खनिज संसाधन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

khanij sampada ki upalabdhata ki drishti se bharat ki ganana vishv ke khanij snsadhan sampann deshon men ki jati hai. choonki bharat ki bhoogarbhik snrachana men prachin dridh bhookhandon ka yogadan hai, atah yahan lagabhag sabhi prakar ke khanijon ki prapti hoti hai. ek taraph yahan par loha, mainganij, tngstan, tanba, sisa, jasta, baauksait, sona, chandi, ilmenait, bairait, maignesait, silemainait, tin adi dhatvik khanij milate hain, to doosari taraph adhatvik khanijon jaise - abhrak, esabestas, payarait, namak, jipsam, hira, kainait, imarati patthar, sngamaramar, choona patthar, vibhinn prakar ki mittiyan adi bhi milate hain. anushakti ke khanijon yatha - yooreniyam, thoriyam, ilmainait, beriliyam, jirakaaun, surama, grephait adi bhi bharat men yatr-tatr milate hain. prakritik shakti sadhanon men koyala, khanij tel tatha prakritik gais ki bhi prapti sthaliy evn apatat kshetron men hoti hai.

bharat men khanij kshetr

bharat ke khanij kshetr ko nimnalikhit bhagon men banta ja sakata hai.

uttari poorvi prayadvipiy kshetr

yah kshetr bharatiy khanij ki drishti se sarvadhik mahattvapoorn hai. ise ‘bharatiy khanij ka hady sthal’ kaha jata hai. yah arkiyan shild kshetr hai jisaka snpoorn bhag udisa ka pathar, chhotanagapur ka pathar, chhattisagadh ka uttari bhag adi se bana hai. yahan ka mukhy khanijon men koyala, loha, mainganij, abhrak, tanba, baauksait adi bahutayat men milate hain. is kshetr men kainait 100 pratishat, lauh ayask 93 pratishat, koyala 84 pratishat, kromait 70 pratishat adi milate hain.

madhy kshetr

yah bharat ka doosara sarvadhik mahattvapoorn khanij kshetr hai. isaka vistar madhy pradesh, chhattisagadh andhr pradesh aur poorvi maharashtr ke kshetr tak hai. is kshetr men mukhyatah mainganij, baauksait, koyala, lauh ayask, grephait, choona patthar adi paye jate hain.

dakshin kshetr

is kshetr men karnatak ka pathar aur tamilanadu ka uchch kshetr shamil hain. yahan lauh ayask, mainganij, kromait adi khanij prapt hote hain. is kshetr men nevali ke lignait ko chhodakar koyala, tanba evn abhrak ki upalabdhata nagany hai.

dakshin-pashchim kshetr

dakshini karnatak aur gova is kshetr men ate hain. yahan par naranet, lauh ayask, tatha kle milate hain.

uttari pashchimi kshetr

is kshetr ke antargat aravali ke kshetr tatha gujarat ke bhag ate hain. ise yooreniyam, abhrak, stiyarait tatha khanij tel ke kshetr ke roop men jana jata hai. yahan samanyatah alauh khanijen, jinamen mukhy roop se tanba, sisa, jasta, adi shamil hain, milati hain.

anushakti ke khanij

bharat men koyala, khanij tel tatha jal vidyut shakti ke oorja snsadhano ki kami ko dekhate hue anu shakti par zor diya ja raha hai. yah oorja ka ek aisa srot hai jisamen kam matra men khanij vishesh ka prayog karake mazaboot surakshatmak upay apanakar atyadhik oorja prapt ki ja sakati hai. bharat men milane vale anu shakti ke pramukh khanij evn unaka vitaran nimn prakar hain-

  1. thoriyam
  2. monajait
  3. yooreniyam
  4. beriliyam
  5. jirakaaun
  6. vainediyam
  7. molibdenam
  8. entimoni

bharatiy khanij sampada ki sthiti

vishv men khanij ki prapti ki drishti se bharat men kuchh khanijon ki prapti bahutayat se hati hai to kuchh matr avashyakata bhar ke lie hi upalabdh hoten hai. isake alava kuchh khanij hai. jinaki bharat men kami hai aur jinaki avashyakata poorti ayat dvara hi aisa sambhav ho pati hai. khanij sampada ki vartaman sthiti niman prakar hai-

  1. lauh ayask, abhrak, durlabh mridaen, titainiyam ayask tatha thoriyam ayask ke utpadan men bharat ka vishv men mahattavapoorn sthan hai.
  2. baauksait, maignesait, grenait, korandam, mainganij, silika, silimenait, kainait tatha stichatait ki prapti deya men bahutayat se hoti hain.
  3. elyoominiyam, entimoni (surama), araronik, kromiyam ayask, koyala, sisa, jipsam, beraits, laimaston, dolamait, sodiyam lavan, sngamaramar, yooreniyam, jirikoniyam, bainidiyam, vibhinn prakar ke patthar adi khanij padartho men bharat atmanirbhar hain.
  4. potash, kaidamiyam, bismath, pletinam, grephait, para (markari), nikil, kobalt, phaausphoras, chandi, salphar, tin, jink, tngstan, emphalt, sisa adi ki bharat men kami hai, jise videshon se ayat kiya jata hai.
  5. bharat men samarik mahattav ke 26 khanijon ki prapti hoti hai, jinamen ailuminiyam, koyala, kromiyam, entimoni, tanba, mainganij, maigrishiyam, abhrak, molibdenam, taintelam, taiteniyam, yooreniyam, thoriyam, vainediyam, pletinam, potash, sisa, para, tin, jink, nikil, grephait, salphar, tngstanadi shamil hain.
  6. samarik mahattav ke 10 khanijon ki matra bharat me aparyapt hai. inaki kami ko ayat dvara poora kiya jata hai. ye khanij hain- tngstan, pletinam, jink, grephait, sisa, salphar, potash, para (markari) tin tatha nikil.


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adhar
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shodh

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