कणाद  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

maharshi kanad vaisheshik sootr ke nirmata, parampara se prachalit vaisheshik siddhanton ke kramabaddh sngrahakarta evn vaisheshik darshan ke samudbhavak mane jate hain. vah ulook, kashyap, pailuk adi namon se bhi prakhyat hain maharshi ke ye sabhi nam sabhipray aur sakaran hain.

kanad nam ka adhar

kanad shabd ki vyutpatti aur vyakhya vibhinn acharyon ne vibhinn prakar se ki hai. unamen se kuchh ke mantavy is prakar hain—

  • vyomashiv ne 'kananh attiti kanad:'- adi vyutpattiyon ki samiksha karane ke anantar yah kaha ki ye asad vyakhyan hain. unhonne 'kechan anye' kahakar nimnalikhit paribhasha ka bhi ullekh kiya- 'asachchodyanirasarthn kananh dadati dayate iti va kanad:.'
  • shridhar— kanadamiti tasy kapotin vrittimanutishthat: rathyanipatit-tandunaladay pratyahn kritaharanimitta sngya. niravakash: kananh va bhakshayatu iti yatr tatr upalambhastatrabhavatamh.[1] shridhar ka yah vichar chintaniy hai ki kanad ki kapoti vritti ke adhar par hi vaisheshikon ke prati yah upalambh kiya jata hai ki- 'ab koee upay n rahane ke karan kanon ko khaiye.'
  • udayan adi acharyon ka yah mat hai ki maheshvar ki kripa ko prapt karake kanad ne is shastr ka pranayan kiya- 'kananh paramanoonh atti siddhantatvenatmasath karoti iti kanad:.' at: unako kanad kaha gaya.
  • uparyukt sabhi vyakhyaon ki samiksha ke bad yah kaha ja sakata hai ki kanad sngya ek shastriy paddhati ke vaishishtray ke karan hai, n ki kapoti vritti ke karan.

ulook ya aulooky nam ka adhar

vaisheshik sootrakar ko ulook ya aulooky bhi kaha jata hai. inake ulook nam ke sambandh men yah kinvadanti prachalit hai ki yah din men granthon ki rachana karate the aur rat men ulook pakshi ke saman jivikoparjan karate the.[2]

vyomashiv bhi is sndarbh men yah kahate hain- 'anyaistu dharmai: sah dharmin upadesh: krit:. keneti-vina pakshina ulooken'.

nyayalilavati ki bhoomika men bhi yah ullekh hai- 'munaye kanaday svayamishvar ulookaroopadhari pratyakshibhooy dravyagunakarmasamanyavisheshasamavayalakshann padarthashatkamupadidesh.'

jainachary abhayadev soori ne bhi sammatitark ki vyakhya men yah kaha ki 'etadevoktn bhagavata paramarshina aulookyen'. inako aulooky bhi kaha jata hai, aur is sndarbh men kuchh vidvanon dvara yah mana jata hai ki ulook inake pita ka nam tha at: ulook ke putr hone ke karan yah aulooky kahalate hain.

lingapuran men yah sndarbh milata hai ki akshapad muni aur ulook muni shiv ke avatar the. mahabharat men upalabdh tathyon ke anusar sharashayya men pade hue bhishm pitamah ki mrityu ke samay any rishiyon ke sath ulook bhi the. vahi ulook ya aulooky muni vaisheshik darshan ke pravartak the.[3]

naishadhiyacharit mahakavy ki prakash tika ke rachayita narayan bhatt ne kanad aur ulook shabdon ko ek doosare ka paryayavachi mana hai.[4]

pailuk nam ka adhar

pailuk nam se bhi kanad ka ullekh kiya jata hai. paramanu ka ek paryayavachi shabd pilu bhi hai. at: paramanu-siddhant ke pravartak ko pailuk aur vaisheshik ko pailukasampraday bhi kaha jata hai.

kashyap nam ka adhar

kashyap gotr men utpann hone ke karan kanad ko kashyap bhi kaha jata hai. is nam ka ullekh prashastapad ne padarth dharm-sngrah men is prakar kiya hai- 'viruddhasiddhasndigdhamalingn kashyapoabravith॥'[5]

kashyap kanad ka gotranam tha. udayanachary ne bhi is tathy ka ullekh kiya hai.

vayupuran men yah bataya gaya hai ki kanad prabhas tirth men rahate the aur shiv ke avatar the.


tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. nya. kn. pri. 4
  2. Vaisheshik Philosopher, UI, p.6
  3. mahabharat, shanti parv mahabharat 14.11
  4. dhvantasy vamoru vicharanayan vaisheshakin charumatn matn me. aulookamahu: khalu darshann tath ksham: tamastattvanirupanay॥ nai. ch. 12.35
  5. prashastapadabhashy (shrinivas shastri sampadit snskaran, pri. 151

snbndhit lekh