केशव बलिराम हेडगेवार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

keshav baliram hedagevar
keshav baliram hedagevar
poora nam keshav baliram hedagevar
any nam daauktar ji
janm 1 aprail, 1889
janm bhoomi nagapur, maharashtr
mrityu 21 joon, 1940
mrityu sthan nagapur
abhibhavak pita- pndit baliram pnt hedagevar, mata revatibaee
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi svatntrata senani aur 'rashtriy svaynsevak sngh' ke snsthapak
dharm hindoo
jel yatra san 1921 ke asahayog andolan men hissa liya aur ek sal jel men bitaya.
any janakari keshav baliram hedagevar ne rashtriy svaynsevak sngh ki sthapana desh ki svadhinata tatha ise param vaibhav par pahunchane ke uddeshy se ki thi. unaka aravind ghosh, bhaee paramannd, sukhadev evn rajaguru adi mahan krantikariyon se snpark tha.

keshav baliram hedagevar (angrezi: Keshav Baliram Hedgewar, janm- 1 aprail, 1889; mrityu- 21 joon, 1940) bharat ke mahan svatntrata senani the, jinhonne apana samoocha jivan hindoo samaj v rashtr ke lie samarpit kar diya tha. daau. hedagevar pahale krantikari the, kintu bad men hindoo sngathanavadi ban ge. ve jivan ke antim samay tak hinduon ko ekata ke sootr men bandhane ke lie athak prayatn karate rahe. unhonne hinduon ke sngathan ke lie hi 'rashtriy svaynsevak sngh' ki sthapana ki thi. keshav baliram hedagevar apane jivan ke prarnbh aur madhy kal men krantikari the. unaka aravind ghosh, bhaee paramannd, sukhadev evn rajaguru adi mahan krantikariyon se snpark tha. vidyarthi jivan men unhonne 'vande mataramh' andolan chalaya tha.

parichay

daau. keshav baliram hedagevar ka janm 1 aprail, 1889 ko nagapur ke ek brahman parivar men hua tha. jab vah mahaj 13 sal ke the, tabhi unake pita pndit baliram pnt hedagevar aur mata revatibaee ka pleg se nidhan ho gaya. usake bad unaki paravarish donon bade bhaiyon mahadev pnt aur sitaram pnt ne ki. shuruati padhaee nagapur ke nil siti haeeskool men huee. lekin ek din skool men 'vnde mataramh' gane ki vajah se unhen nishkasit kar diya gaya. usake bad unake bhaiyon ne unhen padhane ke lie yavatamal aur phir pune bheja. maitrik ke bad hindoo mahasabha ke rashtriy adhyaksh bi. es. moonje ne unhen medikal ki padhaee ke lie san 1910 men kalakatta (vartaman kolakata) bhej diya. padhaee poori karane ke bad vah 1915 men nagapur laut ae.[1]

krantikari gatividhiyan

kalakatta men rahate hue daau. keshav baliram hedagevar ne anushilan samiti aur 'yugantar' jaise vidrohi sngathanon se angreji sarakar se nipatane ke lie vibhinn vidhaen sikhin. anushilan samiti ki sadasyata grahan karane ke sath hi vah ramaprasad bismil ke snpark men a ge. keshab chakravarti ke chhadm nam ka sahara lekar daau. hedagevar ne kakori kand men bhi bhagidari nibhaee thi, jisake bad vah bhoomigat ho ge the. is sngathan men apane anubhav ke dauran daau. hedagevar ne yah bat jan li thi ki svatntrata ke lie angreji sarakar se lad rahe bharatiy vidrohi apane makasad ko pane ke lie kitane hi sudridh kyon na hon, lekin phir bhi bharat jaise desh men ek sashastr vidroh ko bhadakana snbhav nahin hai. isilie nagapur vapas lautane ke bad unaka sashastr andolanon se moh bhng ho gaya. nagapur lautane ke bad daau. hedagevar samaj seva aur tilak ke sath kangres parti se milakar kangres ke lie kary karane lage the. kangres men rahate hue vah daau. munj ke aur najadik a ge the, jo jald hi daau. hedagevar ko hindoo darshanashastr men margadarshan dene lage the.[2]

rashtriy svaynsevak sngh ki sthapana

un dinon desh men ajadi ki ladaee chal rahi thi aur sabhi sachet yuva usamen apani soch aur kshamata ke hisab se bhagidari nibha rahe the. hedagevar bhi shuruati dinon men kangres men shamil ho ge. san 1921 ke asahayog andolan men hissa liya aur ek sal jel men bitaya, lekin misr ke ghatanakram ke bad bharat men shuroo hue dharmik-rajanitik khilafat andolan ke bad unaka kangres se man khinn ho gaya. 1923 men sanpradayik dngon ne unhen poori tarah ugr hindutv ki or dhakel diya. vah hindoo mahasabha ke rashtriy adhyaksh bi. es. munje ke snpark men shuroo se the. munje ke alava hedagevar ke vyaktitv par bal gngadhar tilak aur vinayak damodar savarakar ka bada prabhav tha. savarakar ne hi hindutv ko ne sire se paribhashit kiya tha. vah manate the ki sindhu nadi se poorv ki or logon ki vika़s yatra ke dauran sanatani, aryasamaji, bauddh, jain aur sikkh dharm samet jitane bhi dharmon aur dharmik dharaon ka janm hua, vah sabhi hindutv ke dayare men ate hain. unake mutabik musalaman, eesaee aur yahoodi is mitti ki upaj nahin hai aur isalie is mitti ke prati unake man men aisi bhavana nahin hai, jo hinduon ke man men hoti hai.

isi paribhasha ke adhar par keshav baliram hedagevar ne hindoo rashtr ki parikalpana ki aur us parikalpana ko sakar karane ke lie 1925 men 'vijayadashami' ke din sngh ki ninv rakhi. vah sngh ke pahale sarasnghachalak bane. sngh ki sthapana ke bad unhonne usake vistar ki yojana banaee aur nagapur men shakha lagane lagi. bhaiyyaji dani, babasaheb apte, balasaheb devaras aur madhukar rav bhagavat isake shuruati sadasy bane. inhen alag-alag pradeshon men pracharak ki bhoomika saunpi gee.

areses ko rajaniti se door rakhana

keshav baliram hedagevar ne shuroo se hi sngh ko sakriy rajaniti se door rakha aur sirph samajik-dharmik gatividhiyon tak hi simit rakha. isake pichhe ek sochi-samajhi rananiti thi. vah aisa nahin chahate the ki sngh shuruat men hi britani hukoomat ki najaron men khatakane lage aur usaka vistar n ho sake. isi se bachane ke lie unhonne sngh ko rajanitik gatividhiyon men shamil hone se roka aur us par sakhti se amal kiya, lekin 1930 men jab mahatma gandhi ne savinay avgya andolan chheda to hedagevar ne sngh ki sabhi shakhaon ko patr likhakar soochit kiya ki sngh andolan men shamil nahin hoga. sath hi yah bhi kaha ki agar koee vyakti niji haisiyat men is andolan men shamil hona chahata hai to ho sakata hai. hedagevar khud bhi niji taur par usamen shamil hue the.

daau. hedagevar ka manana tha ki sngathan ka prathamik kam hinduon ko ek dhage men piro kar ek takatavar samooh ke taur par vikasit karana hai. har roj subah lagane vali shakha men kuchh khas niyamon ka palan hota. sharir ko phit rakhane ke lie vyayam aur sharirik shram par jor diya jata. hindutv aur hindoo rashtravad par charcha hoti. shivaji aur mngal pande jaise hindoo nayakon ki kahaniyan sunaee jatin. lakshy saph tha sngathan ke vistar ke lie achar-vichar ek hona chahie.

vyaktitv

daau. hedagevar ke vyaktitv ko samagrata v snpoornata men hi samajha ja sakata hai. unamen desh ki svadhinata ke lie ek vishesh agrah, drishtikon aur darshan balyakal se hi sakriy the. aisa lagata hai ki janm se hi ve is desh se, yahan ki snskriti v parnparaon se parichit the. yah nirvivad saty hai ki unhonne sngh ki sthapana desh ki svadhinata tatha ise param vaibhav par pahunchane ke uddeshy se hi ki thi. is kary ke lie unhonne samaj ko vaisi hi drishti di, jaisi 'gita' men shrikrishn ne arjun ko di thi. hedagevar ne desh ko usake svaroop ka bodh karaya. unhonne us samay bhi poorn svadhinata aur poonjivad se mukti ka vishay rakha tha, jabaki mana jata hai ki kangres men vaisi koee soch nahin thi.

daau. keshav baliram hedagevar ne sngh shakha ke madhyam se rashtr bhakton ki phauj khadi ki. unhonne vyakti ki kshamataon ko ubharane ke lie ne taur-tarike vikasit kie. sari jindagi logon ko yahi batane ka prayas kiya ki nee chunautiyon ka samana karane ke lie hamen ne tarikon se kam karana padega, svayn ko badalana hoga, purane tarike kam nahin aenge. unaki soch yuvaon ke vyaktitv, bauddhik evn sharirik kshamata ka vikas kar unhen ek adarsh nagarik banati hai.

mrityu

21 joon, 1940 ko keshav baliram hedagevar ka nagapur men nidhan hua. unaki samadhi resham bag, nagapur men sthit hai, jahan unaka antyeshti snskar hua tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. kya ap RSS ke snsthapak hedagevar ke bare men ye janate hain? (hindi) hindi.thequint. abhigaman tithi: 31 julaee, 2018.
  2. p. poo. daau. keshav baliram hedagevar (hindi) vskgujarat. abhigaman tithi: 31 julaee, 2018.

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