गुजरात  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Home-icon.png vistar men padhen gujarat prangan (portal)


India-flag.gif
gujarat
Gujarat-Map-1.jpg
rajadhani gandhinagar
rajabhasha(en) gujarati, hindi, angrezi, urdoo, pnjabi, marathi
sthapana 1 mee, 1960
janasnkhya 60,383,628[1]
· ghanatv 258 /varg kimi
kshetraphal 1,96,024 varg kilomitar[1](desh men chhathavan sthan)
bhaugolik nirdeshank 23.2167°N 72.6833°E
tapaman 30 °C (ausat)
· grishm 25 - 15 °C
· sharad 15 - 35° C
varsha 93.2 mimi
zile 33
sabase bada nagar ahamadabad
bade nagar joonagadh, jamanagar, rajakot, bhavanagar, gandhinagar, vadodara
mukhy aitihasik sthal somanath, saurashtr, lnghanaj, dhaulavira, khnbhat, surakotada, anhilavad, rngapur
mukhy paryatan sthal dvarikadhish mndir, kachchh ka ran, nageshvar jyotirling, aksharadham mndir, lothal adi
ling anupat 1000:920 ♂/♀
saksharata 79.31%
· stri 57.8%
· purush 79.7%
uchch nyayalay gujarat haeekort, ahamadabad
rajyapal om prakash kohali[2]
mukhyamntri vijay rupani[3]
vidhanasabha sadasy 182
lokasabha kshetr 26
rajyasabha sadasy 11
rajakiy pashu girasinh
rajakiy pakshi hnsavar
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait
adyatan‎
Gujarat Logo.png

gujarat (angrezi: Gujarat) pashchimi bharat men sthit ek rajy hai. isaki uttari-pashchimi sima jo antarrashtriy sima bhi hai, pakistan se lagi hai. prachinata evn aitihasikata ki drishti se gujarat, bharat ka atynt mahattvapoorn rajy hai. isaki uttari-pashchimi sima pakistan se lagi hai. gujarat ka kshetraphal 1,96,024 varg kilomitar hai.[1] yahan mile puratatvik avasheshon se prapt janakari ke anusar is rajy men manav sabhyata ka vikas 5 hazar varsh pahale ho chuka tha. kaha jata hai ki ee. poo. 2500 varsh pahale pnjab se hadappa vasiyon ne kachchh ke ran par kar narmada ki upatyaka men maujooda gujarat ki ninv dali thi. gujarat ee.poo. tisari shatabdi men maury samrajy men shamil tha. joonagadh ke abhilekh se is bat ki pushti hoti hai. panchavin shatabdi men hoonon ke akraman ke bad uttarakhnd se gurjaron ka is kshetr men agaman hua. gujarat par chauthi-panchavin shatabdi ke dauran gupt vnsh ka shasan raha. nauvin shatabdi men solnki vnsh ka shasan raha. 10 vin shatabdi men moolaraj solnki ne adhunik gujarat ki sthapana ki. gujaratavasi vanijy vyapar men kushal hote hai. videshon men base asnrath gujaratavasiyon ne apane vyapar kaushal se antarrashtriy paridrishy men bhi khyati arjit ki hai. mahatma gandhi ka janm pradesh gujarat drut gati se audyogik vikas kar raha hai.

namakaran

gujarat nam, gurjaratra se aya hai. gurjaron ka samrajy 6thin se 12vin sadi tak gurjaratra ya gurjar-bhoomi ke nam se jana jata tha. gurjar ek samuday hai.[4]prachin mahakavi rajashekhar ne gurjaron ka sambandh sooryavnsh ya raghuvnsh se bataya hai.[5] kuchh vidvanh inhen madhy-eshiya se aye ary bhi batate hain. gurjaron ki bhoomi ke roop men gujarat ko jana jata hai. is prakar goorjararashtr se vikrit hote-hote usaka namntaran gujarat ke roop men hua.

itihas

gujarat ka itihas eesvi poorv lagabhag 2,000 sal purana hai. yah bhi manyata hai ki bhagavan krishn mathura chhodakar saurashtr ke pashchimi tat par ja base the, jo dvaraka arthath 'praveshadvar' kahalaya. bad ke varshon men maury, gupt, pratihar tatha any anek rajavnshon ne is pradesh par shasan kiya. chaluky, solnki rajaon ka shasan kal gujarat ke lie pragati aur samriddhi ka yug tha. mahamood gazanavi ki lootapat ke bad bhi chaluky rajaon ne yahan ke logon ki samriddhi aur bhalaee ka poora dhyan rakha. is gauravapoorn kal ke pashchath gujarat ko musalamanon, marathon aur british shasan ke dauran bure dinon ka samana karana pada. azadi se pahale aj ka gujarat mukhy roop se do bhagon men vibhajit tha-
lothal basti aur nagar ka prasiddh jal snsadhan tntr, parikalpit chitr
  1. ek british kshetr aur
  2. doosara desi riyasaten.

rajyon ke punargathan ke karan saurashtr ke rajyon aur kachchh ke kendr shasit pradesh ke sath poorv british gujarat ko milakar dvibhashi munbee rajy ka gathan hua. pahali mee, 1060 ko vartaman gujarat rajy astitv men aya. gujarat bharat ke pashchimi tat par sthit hai. isake pashchim men arab sagar, uttar men pakistan tatha uttar-poorvi sima par rajasthan, dakshin-poorvi sima par madhy pradesh aur dakshin men maharashtr hai.

  • gujarat rajy ka itihas sindhu ghati sabhyata ke samakalin hai arthath isaka itihas lagabhag 2000 ee. poo. purana hai. hal ke puratatvik utkhanan (dvaraka men) se mithak bane shri krishn ki aitihasikata siddh ho gayi hai, jisaka samay 3000 ee. poo. se bhi purana mana jata hai.
  • gujarat men sindhu ghati sabhyata ka mahattvapoorn kendr lothal tha, jo us samay ka ek mahattvapoorn bandaragah tha. sindhu sabhyata se snbndhit sthal sutakotada bhi isi pradesh men tha.
  • adhunik khudaee se sindhu sabhyata se snbndhit ek pramukh sthal dhaulavira prakash men aya hai jo isi pradesh men tha.
  • gujarat par kramashah maury, gupt, pratihar tatha unake paravarti rajavnshon ne shasan kiya, kintu gujarat men pragati tatha samriddhi chaluky (solnki) rajaon ke samay men hueen. isalie is kal ko gujarat ke itihas men svarnim kal kaha jata hai.
  • gupt senapati bhattarak dvara vallabhi men panchavin shatabdi ke antim charan men ek naye rajavnsh ki ninv rakhi gee jise maitrak rajavnsh ke nam se jana jata hai.
  • 475 ee. men maitrakon ke saradar bhattarak ki niyukti vahan senapati ke pad par huee thi.
  • bhattarak tatha usake putr donon ne apane sath senapati ki padavi ka hi istemal kiya
  • maitrakon ke tisare raja dron sinh dvara sarvapratham maharaja ki upadhi dharan ki gee.
  • maitrakon ka pratham tithiyukt abhilekh guptasnvat 206 (526 ee.) ko dhruvasen pratham ka prapt hua hai.
  • maitrak shasak dhruvasen dvitiy ki shadi harshavardhan ki putri ke sath huee thi.
  • dhruvasen dvitiy ke samay hi hvenasang gujarat aya tha.
  • maitrakon ke samay vallabhi shiksha ka prasiddh kendr thi.
  • gujarat (anhilavad ya anhilapatak) ke chaluky (solnki) rajy ke snsthapak gurjar jati ke neta vanaraj ko mana jata hai, jisane 765 ee. men is vnsh ki ninv dali. halanki solnki vnsh ka pratham shasak moolaraj (947-995) ko mana jata hai.
  • bhimadev pratham (1022-1064) ke kal men mahamood gazanavi tatha bhim dvitiy ke kal muhammad gori ka akraman anhilavad ko jhelana pada.
  • solnki rajavnsh ke bad dakshin gujarat ke baghelon ke shasan ki sthapana huee jisaki ninv lavan prasad baghel dvara dali gee.
  • 13vin sadi ke ant men yah pradesh alauddin khilaji ke adhikar men chala gaya. kuchh samay bad gujarat ke sulatan svatntr ho ge. inhin men se ahamadashah pratham ne 15 vin sadi ke poorvarddh men ahamadabad ki sthapana ki.
  • mahamood baghera ke samay men gujarat bahut samriddh hua lekin ant men 16 vin sadi men akabar ne is pradesh par adhikar kar liya.
  • varsh 1800 men angrezon ne soorat par kabza kar liya varsh 1947 men bharat ke svatntr hone tak ve hi gujarat par rajy karate rahe.
  • gujarat ka bharat ke svatntr sngram men mahattvapoorn yogadan raha hai. kyonki is pradesh ne rashtr ko mahatma gandhi tatha saradar ballabh bhaee patel jaise neta die.
  • rashtrapita mahatma gandhi ki janm sthali gujarat ka hi ek ganv porabandar hai.
  • kuvanshi gujarat ke moravi shahar se 25 kilo mitar ki doori par sthit ek chhota sa ganv hai. kuvanshi ganv men 4,000 varsh purani sabhyata ke avashesh prapt hue hain.
  • padari gujarat ke bhavanagar zile men sthit hai. padari se hadappaee nagar, hadappa poorv v vikasit hadappa kal ke do sanskritik charanon ko spasht karata hai.

bharatiy svatntrata andolan men yogadan

bharatiy svatntrata andolan men gujarat ke anek svatntrata senaniyon ne yogadan diya hai jisamen se pramukh hain- kastooraba gandhi, mahatma gandhi, ashvini kumar datt, saradar patel, jivaraj mehata, hnsa mehata, ganesh vasudev mavalnkar, vitthaladas jhaverabhaee patel, mahadev desaee, manibhaee desaee adi.

sthapana

bharat ke svatntr hone ke samay yah pradesh mumbee rajy ka ang tha. alag gujarat ka janm 1 mee, 1960 ko hua.

bhaugolik snrachana

gujarat ko tin bhaugolik kshetron men banta gaya hai jaise-

  1. saurashtr prayadvip- jo moolatah ek pahadi kshetr hai, bich-bich men madhyam oonchaee ke parvat hain.
  2. kachchh- jo poorvottar men ujad aur chattani hai. vikhyat kachchh ka ran isi kshetr men hai.
  3. gujarat ka maidan- jo kachchh ke ran aur aravali ki pahadiyon se lekar daman gnga tak phaili hai.

gujarat ki sabase oonchi choti girinar pahadiyon men sthit gorakhanath ki choti hai, jo 1117 mitar oonchi hai. gujarat ki jalavayu ooshn pradeshiy aur manasooni hai. varsha ki kami ke karan is pradesh men retili aur baluee mitti payi jati hai. pradesh men poorv ki or uttari gujarat men varsha ki matr 50 semi tak hoti hai. isake dakshin ki or madhy gujarat men mitti kuchh adhik upajaoo hai tatha jalavayu bhi apekshayata ardr hai. varsha 75 semi tak hoti hai. narmada, tapti, sabaramati, sarasvati, mahi, bhadar, banas, aur vishvamitr is pradesh ki suparichit nadiyan hain. 'saradar sarovar' duniya ka doosara sabase bada bandh hai. narmada nadi par sthit yah bandh 800 mitar ooncha hai. narmada nadi par banane vale 30 bandhon men saradar sarovar aur maheshvar do sabase badi bandh pariyojanaen hain, kintu inaka har bar virodh hota raha hai. in pariyojanaon ka uddeshy gujarat ke sookhagrast ilaqon men pani pahunchana aur madhy pradesh ke lie bijali paida karana hai. kark rekha is rajy ki uttari sima se hokar gujarati hai, atah yahan garmiyon men khoob garmi tatha sardiyon men khoob sardi padati hai. shaharikaran ki prakriya ne rajy ke vibhinn kshetron men vibhinn kuchh svaroop dharan kie hain. rajy ka sarvadhik shaharikrit kshetr ahamadabad-vadodara audyogik patti hai. rashtriy rajamarg snkhya-8 ke kinare uttar men oonjha se dakshin men vapi ke audyogik maidan men ek vrihadanagariy kshetr[6] ubhar raha hai. saurashtr krishi kshetr men kramik basav pranali ko dekha ja sakata hai, jabaki uttar aur poorv ke bahy kshetron men bikhari huee chhoti-chhoti bastiyan hain, jo shushk, parvatiy ya vanachchhadit kshetr hain. adivasi janasnkhya inhin simant anutpadak kshetron men kendrit hai.

sima kshetr

bharat ke pashchimi tat par sthit pashchim men arab sagar, uttar tatha uttar-poorv men kramashah pakistan tatha rajasthan dakshin- poorv men madhy pradesh tatha dakshin men maharashtr hai.

bhoo-akriti

gujarat atyadhik vishamata vala rajy hai. isake pashchimi tat aur munbee (bhootapoorv bnbee) ke uttar men nam urvar chaval utpadak maidanon se lekar pashchimottar men kachchh ke lagabhag varshavihin lavaniy registan hain. kachchh zila dakshin men kachchh ki khadi tatha uttar v poorv men pakistan v mukhy bharatiy bhoomi se kachchh ke ran dvara vibhajit hai, jisaka varnan lagabhag 20,720 varg kimi kshetr men vistrit ek vishal lavaniy daladal ke roop men behatar tarike se kiya ja sakata hai. varsha ke mausam men, chahe kitani bhi kam varsha kyon n huee ho, ran men badh a jati hai. aur kachchh ek dvip men parivartit ho jata hai; shushk mausam men yah andhiyon se bhara ek retila namakin maidan hai. kachchh ke dakshin men kathiyavad (saurashtr) ka ek bada prayadvip hai, jo kachchh ki khadi aur khnbhat ki khadi ke bich men hai. yah bhi ek bnjar kshetr hai, jisake samudr tat se oopar uthate hue kendr men viral jhadidar vanon vala nichala laharadar parvatiy kshetr hai. yahan ke pramukh nagar apekshakrit urvar kshetr men sthit hain, jo pahale chhote-chhote rajyon ki rajadhani the. yahan ki mitti zyadatar nimn koti ki hai, jo kee prakar ki prachin ravedar chattanon se vyutpann hai, lekin utkrisht bhavan nirman men kam ane vala porabndar ka patthar rajy ke moolyavan utpadon men ata hai. mausami nalon ke alava nadiyan nahin hain. prayadvip ke dakshini kinare par bhootapoorv purtagali kshetr div hai. poorvottar gujarat mukhyat: chhote maidanon aur chhoti-chhoti pahadiyon vala kshetr hai. rajy ka uchchatam bindu giranar ki pahadi (1,117 mitar) men hai. yahan varsha kam hoti hai. aur janavari men tapaman lagabhag himank bindu tak pahunch jata hai, jabaki garmi ke mausam men tapaman 48 se darj kiya gaya hai. yahan ki fasalon men mukhyat: jvar-bajara aur thodi matra men kapas hai.

jalavayu

madhy gujarat ke dakshini hisse men varsha dar adhik aur tapaman men antar kam hai; aur mitti zyada upajaoo hai, jo anshat: dakkan kshetr ke baisalt chattanon se vyutpann huee hai. is kshetr ka kendr vadodara (badauda) shahar hai, jo pahale ek samriddh aur shaktishali rajy ki rajadhani tha aur jisaka dakshini hissa ab vadodara zila hai. yahan ki mahattvapoorn nadi narmada hai, jo khnbhat ki khadi men girati hai. narmada aur tapi (tapti) nadi dvara gad jama kie jane ke karan khnbhat ki khadi ki gaharaee kam ho gee hai aur yahan ke bhootapoorv bndaragahon ka patan ho gaya. dakshini gujarat men bharooch aur soorat zile apani urvar mitti aur uchch qism ki kapas ki fasalon ke lie prasiddh hain. tapi nadi poorv disha se gahari khaiyon se hokar soorat se guzarati hai. dakshini gujarat ka poorvi hissa pahadi hai. vastav men, pashchimi ghat ke uttari vistar ke karan varshayukt grishm manasooni havaon se atyadhik barish hoti hai. isase age dakshin men parvat vanachchhadit hain. isi kshetr men chhota deng zila hai. tatiy maidanon men jalavayu men lagabhag samanata rahati hai yahan 2,000 mimi ke lagabhag varsha hoti hai.

gujarat men vanakshetr matr 10 pratishat hai, jo manaviy gatividhiyon ke sath-sath kam varsha ko pratibinbat karati hai. apekshakrit shushk kshetron men jhadidar jngal pae jate hain, jahan babool akakiya, karil, bharatiy ber aur datuni jhadiyan[7] paee jane vali pramukh prajatiyan hain. 1,016 mimi varshik varsha dar vali kathiyavad uchchabhoomi aur poorvottar mukhyabhoomi men sagaun, kattha, gond (baikaligam), kili vriksh aur bngal kino[8] jaise parnapati vriksh pae jate hain. parnapati van apekshakrit nam dakshini aur poorvi pahadiyon men kendrit hain. inase mulayam tomentosa (ghan-rom), vengaee padauk (mahogani jaisa), malabar simal aur hridayakar pattiyon vale adina jaisi kimati lakadiyan prapt hoti hai. kathiyavad ka pashchimi tat shaival ke lie jana jata hai, jabaki poorvi tat se papairas ya patera paudha (saiperas papairas) paya jata hai. kathiyavad ke gir rashtriy udyan men eshiyaee prajati ki ekamatr jati bharatiy sinh hai. kachchh ke chhote ran ke pas ek abhayarany men shesh bache hue bharatiy jngali gadhe pae jate hain. ahamadabad ke nikat ka nalasarovar pakshi abhayarany saiberiya ke maidanon v any sthanon se shit ritu men lagabhag 140 prakar ke pravasi pakshiyon ko apani or akarshit karata hai. inamen saras, brahmani battakh, sonachiraiya, pelikan, panakauva, aibis, lakalak (staaurk), bagula aur vak shamil hain. bharat men kachchh ka ran hnsavar (flemingau) ka ekamatr prajanan sthal hai. gujarat men samudri aur mithe pani ki machhaliyan pakadi jati hain. pakadi jane vali machhaliyon men paaumfre saaulaman, hilsa, jyoofish (saiena), jhinga, baaumbe dak (khady machhali) aur tyoona machhali shamil hain.

arthavyavastha

rng birngi moongaphali, gujarat

jalavayu snbndhi pratikool paristhiyan, mrida aur jal ki lavanata aur chattani ilaqe aisi bhautik samasyaen hain, jinhonne gujarat ki krishi gatividhiyon ko avaruddh kiya. rajy zyadatar sinchaee par nirbhar hai. bhoojal ki upayogi ko badhane ki avashyakata hai, kyonki bhoomigat jal star lagatar girata ja raha hai. yah avashyak hai ki narmada nahar pranali ka parichalan sinchaee ke lie ho. mukhy khady fasalon men jvar-bajara, chaval aur gehoon shamil hain. gujarat men naqadi fasalon ka utpadan mahattvapoorn hai. gujarat kapas, tnbakoo aur moongaphali ka utpadan karane vale desh ka pramukh rajy hai tatha yah kapada tel aur sabun jaise mahattvapoorn udyogon ke lie kachcha mal upalabdh karata hai. disambar 2002 men rajy men pnjikrit chaloo phaiktariyon ki snkhya 19,696 thi, jinamen ausat 8.4 lakh dainik mazadooron ko rozagar mila hua tha. laghu udyog kshetr men sitambar 2003 tak rajy men 2.83 lakh laghu audyogik ikaiyon ka pnjikaran ho chuka tha. disambar 2003 tak gujarat audyogik vikas nigam ne 241 audyogik snpadaen sthapit ki thin. gujarat paitroliyam ke utpadan men tisara bada kshetr hai. yahan ke mukhy petroliyam utpadak kshetr khambhat ki khadi ankaleshvar, badodara, mehasana tatha ahamadabad hain. gujarat rajy ka bharat men kapas aur moongaphali utpadan men pratham aur tambakoo utpadan men dvitiy sthan hai. halanki zyadatar log krishi men snlagn hain, par yahan ek sugathit aur apekshakrit samaddh vanijyik samuday bhi hai, jo vyapar aur vanijy men taraqqi kar raha hai. vyapar men snlagn gujarati log desh bhar aur videshon men bhi phaile hue hain, bharat ki audyogik arthavyavastha men gujarat ka sthan agrani hai. yah rajy choona-patthar, mainganiz jipsam, kailsait aur baauksait jaisi khanij snpada se samriddh hai. yahan par lignait, kvartaz yukt ret, gomed (eget) aur felsapar ke bhi bhndar hain. asam ke sath gujarat bhi ek pramukh petroliyam utpadak rajy hai. soda aish aur namak ke mamale men kul rashtriy utpad ka sarvadhik hissa yahin se ata hai. siment, vanaspati tel, rasayan aur sooti vastr ke udyog mahattvapoorn hain. aushadhi udyog vadodara, ahamadabad aur atul (valasad) men kendrit hai, jo bharat ke kul utpadan ke ek bade hisse ka nirman karate hain. koyali ke nikat sthit tel parishodhanashala ne asapas ke petro rasayan udyog ke tivr vikas men bhoomika nibhaee hai. sahakari vanijyik deyari udyog bhi mahattvapoorn hai. dugdh utpadan men "shvet kranti" isi rajy men huee thi aur yah bharat ke bachchon ke lie dugdh khady ke kul utpadan ka 4/5 hisse ka utpadan karata hai. laghu udyogon ka niyamit vikas mahattvapoorn hai. mazadooron ki samasya par gandhivadi marg-saty par dridh nirbharata, ahinsa, madhyasthata dvara samajhauta, nyoonatam mangen aur akhiri upay ke roop men hadatal ke prayog-ne gujarat men audyogik snbndhon par gahara prabhav dala hai, jisaki vajah se yah rajy mazadoor asntosh se apekshakrit svatntr hai. yah pradesh deyari udyog men agrani hai. gujarat ke anand men neshanal deyari devalapament bord ka mukhyalay hai.

  • soorat men hira tarashane aur paaulish karane ka udyog unnat dasha men hai.
  • gujarat bharat ka sabase pramukh namak utpadan rajy hai. yahan desh ka 60 pratishat namak taiyar kiya jata hai.
  • vyapar ki drishti se samudr tatavarti is pradesh ka bahut mahatv hai. pradesh men kul 40 bandaragah hain, jinamen kandala jaisi navanirmit aur vikasit bandagah bhi shamil hai.
  • garibi rekha ke niche jivan basar karane vale vyaktiyon ka pratishat (1999-2000) -14.07 pratishat.

krishi

pani bharati gramin mahilayen, gujarat
  • gujarat kapas, tnbakoo aur moongaphali ka utpadan karane vala desh ka pramukh rajy hai.
  • yah kapada, tel aur sabun jaise mahattvapoorn udyogon ke lie kachcha mal upalabdh karata hai. any mahattvapoorn nakadi fasalen hain - isabagol, dhan, gehoon aur bajara.
  • gujarat ke vanon men upalabdh vrikshon ki jatiyan hain- sagavan, khair, haladariyo, sadad aur bans.
  • kul khadyann utpadan (1999- 2000) -4,051,700 tan.

udyog

rajy ke audyogik dhanche men dhire-dhire vividhata ati ja rahi hai. yahan rasayan, petro-rasayan, urvarak, injiniyaring, ilektraauniks adi udyogon ka vikas raha hai.

  • 2004 ke ant men rajy men pnjikrit phaiktariyon ki snkhya 21,536 (asthaee) thi jinamen ausatan 9.27 lakh dainik mazadooron ko rozagar mila hua tha.
  • march, 2005 tak rajy men 2.99 lakh laghu audyogik ikaiyon ka pnjikaran ho chuka tha.
  • gujarat audyogik vikas nigam ko dhanchagat suvidhaon ke sath audyogik snpadaon ke vikas ki bhoomika saunpi gee hai.
bazar ka ek drishy, ahamadabad
  • disnbar, 2005 tak gujarat audyogik vikas nigam ne 237 audyogik snpadaen sthapit ki thi.
  • vastr, rasayanik paitro rasayan, davaee, rng urvarak, siment, dugdh utpad, chini, injiniyari saman kagaz, namak adi.
  • gujarat ka sabase mahattvapoorn udyog sooti vastr hai. bharat ka mainachestar ahamadabad ko kaha jata hai.

sinchaee aur bijali

dhuvaran men ek tapavidyut kendr sthit hai. rajy ko maharashtr rajy ki tarapur nabhikiy oorja ikaee se bhi bijali ki apoorti hoti hai. narmada nadi par lnbe samay se nirmanadhin aur vivad grasit saradar sarovar bandh ke sabase bade jalavidyut utpadak banane ki asha hai aur isase vistrit sinchaee suvidha bhi milegi.

gujarat vidyut nigam, vadodara
  • sinchaee evn vidyut- pramukh sinchaee pariyojana men ukee, kadana, kakarapar, dntivada shatrunjay, bhadar, meshava.
  • sinchaee kshamata : 64.88 lakh hekteyar. 2770 megavat jal evn tap vidyut paida ki jati hai.
  • rajy men bhootaliy jal tatha bhoomigat jal dvara kul sinchaee kshamata 64.48 lakh hekteyar anki gee hai jisamen saradar sarovar (narmada) pariyojana ki 17.92 lakh hekteyar kshamata bhi shamil hai.
  • rajy men joon 2005 tak kul sinchaee kshamata 40.34 lakh hekteyar kshamata bhi shamil hai.
  • rajy men joon 2007 tak kul sinchaee kshamata 42.26 lakh hekteyar tak pahunch gee thi.
  • joon 2007 tak adhikatam upayog kshatama 37.33 lakh hekteyar anki gee.
  • kul sinchit kshetr -3,082,000 hekteyar .

prashasan

vidhan sabha, gujarat

sarakar

rashtrapati dvara niyukt rajyapal gujarat ke prashasan ka pramukh hota hai. mukhyamntri ke netritv men mntrimndal rajyapal ko usake kamakaj men sahayog aur salah deta hai. rajy men ek nirvachit nikay ekasadanatmak vidhanasabha hai. uchch nyayalay rajy ki sarvopari nyayik satta hai, jabaki shahari nyayalay, zila v satr nyayadhishon ke nyayalay aur pratyek zile men divani mamalon ke nyayadhishon ke nyayalay hain. rajy ko 25 prashasanik zilon men banta gaya hai. ahamadabad, amareli, banas kntha, bharooch, bhavanagar, deng, gandhinagar, kheda, mahesana, pnchamahal, rajakot, sabar kntha, soorat surendranagar, vadodara, valasad, navasari, narmada, dohad, annd, patan, jamanagar, porabndar, joonagadh aur kachchh, pratyek zile ka rajasv aur samany prashasan ziladhish ki dekharekh men hota hai, jo qanoon aur vyavastha bhi banae rakhata hai. sthaniy prashasan men am logon ko shamil karane ke lie 1963 men pnchayat dvara prashasan ki shuruat ki gee.

starling sivil aspatal, ahamadabad

svasthy

svasthy aur chikitsa sevaon men maleriya, tapedik, kushth aur any snkramak rogon ke unmoolan ke sath-sath peyajal ki apoorti men sudhar aur khady samagri men milavat ko rokane ke karyakram shamil hain. prathamik svasthy kendron, aspatalon aur chikitsa mahavidyalayon ke vistar ke lie bhi qadam uthae ge hain.

jan-kalyan

bachchon, mahilaon aur vikalangon, vriddh, asahay, parityakt ke sath-sath aparadhi bhikhari, anath aur jel se chhute logon ki kalyan avashyakataon ki dekharekh vibhinn rajakiy snsthaen karati hain. rajy men tathakathit pichhade varg ke logon ki shiksha, arthik vikas, svasthy aur avas ki dekharekh ke lie ek alag vibhag hai.

yamuna
gujarat vidhan sabha ka vihngam drishy


janajivan

lohar, gujarat

gujarati janasnkhya men vividh jatiy samooh ka mote taur par indik / bharatodbhav (uttari mool) ya dravid (dakshini mool) ke roop men vargikaran kiya ja sakata hai. pahale varg men nagar brahman, bhatiya, bhadela, rabari aur mina jatiyan (parasi, mool roop se faras se, paravarti uttari agaman ka pratinidhitv karate hain), jabaki dakshini mool ke logon men valmiki, koli, dabala, nayakada v machchhi-kharava janajatiya hain. shesh janasnkhya men adivasi bhil mishrit visheshataen darshate hain. anusoochit janajati aur adivasi janajati ke sadasy pradesh ki janasnkhya ka lagabhag panchavan hissa hain. yahan deng zila poornat: adivasi yukt zila hai. ahamadabad zile men anusoochit janajati ka anupat sarvadhik hai. gujarat men janasnkhya ka mukhy snkendran ahamadabad, kheda, vadodara, soorat aur valsar ke maidani kshetr men dekha ja sakata hai. yah kshetr krishi ke drishtikon se urvar hai aur atyadhik audyogikrit hai. janasnkhya ka ek any snkendran mngarol se mahuva tak aur rajakot evn jamanagar ke asapas ke hisson sahit saurashtr ke dakshini tatiy kshetron men dekha ja sakata hai. janasnkhya ka vitaran uttar (kachchh) aur poorvi parvatiy kshetron ki or kramash kam hota jata hai. janasnkhya ka ausat ghanatv 258 vyakti prati varg kimi (2001) hai aur dashakiy vriddhi dar 2001 men 22.48 pratishat paee gee.

gujarat men sanskritik jivan ke vibhinn drishy

manjha banata vyakti, gujarat khana banati gramin mahila, gujarat paramparik bnjare, gujarat paramparik poshak men gujarati mahila paramparik bnjare, gujarat paramparik bnjare, gujarat chakada, gujarat


khanapan

gujarat men khanapan ke vibhinn drishy

bhelapoori, gujarat gujarati khane se saji huee thali jarati nashte ki thali papadi chat ki dukan, gujarat masalon ka bazar, ahamadabad

yatayat aur parivahan

sadak evn rel snpark achchhe hain aur tatiy jahazi marg gujarat ke vibhinn bndaragahon ko jodate hain, kandala ek pramukh antarrashtriy bndaragah hai. rajy ke bhitar aur desh ke any pramukh nagaron ke lie gujarat se vayusena upalabdh hai.

oto, gujarat
  • 2005-06 ke ant men sadakon ki kul lnbaee (gair yojana, samudayik, shahari aur pariyojana sadakon ke alava) lagabhag 74,038 kilomitar thi.
  • 2002-03 ke ant tak bhootal sadakon ki lambaee 70,743 kimi thi. desh ka pahala eksapres marg ahamadabad aur badodara ke bich nirmanadhin hai.
  • relamarg ki lambaee 5312 kimi (1997-98), 2001-2002 ke ant tak rajy men sadakon ki kul lnbaee (myunisipal sadakon ke alava) lagabhag 74,03 ki.mi. thi
  • rajy ka mukhy havaee adda ahamadabad hai. yahan se mumbee, dilli aur any shaharon ke lie dainik viman seva upalabdh hai.
  • ahamadabad havaee adde ko antarrashtriy havaee adde ka darja mil gaya hai. any havaee adde badodara, bhavanagar bhuj, soorat, jamanagar, kandala, keshod, porabndar aur rajakot men hain.
  • rajy ke ahamadabad sthit mukhy havaee adde se munbee, dilli aur any shaharon ke lie dainik viman seva upalabdh hai. ahamadabad havaee adde ko ab antararashtriy havaee adde ka darja mil gaya hain. any havaee adde vadodara, bhavanagar, bhuj, soorat, jamanagar, kandala, keshod, porabndar aur rajakot men hai.
  • gujarat men kul 40 bndaragah hain. kandala rajy ka pramukh bndaragah hai. varsh 2004-05 ke dauran gujarat ke mnjhole aur chhote bndaragahon se kul 971.28 lakh tan mal dhoya gaya jabaki kandala bndaragah se 415.51 lakh tan mal dhoya gaya.

rashtriy udyan

gujarat ke rashtriy udyan
udyan ka nam zila kshetraphal vany jivon ki mukhy prajatiyan
gir rashtriy udyan joonagadh 258.71 varg kimi eshiyaee sher, tendua, chital,

jngali billi, lakadabagdha, chinkara,
jngali sooar, sanbhar chausinga, adi
tatha 300 pakshiyon ki prajatiyan

velavadar rashtriy udyan bhavanagar 34.08 varg kimi tendua, hiran, chinkara mor
bnsada rashtriy udyan valasad 23.89 varg kimi tendua, hiran, mor
merin rashtriy udyan jamanagar 162.89 varg kimi ragog, hara kachhuva, aauliv

ridale, ghadiyal, jalagoh, baj,
chamachachonch pihi, jalamurgi.

gujarat men gir rashtriy udyan, velavadar rashtriy udyan, bnsada, rashtriy udyan aur merin rashtriy udyan milakar kul char rashtriy udyan hain jo kul 47,967 varg kilomitar kshetr men phaile hue hain.

gir rashtriy udyan-
  • gir rashtriy udyan ki sthapana rajy ke saurashtr kshetr men 1975 men ki gee thi aur joonagadh zile men 258-71 varg kilomitar kshetr men phaila hua hai.
  • gir ki jalavayu ooshnakatibndhiy hai aur isako vanaspati ooshmakatibndhiy shushk parnapati hai. vanon men sagavan, baragad, mishrit parnapati tatha kntile ped-paudhe, jaise-babool, kikar, ber adi milate hain.
  • gir van snkatapann aur viral prajati ke eshiyaee sher ke ekamatr ashray sthal ke roop men prasiddh hai. isamen tendua, lakkarabagdha, jngali sooar, nilagay, sanbhar, chital, chinkara, chausinga, magar, goh adi paye jate hain.
velavadar rashtriy udyan-
  • yah bhavanagar zile men 34 varg kilomitar kshetr men phaila hai. isamen ooshnakatibndhiy kntile van paye jate hain. kala hiran aur bhediya isake pramukh vany pashu hain jabaki mor samany pakshi hai.
bnsada rashtriy udyan-
  • ise balasad zile men 1976 men sthapit kiya gaya tha. aur isaka kshetraphal 24 kilomitar hai. is udyan men nam parnapati van hain jabaki mor mukhy pakshi hai.
mairin rashtriy udyan-
  • 1982 men rajy ke jamanagar zile men sthapit merin rashtriy udyan ka kshetraphal 163 varg kilomitar hai. ooshnakatibndhiy kshetr men sthit samudritatiy evn daladali bhoomivale is udyan men maingrov prajatiyon ke vriksh paye jate hain jabaki anshatah arddhasadaharit van bhi paye jate hain. yahan vanyajivon men samudri gay (doogong), hari tvachavale kachhue, kharepani ke magaramachchh, oliv ridale goh, mukhy hain. pakshiyon men chamachachonch, jalamurgi, pihi adi samany roop se paye jate hain.
maharaja sayajirav vishvavidyalay, vadodara

shiksha

500 ya isase zyada janasnkhya vale lagabhag sabhi ganvon men sat se gyarah varsh ke sabhi bachchon ke lie prathamik pathashalaen hain. adivasi bachchon ko kala aur shilp ki shiksha dene ke lie vishesh vidyalay chalae jate hain. yahan anek madhyamik aur uchchatar vidyalayon ke sath-sath nau vishvavidyalay aur uchch shiksha ke lie badi snkhya men shikshan snsthan hain. abhiyantriki mahavidyalayon aur takaniki vidyalayon dvara takaniki shiksha upalabdh karaee jati hai. shodh snsthanon men ahamadabad men fizikal risarch leboretari ahamadabad teksatail indastriz risarch eshosieshan, seth bholabhaee jesingabhaee instityoot aauf larning aind risarch, d indiyan instityoot aauf mainejament, d neshanal instityoot aauf dizain aur d saradar patel instityoot aauf ikonaaumik aind soshal risarch, vadodara men oriental instityoot tatha bhavanagar men sentral salt aind marin kemikal risarch instityoot shamil hain.

gujarat ke shikshan aur anusndhan kendr
vishvavidyalay prashikshan snsthan shodh evn anusndhan kendr
  • gujarat krishi vishvavidyalay, dantivada
  • gujarat ayurved vishvavidyalay, jamanagar
  • gujarat vishvavidyalay, ahamadabad
  • gujarat vidyapith, ahamadabad
  • maharaja sayajirav vishvavidyalay, badodara
  • saradar patel vishvavidyalay, ballabh vidyanagar
  • saurashtr vishvavidyalay, soorat
  • uttari gujarat vishvavidyalay, patan
  • daau. baba saheb ambedakar khula vishvavidyalay, ahamadabad
  • kaaulej aauf saitelait kamyoonikeshan teknolaauji, ahamadabad
  • indiyan instityoot aauf mainejament ahamadabad
  • kendriy namak aur samudri rasayan anusndhan snsthan, bhavanagar
  • vidyut anusndhan aur vikas snsthan, badodara
  • kakarapada etaaumik paauvar plant (gujarat)

bhasha

gujarati varnamala

gujarati aur hindi rajy ki adhikrit bhashaen hain. donon men gujarati ka zyada vyapak istemal hota hai, jo snskrit ke alava prachin bharatiy mool bhasha prakrit aur 10 vin shatabdi ke bich uttari aur pashchimi bharat men boli jane vali apabhrnsh bhasha se vyutpann ek bharatiy-ary bhasha hai. samudr marg se gujarat ke videshon se snpark ne farasi, arabi, turki, purtagali aur angrezi shabdon se isaka parichay karavaya. gujarati men mahatma gandhi ki vilakshan rachanaen apani sadagi aur oorjasvita ke lie prasiddh hain. in rachanaon ne adhunik gujarati gady par zabaradast prabhav dala hai. gujarat men rajabhasha gujarati bhasha ke atirikt hindi, marathi aur angrezi ka prachalan hai. gujarati bhasha navin bharatiy–ary bhashaon ke dakshin–pashchimi samooh se sambandhit hai. italavi vidvanh tessitori ne prachin gujarati ko prachin pashchimi rajasthani bhi kaha, kyonki unake kal men is bhasha ka upayog us kshetr men bhi hota tha, jise ab rajasthan rajy kaha jata hai.

inhen bhi dekhen: gujarati bhasha evn hindi bhasha

dharm

jain mndir, palitana

gujarat men adhikansh janasnkhya hindoo dharm ko manati hai, jabaki kuchh snkhya islam, jain aur parasi dharm manane valon ki bhi hai. rajy niti hamesha se hi isaki janata ki dharmik sahishnuta ke karan vishisht rahi hai, halanki 20 vin sadi ke uttarardh men badhate sanpradayik tanav ke karan dnge bhi hue hain.

snskriti

gujarat ki adhikansh lok snskriti aur lokagit hindoo dharmik sahity puran men varnit bhagavan krishn se judi kinvadntiyon se pratibinbit hoti hai. krishn ke samman men kiya jane vala ras nrity aur rasalila prasiddh lokanrity "garaba" ke roop men ab bhi prachalit hai. yah nrity devi durga ke navaratr parv men kiya jata hai. ek lok naty bhavee bhi abhi astitv men hai.

gujarat men shaivavad ke sath-sath vaishnavavad bhi lnbe samay se phalata-phoolata raha hai, jinase bhakti mat ka udbhav hua. pramukh snton, kaviyon aur sngitgyon men 15vin sadi men padon ke rachayita narasi mehata, apane mahal ko tyagane vali 16vin sadi ki
garaba nrity, gujarat
rajapoot rajakumari v bhajanon ki rachanakar mirabaee, 18vin sadi ke kavi aur lekhak premannd aur bhakti mat ko lokapriy banane vale gitakar dayaram shamil hain. bharat men any jagahon ki tulana men ahinsa aur shakahar ki vishishtata vale jain dharm ne gujarat men gahari jade jamaee. zarathustr ke anuyayi parasi 17vin sadi ke bad kisi samay faras se bhagakar sabase pahale gujarat ke tat par hi base the.
paramparik poshak men gramin mahila
is samuday ke adhikansh log bad men bnbee (vartaman munbee) chale ge. krishn, dayanand sarasvati, mahatma gandhi, saradar patel tatha suprasiddh kriket khiladi ranaji jaise vyaktitv ne pradesh ke samaj ko gauravanvit kiya. gujarat ki snskriti men mukhyat: shishe ka kam tatha 'garaba' evn 'ras' nrity poore bharat men prasiddh hai. pradesh ka sarvapramukh lok nrity garaba tatha dandiya hai. garaba nrity men striyan sir par chhidrayukt patr lekar nrity karati hain, jis ke bhitar dip jalata hai. dandiya men aksar purush bhag lete hain parntu kabhi-kabhi stri-purush donon milakar karate hain. pradesh ke rahan-sahan aur pahanave par rajasthan ka kafi prabhav dekha ja sakata hai. pradesh ka bhavee lokanaty kafi lokapriy hai. sthapaty shilp ki drishti se pradesh kafi samriddh hai. is drishti se rudr mahalay, siddhapur, matrimoorti pavagadh, shilpagaurav galateshvar, dvarikanath ka mndir, shatrunjay palitana ke jain mndir, sidi saiyad masjid ki jaliyan, patan ki kashthakala ityadi kafi mahattvapoorn hain. hindi men jo sthan sooradas ka hai gujarati men vahi sthan narasi mehata ka hai.

tyohar aur mele

  • bharat ke pashchimi bhag men basa samriddhashali rajy gujarat apane tyoharon aur sanskritik utsavon ke liye vishv prasiddh hai.
  • bhadrapadr (agast-sitnbar) mas ke shukl paksh men chaturthi, pnchami aur shashthi ke din taranetar ganv men bhagavan shiv ki stuti men taranetar mela lagata hai.
  • bhagavan krishn dvara rukmani se vivah ke upalakshy men chaitr (march-aprail) ke shukl paksh ki navami ko porabndar ke pas madhavapur men madhavaray mela lagata hai.
  • uttari gujarat ke bansakantha zile men har varsh man anba ko samarpit anba ji mela ayejit kiya jata hain.
  • rajy ka sabase bada varshik mela dvaraka aur dakor men bhagavan krishn ke janmadivas janmashtami ke avasar par bade harshollas se ayojit hota hai.
  • isake atirikt gujarat men makar snkrati, navaratr, dangi darabar, shamala ji mele tatha bhavanath mele ka bhi ayojan kiya jata hain.

patngon ka rngin tyohar

makar snkranti ke parv par manaya jane vala patng utsav apani rng-birngi chhavi ke karan gujarat rajy men atynt lokapriy hai aur bharat hi nahin videshon men bhi apani vishisht pahachan bana chuka hai. janavari mah ke madhy men (14 janavari) uttarayan parv ata hai. bhagavan bhaskar uttarayan ko prayan karate hain, basnt ritu ka agaman hota hai, kisanon ki khushi ka thikana nahin rahata kyonki phasal pakakar taiyar ho jati hai, kataee ka samay a jata hai. nav dhany se bane susvadu mishtann sabhi ko utsav ka annd dete hain. gujarat men is parv ko manane ka nirala rng hai. gujaratavasi rng-birngi patngon se asaman bhar dete hain. ye rng vividhata men ekata, annd, utsah aur paraspar sneh-sauhard ke pratik hain. patng patale rngin kagaz v bans ke reshon se banaee jati hai. patng ki dor manjha kahalati hai jise phiraki par lapeta jata hai. patng udane vale pahale patng pasnd karate hain, vah thik bani v sntulit hai ya nahin, phir hava ki disha ko dekhate huye kushal hathon se patng ko oonchi udan dete hain. kushal udake asaman men udati patngon men se apane pratidvndvi ko pahachan lete hain aur phir shuroo hote hain patng katane ke danv-pench. patng katane vale jit ka jashn manate hain. yah ek aisa rngin utsav hai jahan bachche-boodhe, dhani-nirdhan, svadeshi-videshi sabhi bhed-bhav bhoolakar annt akash men ekata ke rng bhar dete hain. gujarat men rajy paryatan vibhag ki or se sanh 1989 se prativarsh antarrashtriy patng utsav ahamadabad men ayojit kiya jata hai. bahari deshon ke mehaman vibhinn prakar ki patngen lekar is utsav men bhag lete hain.[9]

gujarat men kala evn snskriti ke vibhinn drishy

vadodara sngrahalay dandiya nrity, gujarat gujarati nrity, gujarat dvarikadhish mandir, dvaraka, gujarat shiv aur parvati garaba nrity, gujarat garaba nrity ke lie taiyar hoti mahilayen, gujarat dandiya nrity, gujarat somanath mandir, gujarat

kala

dandiya nrity, gujarat
gujarat ki vastukala shaili apani poornata aur alnkarikata ke lie vikhyat hai, jo somanath, dvaraka, modhera, than, ghumali, giranar jaise mndiron aur smarakon men snrakshit hai. muslim shasan ke dauran ek alag hi tariqe ki bharatiy-islami shaili vikasit huee. gujarat apani kala v shilp ki vastuon ke lie bhi prasiddh hai. inamen jamanagar ki bandhani (bndhaee aur rngaee ki takanik), patan ka utkrisht reshami vastr patola, idar ke khilaune, palanapur ka itr konodar ka hastashilp ka kam aur ahamadabad v soorat ke laghu mndiron ka kashthashilp tatha pauranik moortiyan shamil hain. rajy ke sarvadhik sthayi aur prabhavashali sanskritik snsthanon men mahajan ke roop men prasiddh vyapar aur kala
hastashilp kala, gujarat
shilp sngh hai. aksar jati vishesh men antargathit aur svayatt in snghon ne atit kee vivadon ko sulajhaya hai aur lokahit ke madhyam ki bhoomika nibhate hue kala v snskriti ko protsahan diya hai.

kashth shilpakala

gujarat rajy men ki jane vali vastu shilpiy naqqashi kam se kam 15vin shatabdi se gujarat bharat men lakadi ki naqqashi ka mukhy kendr raha hai. nirman samagri ke roop men jis samay patthar ka istemal adhik suvidhajanak aur vishvasaniy tha, is samay bhi gujarat ke logon ne mndiron ke mndap tatha avasiy bhavanon ke agrabhagon, dvaron, stnbhon, jharokhon, divaragiron aur jalidar khidakiyon ke nirman men nirman men bejhijhak lakadi ka prayog jari rakha. mugal kal (1556-1707) ke dauran gujarat ki lakadi naqqashi men deshi evn mugal shailiyon ka sundar snyojan dikhaee deta hai. 16vin sadi ke uttarardh evn 17vin sadi ke jain kashth mndapon par jain pauranik kathaen evn samakalin jivan ke drishy tatha kalpanik bel-boote, pashu-pakshi evn jyamitiy akritiyan utkirn ki gee hain; akriti moortikala atynt jivnt evn layatmak hai. lakadi par gadhe lal raugan ka prayog am tha. 19vin sadi ke kee bhavy kashth purobhag snrakshit hain, lekin unaka alnkaran pahale ki nirmitiyon jaisa lalit aur gatyatmak nahin hai.

paryatan sthal

  • gujarat ek akarshak paryatan sthal hai. gujarat men dvaraka, somanath, palitana ke nikat shatrunjay pahadi, pavagadh, anbaji bhadreshvar, shamalaji, tarnga aur giranar jaise dharmik sthalon ke alava mahatma gandhi ki janmabhoomi porabndar tatha puratattv aur vastukala ki drishti se ullekhaniy patan, siddhapur, ghuranali, dabhoee, badanagar, modhera, lothal aur ahamadabad jaise sthan bhi hain.
  • ahamadapur mandati, charabad ubharat aur tithal ke sundar samudri tat, satapuda parvatiy sthal, gir vanon ke sheron ka abhayarany aur kachchh men jngali gadhon ka abhayarany bhi paryatakon ke akarshan ka kendr hain.
gujarat ke mukhy paryatan sthal
nam snkshipt vivaran chitr manachitr link
dvarikadhish mndir gujarat ka dvaraka shahar vah sthan hai jahan 5000 varsh poorv bhagavan krishn ne mathura chhodane ke bad dvaraka nagari basaee thi. jis sthan par unaka niji mahal 'hari grih' tha vahan aj prasiddh dvarakadhish mndir hai. isalie krishn bhakton ki drishti men yah ek mahan tirth hai. vaise bhi dvaraka nagari adi shnkarachary dvara sthapit desh ke char dhamon men se ek hai. yahi nahin dvaraka nagari pavitr saptapuriyon men se ek hai. ... aur padhen dvarikadhish mandir, dvaraka googal manachitr
somanath mndir shri somanath jyotirling gujarat (saurashtr) ke kathiyavad kshetr ke antargat prabhas men virajaman hain. isi kshetr men lila purushottam bhagavan shrikrishnachandr ne yadu vnsh ka snhar karane ke bad apani nar lila samapt kar li thin. ‘jara’ namak vyadh (shikari) ne apane banon se unake charanon (pair) ko bindh dala tha. ... aur padhen somanath mandir, gujarat googal manachitr
nageshvar jyotirling shri nageshvar jyotirling gujarat prant ke dvaraka puri se lagabhag 25 kilomitar ki doori par avasthit hai. yah sthan gomati dvaraka se bet dvaraka jate samay raste men hi padata hai. dvaraka se nageshvar-mandir ke lie bas, taiksi adi sadak marg ke achchhe sadhan upalabdh hote hain. relamarg men rajakot se jamanagar aur jamanagar relave se dvaraka pahuncha jata hai. ... aur padhen nageshvar mandir googal manachitr
gir van rashtriy udyan gir van rashtriy udyan aur abhayarany, gujarat rajy, pashchim- madhy bharat men sthit hai. joonagadh nagar se 60 kilomitar dakshin-pashchim men shushk jhadidar parvatiy kshetr men sthit is udyan ka kshetraphal lagabhag 1,295 varg kilomitar hai. yahan ki vanaspati men sagaun, sal aur dhak (byootiya phrondosa) jaise parnapati vrikshon sahit kantedar jngal shamil hain. ... aur padhen chital, gir van rashtriy udyan googal manachitr
kirti mndir kirti mndir porabndar ka pramukh akarshan kendr hai. kirti mndir mahatma gandhi aur unaki path‍ni kastooraba gandhi ka ghar tha. kirti mndir us jagah ke pas sthit hai jahan mahatma gandhi ka janm hua tha. kirti mndir men ek gandhivadi pustakalay aur prarthana kaksh hai. ... aur padhen kirti mndir, porabndar googal manachitr
gujarat ke paryatan sthal

dvarikadhish mandir, dvaraka mahabat maqabara, joonagadh rani ki bav, gujarat bhadreshvar jain mndir, kachchh hathisinh jain mndir, ahamadabad kirti mndir, porabndar sinhani, gir van rashtriy udyan giranar, gujarat nngeshvar mahadev, dvaraka svaminarayan mndir, ahamadabadat kala doongar, kachchh

gujarat men janme pramukh vyaktitv

nam snkshipt parichay chitr
dada bhaee nauroji 4 sitnbar, 1825 ko gujarat ke navasari men janme dada bhaee nauroji ka janm ek garib parivar men hua tha. dadabhaee nauroji ko bharatiy rajaniti ka pitamah kaha jata hai. vah diggaj rajaneta, udyogapati, shikshavid aur vicharak bhi the. unhonne british upanivesh ke prati buddhijivi varg ke sammohan ko khatm karane ka prayas kiya. ...aur padhen dada bhaee nauroji
rashtrapita mahatma gandhi mahatma gandhi ko british shasan ke khilaf bharatiy rashtriy andolan ka neta aur rashtrapita mana jata hai. inaka poora nam mohanadas karamachnd gandhi tha. rajanitik aur samajik pragati ki prapti hetu apane ahinsak virodh ke siddhant ke lie unhen antarashtriy khyati prapt huee. ...aur padhen mahatma gandhi
jamashed ji tata jamashedaji tata ka janm sanh 1839 men gujarat ke ek chhote se kasbe navaseri men hua tha unake pita ji ka nam nusiravanaji tha v unaki mata ji ka nam jivanabaee tata tha. jamashedaji vartaman men bharat ke vishvaprasiddh audyogik gharane tata samooh ke snsthapak the. ...aur padhen jamashed ji tata
saradar vallabhaee patel saradar vallabh bhaee patel ka janm 31 aktoobar, 1875, nadiyad gujarat men hua tha. saradar patel bharatiy bairistar aur rajaneta the. bharat ke svadhinata sngram ke dauran bharatiy rashtriy kangres ke netaon men se ek the. 1947 men bharat ki azadi ke bad pahale tin varsh vah up pradhanamntri, grih mntri, soochana mntri aur rajy mntri rahe. ...aur padhen saradar vallabhaee patel
svami dayanand sarasvati svami dayanand sarasvati ka janm gujarat ke bhootapoorv moravi rajy ke ek ganv men sanh 1824 ee. men hua tha. inaka prarnbhik nam moolashnkar tatha pita ka nam ambashnkar tha. svami dayanand balyakal men shnkar ke bhakt the. ye ary samaj ke pravartak aur prakhar sudharavadi snnyasi the. ...aur padhen dayanand sarasvati
moraraji desaee moraraji desaee ka janm 29 faravari, 1896 ko gujarat ke bhadeli namak sthan par hua tha. ve bharat ke chauthe pradhanamntri the. unaka snbndh ek brahman parivar se tha. unake pita ranachhodaji desaee bhavanagar (saurashtr) men ek skool adhyapak the....aur padhen moraraji desaee
kanhaiyalal munshi kanhaiyalal munshi (janm- 29 disnbar, 1887; mrityu- 8 pharavari, 1971) jinaka poora nam kanhaiyalal manikalal munshi tha, ka janm bhadoch (gujarat) uchch sushikshit bhagarv brahman parivar men hua tha. ve pratibhavan vidyarthi the aur qanoon ki padhaee ki aur munbee men vakalat ki. ...aur padhen kanhaiyalal munshi
vitthalabhaee patel vitthalabhaee patel ka janm sanh 1873 men gujarat ke kheda zila ke "karamasad" ganv men hua tha. saradar vallabh bhaee patel ke bade bhaee vitthal bhaee patel ek mahanh rajanitigy aur svatntrata senani the jinhonne kabhi bhi jhukana nahin sikha. ...aur padhen vitthalabhaee patel
ganesh vasudev mavalnkar ganesh vasudev mavalnkar ka janm 15 mee, 1952 ko gujarat ke ahamadabad nagar men hua tha. bharatiy lokasabha ke pratham adhyaksh the. bharatiy snsadiy pranali par amit chhap chhodane vale ganesh vasudev mavalnkar ne lokasabha ke pahale adhyaksh ke roop men n sirf sadan ka kary behatarin dhng se chalaya balki use nee garima bhi pradan ki. ...aur padhen ganesh vasudev mavalnkar
mahaboob khan mahaboob khan ka janm 1906 men gujarat ke bilamiriya men hua tha. inaka mool nam ramajan khan tha. hindi sinema jagath ke yugapurush mahaboob khan ko ek aisi shakhsiyat ke taur par yad kiya jata hai jinhonne darshakon ko lagabhag tin dashak tak klasik filmon ka tohapha diya. ...aur padhen mahaboob khan
Home-icon.png vistar men padhen gujarat prangan (portal)




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chitr vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 gujarat (hindi) (pi.ech.pi) gujarat ki adhikarik vebasait. abhigaman tithi: 29 march, 2011.
  2. gujarat (hindi) adhikarik vebasait. abhigaman tithi: 19 julaee, 2014.
  3. 7 agast, 2016 ko gujarat ke mukhyamntri pad ki shapath li.
  4. Ramesh Chandra Majumdar (1977) The History and Culture of the Indian People: The classical age. Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan.
  5. Devadatta Ramakrishna Bhandarkar (1989) Some aspects of ancient Indian culture. Asian Educational Services. ISBN 8120604571, ISBN 9788120604575.
  6. megalopolis, arthath kee bade shaharon vala ek satat shahari kshetr
  7. selvador parsika
  8. byootiya gam
  9. patngon ka rngin tyohar (hindi) (pi.ech.pi) d nyooj 27 X 7. abhigaman tithi: 1 apral, 2011.

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