कर्नाटक  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

India-flag.gif
karnatak
Karnataka-map.jpg
rajadhani bngalor
rajabhasha(en) kannad bhasha, tuळu bhasha, konkani bhasha
sthapana 1 navnbar 1956
janasnkhya 5,28,50,562[1]
· ghanatv 714 /varg kimi
kshetraphal 1,91,976 varg kimi
bhaugolik nirdeshank 12°58′13″N 77°33′37″E
jalavayu ushnakatibndhiy
· grishm 40 °C
· sharad 6 °C
zile 30[2]
sabase bada nagar bngalor
mukhy aitihasik sthal maisoor
mukhy paryatan sthal baingalor, maisoor
ling anupat 1000:965 ♂/♀
saksharata 66.60[2]%
· stri 56.9%
· purush 76.1%
rajyapal vajoobhaee roodabhaee vala[3]
mukhyamntri siddharamaiya [2]
vidhanasabha sadasy 224
vidhan parishad sadasy 75
rajyasabha sadasy 12
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait
Karnataka Logo.png
dakshin bharat men sthit karnatak bharat ke bade rajyon men se ek hai. is rajy men anek injiniyaring (abhiyantriki) aur medikal (ayurvigyan) kaaulej hain. karnatak ke uttar men maharashtr, dakshin men keral, dakshin-poorv men tamilanadu tatha poorv men andhr pradesh rajy hain. isake pashchim men arab sagar hai. kannad yahan ki mukhy bhasha hai. tuळu aur konkani bhasha bhi boli jati hain.

itihas

karnatak rajy ka lagabhag 2,000 varsh ka likhit itihas upalabdh hai. karnatak par nnd, maury aur satavahan namak rajaon ka shasan raha. chauthi shatabdi ke madhy se isi kshetr ke rajavnshon banavasi ke kadnb tatha gngon ka adhikar raha. shravanabelagola men gomateshvar ki vishal pratima gng vnsh ke mntri chamundaraya ne banavayi thi, jo vishv prasiddh hai. badami ke chaluky vnsh (500-735 ee. tak) ne narmada se kaveri tak ke vishal bhoobhag par raj kiya aur pulikeshi dvitiy (609-642 ee.) ne kannauj ke shaktishali raja harshavardhan ko haraya tha. is rajavnsh ne badami, aihol aur pattadakal men anek sundar kalatmak tatha kalajayi smarakon ka nirman karaya tha. isamen kuchh mndir chattanon ko tarashakar banae ge hai. ehol ke mndir men vastukala ka vikas hua.

chalukyon ke sthan par bad men malakhed ke rashtrakooton ne (753-973 ee.) kannauj ke vaibhavashali samay men bhi vasool kiya. isi samay kannad sahity ka vikas prarambh hua. bharat ke pramukh jain vidvanh yahan ke rajaon ke darabar ki shobha the. kalyan ke chaluky raja (973-1189 ee.) aur unake bad halebid ke hoyasal shasakon ne kalatmak mndiron ka nirman karavaya. lalit kalaon aur sahity ko badhava diya. vijayanagar samrajy (1336-1646 ee.) ne inhin parapnraon ka palan karate hue kala, dharm, snskrit, kannad, telugu aur tamil sahity ko badhava diya. unake samay men vyapar ka bhi bahut vistar hua. ajimuddaula ko 1801 ee. men gavarnar janaral lard velejali (1798-1805 ee.) dvara karnatak ka nam matr ke lie navab banaya gaya aur use penshan di.

bahamani sultanon aur bijapur ke adilashahon ne sarasani shaili men vishal bhavanon ka nirman karaya. urdoo, farasi ke sahity ki rachana isi samay men huee. isake bad purtagali apane sath nee fasalen jaise- tnbakoo, makka, mirch, moongaphali, aloo adi lekar aye aur inaki kheti prarambh huee. peshava (1818) aur tipoo sultan (1799) ki parajay ke bad karnatak british shasan ke adhin ho gaya. 19vin shatabdi men eesaee mishanariyon ke karan angrezi ki shiksha, parivahan, snchar aur udyog men krantikari badalav aya aur nagaron men madhyam varg ka panapana prarambh hua.

maisoor rajavnsh ne vikas ki pahal ki aur audyogikikaran tatha sanskritik vriddhi ke lie inhen apanaya. azadi ki ladaee ke samay karnatak men ekata ka abhiyan chalaya gaya. svatntrata milane par 1953 men maisoor rajy ka nirman hua, jisamen kannad bahul kshetron ko sath lekar maisoor rajy ka nirman 1956 men kiya gaya aur ise 1973 men karnatak ka nam diya gaya. vijayanagar samrajy ke vighatan ke dauran anek hindoo jagiradaron ne apane svatantr rajy qayam kar liye the. isi prakar ka ek chhota rajy ikkeri (bedanoor) bhi tha. jo ki karnatak ke antargat ata hai.

sthapana divas

karnatak rajy ki sthapana 1 navnbar, 1956 ko huee thi. isaliye karnatak ka sthapana divas pratyek varsh 1 navnbar ko manaya jata hai.

bhoogol

bhautik roop se karnatak ko char bhinn kshetron men banta gaya hai- samudratatiy maidan, parvat shreniyan (pashchim ghat), poorv men sthit karnatak ka pathar aur pashchimottar men kapas utpak kali mitti ka kshetr. samudratatiy maidan malabar tat ka vistar hain aur yahan joon se sitnbar tak dakshin-pashchim maaunasoon se bhari varsha hoti hai. tat par sthit ret ke tile bhoomi ki or badhate hue chhote jalodh maidanon men badal jate hain, jinamen nariyal ke vrikshon se ghire anoop (laigoon) hain. samudr ke alava any kisi bhi marg se tat par pahunchana mushkil hai. poorv men pashchimi ghat ki dhalanon ke roop bhoomi tezi se uthati hai, jahan samudr tal se ausat oonchaee 760- 915 mitar hai. ghat ki vanachchhadit uchchabhoomi ko malanad kaha jata hai; yah kshetr ek jal- vibhajak bhi hai aur isake shirsh se maidanon ki or kee drutagami dharaen bahati hain, jinamen 253 mitar oonche jog (jaraspa) jalaprapat vali sharavati nadi bhi shamil hai. any nadiyan laharadar karnatak ke pathar se hokar bahati hain, jisaki halki dhalan poorv ki or hai. pathari kshetr ki samudratal se ausat oonchaee lagabhag 457 mitar hai; samanyat: isaki mitti sarndhr aur anupajaoo hai. yahan bahane vali nadiyon ke besin ki, jisamen dakshin men kaveri aur uttar men krishna ki sahayak tungabhadra shamil hain, mitti chikani tatha kuchh had tak upajaoo hai. purane zamane se hi is kshetr men sinchaee ke jalashayon ke nirman ke lie chhoti dharaon par badhn banaya jata raha hai aur hal ke varshon men inase adhikansh panabijali ka vikas hua hai. rajy ke pashchimottar hisse men jvalamukhiy chattan ke kshetr regar men samriddh kapas ki kheti vali bharatiy kali mitti paee jati hai.

jalavayu

pashchim se poorv ki or badhate hue pathar par malanad zyada khule kshetr men parivartit ho jata hai, jise maidan kahate hain, jahan kam varsha hoti hai aur maaunasooni jngalon ka sthan jhadidar jngal le lete hain. maaunasooni jngalon men vany jivan samriddh hai, jisamen bagh, hathi, gaur aur hiran shamil hain. jngali sooar, bhaloo aur tendua maidani kshetr men rahate hain. yahan pae jane vale pakshiyon men mor sabase am hai. karnatak rajy men dandeli men vanyajiv abhayarany aur bandipur aur nagarahol men rashtriy adyan hain.

van aur vany jivan

van vibhag ke pas rajy ke 20.15 pratishat bhaugolik kshetr ka prabndhan hai. vanon ka vargikaran is prakar kiya gaya hai-

  1. surakshit van
  2. snrakshit van
  3. avargikrit van
  4. gramin van
  5. niji van
  • yahan 5 rashtriy park aur 23 vany jiv abhayarany hai.
  • eendhan ki lakadi, chara aur imarati lakadi ke lie jngalon ko vikasit kiya ja raha hai.
  • projekt taigar aur projekt eliphent jaisi anek yojanaen kendriy sahayata se lagoo ki ja rahi hain.
  • videshi sahayata se anek van pariyojanaen shuroo ki gee hain.
  • japan baink phaaur intaraneshanal koaaupareshan se karnatak ke lie pharest mainejament aur bayo-daryavarsiti pariyojana chal rahi hai aur yah poore rajy karnatak men 2005 - 06 se 2012 - 13 tak lagoo karane ki yojana hai.

arthavyavastha

karnatak ki lagabhag 70 pratishat janata krishi kary men lagi hai. tatiy maidan men saghan kheti hoti hai, jahan pramukh khadyann chaval aur pramukh nakadi ganna hai. any pramukh fasalon men jvar aur ragi shamil hain. any nakadi fasalon men kajoo, ilayachi, supari aur angoor pramukh hain. pashchimi ghat ki thndi dhalanon par kaauphi aur chay ke bagan hain. poorvi kshetr men sinchaee ke karan ganne aur alp matra men rabad kele v sntare jaise phalon ki kheti snbhav ho saki hai. pashchimottar men milane vali kali mitti men kapas, tilahan aur moongaphali ki fasalen ugaee jati hai.

pashchim men malanad kshetr ke jngalon men sagaun, chndan v bans milate hain aur any vanopajon men charmarnjak god lakh (gond ke jaisa padarth, jisaka upayog varvish ke nirman men hota hai) shamil hain. any vrikshon men yookaliptas aur shisham ate hain. maisoor nagar men chndan ke tel ka prasnskaran hota hai aur yah rajy ki agrani niryat samagri hai.

khanij

kuchh sthanon par karnatak ki uchch khanij bhndar vali poorv kainbriyan yug ki chattanen hain, jo kam se kam 57 karod varsh purani hain. karnatak bharat men kromait ka sabase bada utpadan hai; yah desh men maignesait utpadan do rajyon men se ek (doosara rajy tamilanadu) hai. uchch gunavatta vale lauh ayask bhndar mukhyat: chikamagaloor aur chitradurg zilon men hain; alp matra men abhrak tamr ayask, baauksait, raktamani ka bhi khanan hota hai. bharat men sona is kshetr men sthit kolar svarn kshetr se nikala jata hai. rashtriyakrit ho chuki sone ki pramukh khanen 2,743 mitar tak gahari hain.

krishi

karnatak rajy men lagabhag 66 pratishat janasnkhya gramin hai aur 55.60 pratishat janata krishi aur isase jude rozagaron men lagi hai. rajy ki 60 pratishat, lagabhag 114 lakh hekteyar bhoomi krishi yogy hai. kul krishi yogy bhoomi ke 72 pratishat bhag men achchhi varsha hoti hai, baqi lagabhag 28 pratishat bhoomi men sinchaee ki vyavastha hai. rajy men 10 pratishat krishi mausami kshetr hain. yahan ki pramukh mitti lal mitti hai, phir doosare sthan par kali mitti hai. ajy ki kul bhoomi ka 51.7 pratishat bhag rajy ka buaee kshetr hai. varsh 2007-08 men lagabhag 117.35 lakh tan khadyann ka utpadan hua hai.

udyog

rajy ke khanij snsadhan, bhadravati men lauh aur ispat udyog aur bngalor men bhari injiniyaring karakhane ko adhar pradan karate hai. rajy ke any udyogon men sooti vastr ki milen chini prasnskaran, vastr nirman, khady samagri, bijali ki mashinari urvarak, siment aur kagaz udyog shamil hain. maisoor shahar bngalor donon men prachin kal se sthapit resham udyog hai, jahan bharat ke malaberi resham ka adhikansh hissa utpadit hota hai. jog jalaprapat ke pas sthit sharavati pariyojana karnatak ke udyogon ko bijali pradan karane vale anek jalavidyut snyntron men sabase badi hai.

dugdh utpadan

  • karnatak desh ke pramukh dugdh utpadak rajyon men se ek hai.
  • karnatak milk phedareshan ke pas 21 prasnskaran snyntr hain jinaki kshamata lagabhag 26.45 lakh litar pratidin hai.
  • 42 pratishat dugdh kendron ki kshamata 14.60 lakh litar pratidin hai.

bagavani

  • rajy ke 16.30 lakh hekteyar kshetr men bagavani hoti hai.
  • isamen 101 lakh mi. tan utpadan hota hai.
  • kendr sarakar ne ‘rashtriy bagavani mishan’ ke antargat 171.29 karod rupe ka nivesh kiya hai.

sinchaee yojanaen

  • karnatak rajy men 28 pratishat krishi yogy kshetr men sinchaee hoti hai.
  • 2006-07 ke dauran kul 33.14 lakh hektayer bhoomi ki sinchaee kshamata thi jisamen se 23.21 lakh hekteyar badi aur 9.93 lakh hekteyar laghu sinchaee pariyojanaen shamil hain.

bijali utpadan

  • karnatak desh ka pahala aisa rajy hai jahan panabijali snyntr sthapit kie ge the.
  • aj karnatak ki sakal bijali utpadan ki kshamata 7222.91 hai.
  • 2007-08 men 31229 karod yoonit bijali ka utpadan hua.

soochana praudyogiki

kanartak soochana praudyogiki ke kshetr men atulaniy hai.

  • 2006-07 men yahan se 48700 karod rupe ke saauphtaveyar ka niryat hua tha.
  • 2007-08 men navnbar, 2007 tak 24,450 karod rupe ka niryat ho chuka tha.
  • naisakaaum ki taja riport ke anusar maingalaur aur maisoor soochana praudyogiki ke kshetr men adhik gati se unnati kar rahe hai.

jaiv praudyogiki

  • kanartak rajy aur visheshakar baingalor shahar desh ka sabase bada jaiv bhndar hai.
  • 2006-07 ke dauran es el el dablyooe ne tin pariyojanaen svikrit ki hain, jin par 535.50 karod rupe ka nivesh hoga.
  • jaiv praudyogiki ka niryat 21.5 karod ameriki daaular raha.

yatayat

  • karnatak men relave ke netavark ki kul lnbaee lagabhag 3089 kilomitar hai.
  • karnatak men havaee adade baingalor, mngalor, hubali, belaganv, hnpi evn belari men upalabdh hain jinamen, baingalor havaee patti se doosare deshon ke lie bhi viman seva upalabdh hai. maisoor evn gulabarga, bijapur, hasan evn shimoga men is varsh ke ant tak havaee sevaen upalabdh hone ki ummid hai.
chitradurg qila, karnatak
  • karnatak men 11 bndaragah hain, jisame navin mngalor bndaragah shamil hai jo ek mukhy bndaragah hai.
  • karnatak men rashtriy aur rajakiy rajamargon ki kul doori kramash: 3973 kilomitar aur 9829 kilomitar hai.

sadaken

  • kanartak men 1971 men 83,749 ki.mi. lambi sadaken thi jo 2007 men badhakar 2,15,849 ki.mi. ho gee.
  • 'karnatak rajamarg sudhar pariyojana' men vishv baink ki madad se 2,375 ki.mi. sadak ko unnat karane ki yojana hai jisamen 900 ki.mi. ka vikas tatha 1475 ki.mi. ka pun: rniman yojit hai. isamen prantiy rajamarg aur zila sadaken shamil hain. is par lagabhag 2,402.51 karod rupe kharch honge. yah madad sadakon aur pulon ke nirman aur vikas ke lie gramin

vikas nidhi ke antargat ki ja rahi hai.

bndaragah

kanartak rajy men 155 samudri mil lagabhag 300 kimi lnbe samudr tat par keval ek hi bada bndaragah hai - mngalaur ya nyoo mngalaur. isake atirikt 10 chhote bndaragah hai-

uchch nyayalay, karnatak
  1. karavad
  2. belekeri
  3. tadri
  4. bhatkal
  5. kundapur
  6. hngarakatta
  7. malape
  8. padubidri
  9. honnavar
  10. purana mngalaur
  • in 10 bndaragahon men se keval kavad har mausam ke lie upayukt hai jabaki shesh nau bndaragahon aise nahin hai. in bndaragahon se 2006-07 men malavahak jahajon ke dvara 6573 hazar tan mal dhoya gaya.

udadyan

  • nagarik uddayan ke kshetr men bahut vikas aur vridhdi huee hai.
  • 2006-07 men antararashtriy yatriyon men 50 pratishat aur antardeshiy yatriyon men 44 pratishat ki vriddhi huee.
  • rajy ke havaee addon se 2006-07 men 1.66 lakh tan mal dhoya gaya. yah gat varsh se 19 pratishat adhik tha.
  • baingalor antararashtriy havaee adda desh ka pahala hare-bhare maidan vala antararashtriy havaee adda hai, yah baingalor ke pas devanahalli men banaya gaya hai. yatri aur malavahak havaee jahajon ke lie banaye gaye havaee adde ki lagat lagabhag 2000 karod rupe ki hai. yah havaee adda 28 mee 2008 se shuroo ho gaya hai. is havaee adde ke karan se baingalor shahar vishv ke lie saral gntavy ban gaya hai aur yahan par suvidhaen sarvottam antararashtriy manakon ke anusar hain. sarakar ne shimoga aur gulabarga men havaee adde vikasit karane ki yojana banaee hai.

shiksha

  • karnatak , jisaki abadi ka lagabhag 67 pratishat hissa sakshar hai, bharat ke shaikshik roop se vikasit rajyon men se ek hai.
  • yahan badi snkhya men vidyalay aur uchch shiksha ke snsthan hain, jinamen maisoor men vishvavidyalay, dharavad sthit karnatak vishvavidyalay aur gulabarga v mngalor vishvavidyalay evn shimoga sthit kuvainph vishvavidyalay bhi shamil hain.
  • bngalor vishvavidyalay, krishi vigyan vishvavidyalay aur indiyan instityoot aauf sains, ye sabhi bngalor men sthit hain.
  • lagabhag adhe skool v snsthan sarakar dvara prabndhit hain aur shesh ka snchalan sthaniy bord aur niji snsthaen karati hain.
  • rajy ke adhikansh shaharon aur ganvon men anivary ni:shulk prathamik shiksha pradan ki jati hai.

sanskritik jivan

  • karnatak men vibhinn rajavnshon ke yogadan ke karan ek samriddh sanskritik virasat maujood hai, jisamen vibhinn dharmon aur darshanon ko badhava diya gaya hai.
  • inhonne sahity, vastushilp, lokagiton, sngit, chitrakala aur laghu kalaon par apana prabhav chhoda hai.
  • maisoor se 90 kimi door shravanabelagola nagar men maury vastushilp aur moortishilp ke ullekhaniy udaharan milate hain, jaise jain muni bahubali (gomateshvar) ki lagabhag 1,000 varsh purani mani jane vali vishalakay prastar pratima.
  • vishal akar aur ek hi chattan se tarashi gee jain pratimaen kannad snskriti ki visheshata hai.
  • satavin shatabdi ke mandiron ke vastushilp men chaluky aur pallav vnshon ka prabhav ab bhi spasht hai.
  • pashchimi shaktiyon ke agaman ne shahari kshetron ke abhijaty varg ko pashchimi vastushilp aur jivan shaili se parichit karaya.
  • isi prakar muslim shasakon ne n sirf islam ki ninv rakhi, balki vastushilp ko bhi prabhavit kiya.
  • karnatak ka pashchimi tatiy kshetr kafi had tak eesaee dharm se prabhavit hai.

paryatan sthal

shrringeri pith, sharada, karnatak
  • ‘ek rajy - kee duniyan’ ke roop men jana jane vala karnatak rajy dakshin bharat ka pramukh paryatan kendr banata ja raha hai.
  • soochana praudyogiki aur jaiv praudyogiki ke kendr kanartak men hal hi men bahut se paryatak ate hain.
  • 2005-06 ki tulana men 2006-07 men paryatakon ki snkhya men 40 pratishat ki vriddhi huee hai. yah rajy apane smarakon ki virasat aur prakritik paryatan ke roop men prasiddh hai.
  • 'svarn rath', jisaka nam dakshin bharat ki vishv dharohar 'hnpi' ke prastar rath ke nam par rakha gaya hai, prachin dharoharon, bhavy mahalon, vanyajivan aur sunahare samudr-taton ke bich bhraman karega. maisoor men shrirngapatan, maisoor ke mahal, nagarahol rashtriy park (kabini) ki sair karate hue 11vin shatabdi ke 'hoyasala sthapaty' aur vishv dharohar 'shravanabel gola, beloor, halebid, hnpi' se hote hue badami, pattadakal v aihol ki trikoniy dharohar se hote hue gova ke sunahare samudr-taton ka avalokan karate hue ant men yah baingalor vapas aega.
  • meguti sthan karnatak rajy ke bijapur zile men sthit hai. is sthan par 634 ee. men chaluky vastushaili men nirmit ek mahattvapoorn jain mndir hai.

karnatak men dharohar vale mahal, ghane van aur pavitr sthalon ki bharamar hai. ‘hom ste’ namak nee avadharana ne rajy men paryatan ke ne ayam jod die hain. hnpi aur pattakal ko vishv dharohar sthal ghoshit kar diya gaya hai.

snganakalloo

karnatak ke belari zile men sthit snganakalloo se nav- pashanayugin tatha tamr- pashanayugin snskritiyon ke praman mile hain. 1872 ee. men is sthal se gharshit pashan kulhadiyan prapt huee hain. 1884 ee. men is sthal ke najadik ek pahadi par shail chitr tatha ukeri gee manav, hasti, vrishabh, pakshi tatha taron ki akritiyon ki khoj ki gee. is kshetr men do rakhi-dheriyan paee gee hain. pratham rakhi dheri ke utkhanan men tin charan anavritt kie hain.

viroopaksh mndir, hampi

nnjanagood

nnjanagood prachin tirthanagar karnatak men kaveri ki sahayak kabini nadi ke tat par maisoor se 26 kilomitar dakshin men sthit hai. yah nagar 10vin aur 11vin shatabdi men gng chol vnsh ke samay se hi vikhyat raha hai. is nagar men shrikanteshvar nnjunadeshvar (shiv) ko samarpit ek prasiddh mandir hai. sambhavatah yah karnatak ka sabase bada mandir hai.

hampi

yoonesko ki vishv virasat ki soochi men shamil hamh‍pi bharat ka ek pramukh paryatan sthal hai. 2002 men bharat sarakar ne ise pramukh paryatan kendr ke roop men vikasit karane ki ghoshana ki thi. hampi men sthit darshaniy sthalon men sammilit hain- virupaksh mandir, raghunath mandir, narasinh mnndir, sugriv gufa, vitthalasvami mandir, krishn mandir, prasanna viroopaksh, hazar ram mandir, kamal mahal tatha mahanavami dibba adi.

nee yojanaen aur upalabdhiyan

ee-gavarnens

bhoomi ke kagazat ki aaun lain dilivari yojana 2000 men shuroo huee aur 200 lakh kagazat ki dijitalikaran kar diya gaya hai tatha aaunalain myooteshan ki prakriya se taluk star par kiyosk men ar. ti. si. ko asani se upalabdh karaya ja raha hai, jinaki sthapana is prayojan ke lie vishesh roop se ki gee hai. ab yah nirnay liya gaya hai ki maujooda saauphtaveyar ka unnayan kiya jae taki ne visheshataon aur takaniki adhar ko sudridh banaya ja sake. ne bhoomi saauphtaveyar men sabhi maujooda visheshataon ko shamil kiya jaega jaise ki kaveri karyakramon, bainkon, kachahariyon ko joda jaega aur isamen nee visheshataen hongi jaise ki bhoomi adhigrahan ke mamalon ko jodana, gair krishi bhoomi ka dakhila khariz karana.

isake alava ee-gavarnens ne ‘baingalor ek karyakram’ shuroo kiya hai, jo bahuseva kendr hai jahan log bijali, telifon adi ke bil jama kar sakate hain aur ek hi jagah 25 any sevaon ka upayog kar sakate hain. isane ‘nemmadi’ namak karyakram shuroo kiya hai. isake antargat 765 aise telisentar hain jahan ay, janm aur mrityu ke praman patr prapt kie ja sakate hain. isake alava manav snsadhan prabndhan seva bhi vikasit ki gee hai, jo sabhi vibhagon ki kendriy pahalon aur sarvadhik samany karyon ke roop men kary karati hai.

bhagyalakshmi

stri-purush anupat ko sntulit karane aur garib parivaron ko naitik snbal pradan karane ke lie karnatak sarakar ne ‘bhagyalakshmi’ yojana shuroo ki hai. yah do ladakiyon tak simit hai aur garibi rekha se niche rah rahe sabhi parivaron ke lie hai. ladaki ke janm ke samay usake nam se 10,000 rupe jama kie jaenge aur byaj sahit 18 varsh poora ho jane par die jaenge.

durga mandir, aihol
  • 2007-08 ke dauran 1.31 lakh parivaron ke lie 132.42 karod rupe jari kie ge.
  • mukhyamntri dvara prastut 2008-09 ke bajat men di jane vali rashi ko badhakar 1 lakh kar diya gaya hai aur isake lie 266.65 karod rupe nirdharit kie ge hain.
madilu

yah ek any yojana hai jo man aur shishu ke svasthy ki raksha ke lie banaee gee hai. isake tahat prasav ke bad man aur shishu ki zaroorat ka saman diya jata hai. yah suvidha garibi rekha se niche rah rahe sabhi parivaron ke lie hai.

  • 2007-08 ke dauran isase lagabhag 1.50 lakh parivaron ko labh pahuncha hai.
  • 2006-07 men 63.82 pratishat labhanvit prasav the aur
  • 2007-08 men yah snkhya 67.97 pratishat rahi.
bhagyarath

shiksha ke lie behatar pahunch aur ise jari rakhane ke lie rajy sarakar ne yah yojana prarambh ki hai. isake tahat sarakar aur anudan prapt skoolon men athavin kaksha men padhane vale ladake aur ladakiyon ko saikilen di jaengi.

  • 2007-08 men garibi rekha se niche rah rahe parivaron ki 1.75 lakh ladakiyon aur 2.33 ladakon ko saikilen banti gee.
  • varsh 2008-09 men yah yojana athavin kaksha men padhane vale sabhi varg ke bachchon ke lie kar di gee hai. asha hai ki isase 7 lakh se adhik bachchon ko labh milega.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 2001 ki janaganana ke anusar
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 mukhyaprishth (ech.ti.em.el) karnatak ki adhikarik vebasait. abhigaman tithi: 14 mee, 2013.
  3. rajyapal (hindi) bharat ki adhikarik vebasait. abhigaman tithi: 30 agast, 2014.

snbndhit lekh

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