गरासिया  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

garasiya bharat ke rajy rajasthan ki pramukh janajati hai. garasiya ki kul adivasi janasnkhya men lagabhag 2.5 pratishat hai. yah janajati mukhy roop se udayapur zile ke kheravada, kotada, jhadol, phalasiya, gogunda kshetr evn sirohi zile ke pindavada tatha aboo rod tatha pali zile ke bali kshetr men basi huee hai. ye gogunda (devala) ko apani utpatti manate hain. garasiya janajati ke log svayn ko chauhan rajapooton ka vnshaj manate hain. lok kathaon ke anusar garasiya janajati ke log yah manate hain ki ye poorv men ayodhya ke nivasi the aur bhagavan ramachandr ke vnshaj the. ye log yah bhi manate hain ki unaki gautren bappa raval ki santanon se utpann huee thin. inamen damor, chauhan, vadiya, raeedara evn hiravat adi gotr hote hain. ye gotr bhil tatha mina jati men bhi paee jati hai.[1]

samajik jivan

bhilon ke evn inake gharon, jine ke tarikon, bhasha, tir kaman adi men kee samanataen paee jati hai. inake ganv bikhare hue hote hain. ye ganv pahadiyon par door door chhitare hue pae jate hain. log apane ghar prayah pahadon ki dhalan batate hain. ek ganv men prayah ek hi gotr ke log rahate hain. inaki bhasha men gujarati, bhili, mevadi v maravadi ka mishran hai.

vivah riti

inamen tin prakar ke vivah prachalit hain-

  1. maur bandhiya- is prakar ke vivah men phere adi snskar hote hain.
  2. paharavana vivah- isamen namamatr ke phere hote hain.
  3. tanana vivah- isamen var paksh kanya paksh ko keval kanya ke mooly ke roop men vaivahik bhent deta hai.

vidhava vivah- inamen isaka bhi prachalan hain.

rahan-sahan evn veshabhoosha

rahan-sahan evn veshabhoosha ki drishti se garasiya janajati ki apani ek alag pahachan hai. garasiya purush dhoti kamij pahanate hain aur sir par tauliya bandhate hain. garasiya sriyan gahare rng aur tadak - bhadak vale rngin ghaghara v odhani pahanati hain. ve apane tan ko poorn roop se dhnkati hain.

parivar

inaka samaj mukhyatah ekaki parivaron men vibhakt hota hai. pita parivar ka mukhiya hota hai. samaj men god lene ki parnpara bhi prachalit hai. inake samaj men jati pnchayat ka vishesh mahatv hai. gram v bhakhar star par jati pnchayat hoti hai. pnchayat ka mukhiya 'patel' hota hai. pnchayat dvara arthik v sharirik donon prakar ke dnd die jate hain.

sanskritik jivan

inake prativarsh kee sthaniy v snbhagiy mele lagate hain. bade mele "manakharo melo" kahalate hain. yuvaon ke lie in melon ka bada mahatv hai. garasiya yuvak melon men apane jivan sathi ka chayan bhi karate hain.

garasiyon ke nrity-

valar, garaba, gair, kuda v gaur garasiyon ke pramukh nrity hain. ye nrity karate samay lay aur annd men doob jate hain.

garasiyon men godana parnpara-

bhilon ki tarah inamen bhi godana gudavane ki parnpara hai. mahilaen prayah lalat v thodi par godane gudavati hai.

arthavyavastha

garasiyon ki arthavyavastha krishi, pashupalan, shikar evn vanotpad ke ekatrikaran par nirbhar hai. ab ye log mazadoori karane kasbon v shaharon men bhi jane lage hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. rajasthan ki garasiya janajati (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) rajasthan ke vividh rng (blaaug). abhigaman tithi: 25 janavari, 2013.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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