ईसा मसीह  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

eesa masih
eesa masih]
poora nam eesa masih
any nam yishu masih, jizas kraist
janm 6 ee.poo.(snbhavat)
janm bhoomi bethalehem
mrityu 30-36 ee.poo.
abhibhavak pita- josef (yoosuf) aur man- mariyam (mairi)
mukhy rachanaen baibil
prasiddhi eesaee dharm ke pravartak ke roop men
snbndhit lekh gud fraide, eestar snde
vyaktitv eesa ki akriti ka koee bhi pramanik chitr athava varnan nahin milata, tathapi baibil men unaka jo thoda bahut charitrachitran hua hai usase unaka vyaktitv prabhavashali hone ke sath hi atynt akarshak siddh ho jata hai
any janakari eesa yahoodiyon ka dharmagrnth (eesaee baibil ka poorvardh) pramanik to manate the kintu vah shastriyon ki bhanti usaki niri vyakhya hi nahin karate the, pratyut usake niyamon men parishkar karane ka bhi sahas karate the.

eesa masih (angrezi:Jesus, janm- snbhavat: 6 ee.poo., bethalehem; mrityu- 30-36 ee.poo.) eesaee dharm ke pravartak the, jinhen 'jisas kraist' bhi kahate hain. inhonne lok kalyanarth apani jan tak de di thi.[1] eesa ibrani shabd yeshooa ka vikrit roop hai, isaka arth hai muktidata. yahoodi dharmagrnth men mashiah eeshvaraprerit muktidata ki padavi hai, isaka arth hai abhishikt, yoonani bhasha men isaka anuvad khristos hai. is prakar eesa masih pashchim men yesu khrost ke nam se vikhyat hain.

jivani par paryapt prakash

tasitas, sueton tatha flaviyas yosefas jaise prachin roman tatha yahoodi itihasakaron ne eesa tatha unake anuyayiyon ka to ullekh kiya hai kintu unaki jivani athava shiksha ka varnan nahin kiya. is prakar ki samagri hamen baibil men hi milati hai, visheshakar charon susamacharon (gaspelon) men jinaki rachana pratham shatabdi eesavi ke uttarardh men huee thi. susamacharon ka pradhan uddeshy hai eesa ki shiksha prastut karana, unake kie hue chamatkaron ke varnan dvara unake eeshvaratv par vishvas utpann karana, tatha mrityu ke bad unake punarutthan ka sakshy dena. kintu ve in vishayon ke sath-sath eesa ki jivani par bhi paryapt prakash dalate hain.

janm

baibil ke anusar eesa ki mata mariyam galiliya prant ke nazareth ganv ki rahane vali thin. unaki sagaee daood ke rajavnshi yoosuf namak badhee se huee thi. vivah ke pahale hi vah kunvari rahate hue hi eeshvariy prabhav se garbhavati ho geen. eeshvar ki or se snket pakar yoosuf ne unhen patnisvaroop grahan kiya. is prakar janata eesa ki alaukik utpatti se anabhigy rahi. vivah snpann hone ke bad yoosuf galiliya chhodakar yahoodiya prant ke bethalehem namak nagari men jakar rahane lage, vahan eesa ka janm hua. shishu ko raja herod ke atyachar se bachane ke lie yoosuf misr bhag ge. herod 4 ee.poo. men chal base at: eesa ka janm snbhavat: 6 ee.poo. men hua tha. herod ke maran ke bad yoosuf lautakar nazareth ganv men bas ge. eesa jab barah varsh ke hue, to yarushalam men do din rukakar pujariyon se gyan charcha karate rahe. saty ko khojane ki vritti unamen bachapan se hi thi. baibil men unake 13 se 29 varshon ke bich ka koee ‍zikr nahin milata. 30 varsh ki umr men unhonne yoohanna (jaaun) se diksha li. diksha ke bad ve logon ko shiksha dene lage.[2] kuchh samay bad eesa ne yoosuf ka pesha sikh liya aur lagabhag 30 sal ki umr tak usi ganv men rahakar ve badhee ka kam karate rahe.

bapatisma

eesa masih ki pratima

eesa ke antim do tin varsh samajhane ke lie us samay ki rajanitik tatha dharmik paristhiti dhyan men rakhani chahie. samast yahoodi jati roman samrath tiberiyas ke adhin thi tatha yahoodiya prant men pilatas namak roman rajyapal shasan karata tha. yah rajanitik paratntrata yahoodiyon ko bahut akharati thi. ve apane dharmagrnth men varnit masih ki rah dekh rahe the kyonki unhen asha thi ki vah masih unako romiyon ki gulami se mukt karenge. doosari or, unake yahan pichhali char shatabdiyon men ek bhi nabi prakat nahin hua, at: jab sanh 27 ee. men yohan bapatista yah sndesh lekar bapatisma dene lage ki 'pachhatava karo, svarg ka rajy nikat hai', to yahoodiyon men utsah ki lahar daud gee aur ve asha karane lage ki masih shighr hi ane vala hai.

us samay eesa ne apane aujar chhod die tatha yohan se bapatisma grahan karane ke bad apane shishyon ko vah chunane lage aur unake sath samast desh ka paribhraman karate hue upadesh dene lage. yah sarvavidit tha ki eesa bachapan se apana sara jivan nazareth men bitakar badhee ka hi kam karate rahe. at: unake achanak dharmopadeshak banane par logon ko ashchary hua. sab ne anubhav kiya ki eesa atynt saral bhasha tatha pray: dainik jivan ke drishtanton ka sahara lekar adhikarapoorvak maulik dharmik shiksha de rahe hain.

dharm ka adhar

eesa yahoodiyon ka dharmagrnth (eesaee baibil ka poorvardh) pramanik to manate the kintu vah shastriyon ki bhanti usaki niri vyakhya hi nahin karate the, pratyut usake niyamon men parishkar karane ka bhi sahas karate the. 'parvat-pravachan' men unhonne kaha--

main moosa ka niyam tatha nabiyon ki shiksha radd karane nahin, balki poori karane aya hoon.'
sooli par chadhaye hue (krusifaid) eesa masih

vah yahoodiyon ke parv manane ke lie rajadhani jerusalem ke mndir men aya to karate the, kintu vah yahoodi dharm ko apoorn samajhate the. vah shastriyon dvara pratipadit jatil karmakand ka virodh karate the aur naitikata ko hi dharm ka adhar manakar usi ko apekshakrit adhik mahatv dete the. eesa ke anusar dharm ka sar do baton men hai-

  1. manushy ka paramatma ko apana dayalu pita samajhakar samooche hriday se pyar karana tatha usi par bharosa rakhana.
  2. any sabhi manushyon ko bhaee bahan manakar kisi se bhi bair n rakhana, apane viruddh kie hue aparadh kshama karana tatha sachche hriday se sabaka kalyan chahana. jo yah bhratriprem nibahane men asamarth ho vah eeshvarabhakt hone ka dava n kare, bhagavadbhakti ki kasauti bhratriprem hi hai.

janata is shiksha par mugdh huee tatha rogiyon ko chnga karana, murdo ko jalana adi, unake dvara kie gaye chamatkar dekhakar janata ne eesa ko nabi ke roop men svikar kiya. tab eesa ne dhire-dhire yah prakat kiya ki main hi masih, eeshvar ka putr hoon, svarg ka rajy sthapit karane svarg se utara hoon. yahoodi apane ko eeshvar ki chuni huee praja samajhate the tatha baibil men jo masih aur svarg ke rajy ki pratigya hai usaka ek bhautik evn rashtriy arth lagate the. eesa ne unhen samajhaya ki masih yahoodi jati ka neta banakar use romiyon ki gulami se mukt karane nahin pratyut sab manushyon ko pap se mukt karane ae hain. svarg ke rajy par yahoodiyon ka ekadhikar nahin hai, manav matr isaka sadasy ban sakata hai. vastav men svarg ka rajy eesa par vishvas karane valon ka samuday hai jo duniya ke ant tak unake sndesh ka prachar karata rahega. apani mrityu ke bad us samuday ke sngathan aur shasan ke lie eesa ne barah shishyon ko chunakar unhen vishesh shikshan aur adhikar pradan kie.

pranadnd

logo ko upadesh dete eesa masih

svarg ke rajy ke is adhyatmik svaroop ke karan eesa ke prati yahoodi netaon men virodh utpann hua. ve samajhane lage ki eesa svarg ka jo rajy sthapit karana chahate hain vah ek naya dharm hai jo yarushalam ke mndir se koee snbndh nahin rakh sakata. antatogatva unhonne (snbhavat: sanh 30 ee.men) eesa ko giraftar kar liya. sanh 29 ee. ko prabhu eesa gadhe par chadhakar yarushalam pahunche. vahin unako dndit karane ka shadyntr racha gaya. unake shishy judas ne unake sath vishh‍vasaghat kiya. yahoodiyon ki mahasabha ne unako isalie pranadnd diya ki vah masih tatha eeshvar ka putr hone ka dava karate hain. roman rajyapal ne is dndagya ka samarthan kiya aur eesa ko kroos par marane ka adesh diya. antat: unhen virodhiyon ne pakadakar kroos par lataka diya. eesa ne kroos par latakate samay eeshvar se prarthana ki, 'he prabhu, kroos par latakane vale in logon ko kshama kar. ve nahin janate ki ve kya kar rahe hain.'[2]

svargarohan

eesa ki giraftari par unake sabhi shishy vichalit hokar chhip ge the. unaki mrityu ke bad unhonne rajyapal ki agya se unako kroos se utarakar dafana diya. dafan ke tisare din eesa ki qabr khali paee gee, usi din se, asthavanon ka vishvas hai, vah purnajivit hokar apane shishyon ko dikhaee dene aur unake sath vartalap bhi karane lage. us samay eesa ne apane shishyon ko samast jatiyon men jakar apane sndesh ka prachar karane ka adesh diya. punarutthan ke 40 ven din eesaee vishvas ke anusar, eesa ka svargarohan hua.

vyaktitv

eesa ki akriti ka koee bhi pramanik chitr athava varnan nahin milata, tathapi baibil men unaka jo thoda bahut charitrachitran hua hai usase unaka vyaktitv prabhavashali hone ke sath hi atynt akarshak siddh ho jata hai. eesa 30 sal ki umr tak mazadoor ka jivan bitane ke bad dharmopadeshak bane the, at: vah apane ko janasadharan ke atynt nikat pate the. janata bhi unaki namrata aur milanasarita se akarshit hokar unako ghere rahati thi, yahan tak ki unako kabhi-kabhi bhojan karane tak ki phurasat nahin milati thi.
shishy ko shiksha dete eesa masih
vah bachchon ko vishesh roop se pyar karate the tatha unako apane pas bula bulakar ashirvad diya karate the. vah prakriti ke saundary par mugdh the tatha apane upadeshon men pushpon, pakshiyon adi ka upaman ke roop men pray: ullekh karate the. vah dhan daulat ko sadhana men badha samajhakar dhaniyon ko savadhan kiya karate the tatha din dukhiyon ke prati vishesh roop se akarshit hokar pray: rogiyon ko svasthy pradan kar apani alaukik shakti ko vyakt karate the, aisa logon ka vishvas hai. vah patiton ke sath sahanubhootipoorn vyavahar karane vale patitapavan the tatha shastriyon ke dharmik andabar ke nindak the. ek bar unhonne un dharmapakhndiyon se kaha- veshyaen tum logon se pahale eeshvar ke rajy men pravesh karengi. vah pita parameshvar ko apane jivan ka kendr banakar bahudha rat bhar akele hi prarthana men lin rahate the.

sahriday aur milanasar hote hue bhi vah nitant anasakt aur nirlipt the. atmasnyami hote hue bhi unhonne kabhi sharir galane vali ghor tapasya nahin ki. vah pap se ghrina karate the, papiyon se nahin. apane ko eeshvar ka putr tatha snsar ka muktidata kahate hue bhi ahnkarashoony aur atynt vinamr the. manushyon men apana sneh vitarit karate hue bhi vah apana snpoorn prem eeshvar ko nivedit karate the. is prakar eesa men ekangipan athava ugrata ka sarvatha abhav hai, unaka vyaktitv poorn roop se sntulit hai.

eesa masih ke shishy

sooli par chadhaye hue (krusifaid) eesa masih

yishu ke kul barah shishy the-

  1. pitar
  2. endrayoo
  3. jems (jabedi ka beta)
  4. jaaun
  5. philip
  6. bartholomiyoo
  7. maithyoo
  8. thaaumas
  9. jems (alphaiyooj ka beta)
  10. snt judas
  11. saiman d jilot
  12. mattiyyah

sooli ke bad hi unake ‍shishy eesa ki vani lekar 50 eesvi men hindustan ae the. unamen se ek 'thaaumas' ne hi bharat men eesa ke sndesh ko phailaya. unhin ki ek kitab hai- 'e gaauspel aauf thaaumas'. chennee shahar ke sent thamas maunt par 72 eesvi men thaaumas ek bhil ke bhale se mare ge.[2]

baibil

baibil eesaiyon ka pavitr dharmagrnth hai. isamen purane siddhant ya niyam ko bhi shamil kiya gaya hai. isamen yahoodi dharm aur yahoodi pauranik kahaniyon, niyamon adi baton ka varnan hai. ne niyam ke antargat eesa ke jivan aur darshan ke bare men ullekh hai. isamen khas taur par char shubh sndesh hain jo eesa ke char anuyayiyon matti, looka, yuhanna aur marakus dvara varnit hain.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. pauranik kosh |lekhak: rana prasad sharma |prakashak: gyanamandal limited, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 564, parishisht 'n' |
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 eesa masih (hindi) (ech ti em) vebaduniya. abhigaman tithi: 22 apral, 2011.

snbndhit lekh