गवर्नर-जनरल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

angrez gavarnar janaralon ki soochi
gavarnar janaral karyakal
raaubart klaiv 1757-1760 ee.
varen hestings 1772-1785 ee.
jaaun maikafarasan 1785-1786 ee.
laaurd kaaurnavaaulis 1786-1793 ee.
sar jaaun shor 1793-1798 ee.
laaurd velezali 1798-1805 ee.
sar jaaurj barlo 1805-1807 ee.
laaurd minto pratham 1807-1813 ee.
laaurd hestings 1813-1823 ee.
jaaun edams 1823 ee.
laaurd emaharst 1823-1828 ee.
viliyam vayale 1828 ee.
laaurd viliyam baintik 1828-1835 ee.
sar charls metakaauf (sthananpann) 1835-1836 ee.
laaurd aaukalaind 1836-1842 ee.
laaurd elanabaro 1842-1844 ee.
laaurd harding 1844-48 ee.
laaurd dalahauzi 1848-1856 ee.
laaurd kaining 1856-1862 ee.
laaurd elagin pratham 1862-1863 ee.
sar jaaun larens 1863-1869 ee.
laaurd meyo 1869-1872 ee.
laaurd narthabruk 1872-1876 ee.
laaurd litan pratham 1876-1880 ee.
laaurd ripan 1880-1884 ee.
laaurd dafarin 1884-1888 ee.
laaurd lainsadaun 1888-1894 ee.
laaurd elagin dvitiy 1894-1899 ee.
laaurd karzan 1899-1905 ee.
laaurd minto dvitiy 1905-1910 ee.
laaurd harding dvitiy 1910-1916 ee.
laaurd chemsaford 1916-1921 ee.
laaurd riding 1921-1925 ee.
laaurd litan dvitiy (sthanapann) 1925 ee.
laaurd iravin 1926-1931 ee.
laaurd vilingadan 1931-1936 ee.
laaurd linalithago 1936-1944 ee.
laaurd vevel 1944-1947 ee.
laaurd mauntabetan 1947-1948 ee.

gavarnar-janaral british bharat ka ek sarvochch adhikari ka pad hua karata tha. british bharat ke samay koee bhi bharatiy is pad par nahin rakha gaya, kyonki yah pad bahut hi mahattvapoorn pad tha aur is par sirf angrezon ka hi adhikar tha. 1858 ee. tak, gavarnar-janaral ko british eest indiya kampani ke nideshakon dvara chayanit kiya jata tha, aur vah unhin ke prati javabadeh bhi hota tha. bad men vah maharaja dvara, british sarakar dvara, bharat ke rajy sachiv dvara aur british kaibinet ke dvara; in sabhi ki ray se chayanit hone laga. 1947 ee. ke bad samrat ne usaki niyukti jari rakhi, lekin usaki niyukti bharatiy mntriyon ki ray se ki jati thi, n ki british mntriyon ki salah se. gavarnar-janaral ka karyakal panch varsh ke liye hota tha. is avadhi se pahale bhi use hataya ja sakata tha. is kal ke poorn hone par, ek asthayi gavarnar-janaral banaya jata tha, jab tak ki naya gavarnar-janaral padabhar grahan na kar le. asthayi gavarnar-janaral ko prayah prantiy gavarnaron men se hi chuna jata tha.

pad ki srishti

1773 ee. ke regyuleting ekt ke antargat is pad ki srishti ki gee. sarvapratham varen hestings is pad par niyukt hua. vah 1774 se 1786 ee. tak is pad par raha. is pad ka poora nam bngal fort viliyam ka gavarnar-janaral tha, jo 1834 ee. tak raha. 1833 ee. ke chartar ekt ke anusar is pad ka nam bharat ka gavarnar-janaral ho gaya. 1858 ee. men jab bharat ka shasan kampani ke hath se briten ki maharani ke hath men a gaya, tab gavarnar-janaral ko vaisaray (raj pratinidhi) bhi kaha jane laga. jab tak bharat par british shasan raha tab tak bharat men koee bharatiy gavarnar-janaral ya vaisaray nahin hua.

adhikar aur kartavy

1773 ee. ke reguleting ekt men gavarnar-janaral ke adhikaron aur kartavyon ka vivaran diya hua hai. bad men pit ke indiya ekt (1784) tatha poorak ekt (1786) ke anusar is adhikaron aur kartavyon ko badhaya gaya. gavarnar-janaral apani kaunsil (parishadh) ki salah evn sahayata se shasan karata tha, lekin avashyakata padane par vah parishad ki ray ki upeksha bhi kar sakata tha. is vyavastha se gavarnar-janaral vyavaharat: bharat ka bhagy-vidhata hota tha. keval sudoor sthit briten ki snsad aur bharatamntri hi us par niyntran rakh sakate the.

upadhi v sambodhan

angrez gavarnar janaral aur vayasaray
janaral aur vayasaray kary / karyakal
angrez gavarnar janaral
laaurd viliyam baintik 1833-35 ee.
sar charls maitakaph (sthananpann) 1835-36 ee.
akalaind 1836-42 ee.
laaurd elanabaro 1842-44 ee.
viliyam vilabar phors bard 1844 ee.
laaurd harding 1844-48 ee.
laaurd dalahauzi 1848-56 ee.
laaurd kaining 1856-58 ee.
angrez gavarnar janaral aur vayasaray
laaurd kaining 1858-62 ee.
laaurd elgin pratham 1862-63 ee.
sar rarbat nepiyar (sthanapann) 1863 ee.
sar viliyam ti. denisan (sthanapann) 1863 ee.
sar jaaun larens 1864-68 ee.
laaurd meyo 1869-72 ee.
sar jaaun strechi (sthanapann) 1872 ee.
laaurd narthabruk 1872-76 ee.
laaurd litan pratham 1876-80 ee.
markvis aauf ripan 1880-84 ee.
arl aauf dafarin 1984-88 ee.
laaurd lainsadaun 1988-94 ee.
laaurd elgin dvitiy 1894-99 ee.
laaurd karzan 1899-1905 ee.
laaurd empiray (sthanapann) 1904 ee.
laaurd karzan 1904-05 ee.
laaurd minto dvitiy 1905-10 ee.
laaurd hardings 1910-16 ee.
laaurd chaimsaphord 1916-21 ee.
laaurd riding 1921-25 ee.
laaurd litan dvitiy (sthanapann)
laaurd iravin 1926-31 ee.
laaurd vilingadan 1931-34 ee.
sar jaaurj stenale 1934 ee.
laaurd linalithago 1934-37 ee.
vairan vrevarn (sthanapann) 1938 ee.
laaurd linalithago 1938-43 ee.
laaurd vevel 1943-47 ee.
laaurd mauntabeten 1947 ee.
angrez janaral evn vayasarayon se sambandhit kary
varen hestings revenyoo, faujadari v apili nyayalayon ki sthapana
laaurd karnavalis sthayi bhoomi bandobast
laaurd velejali sahayak sndhi pranali
viliyam baintik sati pratha ki samapti
charls metakaph pres par pratibandh ki samapti
laaurd elanabaro sindh ka vilay
laaurd dalahauzi rel, adhunik dak, tar v pi. dablyoo. di. ki sthapana
laaurd kaining kalakatta, bambee v madras vishvavidyalay ki sthapana
laaurd litan dilli darabar, varnakyoolar pres ekt, arms ekt
laaurd ripan pratham karakhana adhiniyam, ilbart bil
laaurd karzan bngal vibhajan, prachin smarak snrakshan qanoon,

bharatiy vishvavidyalay qanoon

laaurd minto dvitiy prithak nirvachan kshetr ki vyavastha
laaurd harding bharat ki rajadhani kalakatta se dilli sthanantarit
laaurd chemsaphord raulet ekt, jaliyanvala bag htyakand
laaurd iravin gandhi iravin samajhauta (1931 ee.)
laaurd vilingadan kamyoonal avard (1932 ee.)
laaurd linalithago prantiy chunav
laaurd vevel shimala sammelan, kaibinet mishan, snvidhan sabha ki sthapana
laaurd mauntabeten bharat vibhajan evn bharat ki svatntrata

gavarnar-janaral (jab vah vaisaraauy hua karata tha, 1858 se 1947 ee. tak) 'eksilensi' ki shaili prayog kiya karate the. bharat men any sabhi sarakari adhikariyon par unaka varchasv hua karata tha. unhen 'yor eksilensi' se sambodhit kiya jata tha, tatha unake liye 'hiz eksilensi' ka prayog kiya jata tha. 1858-1947 ee. ke kal men gavarnar-janaral ko french bhasha se 'raauy' yani raja, aur 'vais' angrezi se 'up', yani inhen milakar 'vaisaraauy' kaha jata tha. inaki patniyon ko 'vaisarain' ke nam se sambodhit kiya gaya. unake liye 'har eksilensi', evn unhen 'yor eksilensi' kahakar sambodhit kiya jata tha. parantu jis samay briten ke maharaja bharat men hote the, us samay yah upadhiyan prayog nahin ki jati thin. adhikansh gavarnar-janaral evn vaisaraauy piyar the, jo nahin the, unamen sar jaaun shor baironat evn kaaurd viliyam baintik laaurd the, kyonki ve ek dyook ke putr the. keval pratham aur antim gavarnar-janaral varen hestings tatha chakravarti rajagopalachari, aur kuchh asthayi gavarnar-janaral ko koee vishesh upadhi prapt nahin thi.

svadhin bharat men gavarnar-janaral

bharat ke svadhin hone par shri rajagopalachary gavarnar-janaral ke pad par 25 janavari, 1950 tak rahe. usake bad 26 janavari, 1950 ko bharat ke ganatntr ban jane par gavarnar-janaral ka pad samapt kar diya gaya. laaurd viliyam baintik bngal men fort viliyam ka antim gavarnar-janaral tha. vahin phir 1833 ee. ke chartar ekt ke anusar bharat ka pratham gavarnar-janaral bana. laaurd kaining 1858 ke bharatiy shasan vidhan ke anusar pratham vaisaray tha, tatha laaurd linalithago antim vaisaray. laaurd mauntabetan hindustan men samrat ka antim pratinidhi tha.


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