ऊधम सिंह  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

oodham sinh
Udham-Singh.jpg
poora nam oodham sinh
any nam ram mohammad azad sinh
janm 26 disnbar, 1899
janm bhoomi sunam ganv, pnjab
mrityu 31 julaee, 1940 (shahadat)
mrityu sthan pentanavile jel, briten
mrityu karan phansi
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi krantikari
andolan bharatiy svatntrata andolan
puraskar-upadhi 'shahid-e-azam' saradar oodham sinh
snbndhit lekh jaliyanvala bag, gadar parti, janaral dayar
any janakari itihasakar daau. sarvadanndan ke anusar oodham sinh 'sarv dharm sam bhav' ke pratik the aur isilie unhonne apana nam badalakar ram mohammad azad sinh rakh liya tha jo bharat ke tin pramukh dharmo ka pratik hai.

oodham sinh (angrezi: Udham Singh, janm: 26 disnbar, 1899, sunam ganv, pnjab; shahadat: 31 julaee, 1940, pentanavile jel, briten) bharat ki azadi ki ladaee men aham yogadan karane vale pnjab ke mahanh krantikari the. amar shahid oodham sinh ne 13 aprail, 1919 ee. ko pnjab men hue bhishan jaliyanvala bag hatyakand ke uttaradayi maikal o'dayar ki lndan men goli marakar hatya karake nirdosh bharatiy logon ki maut ka badala liya tha.

janm

oodham sinh ka janm 26 disnbar 1899 men pnjab ke sngaroor zile ke sunam ganv men hua. oodhamasinh ki mata aur pita ka saya bachapan men hi uth gaya tha. unake janm ke do sal bad 1901 men unaki man ka nidhan ho gaya aur 1907 men unake pita bhi chal base. oodhamasinh aur unake bade bhaee muktasinh ko amritasar ke khalasa anathalay men sharan leni padi. 1917 men unake bhaee ka bhi nidhan ho gaya. is prakar duniya ke zulmon sitam sahane ke lie oodhamasinh bilkul akele rah ge. itihasakar virendr sharan ke anusar oodhamasinh in sab ghatanaon se bahut du:khi to the, lekin unaki himmat aur sngharsh karane ki taqat bahut badh gee. unhonne shiksha zari rakhane ke sath hi azadi ki ladaee men koodane ka bhi man bana liya. unhonne chndrashekhar azad, rajaguru, sukhadev aur bhagatasinh jaise krantikariyon ke sath milakar british shasan ko aise ghav diye jinhen british shasak bahut dinon tak nahin bhool pae. itihasakar daau. sarvadanndan ke anusar oodham sinh 'sarv dharm sam bhav' ke pratik the aur isilie unhonne apana nam badalakar ram mohammad azad sinh rakh liya tha jo bharat ke tin pramukh dharmo ka pratik hai.

svatntrata andolan men bhag

svatntrata andolan ke itihas men sanh 1919 ka 13 aprail ka din ansuon men dooba hua hai, jab angrezon ne amritasar ke jaliyanvala bag men sabha kar rahe nihatthe bharatiyon par andhadhundh goliyan chalayin aur saikadon begunah logon ko maut ke ghat utar diya. marane valon men manon ke sine se chipake dudhamunhe bachche, jivan ki sndhya bela men desh ki azadi ka sapana dekh rahe boodhe aur desh ke lie sarvasv lutae ko taiyar yuva sabhi the. is ghatana ne oodhamasinh ko hilakar rakh diya aur unhonne angrezon se isaka badala lene ki than li. hindoo, muslim aur sikh ekata ki ninv rakhane vale 'oodham sinh urph ram mohammad azad sinh' ne is ghatana ke lie janaral maikal odayar ko zimmedar mana jo us samay pnjab prant ka gavarnar tha. gavarnar ke adesh par brigediyar janaral rejinald edavard hairi dayar ne 90 sainikon ko lekar jaliyanvala bag ko charon taraph se gher kar mashinagan se goliyan chalavaeen.

maikal o'dayar ki hatya

is ghatana ke bad oodhamasinh ne shapath li ki vah maikal o'dayar ko marakar is ghatana ka badala lenge. apane mishan ko anjam dene ke lie oodhamasinh ne alag alag namon se aphrika, nairobi, brajil aur amerika ki yatraen ki. sanh 1934 men oodhamasinh lndan gaye aur vahan 9 eldar strit kamarshiyal rod par rahane lage. vahan unhonne yatra ke uddeshy se ek kar kharidi aur apana mishan poora karane ke lie chhah goliyon vali ek rivalvar bhi kharid li. bharat ka yah vir krantikari maikal o 'dayar ko thikane lagane ke lie sahi samay ka intazar karane laga. oodhamasinh ko apane saikadon bhaee bahanon ki maut ka badala lene ka mauqa 1940 men mila. jaliyanvala bag hatyakand ke 21 sal bad 13 march 1940 ko 'raauyal sentral eshiyan sosayati' ki lndan ke 'kaauksatan haaul' men baithak thi jahan maikal o'dayar bhi vaktaon men se ek tha.
oodham sinh ki pratima, amritasar
oodhamasinh us din samay se pahale hi baithak sthal par pahunch ge. unhonne apani rivalvar ek moti si kitab men chhipa li. unhonne kitab ke prishthon ko rivalvar ke akar men is tarah se kat liya, jisamen dayar ki jan lene vale hathiyar ko asani se chhipaya ja sake. baithak ke bad divar ke pichhe se morcha snbhalate hue oodhamasinh ne maikal o'dayar par goliyan chala din. do goliyan dayar ko lagin, jisase usaki turant maut ho gee. golibari men dayar ke do any sathi bhi ghayal ho ge. oodhamasinh ne vahan se bhagane ki koshish nahin ki aur svayn ko giraftar kara diya. un par muqadama chala. adalat men jab unase saval kiya gaya ki 'vah dayar ke sathiyon ko bhi mar sakate the, kintu unhonne aisa kyon nahin kiya.' is par oodhamasinh ne uttar diya ki, vahan par kee mahilaen bhi thin aur bharatiy snskriti men mahilaon par hamala karana pap hai. apane bayan men oodhamasinh ne kaha- 'mainne dayar ko mara, kyonki vah isi ke layaq tha. mainne british rajy men apane deshavasiyon ki durdasha dekhi hai. mera kartavy tha ki main desh ke lie kuchh karoon. mujhe marane ka dar nahin hai. desh ke lie kuchh karake javani men marana chahie.'

shahadat

4 joon 1940 ko oodham sinh ko dayar ki hatya ka doshi thaharaya gaya aur 31 julaee, 1940 ko unhen 'pentanavile jel' men phansi de di gayi. is prakar yah krantikari bharatiy svadhinata sngram ke itihas men apani shahadat dekar amar ho gaya. 31 julaee, 1974 ko briten ne unake avashesh bharat ko saunp die the. oodham sinh ki asthiyan samman sahit bharat layi geen. unake ganv men unaki samadhi bani huee hai.


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