गुरु पूर्णिमा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

guru poornima
guru poornima, govardhan (mathura)
any nam vyas poornima, mudiya poonon
anuyayi hindoo
uddeshy guru poornima jagath guru mane jane vale ved vyas ko samarpit hai.
prarambh pauranik kal
tithi ashadh mas ki poornima
utsav is din govardhan parvat ki lakhon shraddhalu parikrama dete hain.
dharmik manyata mana jata hai ki vedavyas ka janm isi din hua tha. vedon ke sar brahmasootr ki rachana bhi vedavyas ne aj hi ke din ki thi. aise jagath guru ke janm divas par guru poornima manane ki parnpara hai.
any janakari is din keval guru ki hi nahin apitu kutumb men apane se jo bada hai arthath mata-pita, bhaee-bahan adi ko bhi gurutuly samajhana chahie.

guru poornima / vyas poornima / mudiya poonon ashadh mas ki poornima ko kaha jata hai. is din govardhan parvat ki lakhon shraddhalu parikrama dete hain. bngali sadhu sir mundakar parikrama karate hain, kyonki aj ke din sanatan gosvami ka tirobhav hua tha. braj men ise 'mudiya poonon' kaha jata hai. aj ka din guru–pooja ka din hota hai. is din guru ki pooja ki jati hai. poore bharat men yah parv badi shraddha ke sath manaya jata hai. vaise to 'vyas' nam ke kee vidvanh hue hain, parntu vyas rishi jo charon vedon ke pratham vyakhyata the, aj ke din unaki pooja ki jati hai. hamen vedon ka gyan dene vale vyas ji hi the. at: ve hamare 'adiguru' hue. unaki smriti ko banae rakhane ke lie hamen apane-apane guruon ko vyas ji ka ansh manakar unaki pooja karani chahie. prachin kal men jab vidyarthi guru ke ashram men ni:shulk shiksha grahan karate the to isi din shraddha bhav se prerit hokar apane guru ki pooja kiya karate the aur unhen yathashakti dakshina arpan kiya karate the. is din keval guru ki hi nahin apitu kutumb men apane se jo bada hai arthath mata-pita, bhaee-bahan adi ko bhi gurutuly samajhana chahie.

ved vyas jaynti

guru poornima jagath guru mane jane vale ved vyas ko samarpit hai. mana jata hai ki vedavyas ka janm ashadh mas ki poornima ko hua tha. vedon ke sar brahmasootr ki rachana bhi vedavyas ne aj hi ke din ki thi. ved vyas ne hi ved richaon ka snkalan kar vedon ko char bhagon men banta tha. unhonne hi mahabharat, 18 puranon v 18 up puranon ki rachana ki thi jinamen bhagavat puran jaisa atulaniy grnth bhi shamil hai. aise jagath guru ke janm divas par guru poornima manane ki parnpara hai.[1]
danaghati mandir ke samane shraddhaluon ki bhid, govardhan, mathura

gurupoornima ka mahatv

guru brahma, guru vishnu guru devo maheshvar, guru sakshath paramn brahma tasmai shri guruve nam:

arthat- guru hi brahma hai, guru hi vishnu hai aur guru hi bhagavan shnkar hai. guru hi sakshat parabrahm hai. aise guru ko main pranam karata hoon.
guru ke prati natamastak hokar kritgyta vyakt karane ka din hai gurupoornima. guru ke lie poornima se badhakar aur koee tithi nahin ho sakati. jo svayn men poorn hai, vahi to poornatv ki prapti doosaron ko kara sakata hai. poornima ke chndrama ki bhanti jisake jivan men keval prakash hai, vahi to apane shishyon ke ant:karan men gyan roopi chndr ki kiranen bikher sakata hai. is din hamen apane gurujanon ke charanon men apani samast shraddha arpit kar apani kritgyta gyapit karani chahie. guru kripa asnbhav ko snbhav banati hai. guru kripa shishy ke hriday men agadh gyan ka snchar karati hai.[1]

guru ki mahima

guru poornima par bhajan-kirtan karate shraddhalu, govardhan, mathura

guru ko govind se bhi ooncha kaha gaya hai. shastron men gu ka arth bataya gaya hai- andhakar ya mool agyan aur ru ka ka arth kiya gaya hai- usaka nirodhak. guru ko guru isalie kaha jata hai ki vah agyan timir ka gyananjan-shalaka se nivaran kar deta hai. arthath andhakar ko hatakar prakash ki or le jane vale ko ‘guru’ kaha jata hai. guru tatha devata men samanata ke lie ek shlok men kaha gaya hai ki jaisi bhakti ki avashyakata devata ke lie hai vaisi hi guru ke lie bhi. sadguru ki kripa se eeshvar ka sakshatkar bhi snbhav hai. guru ki kripa ke abhav men kuchh bhi snbhav nahin hai. ‘vyas’ ka shabdik snpadak, vedon ka vyas yani vibhajan bhi snpadan ki shreni men ata hai. kathavachak shabd bhi vyas ka paryay hai. kathavachan bhi desh-kal-paristhiti ke anuroop pauranik kathaon ka vishleshan bhi snpadan hai. bhagavan vedavyas ne vedon ka snkalan kiya, 18 puranon aur upapuranon ki rachana ki. rishiyon ke bikhare anubhavon ko samajabhogy bana kar vyavasthit kiya. pncham ved ‘mahabharat’ ki rachana isi poornima ke din poorn ki aur vishv ke suprasiddh arsh grnth brahmasootr ka lekhan isi din arnbh kiya. tab devataon ne vedavyasaji ka poojan kiya. tabhi se vyas poornima manayi ja rahi hai.

‘‘tamaso ma jyotigarmay’’ andhakar ki bajay prakash ki or le jana hi gurutv hai. agam-nigam-puran ka nirntar snpadan hi vyas roopi sadguru shishy ko paramapita paramatma se sakshatkar ka madhyam hai. jisase milati hai saroopy mukti. tabhi kaha gaya- ‘‘sa vidya ya vimuktaye.’’ aj vishvastar par jitani bhi samasyaen dikhaee de rahi hain, unaka mool karan hai guru-shishy parnpara ka tootana. shraddhavallabhate gyanamh. aj guru-shishy men bhakti ka abhav guru ka dharm ‘‘shishy ko lootana, yen ken prakaren dhanarjan hai’’ kyonki dharmabhiruta ka labh uthate hue dhanatrishna kalanemi guruon ko guruta se patit karata hai. yahi karan hai ki vidya ka lakshy ‘moksh’ n hokar dhanarjan hai. aise men shraddha ka abhav svabhavik hai. antatah anachar, atyachar, vyabhichar, bhrashtacharadi kadachar badha. vyasatv yani gurutv arthath snpadakatv ka utthan paramavashyak hai.

chhappan bhog, govardhan, mathura

vrat aur vidhan

  • is din (guru pooja ke din) prat:kal snan pooja adi nity karmon se nivritt hokar uttam aur shuddh vastr dharan kar guru ke pas jana chahie.
  • guru ko oonche susajjit asan par baithakar pushpamala pahanani chahie. isake bad vastr, phal, phool v mala arpan kar tatha dhan bhent karana chahie. is prakar shraddhapoorvak poojan karane se guru ka ashirvad prapt hota hai.
  • guru ke ashirvad se hi vidyarthi ko vidya ati hai. usake hriday ka agyanata ka andhakar door hota hai. guru ka ashirvad hi prani matr ke lie kalyanakari, gyanavardhak aur mngal karane vala hota hai. snsar ki snpoorn vidyaen guru ki kripa se hi prapt hoti hain aur guru ke ashirvad se hi di huee vidya siddh aur saphal hoti hai.
  • guru poornima par vyasaji dvara rache hue grnthon ka adhyayan-manan karake unake upadeshon par acharan karana chahie.
  • is din keval guru (shikshak) hi nahin, apitu mata-pita, bade bhaee-bahan adi ki bhi pooja ka vidhan hai.
  • is parv ko shraddhapoorvak manana chahie, andhavishvason ke adhar par nahin. guru poojan ka mantr hai-
'guru brahma gururvishnu: gurudev maheshvar:.'
guru sakshatparabrahm tasmaishri guruve nam:..

kya karen guru poornima ke din

manasi gnga par snan karate shraddhalu, govardhan, mathura
  • pratah ghar ki saphaee, snanadi nity karm se nivritt hokar saph-suthare vastr dharan karake taiyar ho jaen.
  • ghar ke kisi pavitr sthan par patie par saphed vastr bichhakar us par 12-12 rekhaen banakar vyas-pith banana chahie.
  • phir hamen 'guruparnparasiddhayarthn vyasapoojan karishye' mntr se pooja ka snkalp lena chahie.
  • tatpashchath dason dishaon men akshat chhodana chahie.
  • phir vyasaji, brahmaji, shukadevaji, govind svamiji aur shnkaracharyaji ke nam, mntr se pooja ka avahan karana chahie.
  • ab apane guru athava unake chitr ki pooja karake unhen yatha yogy dakshina dena chahie.[2]

ashadh ki poornima ko hi kyon

ashadh poornima ko 'guru poornima' ke roop men manane ka kya raz hai? dharm jivan ko dekhane ka kavyatmak dhng hai. sara dharm ek mahakavy hai. agar yah tumhen khayal men ae, to ashadh ki poornima badi arthapoorn ho jaegi. anyatha ashadh men poornima dikhaee bhi n padegi. badal ghire honge, akash khula n hoga. aur bhi pyari poornimaen hain, sharad poornima hai, usako kyon nahin chun liya? lekin chunane valon ka koee khayal hai, koee ishara hai. vah yah hai ki guru to hai poornima jaisa, aur shishy hai ashadh jaisa. sharad poornima ka chand to sundar hota hai, kyonki akash khali hai. vahan shishy hai hi nahin, guru akela hai. ashadh men sundar ho, tabhi kuchh bat hai, jahan guru badalon jaisa ghira ho shishyon se. shishy sab tarah ke hain, janmon-janmon ke andhere ko lekar a chhae hain. ve andhere badal hain, ashadh ka mausam hain. usamen bhi guru chand ki tarah chamak sake, us andhere se ghire vatavaran men bhi roshani paida kar sake, to hi guru hai. isalie ashadh ki poornima! vah guru ki taraph bhi ishara hai aur usamen shishy ki taraph bhi ishara hai. aur svabhavat: donon ka milan jahan ho, vahin koee sarthakata hai.[3]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

tika-tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 guru poornima– andhakar se prakash ki or le jane vale guru ko samarpit (hindi) jagaran jnkshan. abhigaman tithi: 2 julaee, 2013.
  2. kya karen guru poornima ke din... (hindi) vebaduniya hindi. abhigaman tithi: 2 julaee, 2013.
  3. ashadh ki poornima ko hi kyon manate hain guru poornima (hindi) navabharat taims. abhigaman tithi: 2 julaee, 2013.

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