खनिज तेल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

khanij tel ke do alag-alag arth hai :

  1. 'krood ayal' ya prakritik roop se milane vala petroliyam
  2. petroliyam ke asavan se prapt utpad

prapti sthan

bharat men svatntrata prapti ke samay tak matr asam men hi khanij tel nikala jata tha, lekin usake bad gujarat tatha bambe haee men khanij tel ka utkhanan prarambh kiya gaya. tel evn prakritik gais ayog dvara desh ke sthaliy evn sagariy bhago men 26 aise besinon ka pata lagaya gaya hai, jahan se tel-prapti ki paryapt snbhavanaen hai. bharat men sambhavit tel kshetr 14.1 lakh varg kimi. par vistrit hain, jisaka 85 pratishat bhag sthal par hai evn 15 pratishat bhag apatatiy kshetr men. bharat ka khanij tel ka gyat bhandar evn utpadan dono hi kam hai, atah apani avashyakata poorti ke lie videshon se tel ka ayat kiya jata hai. antarrashtriy bhoo-garmik sarvekshan ke anusar bharat men khanij tel ka bhndar 620 karod tan hai. tel evn prakritik gais ayog ne bharat ka kul khanij tel bhndar 1750 lakh tan bataya hai. bharat ke tin pramukh kshetr aise hain- jahan se khanij tel prapt kiya ja raha hai. inamen sabase mahattvapoorn tel kshetr uttari-poorvi rajyon asam tatha meghalay men phaila hai, jabaki doosara mahattvapoorn kshetr hai- gujarat men khambhat ki khadi ka samipavarti kshetr. mumbee tat se lagabhag 176 kimi door arab sagar men sthit bambe haee namak sthan bhi tel utkhanan ki drishti se mahattvapoorn ho gaya hai. yahan par 1250 lakh tan tel bhndar anumanit kiye gaye hai. varsh 2007-08 ke dauran kul 341 lakh tan kachche petroliyam ka utpadan hua.

asam ghati tel kshetr

tel shodhanashalaen
shodhanashala sthapana varsh shodhan kshamata (lakh tan)
digboee (asam) 1901 5.0
mumbee (ech.pi.si.el.) 1954 55
mumbee (bi.pi.si.el.) 1955 60
vishakhapatanam 1957 45
guvahati (asam) 1962 8.5
barauni (bihar) 1964 33.0
koyali (gujarat) 1965 95
kochin 1966 45
chennee 1969 56
haldiya (pashchim bngal) 1975 27.5
bogaeeganv (asam) 1979 13.5
mathura (uttar pradesh) 1982 75
karanal (hariyana) 1987 30
jamanagar (gujarat) 1999 54

asam ghati tel kshetr bharat ka sabase mahattvapoorn evn prachin tel kshetr hai. yahan sabase pahale 1837 men sena ke ek adhikari dvara tel ki khoj ki gayi. yahan ke pramukh tel kshetron men digaboee, naharakatiya, hagarijan-moran, surama nadi ghati ka nam liya jata hanau. digaboee tel kshetr naga pahadi kshetr men sthit lakhimapur zile ki tipam pahadiyon ke uttar-poorvi bhag men sthit hai. yahan lagabhag 800 tel koop khode gaye hain, jinamen bappapang, digaboee, panitola, hassapang adi kafi mahattvapoorn hain. digaboee se 40 kimi dakshin pashchim men sthit naharakatiya bhi ek pramukh kshetr hai jahan dihing nadi ke kinare telakoopon ka nirman karake tel nikala jata hai. hagarijan-moran kshetr naharakatiya se lagabhag 40 kimi dakshin pashchim men sthit hai jahan prakritik gais bhi payi jati hai. surama nadi ki ghati men badarapur tatha pathariya men tel nikala jata hai. isake samip hi masimapur tel kshetr sthit hai. asam men kul 500 lakh tan tel bhndar hone ka anuman hai.

gujarat tel kshetr

gujarat rajy men khambhat tatha ankaleshvar mahattvapoorn kshetr hai jabaki navaganv, kosamba, sanand nadi ghati , kadi, olpad, kathana, dholaka, menhasana, kallol adi sthanon par bhi tel kshetr ka vistar hai. khambhat tel kshetr men pahali bar 1958 men tel ka utkhanan kiya gaya tha. saurashtr men bhavanagar se 45 kimi door eliyabet dvip men bhi tel ka pata lagaya ja chuka hai.

maharashtr tel kshetr

maharashtr ke sagariy tat se door lagabhag 2,000 varg kimi kshetr men phaila bambe haee kshetr bhi ek mahattvapoorn tel kshetr hai, jahan se 1976 se hi tel ki prapti ho rahi hai. vartaman men godavari nadi ghati kshetr se bhi khanij tel ka utkhanan kiya ja raha hai. tel evn prakritik gais ayog ke anusar gujarat men 500 lakh tan tel bhndar hai.

any sambhavit kshetr

pashchim bngal ka sundaravan kshetr, bihar men kisanagnj evn raksaul kshetr, rajasthan men jaisalamer, bikaner tatha badamer zile, kaveri nadi ghati evn pak ki khadi kshetr, andaman nikobar dvip samooh ka apatatiy kshetr adi. bharat men naye tel kshetro ka pata lagane tatha usake bhandaro ke sarvekshan ke lie 1956 men tel evn prakritik gais ayog ki sthapana ki gayi thi, jabaki 1959 men asam evn arunachal pradesh ke tel kshetron evn bhandaron ka pata lagane tatha unake vikas hetu ayal indiya li. ka gathan kiya gaya. bharat men sabase pahali khanij tel ki shodhanashala 1901 men digboee men sthapit ki gee, jo svatantrata prapti tak bharat ki kul mang ka matr 5 pratishat tel hi shodhit karati thi. vartaman samay men inaki kul snkhya 14 hai.


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tika tippani aur sndarbh

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