ख़रीफ़ की फ़सल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kharif ki fasal samanyat: uttar bharat men joon-julaee men boyi jati hai aur inhen aktoobar ke asapas kata jata hai. in fasalon ko bote samay adhik tapaman evn ardrata tatha pakate samay shushk vatavaran ki avashyakata hoti hai. udaharan ke taur par dhan (chaval), makka, jvar, bajara, moong, moongaphali, ganna adi ki fasalen kharif ki fasal kahalati hain.

namotpatti

arabi bhasha men 'kharif' (خريف) shabd ka matalab 'patajhad' hai. kharif ki fasal aktoobar men patajhad ke mausam men taiyar hoti hai isalie ise is nam se bulaya jata hai. dalahani fasalon men moong ki bahumukhi bhoomika hai, isame protin adhik matra men paee jati hai, jo ki svasth ke lie atyadhik mahatvapoorn hai. moong ki fasal se phaliyon ki tudaee karane ke bad khet men mitti palatane vale hal se fasal ko palatakar mitti men daba dene se hari khad ka kam karati hai, moong ki kheti poore uttar pradesh men lagabhag ki jati hai.

jalavayu aur bhoomi

moong ki kheti khariph evn zayad donon mausam men ki ja sakati hai. fasal pakate samay shushk jalavayu ki avashyakata padati hai. kheti hetu samuchit jal nikas vali domat tatha baluee domat bhoomi sabase upayukt mani jati hai, lekin jayad men moong ki kheti men adhik sichaee karane ki avashyakata hoti hai.

taiyari

khet ki pahali jutaee hairo ya mitti palatane vale hal se karani chahie. tatpashchath do-tin jutaee kaltivetar se karake khet ko achchhi tarah bhurabhura bana lena chahiye. akhiri jutaee men pata lagana atiavashyak hai, jisase ki khet men nami adhik samay tak bani rah sake. trektar, pavar tilar, rotavetar ya any adhunik yantr se khet ki taiyari shighr ki ja sakati hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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