766 ee. nizam ne uttari sarakar (Northern Sarkars) kshetr angrezon ko diya.
345 1767 ee. raaubart klaib inglaind vapas, verelast bngal ka gavarnar bana.
346 1767–69 ee. pratham maisoor yuddh, angrezon ne apamanajanak sharton par haidar ali se sandhi ki, haidar ali ka chennee abhiyan.
347 1769 ee. nizam aur marathon ke sath angrezon ki 'chennee ki sandhi'.
348 1770 ee. bngal men bhishan akal, peris men divaliya ho jane ke karan 'fransisi eest indiya kampani' bhng.
349 1771 ee. marathon ka haidar ali par akraman, dilli par marathon ka qabza, shahalam dvitiy ko angrezon ke bandhan se mukti.
350 1772 ee. varen hestings bngal ka gavarnar niyukt, marathon ka ruhelakhnd par akraman, bharatiy mamalon ke lie british snsad ki do snsadiy samitiyon ka gathan, peshava madhavarav ki mrityu, narayanarav peshava bana par hi shighr mrityu, avadh ke navab aur roohilon ka marathon ke viruddh samajhauta, eest indiya kampani dvara dvaidh shasan ke samapti ki tatha khud divan ka kary apane hathon men lene ki ghoshana.
351 1772–1833 ee. raja ramamohan ray ka jivanakal.
352 1773 ee. british snsad dvara regyuleting ekt parit, kampani par snsad ka anshik niyntran, chennee tatha bambee presidensiyon par 'kalakatta presidensi' ka anshik niyntran, raghunatharav peshava bana, angrezon aur avadh ke navab ke bich ruhelakhnd par snyukt roop se chadhaee ka samajhauta.
353 1774 ee. varen hestings bngal ka gavarnar-janaral bana, kalakatta men pahale uchchatam nyayalay ki sthapana, madhavarav narayan peshava bana.
354 1775 ee. kampani aur avadh ke vazir asafuddaula ke bich (ek-doosare ke viruddh karravaee n karane ki) maitri sandhi, navab ne angrezon se sainy sahayata lene ke badale 2,60,000 rupaye pratimah dena svikar kiya, nand kumar par muqadama tatha mrityudand (6 mee), raghunatharav tatha angrezon ke bich 'soorat ki sandhi'.
355 1775–1782 ee. 'pratham angl-maratha yuddh'.
356 1776 ee. angrezon (karnal aptan) tatha marathon (raghunatharav ke virodhiyon) ke bich 'purandar ki sandhi'.
357 1777 ee. sanh 1857 ke vidrohi vir kunvar sinh ka janm.
358 1778 ee. yoorop men angrez-frans yuddh, bharat men fransisi upaniveshon par angrezon ka adhikar.
359 1779 ee. marathon tatha angrezon ke bich 'badaganv samajhauta' (Convention of Wadgaon) marathon ne 1773 men khoe hue kshetr punah prapt kie, haidar ali, haidarabad ke nizam tatha marathe angrezon ka virodh karane ko ekajut.
360 1780 ee. kaiptan popham ke netritv men eest indiya kampani ka gvaliyar par adhikar, dvitiy maisoor yuddh prarambh, haidar ali dvara karnatak dhvast, maharaja ranajit sinh ka janm, jems hikki dvara 'bngal gajat' ka prakashan.
361 1781 ee. kampani ne banaras ke raja chetasinh ko gaddi se hataya, portonova men haidar ali parajit, regyuleting ekt men snshodhan, varen hestings dvara 'kalakatta madarasa' ki sthapana, bngal men 'bord aauf revenyoo' ki sthapana.
362 1782 ee. angrez, maratha aur haidar ali ke bich 'salbaee ki sandhi' haidar ali ki mrityu, 'bngal ki khadi' men angrezon tatha fransisiyon ke bich nausenik yuddh, angrezon ki madad se asafuddaula dvara avadh ki begamon se dhan ugahi.
363 1782–99 ee. tipoo sultan maisoor ka shasak bana.
364 1783 ee. phaks ka indiya bil british snsad men asvikrit.
365 1784 ee. tipoo sultan ke sath 'mngalaur ki sandhi', dvitiy angl-maisoor yuddh ki samapti, bharatiy mamalon ke lie 'bord aauf kantrol' ki sthapana hetu pit ka indiya ekt british snsad men parit, 'esiyatik sosaiti aauf bngal' ki sthapana.
366 1785 ee. varen hestings ka tyagapatr, pnjab men sikkh ka adhipaty, dilli par mahadaji sindhiya ka adhikar.
367 1786–1793 ee. laaurd karnavalis bngal ka gavarnar-janaral, gavarnar-janaral ko apane parishadh ke nirnay ko nirast karane ki vyavastha.
368 1787 ee. tipoo sultan ne peris aur kustunatuniya men doot bheja, maratha, nizam tatha tipoo ke bich sandhi, maratha labhanvit, viliyam vilabarafors dvara 'dasata-virodhi (Anti-slavery) lig' ki sthapana.
369 1788 ee. gulam qadir ruhilla ka dilli par qabza, gulam qadir khan dvara shahalam dvitiy ko netrahin banaya gaya, bedar bakht dilli ki gaddi par asin.
370 1788–1795 ee. varen hestings par mahabhiyog.
371 1789–90 ee. tipoo sultan ka shravanakor par adhikar.
372 1789–1802 ee. marathon ka dilli par adhikar.
373 1790–92 ee. tritiy maisoor yuddh (tipoo sultan aur angrez, marathon ki snyukt sena ke bich).
374 1792 ee. shrirngapattam ki sandhi ke sath 'tritiy maisoor yuddh' samapt, pnjab men ranajit sinh sukarachakiya-misal ke mukhiya, dnkan jonathan dvara varanasi men 'rajakiy snskrit mahavidyalay' (bad men 'snskrit vishvavidyalay') ki sthapana.
375 1793–1798 ee. bngal ke gavarnar-janaral sar jaaun shor ka karyakal.
376 1793 ee. bngal men bhoo-rajasv ka sthayi bndobast, british snsad dvara bharat men yuddh niyntran vidheyak parit. panndicheri par angrezon ka adhikar, kampani ke chartar ka navinikaran.
377 1794 ee. poona men mahadaji sindhiya (shinde) ka nidhan.
378 1795 ee. 'kharda ke yuddh' men nizam ka marathon ke samaksh samarpan, indaur ki rani ahilyabaee holkar ka nidhan, jonathan dnkan bambee ka gavarnar niyukt.
379 1796 ee. peshava madhavarav narayan ki mrityu, bajirav dvitiy peshava niyukt, angrezon dvara shrilnka ko dachon se mukt karaya gaya.
380 1797 ee. ahamad shah abdali ke pote jamanashah ka pnjab par akraman. lahaur par adhikar. avadh men navab asafuddaula ki mrityu. vazir ali naya navab (avadh), shrirngapattanam men 60 fransisiyon dvara 'jaikobin klab' ki sthapana.
381 1798–1805 ee. laaurd velezali bngal ka gavarnar-janaral.
382 1798 ee. ajid ali ko hatakar sadat ali avadh ka navab bana, nizam dvara ashram-sandhi par hastakshar, tipoo sultan ke viruddh angrez, peshava aur nizam men ekata, tipoo ne fransisi upanivesh maaurishas ko doot bheja, nepoliyan bonapart ka misr abhiyan.
383 1799 ee. nepoliyan ke kahira se likhe patr men tipoo sultan ko angrezon se mukti dilane ka ashvasan. chaturth chauthe maisoor yuddh men tipoo sultan ki mrityu. maisoor vibhajan. maisoor rajavnshaj krishnaraj gaddi par asin. jamanashah dvara ranajit sinh lahaur ka soobedar niyukt. mailkam ke netritv men angrez dootamnndal eeran pahuncha. viliyam keri dvara seramapur men baiptist mishan sthapit.
384 1800 ee. peshava aur angrezon ke bich 'basin ki sandhi', angrezon dvara peshava punah poona ki gaddi par adhishthapit.
385 1803 ee. dvitiy angl-maratha yuddh (1803-05) men marathon ki parajay. aligadh par angrezon ka adhikar. bhonsale ke sath kampani ki 'devaganv ki sandhi' tatha sindhiya ke sath 'surji arjunaganv ki sandhi'.
386 1804 ee. holkar ke sath yuddh men karnal monsan parajit. badashah shahalam dvitiy british snrakshan ke adhin.
387 1805 ee. angrezon ka bharatapur ka ghera asaphal, laaurd velezali ko inglainnd vapas bulaya gaya, laaurd kaaurnavaaulis ki mrityu, holkar ke sath sandhi.
388 1805–1807 ee. sar jaaurj barlo bngal ka gavarnar-janaral.
389 1806 ee. akabar dvitiy shahalam dvitiy ka uttaradhikari bana, vellor men sainik vidroh.
390 1807–1813 ee. laaurd minto pratham bngal ka gavarnar-janaral.
391 1807–1808 ee. nepoliyan ki bharat par snyukt fransisi-roosi abhiyan yojana.
392 1808 ee. mailkam ke netritv men faras tatha elphinstan ke netritv men kabul ke lie angrez dootamandal bheja gaya.
393 1809 ee. angrezon aur ranajit sinh ke bich 'amritasar ki sandhi' (25 aprail). sataluj poorv ki pnjabi riyasat angrezon ke snrakshan men. ranajit sinh shasak svikrit.
394 1809–1811 ee. ranajit sinh ka kangada par qabza.
395 1813–1823 ee. laaurd hestings bngal ka gavarnar-janaral.
396 1813 ee. kampani ka chartar navinikrit, shiksha par salana ek lakh rupaye kharch karane ka pravadhan.
397 1814–1816 ee. nepal ke sath yuddh. gorakha tatha kampani ke bich 'sugauli sandhi' (1816) men.
398 1815 ee. ramamohan ray dvara 'atmiy sabha' ki sthapana. 'vataraloo ka yuddh'.
399 1817 ee. kalakatta men 'hindoo kaaulej' ki sthapana (devid heyar tatha ramamohan ray dvara).
400 1817–1818 ee. 'seramapur eesaee mishanari snstha' dvara bharatiy bhasha (bangla) men 'samachar darpan' nam ka pahala saptahik prakashit. peshava bajirav dvitiy ka samarpan.
401 1819–1827 ee. elaphinstan bambee ke gavarnar.
402 1819 ee. peshava pad ki samapti. british vrittibhogi ki haisiyat se peshava bajirav dvitiy ko bithoor nivas, rajapootana ke rajaon ke sath surakshatmak sandhi. tatya tope ka janm.
403 1820 ee. munaro madras (vartaman chennee) ka gavarnar bana. (dakshin bharat)
404 1821 ee. poona men 'snskrit kaaulej' ki sthapana.
405 1822 ee. bambee men 'netiv ejukeshan sosaiti' ki sthapana. 'bambee samachar' prakashit.
406 1823–1828 ee. laaurd emaharst bngal ka gavarnar-janaral niyukt.
407 1823 ee. pres ardinens ke viruddh rajaramamohan ray ka gyapan. (isake bad karyavahak gavarnar-janaral edams ne mudranalayon ke lie laisens anivary kiya tha).
408 1824 ee. bairakapur men sainik vidroh (adhik bhatte ki mang par).
409 1824–26 ee. pratham angl-barma yuddh. 'yandaboo ki sandhi'. arakan tatha tenasarim british samrajy men shamil.
410 1824–1883 ee. svami dayanand sarasvati ka jivanakal, ary samaj ki sthapana (1875 men).
411 1825 ee. prasiddh svatntrata senani dadabhaee nauroji ka janm (4 sitambar).
412 1826 ee. bharatapur par angrezon ka adhikar.
413 1827 ee. pahala vashpachalit yuddhapot 'intarapraij' madras pahuncha. (dakshin bharat)
414 1828–1833 ee. viliyam baintik bngal ka gavarnar-janaral.
415 1828 ee. ramamohan ray dvara 'brahm samaj' ki sthapana. 'aikedamik esosieshan' sthapit.
416 1829 ee. viliyam baintik dvara 'sati pratha' gairaqanooni ghoshit.
417 1829–1837 ee. baintik dvara thagon ka daman.
418 1830 ee. raja ramamohan ray dvara inglainnd bhraman. dharmasabha dvara kalakatta men 'sati pratha' par pratibandh lagane ke virodh men sabha. eeshvarachandr gupta dvara bngal masik 'snvad prabhakar' prakashit.
419 1831 ee. maisoor ka raja padachyut. shasan british sarakar ke hath men, ropad men viliyam baintik aur ranajit sinh ki bhent.
420 1832 ee. asam ke jaintiya kshetr par angrezon ka adhipaty.
421 1833 ee. kampani ke chartar ka navinikaran, vaidhanik shakti ka kendriyakaran. bngal ka gavarnar-janaral pahali bar bharat ke gavarnar-janaral ke nam se jane laga, bharatiy vidhi ayog ki niyukti, briten men 'das-pratha' par pratibndh lagaya gaya.
422 1833–1835 ee. laaurd viliyam baintik bharat ka gavarnar-janaral.
423 1834 ee. kurg par angrezon ka adhipaty. laaurd maikale suprim kaunsil men pahala vidhi sadasy niyukt. sarakar dvara chay baganon ki sthapana. agara prant ki sthapana.
424 1835–1836 ee. sar charls metakaauf karyakari gavarnar-janaral.
425 1835 ee. sar metakaauf dvara samachar patron par se pratibandh samapt. laaurd maikale ka shiksha niti par prastav. angrezi (farasi ke sthan par) pahali bar sarakari bhasha bani. kampani ne pahali bar apane sikke jari kie (bina mugal samrat ke nam ke). 'kalakatta medikal kaaulej' ki sthapana. kalakatta (vartaman kolakata) ke 'hindoo kaaulej' men dharmasabha ke tatvadhan men pashchimi dhng ki pahali sarvajanik sabha (30 janavari) jisamen ramakamal sen ne mang ki thi ki sabhi zamidaron tatha raiyyaton ke jivan ke moolabhoot samajik arthik prashnon par vichar-vimarsh kare.
426 1836–1842 ee. laaurd akalaind gavarnar-janaral.
427 1837 ee. akabar dvitiy ka uttaradhikari bahadurashah dvitiy 'jafar' gaddi par asin, maharani viktoriya gaddi par asin.
428 1838 ee. afaganistan ke bhootapoorv shasak shahashuja, ranajit sinh tatha angrezon ke bich 'tripakshiy sandhi'. kabul-kndhar par angrezon ka adhikar. 'kalakatta sosaiti phaaur d ekyoojishan aauf janaral nalej' nam ki sahityik vaicharik snstha ki sthapana, keshavachandr sen ka janm (19 navambar).
429 1839 ee. maharaja ranajit sinh ki mrityu. kalakatta tatha dilli ke bich ji. ti. rod ka kary arambh. angrezon dvara shahashuja kabul ka amir ghoshit, 'yoonaited indiya esosiyashan' ki sthapana (9 faravari). landan men 'british indiya sosaiti' ki sthapana.
430 1839–1842 ee. pratham angl-afagan yuddh.
431 1840 ee. afagan kabailiyon ka vidroh, dost muhammad padachyut, mainchestar men 'nardan sentral british indiya sosaiti' ki sthapana.
432 1841 ee. kalakatta men 'desh hiteshani sabha' ki sthapana (3 aktoobar).
433 1841–1844 ee. laaurd elanabaro gavarnar-janaral.
434 1842 ee. afaganistan men angrezi sena ka snhar. kabul par punah adhipaty. dost muhammad punah amir bana. elanabaro ki shimala ghoshana. afaganistan se angrezi sainik vapas.
435 1843 ee. sindh par angrezon ka adhipaty. 'das pratha' par pratibandh. 'bngal british indiya sosaiti' ki sthapana.
436 1844–1848 ee. laaurd harding gavarnar-janaral.
437 1844 ee. laaurd harding dvara sarakari naukariyon men angrezi shikshit bharatiyon ko niyukti dene ka nirnay. kangresi neta dinasha edulaji vacha ka janm.
438 1845–46 ee. pratham angl-sikkh yuddh men sikkh parajit.
439 1846 angrezon tatha sikkhon ke bich 'lahaur ki sandhi'.
440 1847 ee. rudaki men pratham injiniyaring kaaulej ki sthapana.
441 1848–1856 ee. laaurd dalahauzi gavarnar-janaral.
442 1848 ee. satara british samrajy men sammilit. god lene ki pratha par pratibandh. bambee men 'stoodents litareri end saintiphik sosaiti' ki sthapana.
443 1848–1849 ee. dvitiy angl-sikkh yuddh men sikkh parajit.
444 1849 ee. pnjab, jaitapura tatha snbhalapur ka british samrajy men vilay. kalakatta men bethun dvara pahali kanya pathashala ki sthapana. dalahauzi dvara mugal vnsh ki samapti par vichar.
445 1850 ee. sikkim ka ek bhag angrezon ke qabze men.
446 1851 ee. kalakatta men 'british indiyan esosiyashan' ki sthapana.
447 1852 ee. dvitiy angl-barma yuddh. rngoon (vartaman yangoon) tatha pengoo par adhipaty. bhootapoorv peshava bajirav dvitiy ki mrityu tatha usaki penshan samapt. poona men 'dakkan ejukeshan sosayati' ki sthapana. nizam dvara barar angrezon ka samarpit. kampani ke chartar ka navinikaran tatha pahali bar aee. si. es. pariksha prarambh. sasti dak seva prarambh.
448 1854 ee. bngal men 'nil vidroh'.
449 1855 ee. snthal vidroh. patasan udyog ki shuruat. kalakatta men 'anjumane islami' (ya mohammadan esosieshan) ki sthapana (mee 6).
450 1856 ee. avadh british samrajy men sammilit. 'bharatiy vishvavidyalay adhiniyam'. 'bngal vidhan parishadh' dvara 'hindoo vidhava punarvivah adhiniyam' parit. yoorop men 'krimiya yuddh' samapt. bharatiy sainikon ko inaphild rayaphal aur charbiyukt karatoos prayog ke lie diye gaye. kalakatta men injiniyaring kaaulej ki sthapana.
451 1856–62 ee. laaurd kaining gavarnar-janaral.
452 1857 ee. kalakatta, bambee tatha madras vishvavidyalayon ki sthapana. 1857 ka vidroh, keshavachandr sen brahm samaj men shamil, mngal pande dvara lephtinent bag ki goli marakar hatya.
453 1858 ee. bharat ka shasan eest indiya kampani se british sarakar ke hathon men. maharani viktoriya ka ghoshana patr. laaurd kaining ko vayasaray ki ek atirikt upadhi (tatpashchath gavarnar-janaral ke sath vayasaray ka bhi prayog prarambh). samaj sudharak di. ke. karve ka janm (18 aprail). jagadish chandr bos ka janm (30 navambar), lakhanoo par angrezon ka punah adhikar.
454 1859 ee. 'god pratha' ki samapti ki ghoshana radd. bngal men 'nil vidroh'. kastoori rnga ayngar ka janm (15 disambar). jems vilsan (suprim kaunsil ka pratham vitt sadasy) dvara ayakar lagoo. kagaz ke not jari.
455 1861 ee. 'bharatiy parishadh adhiniyam' tatha 'bharatiy haeekorts adhiniyam' lagoo. arkiyolajikal sarve aauf indiya (e.es.aee.) ka gathan. dinabndhu mitr ka natak 'nil-darpan' prakashit. ravindranath thakur ka janm.
456 1862 ee. sadar nyayalay uchch nyayalayon ke sath ekikrit. 'bharatiy dnd snhita' lagoo.
457 1862–63 ee. laaurd elagin pratham ka vayasaray kal.
458 1863 ee. kalakatta men abdul latif ki prerana se 'mohammadan esosieshan' ki sthapana. 'patana kaaulej' ki sthapana.
459 1863–1902 ee. svami vivekanand.
460 1864–69 ee. sar jaaun larens vayasaray.
461 1864 ee. saiyyad ahamad dvara 'mohammadan saintiphik sosayati' ki sthapana. madras men brahmasamaj ki prerana se saman uddeshyon vali snstha sthapit. bnkimachandr chatarji dvara 'durgesh nandani' upanyas ki rachana. (dakshin bharat)
462 1865 ee. yoorop ke sath door snchar vyavastha ka udaghatan. udisa men durbhiksh (akal).
463 1866 ee. keshavachandr sen dvara 'bharatiy brahm samaj' ki sthapana. gopal krishn gokhale ka janm. 'eest indiya esosieshan' ki sthapana tatha bad men 'landan indiya sosaiti' ka isamen viley.
464 1867 ee. brahmasamaj ki prerana se bambee men 'prarthana samaj' ki sthapana. navagopal mitr dvara kalakatta men svadeshi vastuon ke prachar ke lie varshik mele ka udaghatan. ayakar punah lagoo kie jane ka virodh. 'poona sarvajanik sabha: sthapit.
465 1868 ee. ambala se dilli tak relave lain ka udaghatan. shishir kumar ghosh dvara 'amrit bazar patrika' prakashit. bharat ka pratham sndhya samachar patr 'madras-mel' prakashit.
467 1869–72 ee. laaurd meyo ka vayasaray kal.
468 1869 ee. 'dyook aauf edinabara' ki bharat yatra. svej nahar ka udaghatan. mahatma gandhi ka janm. thakkar bapa ka janm.
469 1870 ee. laaurd meyo ka prantiy bndobast. 'lal sagar teligraf' ki shuruat. deshabandhu chitarnjanadas ka janm (5 navambar). em. ji. ranade prarthana sabha men shamil.
470 1872 ee. 'kooka vidroh'. laaurd meyo ki hatya (port bleyar men). anand mohan bos dvara landan men 'indiyan sosayati' ki sthapana. janaganana prarambh.
471 1872–76 ee. laaurd narthabruk vayasaray.
472 1873 ee. lahaur men svadeshi vastuon ke prachar ke lie 'svadeshi sabha' sthapit.
473 1874 ee. bihar men akal.
474 1875 ee. svami dayanand sarasvati dvara 'ary samaj' ki sthapana. 'prins af vels edavard' ki bharat yatra. saiyyad ahamad dvara 'mohammadan ainglo-oriental kaaulej' (aligadh) ki sthapana. ajamer men 'meyo kaaulej' ki sthapana. amerika men 'thiyosofikal sosaiti' ki sthapana. kalakatta men 'indiya lig' ki sthapana.
475 1876–80 ee. laaurd litan pratham ka vayasaray kal.
476 1876 ee. kveta par angrez sena ka adhikar. kalakatta men 'indiyan esosieshan' ki sthapana. 'aee.si.es. pariksha' men shamil hone ke lie ayu sima men katauti.
477 1877 ee. laaurd litan ka dilli darabar. maharani viktoriya bharat ki samragyi ghoshit. surendranath banarji dvara dilli men 'dilli darabar' ke avasar par pahali 'netiv pres aisosieshan' ki sthapana (ve svayn isake sachiv bane). aee.si.es. ki pariksha landan ke sath-sath bharat men bhi ayojit kie jane ki mang. saiyyad amir ali ne 'neshanal mohammadan esosieshan' ki sthapana ki.
478 1878 ee. litan ka 'varnakyoolar pres ekt' lagoo, dvitiy angl-afagan yuddh arambh. kalakatta (vartaman kolakata) men bharatiy patrakaron ki 'netiv pres kanphrens' ka pahala sammelan. 'sadharan brahm samaj' ki sthapana.
479 1879 ee. 'adayar' (madras) men maidam blavatsaki (roosi) tatha karnal alkaaut (amerika) dvara 'thiyosophikal sosaiti' ki sthapana. chakravarti rajagopalachari ka janm (7 disambar). laaurd litan dvara inglainnd se ayatit sooti mal par ayat kar hataya gaya.
480 1880–84 ee. 'durbhiksh ayog' (akal ayog) ki sthapana. afaganistan ke prati british niti men parivartan. pattabhi sitaramaiya ka janm (24 disambar).
481 1881 ee. pahala phaiktri adhiniyam. maisoor rajy usake mool shasakon ko saunpa gaya. 'trabiyoon', 'kesari' tatha 'maratha' ka prakashan.
482 1882 ee. 'varnakyoolar pres ekt' nirast. 'hntar ayog', 'bharatiy shiksha ayog', 'pnjab vishvavidyalay' ki sthapana. soorat men 'prajahitavardhak sabha' ka gathan, purushottam das tndan ka janm.
483 1883 ee. 'ilbart bil' gavarnar-janaral ki vidhan parishadh men prastut. 'bharatiy rashtriy sammelan' ka ayojan.
484 1884–88 ee. laaurd dafarin vayasaray.
485 1884 ee. keshavachandr sen ki mrityu (8 janavari). daau. rajendr prasad ka janm (3 disambar). madras men 'mahajan sabha' sthapit. (dakshin bharat)
486 1885 ee. 'bharatiy rashtriy kangres' ki sthapana tatha pahala adhiveshan bambee ke 'gokuladas tejapal snskrit skool' men. 'bngal tenensi ekt parit', 'bngal sthaniy svashasan adhiniyam parit', angl-barma yuddh. 'bambee presidensi esosieshan' ki sthapana.
487 1886 ee. uttari barma ka british samrajy men vilay. afaganistan ki uttari sima ka nirdharan. ramakrishn paramahns ki mrityu. kangres ke doosare adhiveshan men pnjab ke pratinidhi lala muralidhar ka hindi men bhashan. kangres ke mnch se hindi men yah pahala bhashan tha.
488 1887 ee. maharani viktoriya ke shasanakal ki svarn jayanti. 'ilahabad vishvavidyalay' ki sthapana. shivanarayan agnihotri dvara 'dev samaj' ki sthapana.
489 1888 ee. karnal thiyodor baink dvara 'yoonaited indiyan paitriyaautik esosieshan' ki sthapana.
490 1888–94 ee. laaurd lainsadaun ka vayasaray kal.
491 1889 ee. 'prins af vels' ki bharat ki doosari yatra. jamanalal bajaj, khudiram bos tatha javaharalal neharoo ka janm.
492 1891 ee. 'dvitiy phaiktri adhiniyam'. sahavas varsh adhiniyam (ej aauf kaaunasent ekt), manipur men vidroh, daau. bhimarav ambedakar ka janm (14 aprail).
493 1892 ee. bharatiy parishadh adhiniyam, chunav ki pranali nirdharat.
494 1893 ee. eni besent ka bharat agaman, svami vivekanand shikango sammelan ke lie amerika ravana.
495 1894 ee. natal (dakshin afrika) men 'bharatiy rashtriy kangres' ki sthapana (kangres ke lahaur (1893) adhiveshan se prabhavit hokar).
496 1894–99 ee. laaurd elgin dvitiy ka vayasaray kal.
497 1896 ee. bambee men pleg.
498 1897 ee. 'bharatiy shiksha seva' ka gathan. subhashachandr bos ka janm. lokamany tilak ko shivaji se sambodhit desh ke bhakti ke pady likhane ke arop men 18 mah ki kadi qaid.
499 1898 ee. 'prarthana samaj' (bambee) dvara ek dalit varg mishan prarambh.
500 1899–1905 ee. laaurd karzan vayasaray.
501 1900 ee. bhoomi svamitv-parishadh adhiniyam, durbhiksh ayog, kangres ke mnch se pahali mahila shrimati kadambini ganguli ka bhashan.
502 1901 ee. maharani viktoriya ki mrityu, edavard saptam sinhasanaroodh, uttar-pashchim sima prant ka gathan.
503 1904 ee. 'koaparetiv sosayati adhiniyam', 'puratattv vibhag' ki sthapana, 'bharatiy vishvavidyalay adhiniyam', jatindradas ka janm.
504 1905 ee. bngal vibhajan, laaurd marle bharatiy mamalon ke sachiv niyukt.
505 1905–10 ee. laaurd minto dvitiy ka vayasaray kal.
506 1906 ee. kanges (kalakatta adhiveshan) mnch se dadabhaee nauroji dvara 'svaraj' shabd ka pahali bar prayog. dhaka men 'muslim lig' ki sthapana.
507 1907 ee. 'soorat adhiveshan' men kangres vibhajit. eni besent 'thiyosaauphikal sosayati' ki adhyaksh bani. 'tata ispat karakhane' se ispat ka utpadan prarambh.
508 1908 ee. 'samachar patr adhiniyam'. khudiram bos ko phansi. tilak par rajadroh ka mukadama.
509 1909 ee. maaurle minto sudhar. 'bharatiy parishadh adhiniyam' parit. vayasaray ke karyakari parishadh men pratham bharatiy (ech. pi. sinha) ki niyukti. madan lal dhingara dvara landan men karzan vaili ki hatya. dakshin afrika jate hue jahaz par gandhi ji ne 30 hazar shabdon ki 'hindi svaraj' namak pustak likhi.
510 1910–16 ee. laaurd harding dvitiy ka vayasaray kal.
511 1910 ee. edavard tritiy ki mrityu, jaaurj pncham sinhasanaroodh.
512 1911 ee. 'dvitiy dilli darabar'. samrat jaaurj pncham ki bharat yatra. 'bngal vibhajan' radd. rajadhani kalakatta se dilli sthanantarit karane ki ghoshana. janaganana.
513 1912 ee. rajadhani kalakatta se dilli sthanantarit. dilli prant ka gathan. laaurd harding dilli men bam visphot men ghayal. javahar lal neharoo pahali bar kangres adhiveshan (bankipur) men upasthit. 'inslingtan kamishan' ka gathan. abulakalam azad dvara 'al-hilal' akhabar prakashit.
514 1913 ee. ravindranath taigor ko 'nobel puraskar'. firojashah mehata dvara 'd bambee kraaunikal' ki shuruat. sain fransisko men 'gadar parti' ka gathan.
515 1914 ee. tilak mandale jel se riha. 'phaaurest risarch instityoot' ki sthapana. panama nahar ki shuruat. eni besent dvara 'nyoo indiya' prakashit.
516 1914–18 ee. pratham vishv yuddh. briten dvara turki ke viruddh hamala.
517 1915 ee. 'bharatiy suraksha adhiniyam'. gandhi ji dakshin afrika se laute. ahamadabad men 'satyagrah ashram' ki sthapana. gopalakrishn gokhale ka nidhan. eni besent dvara 'homarool lig' ke gathan ki ghoshana (25 sitambar).
518 1916 ee. lokamany tilak dvara 'homarool lig' ki sthapana (26 aprail). kangres-muslim lig ke bich 'lakhanoo samajhauta'. poona men pratham mahila vishvavidyalay ki sthapana. 'banaras hindoo vishvavidyalay' ki sthapana. dadabhaee nauroji ka nidhan.
519 1916–1921 ee. laaurd chemsaford ka vayasaray kal.
520 1917 ee. mantegyoo bharat-mntri niyukt tatha inaki bharat yatra. 'kangres' tatha 'muslim lig' ki bambee men pahali snyukt baithak. 'mantegyoo ghoshana'. bharat men svayattashasi snsthaon ka kramik vikas tatha uttaradayi sarakar ki sthapana. gandhi ji dvara 'champaran satyagrah' arambh. homarool andolan ke silasile men eni besent bndi. shiksha se sambandhit 'saidalar ayog' ki niyukti. raulat ekt kameti ka gathan.
521 1918 ee. raulat ekt tatha mantegyoo-chemsaphord riport prakashit. sena men afasaron ke pad par niyukti ke lie bharatiy arh ghoshit. rasabihari bos ki adhyakshata men 'bngiy janasabha' ki sthapana. surendranath banarji ki adhyakshata men bambee men 'aaul indiya maaudaret kanphrens' ayojit. gandhi ji ke dvara ahamadabad kapada majadooron ki mang ke samarthan men satyagrah ke roop men pahali bar bhookh hadatal ka prayog kiya gaya. surendranath banarji 'neshanal libaral lig' ke adhyaksh nirvachit.
522 1919 ee. mantegyoo-chemsaphord sudhar parit. 'raulat ekt' parit. jaliyanvala bag narasnhar. khilaphat kameti ki sthapana. ravindranath thakur dvara sar ki upadhi vapas. bambee men mil majadooron ka pahala sammelan. eni besent ki adhyakshata men dilli men pahala 'akhil bharatiy mahila sammelan' ayojit. ilahabad men 'lidar samachar patr' ke karyalay men 'uttar pradesh libareshan esosieshan' ki sthapana. tritiy afagan yuddh. 'bharatiy sarakar adhiniyam-1919' parit.
523 1920 ee. 'khilafat' tatha 'asahayog andolan' arambh. gandhi ji dvara boar yuddh men mila 'kesar-e-hind' padak sarakar ko vapas. laaurd sinha bihar-udisa ke gavarnar. kangres ka netritv gandhiji ke hath men. 'akhil bharatiy tred yooniyan kangres' ki sthapana. 'aligadh muslim vishvavidyalay' ki sthapana. tilak ki mrityu. hantar kameti ki riport prakashit.
524 1921–1926 ee. laaurd riding ka vayasaray kal.
525 1921 ee. prins af vels edavard ki bharat yatra. 'chembar af prinses' ki sthapana. 'vijayavada akhil bharatiy kangres kameti' sammelan men tilak svaraj kosh ke lie ek karod rupaye ekatrit karane ka nirnay (1 aprail). dilli akhil bharatiy kangres kameti men gandhi ji ka 'savinay avgya andolan' prastap parit (4 navambar). mopala vidroh (20 navambar). gurudvara sudhar andolan, bolapur ([[pashchim bngal]) men 'vishvabharati shanti niketan vishvavidyalay' ki sthapana. hadappa men utkhanan prarambh. bharat sarakar adhiniyam 1919 lagoo.
526 1922 ee. kalakatta men 'savinay avgya andolan' arambh (15 joon). chauri-chaura kand (5 faravari). baradoli men kangres karyasamiti dvara 'savinay avgya andolan 'sthagit karane ka nirnay (12 faravari). kangres dvara samoohik 'savinay avgya andolan' sthagit (31 disambar). motilal neharoo tatha chitarnjan das dvara 'svaraj parti' ki sthapana. mantegyoo ka istifa.
527 1923 ee. madan mohan malaviy dvara 'indiyan parti' ki sthapana. bambee men kapada majadooron ki 'girani kamagar yooniyan' sthapit. 'hindustan ripablikan esosiesan' ki sthapana. namak-kar qanoon parit. sena ki kuchh bataliyanon ki qaman ka bharatiyakaran. praphull chandr dvara ahamadabad men 'gujarat vidyapith' ki adharashila, kamal pasha dvara turki ko dharmanirapeksh rajy ghoshit karane se khilafat andolan svatah samapt. svarajiyon ka parishadon men pravesh.
528 1924 ee. 'kanapur kaaunsipiresi kes'. gandhi ji pahali bar evn antim bar kangres adhyaksh (belaganv).
529 1925 ee. 'akhil bharatiy dalit varg esosieshan' ki sthapana. antaravidyalay bord gathit. 'akhil bharatiy kangres kameti' ki karyavahiyon ke lie hindustani bhasha ki svikriti (26 disambar). sikh gurudvara parit. chitarnjan das ka nidhan. vitthalabhaee patel vidhanasabha men pratham bharatiy adhyaksh niyukt. shanti niketan men gandhi ji tatha ravindranath thakur men samajik samasyaon par batachit (30 mee). laaurd litan dvitiy sthanapann vayasaray.
530 1926–31 ee. laaurd iravin vayasaray.
531 1926 ee. 'tred yooniyan ekt' parit. rupaye ka avamoolyan. dilli men 'al indiya prohibeshan lig' (akhil bharatiy nashabandi lig) ki sthapana (31 janavari). 'akhil bharatiy kangres kameti' dvara svaraj parti ke sadasyon ko kendriy vidhanasabha se tyagapatr dene ka prastav parit (6 march). gandhi ji dvara guvahati adhiveshan men svadhinata prastav ka virodh (26 disambar).
532 1927 ee. 'saiman kamishan' ki niyukti. 'bharatiy nausena adhiniyam'. kangres ke madras adhiveshan men svatntrata ke lakshy ki ghoshana. poona men badauda ki maharani ki adhyakshata men 'akhil bharatiy sammelan' ayojit (5 joon). ilahabad men pndit madan mohan malaviy ki adhyakshata men ayojit sarvadaliy sammelan dvara 'saiman kamishan' ka bahishkar karane ka nirnay (11 disambar). 'muslim lig' ka vibhajan (29 disambar).
533 1928 ee. daau. ansari ki adhyakshata men sarvadaliy bahishkar sammelan banaras men ayojit. 'saiman kamishan 'ke bharat agaman par 3 faravari ko hadatal ka ahvan (15 janavari). 'saiman kamishan' bharat men aya (3 faravari). 'neharoo riport', 'hindustan ripablikan' ki vibhinn shakhaon ko sngathit kar 'hindustan soshalist ripablik' ki sthapana (8-9 disambar) (isaka nirnay sukhadev, shivavarma, phanindranath bos, bhagat sinh, vijay kumar sinha tatha kundanalal vidyarthi dvara firozashah kotala stediyam, dilli men ek gupt baithak men liya gaya. chandrashekhar azad baithak men nahin the, parantu unhen esosieshan ke sashastr vibhag ka pradhan niyukt kiya gaya.) 'saiman kamishan' ka virodh karate samay pulis lathicharj men lala lajapat ray ghayal (17 navambar). kalakatta men javahar lal neharoo ki adhyakshata men 'akhil bharatiy samajavadi yuva kanges' ka pahala sammelan (27 disambar). kangres adhiveshan men gandhiji ki ghoshana- "yadi ap mere sath sahayog karen aur eemanadari tatha buddhimata se kam karen to sal bhar men svaraj mil jaega" (31 disambar). kangres adhiveshan men dominiyan stets ke paksh men prastav parit tatha subhashachandr bos ka poorn svadhinata prastav asvikrit. 'indipendens lig' ki sthapana. krishi ke lie shahi ayog ki niyukti.
534 1929 ee. ilahabad men abulakalam azad ki adhyakshata men 'akhil bharatiy muslim soshalist parti' ki sthapana (isase pahale rashtravadi muslim neta saiyyad ahamad barelavi tatha yusoof muhar ali dvara 'kanges muslim parti ki sthapana) (27-28 julaee). kendriy asembali men bhagatasinh v batukeshvar datt dvara bam phenka gaya (8 aprail). krishi shodh parishadh ka gathan. 'merath shadayntr' ke abhiyukton par mukadama arambh. 'lahaur shadayntr' ke abhiyukt jatin das ki 64 dinon ki bhookh hadatal ke bad mrityu. 166 din ki bhookh hadatal ke bad rngoon (vartaman yangoon) jel men phoonji vijaja ki mrityu. laaurd iravin ki ghoshana. bharat ka snvaidhanik pragati ka lakshy aupacharik rajy ki sthapana (31 aktoobar). lahaur men kangres ke 44ven adhiveshan men javahar lal neharoo ki adhyakshata men svarajy ka prastav parit (29 disambar). 31 disambar ki madhyaratri ke samay pndit neharoo ne ravi tat par tirnga phaharaya.
535 1930 ee. javahar lal neharoo dvara 26 janavari ko svadhinata divas ke roop men manane ka ahvan (7 janavari). 'hindustan ripablikan sosayati' dvara 'bam ka darshan' namak parchi prakashit (2 faravari). 'akhil bharatiy kangres parti' dvara 'savinay avgya (namak) andolan' ka karyakram svikrit (19 faravari). 'dandi yatra' arambh (12 march). namak qanoon toda gaya (6 aprail). 28 march ko 'anand bhavan' desh ko samarpit tatha 11 aprail ko 'svaraj bhavan' ke roop men namakaran. subhashachandr bos kalakatta nagar nigam ke meyar nirvachit (22 agast). si. vi. raman ko bhautiki ka nobel puraskar (14 navambar). 'pratham golamej sammelan' landan men. kangres karyasamiti gairaqanooni ghoshit (25 agast).
536 1931–1936 ee. vayasaray laaurd vilingatan ka vayasaray kal.
537 1931 ee. kangres karyasamiti par se pratibndh hata (26 janavari). lakhanoo men motilal neharoo ka nidhan (5 faravari). ilahabad men pulis muthabhed men chandrashekhar azad ki mrityu (27 faravari). 'gandhi-iravin samajhauta' (march). lahaur men ravi tat par bhagat sinh, rajaguru tatha sukhadev ko phansi (23 march). shok svaroop gandhi ji ko karachi adhiveshan men yuva krantikariyon dvara kale phool bhent (31 march). bambee kangres haus men sarojini nayadoo dvara 'rashtriy jhnda divas' ka udaghatan (26 aprail). kangres karyasamiti ki or se gandhiji ko golamej sammelan men kangres ka pratinidhi niyukt kiya gaya (10 joon). gandhiji dvara prastavit charakha yukt jhnda rashtriy kangres ka dhvaj bana (1 agast). snyukt prant men lagan-roko andolan (11 disambar). raauyal lebar kamishan ki riport prakashit.
538 1932 ee. sarakar dvara prastavit snvaidhanik shasan sudharon par shvetapatr prakashit. 'merath shadayntr kes' ke 27 abhiyukton ko saza (16 janavari). gandhi ji dvara vyaktigat satyagrah arambh (26 joon). eni besent ka dehant (20 sitambar). pahali bar 'pakistan' shabd ka prayog. gandhiji dvara saptahik 'harijan' ki shuruat. raimje maikdonald dvara 16 agast ko 'sampradayik nirnay' ki ghoshana. 24 sitambar ko gandhiji aur ambedakar ke madhy 'poona samajhauta' sampann.
539 1934 ee. 'savinay avgya andolan' vapas. patana men achary narendr dev ki adhyakshata men 'kangres samajavadi parti' ke gathan ki ghoshana (17 mee). kangres chunav ghoshana patr prakashit (14 joon). gandhi ji kuchh samay ke lie kangres se alag (17 sitambar). bambee men sampoornanand ki adhyakshata men 'akhil bharatiy kangres soshalist parti' ka aupacharik udaghatan (21 aktoobar). uttari bharat men bhari bhookamp. bihar men bhishan tabahi.
540 1935 ee. 'bharat sarakar adhiniyam-1935' parit (agast). bharat-briten vyapar samajhauta. gandhi ji ke sathi tatha 'satyagrah andolan' men jel jane vale pratham vyakti mohan lal pandya ka nidhan (18 mee). gandhi ji dvara mira ben ke lie vardha ke pas seva ganv ke ashram (sevashram) ki sthapana (22 aktoobar).
541 1936–44 ee. laaurd linalithago ka vayasaray kal.
542 1936 ee. samrat jaaurj pncham ka nidhan (21 janavari). jaaurj shashtam samrat bane. 'akhil bharatiy kangres kameti adhiveshan' men kangres karravaee ki bhasha hindi banae jane sambandhi prastav asvikrit (23 agast).
543 1937 ee. 'snghiy nyayalay' ki sthapana. prantiy svashasan ka udaghatan (aprail). 11 men se 7 pranton men kangres mntrimandal gathit. madhy prant men daau. en. ji. khare dvara desh ka pahala mntrimandal gathit (9 joon). kendriy vidhanasabhi men chintamani deshamukh dvara prastut pati ki sampatti men vidhavaon ko uttaradhikar dilane vala vidheyak parit (5 faravari). gandhi ji ke netritv men 'akhil bharatiy shiksha kanfrens' dvara nee shiksha niti ka niyojan.
544 1938 ee. subhashachandr bos kangres ke adhyaksh nirvachit. bi. di. savarakar 'hindoo mahasabha' ke adhyaksh nirvachit. sharatachandr chatarji tatha mohammad iqabal ki mrityu.
545 1939 ee. 'tripuri adhiveshan' men subhashachandr bos kangres ke adhyaksh pad par dubara nirvachit tatha bad men tyagapatr (28 aprail). bos dvara 'pharavard blak' ki sthapana (3 mee). dvitiy vishvayuddh arambh (3 sitambar). vishvayuddh men bharat ko bina ijazat shamil karane ke virodhasvaroop prantiy kangres mntrimandalon ka tyagapatr. jinna dvara kangres shasan se mukti ke lie 22 disambar ko 'mukti divas' ke roop men manane ka ahvan (8 aktoobar).
546 1940 ee. maulana abulakalam azad kangres adhyaksh. 'muslim lig' ke lahaur adhiveshan men jinna dvara muslimon ke lie prithak desh ki mang (22 march). kangres karyasamiti dvara gandhi ji ka vyaktigat satyagrah svikrit (13 aktoobar). vinoba bhave pahale vyaktigat satyagrahi.
547 1941 ee. japan dvara yuddh ki ghoshana. jinna dvara pakistan ki parikalpana par kangres ki svikriti ki mang (17 aprail). subhashachandr bos nazarabandi se bhagakar kalakatta se jarmani pahunche.
548 1942 ee. barma men angrezon ka atmasamarpan. 'akhil bharatiy kangres kameti' ke 'bambee adhiveshan' men 'angrezon bharat chhodo' prastav parit tatha deshavyapi andolan shuroo (8 agast).
549 1943 ee. 'muslim lig' ne apane 'karachi adhiveshan' men 'divaid end kkit' (banton aur chhodo) slogan ko parit kiya.
550 1944–47 ee. laaurd vevel ka vayasaray kal.
551 1944 ee. asam par japani akraman. lahaur men pramukh akali neta sherasinh ki ghoshana ki desh vibhajan ya pakistan ki mang ko svikriti di gee to sikkh bhi alag svatntr rashtr ki mang karenge (1 sitambar). si. rajagopalachari ke sujhavon par snvaidhanik adachan ke lie gandhi-jinna varta (9 sitambar). 'azad hind fauj' bharat ke nikat pahunchi.
552 1945 ee. briten men lebar parti ki sarakar. dvitiy vishvayuddh ki samapti. laaurd vevel ki ghoshana. 'azad hind fauj' ka atmasamarpan tatha un par pahali bar mukadama.
553 1946 ee. 'kaibinet mishan' bharat men. 'nausena vidroh' (18 faravari). 'muslim lig' ne 16 agast ko 'sidhi karravaee' divas manaya. antarim sarakar ka gathan (2 sitambar). javahar lal neharoo pradhanamntri niyukt. 'muslim lig' antarim sarakar men shamil (26 aktoobar). snvidhan sabha ki pahali baithak (disambar). kaibinet mishan yojana ki ghoshana (16 joon).
554 1947–48 ee. laaurd maunt betan ka vayasaray kal (24 march se).
555 1947 ee. british snsad men pradhanamntri kliment richard hedali dvara joon, 1948 tak angrezon ke bharat chhodane ke nirnay ki ghoshana (20 faravari). maunt betan dvara joon, 1948 ke sthan par 15 agast, 1947 ko satta hastantaran karane ka nirnay (3 joon). 'akhil bharatiy kangres samiti' dvara vibhajan prastav parit (15 joon). british snsad men bharat-pakistan vibhajan parit tatha 15 agast, 1947 ko satta hastantaran sambandhi 'bharatiy svadhinata adhiniyam' 4 julaee, 1947 ko snsad men pesh kiya gaya. 'bharatiy svadhinata adhiniyam' ko british samprabhu (samrat) ki svikriti (18 julaee). 14 agast ko pakistan bana tatha 15 agast ko bharat svadhin. javahar lal neharoo pradhanamntri tatha laaurd maunt betan gavarnar-janaral bane.

bharat ka itihas (snkshipt parichay)

bharat ka itihas
pashan yug- 70000 se 3300 ee.poo
meharagadh snskriti 7000-3300 ee.poo
sindhu ghati sabhyata- 3300-1700 ee.poo
hadappa snskriti 1700-1300 ee.poo
vaidik kal- 1500–500 ee.poo
prachin bharat- 1200 ee.poo–240 ee.
mahajanapad 700–300 ee.poo
magadh samrajy 545–320 ee.poo
satavahan samrajy 230 ee.poo-199 ee.
maury samrajy 321–184 ee.poo
shung samrajy 184–123 ee.poo
shak samrajy 123 ee.poo–200 ee.
kushan samrajy 60–240 ee.
poorv madhyakalin bharat- 240 ee.poo– 800 ee.
chol samrajy 250 ee.poo- 1070 ee.
gupt samrajy 280–550 ee.
pal samrajy 750–1174 ee.
pratihar samrajy 830–963 ee.
rajapoot kal 900–1162 ee.
madhyakalin bharat 500 ee.– 1761 ee.
dilli saltanat
gulam vnsh
khilaji vnsh
tugalaq vnsh
saiyyad vnsh
lodi vnsh
mugal samrajy
1206–1526 ee.
1206-1290 ee.
1290-1320 ee.
1320-1414 ee.
1414-1451 ee.
1451-1526 ee.
1526–1857 ee.
dakkan saltanat
bahamani vnsh
nizamashahi vnsh
1490–1596 ee.
1358-1518 ee.
1490-1565 ee.
dakshini samrajy
rashtrakoot vnsh
hoyasal samrajy
kakatiya samrajy
vijayanagar samrajy
1040-1565 ee.
736-973 ee.
1040–1346 ee.
1083-1323 ee.
1326-1565 ee.
adhunik bharat- 1762–1947 ee.
maratha samrajy 1674-1818 ee.
sikh rajyasngh 1716-1849 ee.
aupaniveshik kal 1760-1947 ee.

chayanit chitr

jantar mantar dilli
jantar mantar, dilli


tika-tippani aur sndarbh

  1. dekhen: shodh grnth vels, spensar (2002) a jenetik odisi (angrezi). prinsatan yoonivarsiti pras, nyoo jarsi, sn.ra.amarika. ISBN 0-691-11532-X.

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bahamani vnsh

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