किंदी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kindi aboo yoosfu ibne isahaq alakindi arab ke prasiddh darshanik the. darshanashastr, jyotish, bhautik vigyan, prakash vigyan[1] kimiya tatha sngitashastr jaise tatkalin sabhi gyan vigyan men unhonne badi dakshata prapt ki thi. vah apane kal ke bahut bade jyotishi mane jate the. uttar kalin yoonani vicharadhara ke anusar kindi ko tatvgyani athava vicharavadi mana jata hai. unhonne nav-paithegorasavadi ganit ko samast vigyanon ka adhar mana aur afalatoon (pleto) tatha arastu ke vicharon ka nav pleto snbndhi dhng se samanvay ka prayatn kiya. kindi ne prakash vigyan par bhi vishad roop se prakash dala.

janm

kindi ka janm koofa men 9vin sadi ee. ke madhy hua tha. vah dakshin arab vnshiy hone ke karan phailasoophul arab athava arab ka darshanik kahalaya. unaki shiksha-diksha basara aur bagadad men huee thi. vahin rahakar vah unnati ke shikhar par pahunche. vah abbasi khalifaon ke darabar men vibhinn padon par rahe.[2]

ashray

khalifa mamoon (813 ee. - 833 ee.) tatha khalifa motasim (833 ee. - 852 ee.) unake bahut bade ashrayadata the. unhen kabhi yoonani darshanikon ke grnth ke anuvadak evn snpadak ka pad, kabhi rajajyotishi ka pad prapt hota raha. us samay abbasi khaliphaon ke darabar men motajela darshan ka bada jor tha. inaka mool siddhant tha ki eeshvar dikhaee nahin de sakata; adami jo kuchh karata hai, vah svayn karata hai, eeshvar kuchh nahin karata. kintu jab khalifa mutavakkil (874 ee. - 861ee.) ke samay is vicharadhara ka daman hua tab kindi ko kafi hani uthani padi.

rachana

darshanashastr, jyotish, bhautik vigyan, prakash vigyan, kimiya tatha sngitashastr jaise tatkalin sabhi gyan vigyan men unhonne badi dakshata prapt ki thi. kaha jata hai ki kindi ne lagabhag 265 grnthon ki rachana ki, kintu durbhagyavash lagabhag sabhi grnth nasht ho ge. keval ve hi grnth bach rahe, jinaka arabi se latini bhasha men anuvad ho gaya tha. 10vin shati ee. ke vidvanon ke ganit tatha darshanashastr snbndhi siddhanton men usaki chhap spasht roop men lakshit hoti hai. vah apane kal ke bahut bade jyotishi mane jate the, kintu unhen keval jyotish ke mool siddhanton ke prati hi ruchi thi, phalit jyotish men nahin. kimiya ke snbndh men unaka mat tha ki sona keval khanon se hi prapt ho sakata hai, aur kisi oshadhi dvara tanbe athava pital ko sona nahin banaya ja sakata. unake sngitashastr snbndhi grnthon par yoonani prabhav dikhaee deta hai. kindi ne tal athava theka[3] ko arabi sngit ka vishesh ang bataya.[2]

tatvgyani athava vicharavadi

uttarakalin yoonani vicharadhara ke anusar kindi ko tatvgyani athava vicharavadi mana jata hai. unhonne nav-paithegorasavadi ganit ko samast vigyanon ka adhar mana aur afalatoon (pleto) tatha arastu ke vicharon ka nav pleto snbndhi dhng se samanvay ka prayatn kiya. unhonne ganit ke siddhanton ka prayog bhautik shastr men hi nahin kiya, apitu chikitsashastr men bhi kiya. unaka mat tha ki shitalata, ushnata, jalahinata athava nami jaise prakritik gun prakriti men ek jyomit anupat men mishrit hain. unhonne oshadhiyon ke prabhav tatha unaki prakriya ki vyakhya isi jyomit anupat ke adhar par ki thi. isi karan yoorop ke punarjagaran kal ke darshanik kardan ne unhen 12 vilakshan buddhi valon men se ek mana hai.

prakash vigyan

kindi ne prakash vigyan par bhi vishad roop se prakash dala. thion dvara shodhit unaki is vishay ki mukhy kriti 'yuklid' prakash vigyan par adharit hai. is rachana men unhonne nimnalikhit baton ka pratipadan kiya hai-

  1. prakash ka sidhi rekhaon men chalana
  2. drishti ki sidhi riti
  3. darpan dvara drishti ki riti
  4. drishti ke kon tatha doori ka drishti par prabhav evn drishti snbndhi bhrantiyan

unake matanusar prakash ki kiranen ek sthan se doosare sthan tak pahunchane men koee samay nahin letin. hamari ankh ke shnkvakar ban jane par prakash kiranen ankh se nikalakar kisi vastu vishesh par padati hain aur un kiranon ke us vastu par padane ke karan hi hamako us vastu ko dekh lene ka anubhav hota hai. jis samay hamari any char indriyan kisi vastu ke snpark men akar usake dvara utpann prabhavon ka anubhav kar rahi hoti hain, us samay hamari drigindriy tatkshan apani vastu ko teji se pakad leti hai.[2]

kindi ka mat

kindi ka mat tha ki eeshvar tatha nakshatr jagath ke madhy men atma ka jagath hai. us jivatma ne hi nakshatr mndal ka srijan kiya hai. manushy atma ki utpatti is jagadatma se hi huee hai. jahan tak manushyatma ka sharir se snbndh hone ka prashn hai, yah nakshatron ke prabhav par nirbhar hai. parntu jahan tak atma ki adhyatmik utpatti tatha astitv ka prashn hai, yah svatntr hai, kyonki buddhijagat men hi svatntrata tatha amritatv hai. at: yadi paramotkarsh ki prapti ki hamari ichchha hai to hamen eeshvar bhay, gyan tatha satkary jaisi buddhi ki chirasthayi snpattiyon ko prapt karane ki or lag jana chahie.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. aauptiks
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 kindi (hindi) bharatakhoj. abhigaman tithi: 20 joon, 2014.
  3. eeka

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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