ऊटी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ooti
baautanikal gardan, ooti
vivaran ooti, tamilanadu rajy, dakshin-poorvi bharat men sthit hai. ooti ka purana nam 'utakamnd' aur 'udagamndalam' tha.
rajy tamilanadu
zila nilagiri
sthapana sanh 1821
bhaugolik sthiti uttar- 11° 24' 42.63", poorv- 76° 41' 45.24"
marg sthiti ooti maisoor se lagabhag 126 kimi. aur mahabalipuram se lagabhag 520 kimi. ki doori par sthit hai.
tapaman garmi- 10°C - 25°C, sardi- 5°C -21°C
prasiddhi naisargik saundary, dhundh se dhaki pahadon ki chotiyan aur os se bhigi pedon ki pattiyan
kab jaen aprail-joon, sitnbar-navnbar
kaise pahunchen jalayan, havaee jahaz, rel, bas adi
havaee adda koynbatur antarrashtriy havaee adde
relave steshan koynbatur relave steshan
yatayat saikil-riksha, aauto-riksha, taiksi, siti bas
kya dekhen baautanikal gardan, roz gardan, ooti jhil, doddabetta
kahan thaharen hotal, dharmashala, atithi grah
kya khayen ooti chay, hath se bani chaaukalet, khushaboodar tel aur masalon ke lie prasiddh hai.
kya khariden nilagiri ki mashahoor chay, ooni vash‍tr aur narsari palantas.
es.ti.di. kod 0423
e.ti.em lagabhag sabhi
Map-icon.gif googal manachitr
snbndhit lekh mahabalipuram, kanyakumari, chennee, kanchipuram
bhasha tamil, kannad, hindi, malayalam aur angrezi
any janakari angrezon dvara 1821 men sthapit ooti ka istemal 1947 men bharat ke svatntr hone tak madras prezidensi ke grishmakalin sarakari mukhyalay ke roop men kiya jata tha.
adyatan‎

ooti (angrezi:Ooty) tamil nadu rajy, dakshin-poorvi bharat men sthit hai. ooti ka purana nam utakamnd aur udagamndalam tha. yah samudratal se 2,240 mitar ki oonchaee par basa hua hai. ooti nilagiri zile ka prashasanik mukhyalay hai aur nilagiri pahadiyon men sthit hai. isake charon taraph kee chotiyan hain, jinamen tamil nadu ka sabase ooncha kshetr dodabetta (2,637 mitar) bhi shamil hai.

udagamndamal

parvatiy sthalon ki rani ooti ka vastavik nam udagamndamal hai. tamil nadu men sthit ooti dakshin bharat ka sabase prasiddh hil steshan hai. pashchimi ghat par sthit ooti samudr tal se 2240 mitar ki oonchaee par hai. ooti nilagiri zile ka mukhyalay bhi hai. yahan sadiyon se zyadatar toda janajati ke log rahate hai. lekin ooti ki vastavik khoj karane aur usake vikas ka shrey angrejon ko jata hai. 1822 men koynbatoor ke tatkalin kalaktar jaaun suvilian ne yahan ston haus ka nirman karavaya tha jo ab gavarmet art kaaulej ke pradhanachary ka chainbar hai aur ooti ki pahachan bhi. british raj ke dauran ooti madras presidensi ki grishmakalin rajadhani thi.[1]

kvin aauf hil steshan

ooti ki sthiti ke karan yahan ka mausam poore varsh khushanuma rahata hai. halanki thnd men dakshin bharat ke any bhagon ki tulana men yahan ka mausam adhik thnda hota hai. aupaniveshik virasat is shahar men british snskriti tatha vastukala ka prabhav dekha ja sakata hai. vastav men kee paryatakon ne gaur kiya hai ki yah hil steshan sundar angrez ganv ki tarah dikhata hai. shayad yahi karan hai ki is shahar ko adhikatam ay paryatan se hoti hai. british yahan ki jalavayu tatha prakritik sundarata se itane prabhavit hue ki unhonne is sthan ka nam ooti “kvin aauf hil steshan” rakha. unake lie yah ek chhipe hue khajane ke saman tha kyonki ve dakshin bharat ke kisi bhi any shahar ke garm aur nam mausam ko sahan nahin kar sakate the. ve is kshetr par apana dava prastut karane ke lie itane utsuk the ki unhonne ooti ke nikat sthit velingatan shahar men madras rejiment ki sthapana ki. us din se velingatan men madras rejiment ka kendr bana hua hai. isake karan ooti british logon men grishm / saptahant sthan ke roop men lokapriy hua. is shahar ko madras presidensi ki grishmakalin rajadhani hone ka gaurav prapt hai. british eest indiya knpani ne ooti ka vikas bhi kiya tatha yahan nilagiri men chay, sagaun aur sinakona ka utpadan prarnbh kiya. ooti men tatha isake asapas chay aur kaaufi ke anek bagan hain.[2]

itihas

angrezon dvara 1821 men sthapit ooti ka istemal 1947 men bharat ke svatntr hone tak madras prezidensi ke grishmakalin sarakari mukhyalay ke roop men kiya jata tha. prathamik taur par yah nagar ek paryatak aramagah hai.

lupt itihas

ooti men purane vishv ka ek akarshan hai jo aj bhi bejod hai. jab ap ooti men bhraman karate hain tab yahan ki vastukala tatha kuchh imaraton ke dizain ko dekhakar ap purane samay men pahunch jate hain. ve apako bite hue samay ki yad dilati hain. ooti ke patan ka koee itihas nahin hai. british logon ke ane ke bad isaka uday prarnbh hua. halanki in biti do shatabdiyon men is shahar ne aisa itihas banaya hai jo pahale kabhi nahin tha ya jo hamare lie lupt tha. adhunik vishv ke lie ooti ka itihas british logon ke ane ke bad se prarnbh hota hai, mukhy roop se sipahiyon ke ane ke bad se. jaise hi ap is shahar men pravesh karate hain vaise hi apako yah pata chal jata hai ki is shahar par british logon ka prabhav hai. kala aur imaraton ki vastukala, gharon ke dizain aur nirman ki shaili sabhi kuchh british kal se milata julata hai. yahan ke sthaniy logon ke jivan par british parnparaon ka bahut gahara prabhav pada hai. sthaniy khady padarthon par bhi angrezi dishez (khady padarthon) ka prabhav dikhaee deta hai. isake parinamasvaroop apako ooti men angrezi aur bharatiy masalon ke sammishran se bana sabase uttam khana khane mil sakata hai. british logon ne mehanati sthaniy logon ke sath milakar ooti ko saphalata dilavaee. samriddh sanskritik virasat keval ooti men hi dekhane milati hai. at: aj yah kahana galat hoga ki ooti ka koee aitihasik bhootakal nahin hai ya bharat ke vikas men isaka koee aitihasik mahatv nahin hai.[2]

krishi aur vyapar

ooti chay prasnskaran aur vastr udyog ke lie prasiddh hai.

yatayat aur parivahan

vayu marg

ooti ka nikatatam havaee adda koynbatur hai.

rel marg

ooti relamarg dvara any shaharon se juda hua hai. ooti ka nikatatam relave steshan mukhy jnkshan koynbatur/koynbatoor hai.

sadak marg

ooti ke lie bngalor, kochin, maisoor, kalikat aur koynbatoor adi sthanon se niyamit basen upalabdh hain. rajy rajamarg 17 se maddur aur maisoor hote hue bandipur pahuncha ja sakata hai. yahan se ooti ki doori keval 67 kilomitar hai. ooti pahunchane ka doosara rasta jo koynbatoor se 105 kimi door hai, ekadam alag tarah ka hai. koynbatoor se mittooplayam pahunchate hi ooti ki pahadiyan nazar ane lagati hain. maidani ilaqon men hi kuchh kilomitar ka rasta keral ki hariyali jaisa hai, jo jngalon ke bich se gujarata hai. jngali men nariyal, khajoor aur tad ke alav़a kee khoobasoorat jngali paudhe nazar ate hain.

shikshan snsthan

paikara jhil, ooti

ooti men shaikshanik snsthanon men gavarnament arts kaaulej, gavarnament paauliteknik, laaule instityoot aur homiyopaithik aushadhi shodh kendr shamil hain.

khanapan evn kharidadari

ooti men kee chainij restorent hain lekin sabase mashahoor hai nilagiri pustakalay ke pas sthit shinkoj. kamarshiyal rod par bane kurinji men dakshin bharatiy bhojan milata hai. ooti chay, hath se bani chaaukalet, khushaboodar tel aur masalon ke lie prasiddh hai. kamarshiyal rod par hath se bani chaaukalet kee tarah ke svadon men mil jaegi. yahan har doosari dukan par yah chaaukalet milati hai. haauspital rod ki king star knphekshanari isake lie bahut prasiddh hai. kamarshiyal rod ki big shaaup se vibhinn akar aur dijain ke gahane kharide ja sakate hain. yahan ke karigar parnparik toda shaili ke chandi ke gahanon ko sone men bana dete hain. tamil nadu sarakar ke hastashilp kendr punpuhar men badi snkhya men log hastashilp se bane saman ki kharidadari karane ate hain.[1]

paryatan

nilagiri yani nile pahad ki god men basa hara bhara paryatan sthal ooti dakshin bharat ke sabase pramukh parvatiy sthalon men se ek hai. yah deshi videshi paryatakon ke akarshan ka kendr hai. shahar ki bhidabhad se door kuchh din aram se chhuttiyan bitane ke lie yah ek umda pikanik spaaut hai. khoobasoorat prakritik nazare, ghane jngal, jharane, pahad ki chotiyan aur door-door tak phaile chay ke bagan yahan ane vale sailaniyon ka man moh lete hain. yahan ki jalavayu hamesha khushanuma rahati hai. ooti ka naisargik saundary, dhundh se dhaki pahadon ki chotiyan, os se bhigi pedon ki pattiyan aur anek khoobasoorat nazaron ko dekhakar man praphullit ho jata hai. pahadi kshetr hone ke nate yahan ka tapaman garmiyon men bhi 25 digri selsiyas se zyada nahin hota.

paryatan sthal

ooti ke vibhinn paryatan sthalon ke drishy
baautanikal gardan
baautanikal gardan, ooti
roz gardan
roz gardan, ooti
ooti jhil
ooti jhil
doddabetta
doddabetta, ooti

baautanikal gardan

yahan ke darshaniy sthalon men sabase pahala nam baautanikal gardan ka ata hai. yah gardan 22 ekad men phaila hua hai aur yahan lagabhag 650 durlabh kism ke ped-paudhon ke sath-sath, adbhut aaurkid, rngabirnge lili, khoobasoorat jhadiyan v 2000 hazar sal purane ped ka avashesh dekhane ko milata hai. vanaspati vigyan men ruchi rakhane valon ke lie yah ek pramukh sthan hai. is vanaspati udyan ki sthapana san 1847 men ki gee thi. 22 hekteyar men phaile is khoobasoorat bag ki dekharakh bagavani vibhag karata hai. yahan ek ped ke jivashm snbhal kar rakhe ge hain jisake bare men mana jata hai ki yah 20 miliyan varsh purana hai. prakriti premiyon ke bich yah gardan bahut lokapriy hai. mee ke mahine men yahan grishmotsav manaya jata hai. is mahotsav men phoolon ki pradarshani aur sanskritik karyakram ayojit kie jate hain jisamen sthaniy prasiddh kalakar bhag lete hain.

roz gardan

ooti ka roz gardan bahut khoobasoorat hai. is gardan ki sthapana 1995 men ki gee thi. yah udyan 10 ekad men phaila hua hai. roz gardan men lagabhag 200 prakar ke gulab ke phoolon ka sngrah hai. roz gardan ko dakshin eshiya ka sabase utkrishtata ka puraskar mila hai.

ooti jhil

ooti jhil ko dekhana apane ap men ek anokha aur sukhad anubhav hai. jhil ke charon or phoolon ki kyariyon men tarah tarah ke rngabirnge phool yahan ki khoobasoorati men char chand lagate hain. jhil men motar bot, paidal bot aur ro bots men boting ka lutph bhi uthaya ja sakata hai. is jhil ka nirman yahan ke pahale kalaktar jaaun suvilian ne san 1825 men karavaya tha. yah jhil 2.5 kimi. lnbi hai. yahan ane vale paryatak boting aur machhali pakadane ka annd le sakate hain. machhaliyon ke lie chara kharidane se pahale apake pas machhali pakadane ki anumati honi chahie. yahan ek bagicha aur jetti bhi hai. inhin visheshataon ke karan prativarsh 12 lakh darshak yahan ate hain.

nilagiri ki pahadiyan

nilagiri ki pahadiyan himarekha men nahin atin, lekin garmiyon men yahan ka tapaman din men 25 digri sentigred se oopar nahin jata aur rat men 10 digri tak gir jata hai. jisaka andaz bahar ke paryatakon ko nahin hota, kyonki ve yah manakar chalate hain ki dakshin bharat ka pahadi sairagah hone ki vajah se yahan bhi garmi hogi. jisake chalate yahan ane ke bad zyadatar paryatakon ko garm kapade kharidane par majaboor hona padata hai. phir agar barish ho jaye to tapaman aur bhi niche a jata hai.

doddabetta

doddabetta ooti se lagabhag 8 kilomitar door sthit hai. yah nilagiri ki sabase ooncha parvat hai. isaki oonchaee 2,636 mitar hai, yahan se poore ilaqe ka vihngam drishy dekha ja sakata hai. yah choti samudr tal se 2623 mitar oopar hai. yah zile ki sabase oonchi choti mani jati hai. yah choti ooti se keval 10 kimi. door hai isalie yahan asani se pahuncha ja sakata hai. yahan se ghati ka nazara addhabhut dikhaee padata hai. logon ka kahana hai ki jab mausam saf hota hai tab yahan se door ke ilaqe bhi dikhaee dete hain jinamen kaynbatoor ke maidani ilaqe bhi shamil hain.

madumalaee vanyajiv abhyarany

yah vanyajiv abhyarany ooti se 67 kimi. door hai. yahan par vanaspati aur jantuon ki kuchh durlabh prajatiyan paee jati hain aur kee luptapray: janavar bhi yahan pae jate hain. hathi, sanbhar, chital, hiran asani se dekhe ja sakate hain. janavaron ke alava yahan rngabirnge pakshi bhi udate hue dikhaee dete hain. abhyarany men hi bana theppakkadu hathi kainp bachchon ko bahut lubhata hai.

lalit kala akadami art gailari

kala ke shaukin logon ke lie ooti men lalit kala akadami art gailari bhi hai. jo ooti se 2 kilomitar door sthit hai. gailari men bharat ki vibhinn prakar ki pentings aur skalpachars mauzood hain.

kalahatti jalaprapat

kalahatti jalaprapat ooti ka ek khoobasoorat darshaniy sthal hai. yah jalaprapat lagabhag 100 phut ooncha hai, yahan ka saundary dekhakar mntramugdh ho jate hain. yahan anek prakar ke parvatiy pakshi bhi dekhe ja sakate hain. kalapatti ke kinare sthit yah jharana 100 phit ooncha hai. yah vaautaraphaauls ooti se keval 13 kimi. ki doori par hai isalie ooti ane vale paryatak yahan ki sundarata ko dekhane bhi ate hain. jharane ke alava kalahatti-masinagudi ki dhalanon par janavaron ki anek prajatiyan bhi dekhi ja sakati hain, jisamen chite, sanbhar aur jngali bhaisa shamil hain.

dalphins noj

ooti men dalphins noj ek khoobasoorat pikanik spaaut hai. dalphins noj apane nam ki tarah hi rochak v romanch paida karane vala sthal hai. yahan se poori ghati ka vihngam drishy dikhaee deta hai. mausam saf ho to yahan se kotagiri ke kaitharaj phaauls ka nazara bhi dekha ja sakata hai. yahan bachchon ke sath autador pikanik ka bharapoor annd liya ja sakata hai.

kotagiri hil

kotagiri hil ooti se 28 kilomitar ki doori par sthit hai. kotagiri hil prakritik sundarata ke lie darshaniy sthal hai. yahan ke chay baganon ko dekhane ke lie paryatak door-door se ate hain. nilagiri ke tin hil steshanon men se yah sabase purana hai. yah ooti aur koonh‍noor ke saman prasiddh nahin hai, lekin yah mana jata hai ki in donon ki apeksha kotagiri ka mausam zyada suhavana hota hai. yahan bahut hi sundar hil rijaaurt hai jahan chay ke bahut khoobasoorat bagan hain. hil steshan ki sabhi khoobiyan yahan maujood lagati hain. yahan ki yatra apako nirash nahin karegi.

vaild laif saikchuri

vaild laif saikchuri kotagiri se age ooti se 67 kilomitar door sthit hai. yahan durlabh prajatiyon ke pashuon ko dekha ja sakata hai.



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 ooti:dakshin bharat ka sabase prasiddh hil steshan (hindi) yatra salah. abhigaman tithi: 22 disambar, 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 ooti paryatan – pahadiyon ki rani (hindi) hindi native planet. abhigaman tithi: 22 disambar, 2014.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh