गंगा दशहरा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

gnga dashahara
gnga nadi, haridvar
anuyayi hindoo, bharatiy, bharatiy pravasi
prarambh pauranik kal
tithi jyeshth shukl dashami
anushthan is din gnga snan karake doodh, batasha, jal, roli, nariyal, dhoop, dip se poojan karake dan dena chahie.
dharmik manyata jyeshth mah men shukl paksh ki dashami ko hast nakshatr men svarg se gngaji ka prithvi par agaman hua tha.
snbndhit lekh gnga, gngavataran, bhagirath, shiv, brahma, sagar
dinank 28 mee, 2015
any janakari is din mathura men patngabazi ka vishesh ayojan hota hai. aj ke din dan dene ka bhi vishisht mahattv hai. yah mausam bharapoor garmi ka hota hai, at: chhatari, vastr, joote-chappal adi dan men die jate hain.
adyatan‎

gnga dashahara hinduon ka ek pramukh tyohar hai. jyeshth, shukla, dashami ko dashahara kahate hain. isamen snan, dan, roopatmak vrat hota hai. skand puran men likha hua hai ki, jyeshth shukla dashami snvatsaramukhi mani gee hai isamen snan aur dan to vishesh roop se karen. kisi bhi nadi par jakar ardhy (poo‍jadik) evamh tilodak (tirth prapti nimittak tarpan) avashy karen. aisa karane vala mahapatakon ke barabar ke das papon se chhoot jata hai. jyeshth shukl paksh, dashami ko gngavataran ka din mandiron evn sarovaron men snan kar pavitrata ke sath manaya jata hai. is din mathura men patngabazi ka vishesh ayojan hota hai.

gnga ka prithvi par agaman

sabase pavitr nadi gnga ke prithvi par ane ka parv hai- gnga dashahara. manushyon ko mukti dene vali gnga nadi atulaniy hain. snpoorn vishv men ise sabase pavitr nadi mana jata hai. raja bhagirath ne isake lie varsho tak tapasya ki thi. jyeshth shukl dashami ke din gnga dharati par aee. isase n keval sookha aur nirjiv kshetr urvar ban gaya, balki charon or hariyali bhi chha gee thi. gnga-dashahara parv manane ki parnpara isi samay se arnbh huee thi. raja bhagirath ki gnga ko prithvi par lane ki koshishon ke karan is nadi ka ek nam bhagirathi bhi hai.
rng-birngi patngen

gnga snan ki mahattvata

bhavishy puran men likha hua hai ki jo manushy gnga dashahara ke din gnga ke pani men khada hokar das bar om namo bhagavati hili hili mili mili gnge man pavay pavay svaha stotr ko padhata hai, chahe vo daridr ho, asamarth ho vah bhi gnga ki pooja kar poorn phal ko pata hai. yadi jyeshth shukl dashami ke din mngalavar ho tatha hast nakshatr tithi ho to yah sab papon ko harane vali hoti hai. varah puran men likha hai ki jyeshth shukl dashami budhavar men hast nakshatr men shreshth nadi svarg se avatirn huee thi. vah das papon ko nasht karati hai. is karan us tithi ko dashahara kahate hain.

gnga ka janmadin

pauranik manyataon ke anusar jyeshth shukl dashami ko hast nakshatr men svarg se gngaji ka agaman hua tha. jyeshth mas ke shukl paksh ki yah dashami to ek prakar se gngaji ka janmadin hi hai. is dashami ko gnga dashahara kaha jata hai. skandapuran, valmiki ramayan adi grnthon men gnga avataran ki katha varnit hai. aj hi ke din maharaj bhagirath ke kathor tap se prasann hokar svarg se prithvi par gngaji aee thin. papamochani, svarg ki nasaini gngaji ka snan evn poojan to jab mil jae tab hi punyadayak hai. pratyek amavasya evn any parvon par bhaktagan door-door se akar gnga ji men snan karate hain.

snvatsar ka mukh

yah din snvatsar ka mukh mana gaya hai. isalie gnga snan karake doodh, batasha, jal, roli, nariyal, dhoop, dip se poojan karake dan dena chahie. is din gnga, shiv, brahma, soory devata, bhagirathi tatha himalay ki pratima banakar poojan karane se vishesh phal prapt hota hai. is din gnga adi ka snan, ann-vastradi ka dan, jap-tap, upasana aur upavas kiya jata hai. isase das prakar ke papon se chhutakara milata hai. is din niche diye gaye das yog ho to yah apoorv yog hai aur mahaphaladayak hota hai. yadi jyeshth adhikamas ho to snan, dan, tap, vratadi malamas men karane se hi adhik phal prapt hota hai. in das yogon men manushy snan karake sab papon se chhoot jata hai.

das yog

dharmik manyataen

jyeshth shukl dashami ko somavar tatha hast nakshatr hone par yah tithi ghor papon ko nasht karane vali mani gee hai. hast nakshatr men budhavar ke din gngavataran hua tha, isalie yah tithi adhik mahattvooparn hai. gngaji ki manyata hindoo grnthon men bahut hai aur yah bharatavarsh ki param pavitr lokapavani nadi mani jati hai. is din lakhon log door-door se akar gnga ki pavitr jaladhara men snan karate hain bahut se sthanon men is din sharbat ki pyaoo lagaee jati hai, jahan hazaron nar-nari shital sharbat pikar grishm ritu men apane hriday ko shital karate hain.

  • aj ke din gngaji ke vibhinn taton aur ghaton par to bade-bade mele lagate hi hain, any pavitr nadiyon men bhi lakhon vyakti snan karate hain. sampoorn bharat men pavitr nadiyon men snan ke vishisht parv ke roop men manaya jata hai yah gnga dashahara.
  • aj ke din dan dene ka bhi vishisht mahattv hai. yah mausam bharapoor garmi ka hota hai, at: chhatari, vastr, joote-chappal adi dan men die jate hain.
  • aj ke din yadi gngaji athava any kisi pavitr nadi par saparivar snan hetu jaya ja sake tab to sarvashreshth hai, yadi snbhav n ho tab ghar par hi gngajali ko sammukh rakhakar gngaji ki pooja-aradhana kar li jati hai.
  • is din jap-tap, dan, vrat, upavas aur gngaji ki pooja karane par sabhi pap jad se kat jate hain- aisi manyata hai. anek parivaron men daravaze par panch patthar rakhakar panch pir pooje jate hain. isi prakar parivar ke pratyek vyakti ke hisab se sava ser choorama banakar sadhuon, fakiron aur brahmanon men bantane ka bhi rivaj hai. brahmanon ko badi matra men anaj ko dan ke roop men aj ke din diya jata hai.
  • aj hi ke din am khane aur am dan karane ko bhi vishisht mahattv diya jata hai.
  • dashahara ke din dashashvamedh ghat men das bar snan karake shivaling ka das snkhya ke gndh, pushp, dip, naivedy aur phal adi se poojan karake ratri ko jagaran karane se annt phal prapt hota hai. isi din gnga poojan ka bhi vishisht mahattv hai. is din vidhi-vidhan se gngaji ka poojan karake das ser til, das ser jau aur das ser gehoon das brahmanon ko dan den. paradara aur paradravyadi se door rahen tatha jyeshth shukl pratipada se prarambh karake dashami tak ekottar-vriddhi se dashahara stotr ka path karen. isase sab prakar ke papon ka samool nash ho jata hai aur durlabh sampatti prapt hoti hai.

pauranik katha

prachin kal men ayodhya men sagar nam ke mahapratapi raja rajy karate the. unhonne saton samudron ko jitakar apane rajy ka vistar kiya. unake keshini tatha sumati namak do raniyan thin. pahali rani ke ek putr asamnjas ka ullekh milata hai, parntu doosari rani sumati ke sath hazar putr the. ek bar raja sagar ne ashvamedh ygy kiya aur ygy poorti ke lie ek ghoda chhoda. indr ne us ygy ko bhng karane ke lie ygyiy ashv ka apaharan kar liya aur use kapil muni ke ashram men bandh ae. raja ne use khojane ke lie apane sath hazar putron ko bheja. sara bhoomandal chhan mara phir bhi ashv nahin mila. phir ashv ko khojate-khojate jab kapil muni ke ashram men pahunche to vahan unhonne dekha ki sakshat bhagavan 'maharshi kapil' ke roop men tapasya kar rahe hain aur unhin ke pas maharaj sagar ka ashv ghas char raha hai. sagar ke putr unhen dekhakar 'chor-chor' shabd karane lage. isase maharshi kapil ki samadhi toot gee. jyon hi maharshi ne apane netr khole tyon hi sab jalakar bhasm ho ge. apane pitrivy charanon ko khojata hua raja sagar ka pautr anshuman jab muni ke ashram men pahuncha to mahatma garud ne bhasm hone ka sara vritant sunaya. garud ji ne yah bhi bataya- 'yadi in sabaki mukti chahate ho to gngaji ko svarg se dharati par lana padega. is samay ashv ko le jakar apane pitamah ke ygy ko poorn karao, usake bad yah kary karana.'

bhagirath ki tapasya

anshuman ne ghode sahit ygymandap par pahunchakar sagar se sab vritant kah sunaya. maharaj sagar ki mrityu ke uparant anshuman aur unake putr dilip jivan paryant tapasya karake bhi gngaji ko mrityulok men la n sake. sagar ke vnsh men anek raja hue sabhi ne sath hazar poorvajon ki bhasmi ke pahad ko gnga ke pravah ke dvara pavitr karane ka prayatn kiya kintu ve saphal n hue. ant men maharaj dilip ke putr bhagirath ne gngaji ko is lok men lane ke lie gokarn tirth men jakar kathor tapasya ki. is prakar tapasya karate-karate kee varsh bit ge. unake tap se prasann hokar brahma ne var mangane ko kaha to bhagirath ne 'gnga' ki mang ki.

gnga ka ahnkar

rng birngi patngen

bhagirath ke gnga mangane par brahmaji ne kaha- 'rajan! tum gnga ko prithvi par to le jana chahate ho? parntu gngaji ke veg ko sambhalega kaun? kya tumane prithvi se poochha hai ki vah gnga ke bhar tatha veg ko snbhal paegi?' brahmaji ne age kaha-' bhoolok men gnga ka bhar evn veg snbhalane ki shakti keval bhagavan shiv men hai. isalie uchit yah hoga ki gnga ka bhar evn veg snbhalane ke lie bhagavan shiv ka anugrah prapt kar liya jae.' maharaj bhagirath ne vaisa hi kiya. ek angoothe ke bal khada hokar bhagavan shiv ki aradhana ki. unaki kathor tapasya se prasann hokar brahmaji ne gnga ki dhara ko apane kamandal se chhoda aur bhagavan shiv ne prasann hokar gnga ki dhara ko apani jataon men samet kar jataen bandh lin. gngaji devalok se chhodi geen aur shnkar ji ki jata men girate hi vilin ho geen. gnga ko jataon se bahar nikalane ka path nahin mil saka. gnga ko aisa ahnkar tha ki main shnkar ki jataon ko bhedakar rasatal men chali jaoongi. puranon men aisa ullekh milata hai ki gnga shnkar ji ki jataon men kee varshon tak bhraman karati rahin lekin nikalane ka kahin marg hi n mila. ab maharaj bhagirath ko aur bhi adhik chinta huee. unhonne ek bar phir bhagavan shiv ki prasannatarth ghor tap shuroo kiya. anunay-vinay karane par shiv ne prasann hokar gnga ki dhara ko mukt karane ka varadan diya. is prakar shivaji ki jataon se chhootakar gngaji himalay men brahmaji ke dvara nirmit 'bindusar sarovar' men giri, usi samay inaki sat dharaen ho geen. age-age bhagirath divy rath par chal rahe the, pichhe-pichhe satavin dhara gnga ki chal rahi thi.

prithvi par gngaji

prithvi par gngaji ke ate hi hahakar mach gaya. jis raste se gngaji ja rahi thin, usi marg men rishiraj jahu ka ashram tatha tapasya sthal padata tha. tapasya men vighn samajhakar ve gngaji ko pi ge. phir devataon ke prarthana karane par unhen pun: jangh se nikal diya. tabhi se ye jahnavi kahalaeen. is prakar anek sthalon ka taran-taran karati huee jahnavi ne kapil muni ke ashram men pahunchakar sagar ke sath hazar putron ke bhasmavashesh ko tarakar unhen mukt kiya. usi samay brahmaji ne prakat hokar bhagirath ke kathin tap tatha sagar ke sath hazar putron ke amar hone ka var diya. sath hi yah bhi kaha- 'tumhare hi nam par gngaji ka nam bhagirathi hoga. ab tum ayodhya men jakar raj-kaj snbhalo.' aisa kahakar brahmaji antardhan ho ge. is prakar bhagirath prithvi par gngavataran karake bade bhagyashali hue. unhonne janamanas ko apane puny se upakrit kar diya. bhagirath ke putr labh prapt kar tatha sukhapoorvak rajy bhogakar paralok gaman kar ge. yugon-yugon tak bahane vali gnga ki dhara maharaj bhagirath ki kashtamayi sadhana ki gatha kahati hai. gnga pranimatr ko jivanadan hi nahin deti, varanh mukti bhi deti hai.


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adhar
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poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh