कश्मीर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kashmir
kashmir
vivaran kashmir bharat ka abhinn hissa hai. bharatiy kashmir jammoo aur kashmir prant ka ek khand hai. kashmir ko bharat ka svitajaralaind bhi kaha jata hai.
janasnkhya 12,541,302 (2011)
kab jaen yahan aprail-agast ke bich
kya dekhen shrinagar, gulamarg, pahalagam, jammoo aur kashmir, voolar jhil, jhelam nadi, pir pnjal parvatashreni, kashmir ghati aur sonamarg
pramukh dharm hindoo dharm aur bauddh dharm
bhaugolik sthiti 33° 27′ 0″ uttar, 76° 14′ 24″ poorv
kaise pahunchen havaee jahaz, taiksi, rel aur bas dvara
bhasha urdoo, kashmiri, pahadi, laddakhi aur dogari
saksharata 67.16 %
snbndhit lekh vaishno devi, amaranath, dal jhil, leh, laddakh, gulamarg, karagil, amar mahal pailes, nishat bag, shalimar bag
adyatan‎
jammoo kashmir rajy ke lie mukhy lekh dekhen:- jammoo aur kashmir

kashmir (angrezi: Kashmir) bharat ka abhinn hissa hai jisake alag-alag bhagon par bharat tatha pakistan ka adhipaty hai. bharatiy kashmir jammoo aur kashmir prant ka ek khand hai. kashmir / kashmir ka prachin nam kashyapameru ya kashyapamir (kashyap ka jhil) tha. kinvadnti hai ki maharshi kashyap shrinagar se tin mil door hari-parvat par rahate the. jahan ajakal kashmir ki ghati hai, vahan ati prachin pragaitihasik kal men ek bahut badi jhil thi jisake pani ko nikal kar maharshi kashyap ne is sthan ko manushyon ke basane yogy banaya tha. kashmir ko bharat ka svitjaralaind bhi kaha jata hai.

  • bhoovidya-visharadon ke vicharon se bhi is tathy ki pushti hoti hai ki kashmir tatha himalay ke ek vistrit bhoo-bhag men ab se sahastron varsh poorv samudr sthit tha. kashmir ka itihas atiprachin hai.
  • vaidik kal men yahan aryon ki bastiyan thi. [1]
  • kashmir ke lie kashmiramndal shabd ke prayog se soochit hota hai ki mahabharat kal men bhi vartaman kashmir ke vishal samooche pradesh ko hi kashmir samajha jata tha. us kal men maharshiyon ke rahane ke anek sthan the, yah bhi is uddharan se gyat hota hai. [2]
shaaul bunate hue karigar, kashmir
  • kalhan ki rajatarngini men jo kashmir ka brihat itihas hai, is desh ke itihas ko ati prachinakal se prarambh kiya gaya hai.
  • kashmir men ashok ke samay men bauddhadharm ne pahali bar pravesh kiya. shrinagar ki sthapana is maury samrat ne hi ki thi. doosari shati ee. men kushan nareshon ne kashmir ko apane vishal, madhy eshiya tak phaile hue samrajy ka ang banaya.
  • kashmir se hal men prapt bharat-baiktriaee aur bharat-parthiayi nareshon ke sikkon se pramanit hota hai ki gupt kal ke poorv, kashmir ka sambandh uttarapashchim men sthapit grik rajyon se tha.
  • vishnu puran ke ek ullekh se bhi is tathy ki pushti hoti hai--

'sindhu tatadavikorvichandrabhaga kashmiravishayanshchavratyamlechchhashoodradayo bhokshyanti' [3]. isase kashmir adi deshon men snbhavat: guptapoorvakal men anary jatiyon ke rajy ka hona soochit hota hai.

  • guptakal men hi bauddh dharm ki avanati any pradeshon ki bhati kashmir men bhi prarambh ho gee thi aur shaiv dharm ka utkarsh dhire -dhire badh raha tha. shaivamat ke tatha punarujjivit hindoodharm ke prachar men abhinavagupt tatha shnkarachary jaise darshanikon ka bada hath tha. shrinagar ke pas shnkarachary ki pahadi, dakshin ke mahanh achary ki sudoor uttar ke is desh ki darshanik digvijay-yatra ka smarak hai. hindoodharm ke utkarsh ke sath hi sath kashmir ki rajanitik shakti ka bhi teji se vikas hua.
  • rajatarngini ke anusar kashmir-naresh muktapid lalitadity ne 8vin shati men sanpoorn uttar bharat men kanyakubj tatha parshvavarti pradesh tak, apana adhipaty sthapit kar liya tha.
  • 13vin shati men kashmir musalamanon ke prabhav men aya.
  • eeran ke hazarat saiyad ali hamadan namak snt ne apane dharm ka yahan zoron se prachar kiya aur dhire-dhire rajyasatta bhi musalamanon ke hath men pahunch gee. kashmir ke musalamanon ka rajy 1338 ee. se 1587 ee. tak raha aur zenulabdin ke shasanakal men kashmir bharat-eerani snskriti ka prakhyat kendr ban gaya. is shasak ko usake udar vicharon aur snskriti prem ke karan kashmir ka akabar kaha jata hai.
sonamarg, kashmir
  • 1587 se 1739 ee. tak kashmir mugal samrajy ka abhinn ang bana raha. jahangir aur shahajahan ke samay ke anek smarak aj bhi kashmir ke sarvotkrisht smarak mane jate hain. inamen nishat bag, shalimar udyan adi pramukh hain.
  • 1739 se 1819 ee. tak qabul ke rajaon ne kashmir par rajy kiya.
  • 1819 ee. men pnjab kesari ranajit sinh ne kashmir ko qabul ke amir dost muhammad se chhin liya kintu shighr hi pnjab kashmir ke sahit angrezon ke hath men hath men a gaya.
  • 1846 ee. men eest indiya kampani ne kashmir ko dongara saradar gulab sinh ke hathon bech diya. is vnsh ka 1947 tak vahan shasan raha.

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. mahabharat van 130, 10 men kashmir mndal ka ullekh hai- 'kashmir mndaln chaitath sarvapunyamarindam; maharshibhishchadhyushitn pashyedn bhratribhi: sahh.'
  2. mahabharat, sabha0 34, 12('dravida:-sinhalashchaiv raja kashmirakastatha') se soochit hita hai ki kashmir ka raja bhi yudhishthir ke rajasooy ygy men aya tha. usane bhent men any vastuon ke atirikt angoor ke guchchhe bhi yudhishthir ko die the, 'kashmirarajomardvikn shuddhn ch rasavanmadhu balin ch kritsnanaday pandavayabhyupaharat'--sabha0 51, dakshinaty pathh.
  3. vishnu puran 4, 24, 69
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