गाय  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

gay
gay
jagat enimeliya (Animalia)
sngh kaaurdeta (Chordata)
varg memeliya (Mammalia)
gan artiodaktayala (Artiodactyla)
kul bovaidi (Bovidae)
jati bos (Bos)
prajati tauras ( taurus)
dvipad nam bos tauras (Bos taurus)
pramukh naslen bharat men gay ki 28 naslen paee jati hain. red sindhi, sahival, gir, devani, tharaparakar adi naslen bharat men dudharoo gayon ki pramukh naslen hain.
hindoo dharmik manyata gay ke sharir men 33 karod devata vas karate hain, evn gau-seva karane se ek sath 33 karod devata prasann hote hain.
any janakari hindoo, gay ko 'mata' (gaumata) kahate hain. hindoo dharm men gay ki pooja ka mool arnbhik vaidik kal men khoja ja sakata hai.
gay (angrezi: Cow, vaigyanik nam: bos tauras: Bos taurus) ek mahattvapoorn palatoo janavar hai. isase hamen uttam kism ka doodh prapt hota hai. red sindhi, sahival, gir, devani, tharaparakar adi naslen bharat men dudharoo gayon ki pramukh naslen hain. bharat men gay ki 28 naslen paee jati hain. hindoo, gay ko 'mata' (gaumata) kahate hain. hindoo dharm men yah vishvas hai ki gay devatv aur prakritik kripa ki pratinidhi hai, aur isalie isaki raksha tatha pooja ki jani chahie. hindoo dharm men gay ki pooja ka mool arnbhik vaidik kal men khoja ja sakata hai. bharopiy log, jinhonne doosari sahasrabdi ee.poo. men bharat men pravesh kiya, ve pashupalak the. pashuon ka bada arthik mahattv tha, jo vaidik dharm men bhi dikhaee deta hai. yadyapi prachin bharat men gayon aur bailon ki bali di jati thi aur unaka mans khaya jata tha. lekin dudharoo gayon ki bali kramash: bnd ki ja rahi thi. jaise mahabharat v manusmriti ke hisson men aur rigved men dudharoo gay ko pahale se hi 'avadhy' kaha gaya tha.
gau (gayen)

gay ki poojyata ka snket upachar shuddhikaran aur prayashchit ke snskaron men pnchagavy, gay ke panch utpadan, doodh dahi, makkhan, mootr aur gobar ke prayog se milata hai. bad men ahinsa ke adarsh ke uday ke sath gay ahinsak udarata ke jivan ka pratik ban gee. sath hi is tathy ke adhar par ki usake utpadan poshan pradan karate hain. gay ko matritv aur dharati man se bhi snbaddh kiya gaya. gay ko pahale pahal brahman (ya purohit) varg ke sath bhi joda gaya aur use marana kabhi-kabhi (brahmanon dvara) brahm hatya jaisa nindaniy kary mana jata tha. eesa ki pahali shatabdi ke madhy men gupt rajaon dvara gay ki hatya karane par mrityudnd ka pravadhan kiya gaya.

dharmik manyataen

bharatiy parnpara ke anusar gay ke sharir men 33 karod devata vas karate hain, evn gau-seva karane se ek sath 33 karod devata prasann hote hain. gay ka vishisht snbndh kee devataon, visheshakar shiv jinaka vahan bail hai. indr manokamana poorn karane vali gay, kamadhenu se nikat se snbaddh, krishn apani yuvavastha men ek gvale aur samany roop se deviyon ke sath unamen se kee ke matrivat gunon ke karan joda jata hai. 19 shatabdi ke bad ke dashakon men visheshakar uttari bharat men ek go raksha andolan shuroo hua, jisane hinduon ko ekikrit karane aur ek samooh ke roop men unhen musalamanon se alag karane ka prayas yah mang karake kiya ki sarakar go hatya par pratibndh lagae. rajanitik aur dharmik uddeshyon ka yah ghalamel samay-samay par kee dngon ka karan bana aur antat: 1947 men bharatiy upahadvip ke vibhajan men bhi isaki bhoomika rahi.

hindoo snskriti men gay

gay nirbal din hin jivon ka pratinidhitv karati hai, saralata, shuddhata, aur satvikata ki moorti hai. gau mata ki pith men brahma, gale men vishnu aur mukh men rudr nivas karate hain, madhy bhag men sabhi devagan aur rom rom men sabhi 'maharshi' basate hain. shrikrishn ko ham gopal krishn, govind kahate hain. gay prithvi, brahman aur dev ki pratik hai. gau raksha aur gau snvardhan hinduon ke avashyak kartavy mane jate hain. sabhi danon men 'godan' ka mahattv sarvadhik mana jata hai.

gau mata

hindoo snskriti ke anusar jis ghar men gay nivas karati hain evn jahan gau seva hoti hai, us ghar se samast samasyaen koson door rahati hain. bharatiy snskriti ke anusar gay ko apani mata ke saman snmman diya jata hain is liye gay ko gau-mata kahakar pukarate hain.

kamadhenu

kamadhenu ka varnan pauranik gathaon men ek aisi chamatkari gay ke roop men milata hai jisamen daiviy shaktiyan thi aur jisake darshan matr se hi logo ke duahkh v pida door ho jati thi yah kamadhenu jisake pas hoti thi use har tarah se chamatkarik labh hota tha. usaka doodh amrit ke saman tha. krishn katha men ankit sabhi patr kisi n kisi karanavash shapagrast hokar janme the. kashyap ne varun se kamadhenu mangi thi phir lautayi nahin, at: varun ke shap se ve gvale hue. jaise devataon men bhagavan vishnu, sarovaron men samudr, nadiyon men gnga, parvaton men himalay, bhakton men narad, sabhi puriyon men kailash, sampoorn kshetron men kedar kshetr shreshth hai, vaise hi gooon men kamadhenu sarvashreshth hai. kamadhenu sabaka palan karane vali hai. mata svaroopini hain- sab ichchhaen poorn karane vali hai. jab bhagavan vishnu svayn kachchhaparoop dharan karake mandarachal ke adhar banen. is prakar manthan karane par kshirasagar se kramash: kalakoot vish, kamadhenu, uchchaishrava namak ashv, airavat hathi, kaustubhramani, kalpavriksh, apsaraen, lakshmi, varuni, chandrama, shnkh, shanrg dhanush, dhanavantari aur amrit prakat hue.

aushadhiy mahattv

  • gay ka doodh amrit ke saman hai, gay se prapt doodh, ghi, makkhan se manav sharir pusht banata hai.
  • gay ke gobar ka prayog chulhen banane, angan lipane evn mngal karyo men liya jata hai, aur yahan tak ki gay ke mootr se bhi vibhinn prakar ki davaiyan banaee jati hai, gay ke mootr men kainsar, tivi jaise gnbhir rogon se ladane ki kshamata hoti hain, jise vaigyanik bhi man chuke hai, tatha gau-mootr ke sevan karane se pet ke sabhi vikar door hote hain.
  • bharatiy snskriti ke anusar gay hi aisa pashujiv hai, jo any pashuon men sarvashreshth aur buddhiman mana hai.
  • jyotish shastr men bhi nav grahon ke ashubh prabhav se mukti pane ke liye gay ka hi varnan kiya gaya hain.
  • yadi bachche ko bachapan men gay ka doodh pilaya jae to bachche ki buddhi kushagr hoti hai.
  • gay ki seva se bhagavan shiv bhi prasann hote hain.
  • hath-panv men jalan hone par gay ke ghi se malish karane par aram milega.
  • sharab, ganje ya bhang ka nasha zyada ho jay to gay ka ghi men do tola chini milakar dene men 15 minat men nasha kam ho jayega.
  • jal jane vale sthan ya ghav ko pani se dhokar gay ka ghi lagane se phaphole kam ho jate hain aur jalan kam ho jati hai.
  • bachchon ko sardi ya kaph ki shikayat ho jaye to gay ke ghi se chhati aur pith par malish karane se turant aram milata hai
  • kisi manushy ko agar hichaki aye to use rokane ke liye adha chammach gay ka ghi pilane se hichaki ruk jati hai.
  • yadi kisi manushy ko sarp kat jaye to use 70 ya 150 gram gay ka taja ghi pilakar 40-50 minat bad jitana garm pani pi saken, pilayen. isake bad ulti-dast honge, isake bad vish ka prabhav kam hone lagega.[1]

vaigyanik mahattv

gay

gay ek stanapayi jiv hai. duniya men stanapayi jivon ki koee 5000 prajatiyan paee jati hain, jinhen tin vargon men banta ja sakata hai-

  1. ek varg hai monotrims (Monotremes) ka, jo ande dete hain.
  2. doosara varg hai marasupials (Marsupials) ka, jinake bachche kam vikasit avastha men paida hote hain aur phir man ki thaili men palate hain.
  3. tisara varg hai plasenatals (Placentals) ka, jinake bachche garbh men palate hain.


lekin uparokt sabhi garm khoon aur ridh ki haddi vale, chaupae jiv hain, jo apane bachche ko doodh pilate hain. gay plasenatals varg ke artiodektail (Artiodactyla) upavarg men ati hai.[2]

gay ekamatr aisa prani hai, jo aauksijan grahan karata hai aur aauksijan hi chhodata hai. gay ke mootr men poteshiyam, sodiyam, naitrojan, phasphet, yooriya, yoorik esid hota hai, doodh dete samay gay ke mootr men lektoj ki vriddhi hoti hai, jo hriday rogon ke lie labhakari hai. gay ka doodh phait rahit parntu shaktishali hota hai, use pine se motapa nahin badhata tatha striyon ke pradar rog adi men labh hota hai. gay ke gobar ke knde se dhuan karane par kitanu, machchhar adi bhag jate hain tatha durgndh ka nash hota hai. gay ke samip jane se hi snkramak rog kaph sardi, khansi, jukam ka nash ho jata hai. gaumootr ka ek pav roz subah khali pet sevan karane se kainsar jaisa rog bhi nasht ho jata hai. gay ke sing gay ke raksha kavach hote hain. gay ko isake dvara sidhe taur par prakritik oorja milati hai. yah ek prakar se gay ko eeshvar dvara pradatt entina upakaran hai. gay ki mrityu ke 45 sal bad tak bhi yah surakshit bane rahate hain. gay ki mrityu ke bad usake sing ka upayog shreth gunavatta ki khad banane ke lie prachin samay se hota a raha hai. gay ke gobar men vitamin bi-12 prachur matra men paya jata hai. yah rediyodharmita ko bhi sokh leta hai.

gay ki upasthiti ka paryavaran ke lie ek mahattvapoorn yogadan hai, prachin grnth batate hain ki gay ki pith par ke sooryaketu snayu hanikarak vikiran ko rok kar vatavaran ko svachchh banate hain. krishi men gay ke gobar ki khady, aushadhi aur udyogon se paryavaran men kafi sudhar hai. jutaee karate samay girane vale gobar aur gaumootr se bhoomi men svatah khad dalati jati hai. prakriti ke 99% kit pranali ke liye labh dayak hai, gaumootr ya khamir hue chhachh se bane kitanashak in sahayak kiton ko prabhavit nahin karate ek gay ka gobar 7 ekad bhoomi ko khad aur mootr 100 ekad bhoomi ki phasal ko kiton se bacha sakata hai. chay, kaaufi jaise lokapriy pey padarthon men doodh ek jaroori padarth hai, bharat men aisi anek mithaiyan jo gau doodh par adharit hoti hai. dahi, makkhan aur ghi bharatiy bhojan ke avashyak ang hain. ghi men tale vynjanon ka khad apratim hota hai. chhachh n keval pyas bujhati hain balki bahut se prachalit vynjanon ka adhar hai.

dharmik mahattv

  • bharatiy snskriti ke anusar gay aur mndiron ka ek doosare se mazaboot rishta hai, dharmik anushthanon men gay ki apani ek mahattvapoorn bhoomika hai.
  • gay ko daivik mana gaya hai, tatha hindoo snskriti ke anusar din ki shuruat gay ki pooja se shuroo hoti hai. gay ko khilana aur usaki pooja karana daivik anushthan hai .
  • parivarik utsavon tatha tyoharon men gay ki pradhanata hai, aise anek tyohar hai, jahan gay apana ek pramukh sthan rakhati hai.
  • anek mndiron ke praveshadvar par gay ka chhappar hota hai jisase manushy men pavitrata ki bhavana badhati hai.
  • hinduon ke har dharmik karyon men sarvapratham poojy ganesh unaki mata parvati ko gay ke gobar se bane pooja sthal men rakha jata hai.

gopashtami

braj snskriti ka yah ek pramukh parv hai. gayon ki raksha karane ke karan bhagavan shrikrishn ji ka atipriy nam 'govind' pada. kartik, shukl paksh, pratipada se saptami tak go-gop-gopiyon ki raksha ke lie govardhan parvat ko dharan kiya tha. 8ven din indr ahnkararahit hokar bhagavan ki sharan men aye. kamadhenu ne shrikrishn ka abhishek kiya aur usi din se inaka nam govind pada. isi samay se ashtami ko goposhtami ka parv manaya jane laga, jo ki ab tak chala a raha hai. is din prat: kal gayon ko snan karaen tatha gndh-dhoop-pushp adi se pooja karen aur anek prakar ke vastralnkaron se alnkrit karake gvalon ka poojan karen, gayon ko go-gras dekar unaki pradakshina karen aur thodi door tak unake sath men jaen to sabhi prakar ki abhisht siddhi hoti hain. gopashtami ko sanyakal gayen charakar jab vapas ayen to us samay bhi unaka abhivadan aur pnchopachar poojan karake kuchh bhojan karaen aur unaki charan raj ko mathe par dharan karen. usase saubhagy ki vriddhi hoti hai. bharatavarsh ke pray: sabhi bhagon men gopashtami ka utsav bade hi ullas se manaya jata hai. visheshakar goshalaon tatha pinjara polo ke lie yah bade hi mahattv ka utsav hai. is din goshalaon ki snstha ko kuchh dan dena chahie. is prakar se sara din go-charcha men hi lagana chahie. aisa karane se hi go vnsh ki sachchi unnati ho sakegi, jis par hamari unnati solah ane nirbhar hai. gay ki raksha ko hamari raksha samajhana chahie. is din gayon ko nahalakar nana prakar se sajaya jata hai aur menhadi ke thape tatha haldi roli se poojan kar unhen vibhinn bhojan karaye jate hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. gay ke ghi ka aushadhiy gun (hindi) (pi.ech.pi) merapahadforum.com. abhigaman tithi: 5 faravari, 2011.
  2. gay ka vaigyanik nam kya hai (hindi) bbc.com. abhigaman tithi: 11 aktoobar, 2017.

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