गाडविन आस्टिन (के 2)  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Icon-edit.gif is lekh ka punarikshan evn sampadan hona avashyak hai. ap isamen sahayata kar sakate hain. "sujhav"
gadavin astin (Godwin Austin) (maunt ke-2 / K-2) parvat

gadavin astin (angrezi: Godwin Austin) (maunt ke-2 / K-2) parvat, himalay ka nahin, balki pioke men kashmir ke karakoram parvatamala shreni ki sabase oonchi choti hai, jo uttari kashmir men 35 53 u. a. aur 76 31 poo. de. par hai. yah chin ke taksakorgan tajik, jhingajiyang aur pakistan ke gilagit- baltistan ki simaon ke bich sthit hai. yah snsar men evarest ke bad doosari sabase oonchi choti hai, jo 28,250 phut / 8611 mitar oonchi hai. yah choti pray: himachchhadit tatha badalon men chhipi rahati hai. isake parshv men 30 aur 40 mil lnbi himasaritaen hain. isake nam ki himasarita to isake adhar par hi hai. himachal pradesh men 16,000 phut se adhik oonchaee par hamesha barf jami rahati hai. isalie is parvatamala ko himalay kahana sarvatha upayukt hai.

namakaran

  • isaka namakaran henari haivarasham gadavin astin (1834-1923 ee.) ke nam par hua hai jisane 19vin shatabdi ke uttarardh men isaka sarvekshan kiya tha. usane is samay isaka nam ke too (K2) rakha tha. isako sthaniy log dapsang kahate hai.
gadavin astin (ke 2)
  • is pahad ka nam 'ke-2' 1852 men british sarvekshak tiji montagomery ne diya. choonki yah karakoram parvat shrinkhala ka hissa hai, isalie 'ke' aur doosare kram par hone ke karan '2'. isaka sthaniy nam hai 'chhogori'. baltik bhasha ke is shabd ka matalab hota hai vishal pahad.
  • ke-2 ko isake vikat mausam aur kathinaiyon ke chalate 'sevej maunten' bhi kaha jata hai jisaka arth hota hai hinsak parvat. takaniki chadhaee, kathor mausam aur himaskhalan ke bhari khatare ke sath ke-2 chadhaee ke lie 'etathausendar' ke sabase mushkil pahadon men se ek hai. parvatarohi is dukhadayi parvat par joon se agast ke bich hi chadhaee ke prayas karate hain. yah ek aisa parvat hai jis par sardi ke mausam men aj tak koee bhi chadhaee nahin kar paya hai.

shikhar par vijay

  • varsh 2009 tak 305 parvatarohi ke-2 ke shikhar par pahunchane ke prayas kar chuke hain jinamen se 76 mare ge. ke-2 ka 'dedaliest eeyar' kaha jane vala varsh 1986 sabase dukhad varsh tha, jab is par 27 men se 13 parvatarohi mare ge the. ke too ko maunt evarest ki tulana men adhik kathin aur khataranak mana jata hai. ke too par 246 logon chadh chuke hain jabaki maunt evarest par 2238.
  • is choti par kee parvatarohan abhiyan hue hain jinamen ke too par chadhane ki pahali abhiyan 1902 men hua jo viphalata par samapt huee. phir 1909, 1934, 1938, 1939 aur 1953 ke lie prayas bhi viphal huee. ullekhaniy hain ki 1909, 1938 aur 1939 ee. ke abhiyan kramash: ebooji ke dyook, da. charls haustan tatha phrataz visanar ke netritv men hue the. antim abhiyan men 27,500 tak ki hi oonchaee chadhi gee thi lekin 1954 ee. ki 31 julaee men milan vishvavidyalay ke bhoogarbhashastr ke prophesar 'ardito desio' ke netritv men sarvapratham italavi abhiyanadal isaki choti par pahunchane men saphal hua tha.
bharatiy dakatikat men gadavin astin / K-2 parvat

pahala prayas

1902 men british parvatarohi elistar kraaule aur aauskar ekinastin samet 6 parvatarohiyon ka abhiyan dal ke-2 par chadhaee ka sarvapratham prayas karane pahuncha. is dal ne parvat par 68 din bitae jisamen se chadhaee ke lie anukool keval 8 din hi mil pae. inamen shikhar par pahunchane ke 5 prayas kie ge. lekin kharab mausam aur tamam pratikoolataon ke karan dal ke sabhi prayas viphal rahe aur antatah unhen har manani padi.

pahali saphalata

do itavali arohi echaeel kaaumpeganoni aur lino lasedeli ke-2 ke shikhar tak pahunchane vale pahale insan hain. unhen yah saphalata 19 julaee 1954 ko mili jise itali men kafi garv ke sath manaya gaya. lekin jab ardito desio ke netritv vali yah tim svadesh lauti tab tim ke hi vaaultar bonati ne donon par ilzam lagate hue vivad khada kar diya. lekin bad men ye ilzam jhoothe aur galatafahamijany sabit hue.

gadavin astin (ke 2)
  • 23 sal bad agast 1977 men ek japani kohe paimane chairo vashizua us par chadhane men saphal hua. usake sath asharaph vyavastha pahala pakistani tha jo is par chadha. 1978 men ek ameriki tim chadhane men saphal huee.

gaaudavin asten abhiyan

1981 men ek setelait tranjit sarve ne maoont gaaudavin asten jise ke2 ke nam se bhi jana jata hai, par ge ek ameriki abhiyan ke sath milakar yah nishkarsh nikala ki ke2 choti jise kafi lnbe samay se vishv ki doosari sabase oonchi choti ke roop men jana taja hai. darasal 26228 phoot yani 8990 mitar oonchi hai. jisase yah evarest se bhi oonchi choti ban jati hai. 1981 men kiya gaya adhyayan us samay snbhavat: adhik satik adhyayan ho. jinamen lejar renj phaidars aur prithvi ki kaksha men chakkar laga rahe upagrahon ka prayog kiya gaya tha. lekin zyadatar is nee khoj se sahamat nahin the aur evarest ko hi vishv ki sabase oonchi parvat choti manate hain. adhikatar sroton ne jinamen 1994 ki aauksaphord enasaeeklopedik varld etalas bhi shamil hai, me evarest ki oonchaee 29029 phut yani 8848 mitar bataee aur ke2 ki 28251 phut yani, 8611 mitar. is dauran 1994 ki ginij buk aauph rikardas ne risarch kanusil aauph rom ki 1987 ki vyavastha ke havale se evarest ki oonchaee 29078 phut yani 8863 mitar aur ke2 ki 28238 phut yani 8607 mitar bataee.


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