गणतंत्र दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।


ganatntr divas
ganatntr divas par gurakha raiphals ki pared
vivaran pratyek varsh ka 26 janavari ek aisa din hai jab prath‍yek bharatiy ke man men desh bhakti ki lahar aur matribhoomi ke prati apar sh‍neh bhar uthata hai.
uddeshy yah ayojan hamen desh ke sabhi shahidon ke ni:sh‍varth balidan ki yad dilata hai, jinh‍honne azadi ke sngharsh men apane jivan balidan kar die aur videshi akramanon ke viruddh anek ladaiyan jiti.
itihas 26 janavari, 1950 ko desh ka snvidhan lagoo hua aur is prakar bharat sarakar ke snsadiy roop ke sath ek snprabhutashali samajavadi lok‍tantrik ganatntr ke roop men bharat desh samane aya. bharatiy snvidhan, jise desh ki sarakar ki rooparekha ka pratinidhith‍v karane vale paryaph‍t vichar vimarsh ke bad vidhan mndal dvara apanaya gaya, tab se 26 janavari ko bharat ke ganatntr divas ke roop men bhari uth‍sah ke sath manaya jata hai aur ise rashh‍triy avakash ghoshit kiya jata hai.
vishesh pradhanamntri dvara ganatntr divas ki poorv sndhh‍ya (25 janavari) par rashtr ke nam sndesh prasarit kiya jata hai. isake bad agale din, jo javan azadi ki ladaee men shahid hue unaki yad men indiya get par amar jyoti jalaee jati hai. isake shighr bad 21 topon ki salami di jati hai aur rashtrapati mahoday dvara rashh‍triy dhh‍vaj phaharaya jata hai evn rashh‍tragan hota hai. mahamahim rashtrapati ke sath ek ulh‍lekhaniy videshi rashtr pramukh ate hain, jinh‍hen ayojan ke mukhh‍y atithi ke roop men amntrit kiya jata hai.
snbndhit lekh ganatntr divas ka itihas, ganatntr divas par mukhy atithi, biting d ritrit, svatntrata divas, bharatiy kranti divas, vijay divas, bharat ka vibhajan
any janakari pahali bar 21 topon ki salami ke bad rashh‍triy dhh‍vaj ko daau. rajendr prasad ne phahara kar 26 janavari, 1950 ko bharatiy ganatntr ke aitihasik janh‍m ki gho‍shana ki. british raj se azadi pane ke 894 din bad hamara desh sh‍vatntr rajh‍y bana.

ganatntr divas (angrezi: Republic Day) bharat men 26 janavari ko manaya jata hai aur yah bharat ka ek rashtriy parv hai. har varsh 26 janavari ek aisa din hai jab prath‍yek bharatiy ke man men desh bhakti ki lahar aur matribhoomi ke prati apar sh‍neh bhar uthata hai. aisi anek mahattvapoorn sh‍mritiyan hain jo is din ke sath judi huee hai. 26 janavari, 1950 ko desh ka snvidhan lagoo hua aur is prakar yah sarakar ke snsadiy roop ke sath ek snprabhutashali samajavadi lok‍tantrik ganatntr ke roop men bharat desh samane aya. bharatiy snvidhan, jise desh ki sarakar ki rooparekha ka pratinidhith‍v karane vale paryaph‍t vichar vimarsh ke bad vidhan mndal dvara apanaya gaya, tab se 26 janavari ko bharat ke ganatntr divas ke roop men bhari uth‍sah ke sath manaya jata hai aur ise rashh‍triy avakash ghoshit kiya jata hai. yah ayojan hamen desh ke sabhi shahidon ke ni:sh‍varth balidan ki yad dilata hai, jinh‍honne azadi ke sngharsh men apane jivan balidan kar die aur videshi akramanon ke viruddh anek ladaiyan jiti.

itihas

bharat ke snvidhan ko lagoo kie jane se pahale bhi 26 janavari ka bahut mahattv tha. 26 janavari ko vishesh din ke roop men chihnit kiya gaya tha, 31 disnbar sanh 1929 ke madhh‍y ratri men rashh‍tr ko svatntr banane ki pahal karate hue lahaur men bharatiy rashtriy kangres ka adhiveshan pndit javaharalal neharoo ki adhyakshata men hu‌a, jisamen prastav parit kar is bat ki ghoshana ki g‌ee ki yadi angrez sarakar 26 janavari, 1930 tak bharat ko upanivesh ka pad (dominiyan stetas) nahin pradan karegi to bharat apane ko poorn svatntr ghoshit kar dega.


26 janavari, 1930 tak jab angrez sarakar ne kuchh nahin kiya tab kangres ne us din bharat ki poorn svatntrata ke nishchay ki ghoshana ki aur apana sakriy andolan arnbh kiya. bharatiy rashtriy kangres ke is lahaur adhiveshan men pahali bar tirnge jhnde ko phaharaya gaya tha parntu sath hi is din sarvasammati se ek aur mahattvapoorn phaisala liya gaya ki prativarsh 26 janavari ka din poorn svaraj divas ke roop men manaya jaega. is din sabhi svatntrata senani poorn svaraj ka prachar karenge. is tarah 26 janavari aghoshit roop se bharat ka svatntrata divas ban gaya tha. us din se 1947 men svatntrata prapt hone tak 26 janavari svatntrata divas ke roop men manaya jata raha.

bharatiy snvidhan sabha

usi samay bharatiy snvidhan sabha ki baithaken hoti rahin, jisaki pahali baithak 9 disnbar, 1946 ko huee, jisamen bharatiy netaon aur angrez kaibinet mishan ne bhag liya. bharat ko ek snvidhan dene ke vishay men kee charchaen, sipharishen aur vad - vivad kiya gaya. kee bar snshodhan karane ke pashchath bharatiy snvidhan ko antim roop diya gaya jo 3 varsh bad yani 26 navnbar, 1949 ko adhikarik roop se apanaya gaya.
san 1950, pratham ganatntr divas men javaharalal neharoo
15 agast, 1947 men angrejon ne bharat ki satta ki bagador javaharalal neharoo ke hathon men de di, lekin bharat ka briten ke sath nata ya angrejon ka adhipaty samapt nahin hua. bharat abhi bhi ek british kaauloni ki tarah tha, jahan ki mudra par jaaurj 6 ki tasviren thi.


azadi milane ke bad tatkalin sarakar ne desh ke snvidhan ko phir se paribhashit karane ki zaroorat mahasoos ki aur snvidhan sabha ka gathan kiya jisaki adhyakshata daau. bhimarav ambedakar ko mili, 25 navambar, 1949 ko 211 vidvanon dvara 2 mahine aur 11 din men taiyar desh ke snvidhan ko mnjoori mili. 24 janavari, 1950 ko sabhi sansadon aur vidhayakon ne is par hastakshar kie. aur isake do din bad yani 26 janavari 1950 ko snvidhan lagoo kar diya gaya. is avasar par daau. rajendr prasad ne bharat ke pratham rashtrapati ke roop men shapath li tatha 21 topon ki salami ke bad 'irvin sh‍tediyam' men bharatiy rashh‍triy dhh‍vaj 'tirnga' ko phaharakar bharatiy ganatntr ke aitihasik janh‍m ki gho‍shana ki thi. 26 janavari ka mahattv bana‌e rakhane ke li‌e vidhan nirmatri sabha (kanstityoo‌ent asenbali) dvara svikrit snvidhan men bharat ke ganatntr svaroop ko manyata pradan ki g‌ee. is tarah se 26 janavari ek bar phir surkhiyon men a gaya. yah ek snyog hi tha ki 'kabhi bharat ka poorn svaraj divas ke roop men manaya jane vala din ab bharat ka ganatntr divas' ban gaya tha.


angrejon ke shasanakal se chhutakara pane ke 894 din bad hamara desh sh‍vatntr rashtr bana. tab se aj tak har varsh rashh‍trabhar men bade garv aur harshollas ke sath ganatntr divas manaya jata hai. tadanntar svatntrata prapti ke vastavik din 15 agast ko svatntrata divas ke roop men svikar kiya gaya. yahi vah din tha jab 1965 men hindi ko bharat ki rajabhasha ghoshit kiya gaya.

ganatntr ki yatra

sabase pahali bar 21 topon ki salami ke bad bharatiy rashh‍triy dhh‍vaj ko daau. rajendr prasad ne phahara kar 26 janavari, 1950 ko bharatiy ganatntr ke aitihasik janh‍m ki gho‍shana ki. british raj se azadi pane ke 894 din bad hamara desh sh‍vatntr rajh‍y bana. tab se har varsh poore rashtr men bade uth‍sah aur garv se yah din manaya jata hai. ek british upanivesh se ek samh‍prabhutapoorn, dharmanirapeksh aur lokatantrik rashtr ke roop men bharat ka nirman ek aitihasik ghatana rahi. yah lagabhag 2 dashak purani yatra thi jo 1930 men ek sapane ke roop men snkalpit ki gee aur 1950 men ise sakar kiya gaya. bharatiy ganatntr ki is yatra par ek nazar dalane se hamare ayojan aur bhi adhik sarthak ho jate hain.[1]

sansh‍kritik karyakram aur ayojan

ganatntr divas ke ayojan
ganatntr divas ki pared
ganatntr divas ki pared, nee dilli
ganatntr divas manate bachche
ganatntr divas manate bachche
en.si.si. chhatr
en.si.si. chhatr
ganatntr divas raili
ganatntr divas raili
lokanrity karate kalakar
lokanrity karate kalakar
ganatntr divas ki pared
ganatntr divas ki pared
ganatntr divas manati ladakiyan
ganatntr divas manati ladakiyan

ganatntr divas bharat ka sabase bada rashtriy tyohar hai, is din rashtrapati indiya get par bharat ke sab rajyon se ae hue pratinidhiyon tatha bharat ki tinon senaon ki salami lete hain. anek prakar ki sundar–sundar jhankiyan nach-gane, baind-baje, hathi, oont, ghodon ki savariyan, taink, top, samudri jahaz aur havaee jahaz ke namoone krishi aur udyog ki jhankiyan, skooli bachchon ke nach-gane karate hue grup rashtrapati ko salami dete hue chalate hain. jo ki vijay chauk se shuroo hokar lal qile tak jate hain. is utsav men kisi doosare desh ka koee mehaman bulaya jata hai. us din darshakon ki itani bhid hoti hai ki indiya get par aisa maloom hota hai jaise insanon ka samudr lahara raha ho. rat ko indiya get, rashtrapati bhavan, sentral sekreteriyat, snsad bhavan tatha mukhy sarakari imaraton par roshani ki jati hai.

  • asali mayanon men bharat ki janata ko rajy 26 janavari sanh 1950 se hi prapt hua. 15 agast sanh 1947 ko ham azad zaroor ho ge the lekin hamara koee snvidhan lagoo nahin hua tha aur n hi koee ganarajy ka rashtrapati tha.
  • angrez bharat ko chhodakar chale ge aur 26 janavari ko janata ka rajy hua, isalie 15 agast ko svatntrata divas aur 26 janavari ko ganatntr divas manate hain. jo javan azadi ki ladaee men shahid hue unaki yad men indiya get par amar jyoti jalaee jati hai.
  • isake shighr bad 21 topon ki salami di jati hai, rashtrapati mahoday dvara rashh‍triy dhh‍vaj phaharaya jata hai aur rashh‍tragan hota hai. is prakar pared arnbh hoti hai. mahamahim rashtrapati ke sath ek ulh‍lekhaniy videshi rashh‍tr pramukh ate hain, jinh‍hen ayojan ke mukhh‍y atithi ke roop men amntrit kiya jata hai.
  • rashtrapati mahoday ke samane se khuli jipon men vir sainik gujarate hain. bharat ke rashtrapati, jo bharatiy sashash‍tr bal, ke mukhh‍y kamandar hain, vishal pared ki salami lete hain. bharatiy sena dvara isake navinatam hathiyaron aur balon ka pradarshan kiya jata hai jaise taink, misail, radar adi. isake shighr bad rashtrapati dvara sashash‍tr sena ke sainikon ko bahaduri ke purash‍kar aur medal die jate hain jinh‍honne apane kshetr men abhootapoorv sahas dikhaya aur aise nagarikon ko bhi samh‍manit kiya jata hai jinh‍honne vibhinh‍n paristhitiyon men virata ke alag-alag karaname kie. isake bad sashash‍tr sena ke helikaauph‍tar darshakon par gulab ki pnkhudiyon ki barish karate hue phlaee pash‍t karate hain.

sansh‍kritik pared

sena ki pared ke bad rngarng sansh‍kritik pared hoti hai. vibhinh‍n rajh‍yon se aee jhankiyon ke roop men bharat ki samriddh sansh‍kritik virasat ko darshaya jata hai. prath‍yek rajh‍y apane anokhe th‍yauharon, aitihasik sh‍thalon aur kala ka pradarshan karate hain. yah pradarshani bharat ki snskriti ki vividhata aur samriddhi ko ek th‍yauhar ka rng deti hai. vibhinh‍n sarakari vibhagon aur bharat sarakar ke mntralayon ki jhankiyan bhi rashh‍tr ki pragati men apane yogadan prash‍tut karati hai. is pared ka sabase khushanuma hish‍sa tab ata hai jab bachh‍che, jinh‍hen rashh‍triy virata purash‍kar hathiyon par baithakar samane ate hain. poore desh ke sh‍kooli bachh‍che pared men alag-alag lok nrith‍y aur desh bhakti ki dhunon par git prash‍tut karate hain. pared men kushal motar saikil savar, jo sashash‍tr sena karmik hote hain, apane pradarshan karate hain. pared ka sarvadhik pratikshit bhag phlaee pash‍t hai jo bharatiy vayu sena dvara kiya jata hai. phlaee pash‍t pared ka antim padav hai, jab bharatiy vayu sena ke ladakoo viman rashtrapati ka abhivadan karate hue mnch par se gujarate hain.

pradhanamntri ki raili

ganatntr divas ka ayojan kul milakar tin dinon ka hota hai aur 27 janavari ko indiya get par is ayojan ke bad pradhanamntri ki raili men en.si.si. kedets dvara vibhinh‍n chaunka dene vale pradarshan aur dril kie jate hain.

lok tarng

sat kshetriy sansh‍kritik kenh‍dron ke sath milakar snsh‍kriti mntralay, bharat sarakar dvara har varsh 24 se 29 janavari ke bich ‘’lok tarng – rashh‍triy lok nrith‍y samaroh’’ ayojit kiya jata hai. is ayojan men logon ko desh ke vibhinh‍n bhagon se ae rng birnge aur chamakadar aur vash‍tavik lok nrith‍y dekhane ka anokha avasar milata hai.

biting d ritrit

biting d ritrit ganatntr divas ayojanon ka adhikarik roop se samapan ghoshit karata hai. sabhi mahath‍vapoorn sarakari bhavanon ko 26 janavari se 29 janavari ke bich roshani se sundarata poorvak sajaya jata hai. har varsh 29 janavari ki sham ko arthath ganatntr divas ke bad arthath ganatntr ki tisare din biting d ritrit ayojan kiya jata hai. yah ayojan tin senaon ke ek sath milakar samoohik baind vadan se arnbh hota hai jo lokapriy marching dhunen bajate hain. dramar bhi ekal pradarshan (jise dramars kaaul kahate hain) karate hain. dramars dvara ebaidid vid mi (yah mahatma gandhi ki priy dhunon men se ek kahin jati hai) bajaee jati hai aur tyubular ghntiyon dvara chaimh‍s bajaee jati hain, jo kafi doori par rakhi hoti hain aur isase ek manamohak drishh‍y banata hai. isake bad ritrit ka bigul vadan hota hai, jab baind mash‍tar rashtrapati ke samip jate hain aur baind vapis le jane ki anumati mangate hain. tab soochit kiya jata hai ki samapan samaroh poora ho gaya hai. baind march vapas jate samay lokapriy dhun sare jahan se achh‍chha bajate hain. thik sham 6 baje bagalars ritrit ki dhun bajate hain aur rashh‍triy dhh‍vaj ko utar liya jata hain tatha rashh‍tragan gaya jata hai aur is prakar ganatntr divas ke ayojan ka aupacharik samapan hota hain.[2] inhen bhi dekhen: ganatntr divas ka itihas evn ganatntr divas par mukhy atithi

googal logo

ganatntr divas par googal ka pratik chihn-2017

bharat ne varsh 2017 men apana 68van ganatntr divas badi hi dhoomadham se manaya. 'googal' jo ki ek ameriki bahurashtriy sarvajanik kampani hai aur intaranet ki duniya men bahut prasiddh hai, usane bhi ek khas tarike se ganatntr divas manaya. googal ne ganatntr divas (26 janavari) ke avasar par ek vishesh tarah ka googal pratik chinh banaya, jo ganatntr divas tatha svadhinata divas ko samarpit tha.[3]

mahapurush kathan

Dr.Rajendra-Prasad.jpg
daau. rajendr prasad, sh‍vatntr bharat ke pratham rashtrapati ne bharatiy ganatntr ke janh‍m ke avasar par desh ke nagarikon ka apane vishesh sndesh men kaha:-

"hamen sh‍vayn ko aj ke din ek shantipoorn kintu ek aise sapane ko sakar karane ke prati pun: samarpit karana chahie, jisane hamare rashtrapita aur sh‍vatntrata sngram ke anek netaon aur sainikon ko apane desh men ek vargahin, sahakari, mukh‍t aur prasanh‍nachitt samaj ki sh‍thapana ke sapane ko sakar karane ki prerana di. hamen is din yah yad rakhana chahie ki aj ka din ananh‍d manane ki tulana men samarpan ka din hai– shramikon aur kamagaron parishramiyon aur vicharakon ko poori tarah se sh‍vatntr, prasanh‍n aur sansh‍kritik banane ke bhavh‍y kary ke prati samarpan karane ka din hai."

C-Rajagopalachari.jpg
si. rajagopalachari, mahamahim, maharajh‍yapal ne 26 janavari, 1950 ko aaul indiya rediyo ke dilh‍li sh‍teshan se prasarit ek varta men kaha:-

"apane karyalay men jane ki sndhh‍ya par ganatntr ke udghatan ke sath main bharat ke purushon aur mahilaon ko apani shubhakamanaen aur badhaee deta hoon jo ab se ek ganatntr ke nagarik hai. main samaj ke sabhi vargon se mujh par barasae ge is sh‍neh ke lie hardik dhanh‍yavad deta hoon, jisase mujhe karyalay men apane karttavh‍yon aur paramh‍paraon ka nirvah karane ki kshamata mili hai, anh‍yatha main isase sarvatha aparichit tha."


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. bharat ke ganatntr ki yatra (hindi) (pi.ech.pi) adhikarik vebasait bharat. abhigaman tithi: 29 disnbar, 2010.
  2. ganatntr divas ke ayojan (hindi) (pi.ech.pi) adhikarik vebasait bharat. abhigaman tithi: 23 disnbar, 2010.
  3. googal ne manaya bharat ka 68van ganatntr divas (hindi) aajabhi.com. abhigaman tithi: 26 apral, 2017.

snbndhit lekh