ईस्ट इण्डिया कम्पनी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

eest indiya kampani
eest indiya kampani muhar
vivaran eest indiya kampani ek niji vyaparik kampani thi, jisane 1600 ee. men shahi adhikar patr dvara vyapar karane ka adhikar prapt kar liya tha.
sthapana 1600 ee. ke antim din maharani elijabeth pratham ke ek ghoshanapatr dvara huee thi.
uddeshy yah landan ke vyapariyon ki kampani thi, jise poorv men vyapar karane ka ekadhikar pradan kiya gaya tha. kampani ka mukhy uddeshy dhan kamana tha.
any janakari 1708 ee. men eest indiya kampani ki pratidvandi kampani 'nyoo kampani' ka 'eest indiya kampani' men vilay ho gaya. parinamasvaroop 'd yoonaited kampani aauf marchents aauf inglaind treding too eest indij' ki sthapana huee. kampani aur usake vyapar ki dekh-rekh 'garvanar-in-kaunsil' karati thi

eest indiya kampani (angrezi: East India Company) ek niji vyaparik kampani thi, jisane 1600 ee. men shahi adhikar patr dvara vyapar karane ka adhikar prapt kar liya tha. isaki sthapana 1600 ee. ke antim din maharani elijabeth pratham ke ek ghoshanapatr dvara huee thi. yah landan ke vyapariyon ki kampani thi, jise poorv men vyapar karane ka ekadhikar pradan kiya gaya tha. kampani ka mukhy uddeshy dhan kamana tha. 1708 ee. men eest indiya kampani ki pratidvandi kampani 'nyoo kampani' ka 'eest indiya kampani' men vilay ho gaya. parinamasvaroop 'd yoonaited kampani aauf marchents aauf inglaind treding too eest indij' ki sthapana huee. kampani aur usake vyapar ki dekh-rekh 'garvanar-in-kaunsil' karati thi.

kampani ka bharat agaman

1608 ee. men kampani ka pahala vyaparik pot soorat pahuncha, kyonki kampani apane vyapar ki shuruat masalon ke vyapari ke roop men karana chahati thi.

vyapar ke lie sngharsh

kampani ne sabase pahale vyapar ki shuruat masale vale dvipon se ki. 1608 ee. men usaka pahala vyaparik pot soorat pahuncha, parantu purtagaliyon ke pratirodh aur shatrutapoorn ravaiye ne kampani ko bharat ke sath sahaj hi vyapar shuroo nahin karane diya. purtagaliyon se nipatane ke lie angrezon ko dach eest indiya kampani se sahayata aur samarthan mila aur donon kampaniyon ne ek sath milakar purtagaliyon se lambe arase tak jamakar tagada morcha liya. 1612 ee. men kaiptan bostan ke netritv men angrezon ke ek jahazi bede ne purtagali hamale ko kuchal diya aur angrezon ki eest indiya kampani ne soorat men vyapar shuroo kar diya. 1613 ee. men kampani ko ek shahi faraman mila aur soorat men vyapar karane ka usaka adhikar surakshit ho gaya. 1622 ee. men angrezon ne ormuj par adhikar kar liya, jisake phalasvaroop ve purtagaliyon ke pratishodh ya akraman se poori tarah surakshit ho gaye.

kampani ki saphalataen

1615-18 ee. men samrat jahangir ke samay british naresh jems pratham ke rajadoot sar tamas ro ne eest indiya kampani ke lie kuchh visheshadhikar prapt kar liye. isake shighr bad hi kampani ne masulipattam aur bngal ki khadi sthit arama ganv namak sthanon par karakhanen sthapit kiye. kintu kampani ko pahali mahattvapoorn saphalata march, 1640 ee. men mili, jab usane vijayanagar shasakon ke pratinidhi chandragiri ke raja se adhunik chennee nagar ka sthan prapt kar liya. jahan par unhonne shighr hi sent jarj qile ka nirman kiya. 1661 ee. men briten ke raja charls dvitiy ko purtagali rajakumari se vivah ke dahej men bambee ka tapoo mil gaya. charls ne 1668 ee. men isako keval 10 paund salana kiraye par eest indiya kampani ko de diya. isake bad 1669 aur 1677 ee. ke bich kampani ke gavarnar jerald angiyar ne adhunik bambee nagar ki ninv dali.

kolakata nagar ki sthapana

1687 ee. men kampani ke ek vafadar sevak jaaub charanak ne bngal ke navab ibrahim khan ke nimntran par bhagirathi ki daladali bhoomi par sthit sootanati ganv men kalakatta nagar ki sthapana ki. bad ko 1698 ee. men sootanati se lage hue do ganvon, kalikata aur govindapur, ko bhi isamen jod diya gaya. is prakar purtagaliyon ke zabardast pratirodh par vijay prapt karane ke bad eest indiya kampani ne 90 varshon ke andar tin ati uttam bandaragahon-bambee, madras aur kalakatta par apana adhikar kar liya. in tinon bandaragahon par qile bhi the. ye tinon bandaragah presidensi kahalaye aur inamen se pratyek ka prashasan eest indiya kampani ke 'kort aauf proparaitars' dvara niyukt ek gavarnar ke supurd kiya gaya. eest indiya kampani ka snchalan landan men 'lidal haaul strit' sthit karyalay se hota tha.

kampani ko sima shulk se mukti

1691 ee. men eest indiya kampani ko bngal ke navab ibrahim khan se ek faraman prapt hua, jisamen kampani ko bngal men sirf 3000 rupaye ki rashi salana dene par sima shulk ke bhugatan se mukt kar diya gaya tha. any yooropiy kampaniyon ko tin pratishat shulk ada karana padata tha. eest indiya kampani ke sarjan 'daau. haimiltan'[1] ki chikitsa sevaon se khush hokar samrat farrukhasiyar ne 1715 ee. men naya faraman jari karate hue kampani ko sima shulk se mukt karane vale pahale faraman ki pushti kar di.

bharat par prabhusatta

vyapar men eest indiya kampani ke is ekadhikar ka kee angrez vyapariyon ne virodh kiya aur satrahavin shatabdi ke ant men 'di indiyan kampani treding tu di eest indiz' namak ek pratidvandvi snstha ki sthapana ki. nayi aur purani donon kampaniyon men kadi pratidvandvita chal padi, jisamen purani kampani ke pair ukhadane lage, kintu bharat aur inglaind donon hi jagah atyant katu aur apratishthajanak pratidvandvita ke bad 1708 ee. men samajhauta hua, jisake antargat donon ko milakar ek kampani bana di gee aur usaka nam rakha gaya 'di yoonaidet kampani aauf di marchents aauf inglaind treding too di eest indiz'. yah snyukt kampani bad men eest indiya kampani ke nam se hi mashahoor rahi aur dedh sau varshon men vah matr ek vyaparik nigam n rahakar ek aisi rajanitik evn sainik snstha ban gee, jisane sampoorn bharat par apani prabhusatta sthapit kar li.

Blockquote-open.gif 1661 ee. men briten ke raja charls dvitiy ko purtagali rajakumari se vivah ke upalakshy men dahej svaroop bambee ka tapoo mil gaya tha. charls dvitiy ne 1668 ee. men isako keval 10 paund salana kiraye par eest indiya kampani ko de diya. isake bad 1669 aur 1677 ee. ke bich kampani ke gavarnar jerald angiyar ne adhunik bambee nagar ki ninv dali. Blockquote-close.gif

kampani ka svaroop

kampani ke sadharan sadasyon ki ek sabha thi, jisake kary ka niyntran ek gavarnar aur chaubis samitiyon ko diya gaya tha. ye chaubis samitiyan chaubis vyakti the, jinhen bad men 'nideshak' kaha jane laga aur unaki sabha ko 'nideshak mndal'. nideshak ka karyakal ek varsh ka hota tha, aur ve agale varsh ke lie punah chune ja sakate the. kampani matr ek vyaparik snstha thi. use keval vyaparik nikayon ke lie many vidhayi aur nyayik adhikar prapt hue the. isake antargat use karavas aur arthadnd aropit karane ki shakti angrez qanoonon ke antargat pradan ki gee thi. 1635 men inglaind men ek aur kampani ko anumati prapt ho gee, jisase purani kampani ko kathinaee huee aur donon kampaniyon men pratidvndita hone lagi. jisaka nirakaran karane ka prayatn kiya gaya, jisase bhavishy ki 'jvaint staauk' kampaniyon ki sthapana ka marg prashast hua. 1662 ee. men jarj aksenaden kampani ki faistri ka adhyaksh banaya gaya tha. 1694 men inglend ke haus aauph kaaumans men prastav aya ki inglend ke pratyek nagarik ko vishv ke kisi bhag men vyapar karane ka adhikar hai, yadi snsad use pratibndhit n kar de. is prastav ke uparant 1698 men ek aur kampani 'di inglish kampani treding too di eest indij' ki sthapana huee, jisase lndan kampani snkat men a gee 1709 men donon kampaniyon ka vilinikaran hua aur 'di yunaited eest indiya kampani aauph marchents aauph inglend treding too eest indij' astitv men aee aur eest indiya kampani ke nam se vikhyat huee. 1717 ee. men hi kampani ne dastak prakriya shuroo kar di thi.[2]

kampani ka saubhagy

bharat men is kampani ki prabhusatta sahasa hi nahin sthapit ho gee. isamen use sau se bhi adhik varshon ka samay laga aur is avadhi men use frans aur dach kampaniyon tatha bharatiyon se anek yuddh bhi karane pade. yah eest indiya kampani kampani ka saubhagy hi tha ki, bharat par prabhusatta ka dava karane vali mugal sarakar dhire-dhire kamazor hoti gee aur desh atharahavin shatabdi ke dauran chhote-chhote anek muslim aur hindoo rajyon men bnt gaya. in rajyon men paraspar koee bhi ekata n rahi. muslim rajy n keval hindoo rajyon ke khilaf the, varanh unamen apas men bhi ekata n thi aur n hi unake man men dilli men shasan karane vale mugal samrat ke prati koee nishtha thi. yah phoot eest indiya kampani ke lie varadan siddh huee. joon 1756 ee. men jab navab sirajuddaula ne kalakatta par hamala kiya, to eest indiya kampani ke fort viliyam ka gavarnar drek rogar tha. is kampani ne 1761 ee. men vaaudivash ka yuddh jitakar french eest indiya kampani ka bharat se safaya kar diya. sanh 1757 ee. men plasi ka yuddh jitane ke bad bngal, bihar aur udisa par usaka prabhutv vastut: pahale hi sthapit ho chuka tha. viliyam nat (1782 se 1845 ee. tak) eest indiya kampani ki bngal sena men 1800 ee. men ek sainik padadhikari hokar aya. isaki atishighr padonnati huee aur 1839 ee. men use kndahar sthit british senaon ka netritv saunpa gaya. isi samay par kampani ne saimyual akamati ko madras ka senapati niyukt kiya tha.

kampani ka varchasv

mugal samrat shahalam dvitiy asahay sa kampani ki faujon ka badhav aur vijay dekhata raha. usake dekhate-dekhate kampani ne maisoor ke muslim rajy ko hadap liya aur haidarabad ke nizam ne kampani ke age atm samarpan kar diya. par vah kuchh bhi n kar saka. han, use is bat se alabatta kuchh santosh mila ki kampani ne marathon ki shakti ko bhi kafi kshin kar diya tha. rajapoot vire the, kintu shuroo se hi unamen apas men phoot thi. unhonne atmaraksha ke lie koee var kiye bina hi kampani ke age ghutane tek diye. isi samay devid aktaraloni, jo kampani ki seva men ek mukhy senanayak tha, marathon se dilli ki raksha ki. varen hestings (1813-23) ke prashasan kal men marathon dvara atm samarpan kar diye jane ke bad to mugal samrat vastut: kampani ka penshanayukt ban gaya. 1929 ee. men asam, 1843 ee. men sindh, 1849 ee. men pnjab aur 1852 ee. men dakshini barma bhi kampani ke shasan men a gaya. vastav men ab barma (vartaman myanmar) se peshavar tak kampani ka poorn adhipaty tha.

sipahi vidroh

eest indiya kampani se vyaparik adhikar aur ekadhipaty pahale hi hastantarit kiya ja chuka tha aur is prakar vah gret briten ke samrat ke prashasanik abhikaran ke roop men kary kar rahi thi. kampani ke shasanakal men kee poorvi vidroh hue the. jis samay charon taraf shanti nazar a rahi thi, usi samay achanak 1857 ee. men bharatiy sipahiyon ne vidroh kar diya. brigediyar nil jems ne 11 joon, 1857 ee. ko is vidroh ko saphalatapoorvak daba diya. kampani ne kuchh 'gaddar' bharatiyon ki madad se vidroh ko daba to diya, lekin bharatiyon ke kuchh vargon men virodh aur bagavat ki ag bhadakati rahi. yah bagavat eest indiya kampani ke lie ghatak siddh huee. 1858 ee. men kampani ko samapt kar diya gaya aur bharat ki prabhusatta briten ke samrat ne svayn grahan kar li.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika-tippani aur sndarbh

  1. daauktar hemiltan kampani dvara bheje ge dootamandal ke sath mugal darabar men gaya tha.
  2. [dinesharay]. bharat men vidhi ka itihas-5 (hindi) knol.google.com. abhigaman tithi: 5 disambar, 2010.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah