खर मास  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

khar mas
bhagavan vishnu
vivaran vaidik jyotish aur hindoo pnchang ke anusar soory ek rashi men ek mahine tak rahata hai. jab soory 12 rashiyon ka bhraman karate hue brihaspati ki rashiyon, dhanu aur min men pravesh karata hai to agale 30 dinon yani ek mahine ki avadhi ko kharamas kahate hain.
any nam malamas, kala mahina
jyotishiy vivaran soory ki dhanu snkranti ke karan malamas hota hai. soory jab brihaspati ki rashi dhanu athava min men hota hai to ye donon rashiyan soory ki malin rashi mani jati hain.
avadhi shuruat- 15 disambar, 2016; samapti- 14 janavari, 2017
vishesh khar mas men sabhi prakar ke havan, vivah charcha, grih pravesh, bhoomi poojan, dviragaman, ygyopavit, vivah, havan ya any dharmik karmakand adi kary nishedh hain.
any janakari khar mas men sirph bhagavat katha ya ramayan katha ka samoohik shravan hi kiya jata hai. brahm puran ke anusar, khar mas men mrityu ko prapt vyakti nark ka bhagi hota hai.

khar mas bharatiy pnchang paddhati men prati varsh saur paush mas ko kahate hain. uttarakhand men ise 'malamas' ya 'kala mahina' bhi kaha jata hai. is mas ke dauran hindoo jagath men koee bhi dharmik krity aur shubh mangalik kary nahin kie jate hain. isake alava yah mahina anek prakar ke ghareloo aur paramparik shubh karyon ki charchaon ke lie bhi varjit hai. deshachar ke anusar navavivahita kanya bhi khar mas ke andar pati ke sath snsarg nahin kar sakati hai aur use is poore mahine ke dauran apane mayake men akar rahana padata hai.[1] varsh 2016 men khar mas 15 disambar din guruvar ko sooryoday poorv 06:05 baje se soory ke dhanu rashi men pravesh karane ke sath shuroo hua, jo 14 janavari, 2017 ko din men 1 bajakar 51 minat par soory ke makar rashi men pravesh karane ke sath samapt hua.

nishedh hote hain shubh kary

khar mas men sabhi prakar ke havan, vivah charcha, grih pravesh, bhoomi poojan, dviragaman, ygyopavit, vivah ya any havan karmakand adi tak ka nishedh hai. sirph bhagavat katha ya ramayan katha ka samoohik shravan hi khar mas men kiya jata hai. brahm puran ke anusar, khar mas men mrityu ko prapt vyakti nark ka bhagi hota hai. arthat, chahe vyakti ki alpayu ho ya dirghayu, agar vah paush ke antargat khar mas yani mal mas ki avadhi men apane pran tyag raha hai to nishchit roop se usake lie ihalok aur paralok ka akalan nark ke dvar ki taraph khulata hai. divy atmaon ka sharir tyag agar khar mas ke dauran ho jata hai to usaki ganana satkarmi men nahin hoti kyonki usake mrityuparant snskar men n keval parijan balki rishtedar bhi kadakathnd men vichalit ho jate hain. garud puran men bhi paush mas ki mrityu ka adhogami paralok spasht roop se bataya gaya hai. is bat ki pushti mahabharat men hoti hai ki jab khar mas ke andar arjun ne bhishm pitamah ko dharm yuddh men banon ki shaiya se vedh diya tha. saikadon banon se viddh ho jane ke bavajood bhi bhishm pitamah ne apane pran nahin tyage. pran nahin tyagane ka mool karan yahi tha ki agar vah is khar mas men pran tyag karate hain to unaka agala janm nark ki or jaega. isi karan unhonne arjun se punah ek aisa tir chalane ke lie kaha jo unake sir par viddh hokar takie ka kam kare. is prakar se bhishm pitamah poore khar mas ke andar arddh mrit avastha men banon ki shaiya par lete rahe aur jab saur magh mas ki makar snkranti aee, usake bad shukl paksh ki ekadashi ko unhonne apane pranon ka tyag kiya. isalie kaha gaya hai ki magh mas ki deh tyag se vyakti sidha svarg ka bhagi hota hai.[1]

khar mas kyon

khar mas ko khar mas kyon kaha jata hai yah bhi ek pauranik kinvadnti hai. khar gadhe ko kahate hain. markandey puran ke anusar soory apane sat ghodon ke rath par baithakar brahmand ki parikrama karata hai aur parikrama ke dauran kahin bhi soory ko ek kshan bhi rukane ki ijajat nahin hai. lekin soory ke saton ghode sare sal bhar daud lagate-lagate pyas se tadapane lage. unaki is dayaniy sthiti se nibatane ke lie soory ek talab ke nikat apane saton ghodon ko pani pilane hetu rukane jate hain. lekin tabhi unhen yah pratigya yad aee ki ghode beshak pyase rah jaen lekin unaki yatra men viram nahin lena hai. nahin to saur mndal men anarth ho jaega. soory bhagavan ne charon or dekha, tatkal hi soory bhagavan pani ke kund ke age khade do gadhon ko apane rath par jot kar age badh ge aur apane saton ghode tab apani pyas bujhane ke lie khol die ge. ab sthiti yah rahi ki gadhe yani khar, apani mand gati se poore paush mas men brahmand ki yatra karate rahe aur soory ka tej bahut hi kamazor hokar dharati par prakat hua. shayad yahi karan hai ki poore paush mas ke antargat prithvi ke uttari golarddh men soory devata ka prabhav kshin ho jata hai aur kabhi-kabhar hi unaki tapt kiranen dharati par padati hain.[1]

jyotishiy vivaran

soory ki dhanu snkranti ke karan malamas hota hai. soory jab brihaspati ki rashi dhanu athava min men hota hai to ye donon rashiyan soory ki malin rashi mani jati hai. jyotish shastr ke anusar soory ka brihaspati men paribhraman shreshth nahin mana jata hai, kyonki brihaspati men soory kamazor sthiti men rahate hain. varsh men do bar soory brihaspati ki rashiyon men snpark men ata hai. pratham drishta 16 disnbar se 15 janavari tatha dvitiy drishta 14 march se 13 aprail. dvitiy drishti men soory min rashi men rahate hain. soory ki ganana ke adhar par prayah in donon mah ko dhanurmas evn min mas kaha jata hai. in donon mahinon men mangalik karyon par viram lag jata hai. is mah ke dauran vivah, ygyopavit, karn chhedan, grih arnbh, grih pravesh, vastu pooja, kuan evn bavadi utkhanan, rajasi kary, divy ygy anushthan jisamen lakshyachndi tatha sahastrachndi ygy ke sath hi vaidik karm tyag die jate hain. khas taur par malamas mah men dharm ke prati samarpan bhav se isht ki aradhana, vaishnav tatha shiv mndiron men jakar satsng v kirtan ka labh len, vastr-bhojan tatha aushadhi ka dan karana shreshth hota hai.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 joshi, pn. keval annd. kharamas aur moksh ka band daravaja (hindi) navabharat taims. abhigaman tithi: 28 disambar, 2014.
  2. kharamas arnbh, ek mah tak nahin honge shubh kary (hindi) vebaduniya hindi. abhigaman tithi: 28 disambar, 2014.

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