गेहूँ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

gehoon ki kataee

gehoon vishvavyapi mahattv ki fasal hai. yah lakhon logon ka mukhy khady hai. mukhy roop se eshiya men dhan ki kheti ki jati hai, to bhi vishv ke sabhi prayadvipon men gehoon ugaya jata hai. vishv ki badhati janasnkhya ke lie gehoon lagabhag 20 pratishat ahar kailori ki poorti karata hai. vishvavyapi gehoon utpadan varsh 2007-2008 men 62.22 karod tan tak pahunch gaya tha. bharat gehoon ka chin ke bad doosara vishalatam utpadak hai. khadyann fasalon ke bich gehoon vishisht sthan rakhata hai.

chaval ke bad gehoon desh ka doosara sabase mahattvapoorn khadyann hai. desh ke kul 10% bhag par gehoon ki krishi ki jati hai, kintu chaval ki apeksha isaka prati hekteyar utpadan lagabhag 2500 kilogram. adhik hai. gehoon ki adhikansh krishi sinchaee ke sahare ki jati hai. bharat men isaki kheti ka sabase achchha samay aktoobar aur navambar ka samay hota hai. is samay boee gee fasal se kafi achchha labh prapt hota hai. harit-kranti ka sabase adhik prabhav gehoon ki krishi par hi pada hai. gehoon ke sabase pramukh utpadak rajy uttar pradesh, pnjab tatha hariyana men harit- kranti ke prayogon se uchch utpadakata tatha utpadan ki matra adhik prapt ki gee hai. in rajyon men kul 758 lakh tan gehoon ka utpadan hua, jo 1990-91 ki tulana men 3.67% ki varshik vriddhi ko darshata hai. 2006-2007 men uttar pradesh desh ke kul utpadan ka 34.71% pnjab, hariyana, madhy pradesh, rajasthan tatha bihar gehoon ke sarvadhik mahattvapoorn utpadak rajy hain, jo gujarat tatha maharashtr rajyon ke sath milakar desh ke lagabhag 90% gehoon ka utpadan karate hain. uttar pradesh men dakshini parvatiy evn pathari bhoomi ko chhodakar sarvatr bhag men gehoon ki krishi ki jati hain.

gehoon ke prakar

bharat men gehoon mukhy roop se do prakar ke hote hai-

  1. mridu gehoon
  2. kathor gehoon

tritikam aistivam (roti gehoon) mridu gehoon hota hai aur tritikam dayooram kathor gehoon hota hai. bharat men mukhy roop se tritikam ki tin jatiyon jaise aistivam, dayooram evn daikokam ki kheti ki jati hai. tritikam aistivam ki kheti desh ke sabhi kshetron men ki jati hai jabaki dayooram ki kheti pnjab evn madhy bharat men aur daikokam ki kheti karnatak men ki jati hai.[1]

vishv vitaran

vishv ki kul 23% hekteyar bhoomi par gehoon ki kheti ki jati hai. gehoon ka varshik utpadan 50 karod tan hai.

pramukh utpadak desh

snyukt rajy amerika, chin, bharat, yooropiy desh, kanada, turki, pakistan, arjentina, uttari afrika ke desh dakshini afrika maiksikon, roos, chili adi.

gehoon

bharat

bharat vishv men gehoon utpadan ki drishti se tisara bada desh hai. yahan vishv ka 8% gehoon paida kiya jata hai. mukhy utpadan kshetr uttar pradesh (33%), pnjab (23%) madhy pradesh (11%) tatha hariyana (9%) hai. bharat men harit kranti ke dauran gehoon ki anek uchch utpadakata vali kismen vikasit ki geen. inamen larama, rojo, sonar 64, kalyan sona, sonalika, arjun, pratap, mukta, shailaja adi pramukh hain. raj 3077 gehoon ki aisi nayi kism hai, jisamen any prajatiyon ki apeksha 12% adhik protin paya jata hai. ise amliy evn kshariy donon prakar ki mittiyon men boya ja sakata hai. tritikel di 46 bharat men gehoon aur raee ke mishran se bani nayin snkar prajati hai. gehoon ka antarrashtriy shodh snsthan 'maiksiko' tatha damishk (siriya) men sthit hai.

snyukt rajy amerika

amerika vishv ka sabase bada gehoon utpadan desh hai. yahan vishv ka 13% gehoon paida kiya jata hai. yahan par 2.6 karod tan hekteyar bhoomi par 6.6 karod mitrik tan gehoon ki upaj hoti hai.

chin

chin vishv ka doosara bada gehoon utpadan desh hai. yahan vishv ka 12% gehoon paida kiya jata hai. chin men do prakar ke gehoon ka utpadan hota hai. vasntakalin gehoon aur shitakalin gehoon. basntakalin gehoon mnchooriya tatha antarik mngoliya men boya jata hai. jabaki shitakalin gehoon hvangahon nadi ki ghati tatha yangatsi nadi ki ghati men boya jata hai.

gehoon se fayade

gehoon
  • gehoon ki roti any annon se achchhi hoti hai. dast ho jane par saunph ko pisakar pani men milakar, tatha chhanakar saunph ke pani men gehoon ka ata milakar roti banakar khane se labh hota hai.
  • gehoon ubalakar tatha usake garm-garm pani se soojan vali jagah ko dhone se soojan kam ho jati hai.
  • 12gram gehoon ko pisakar tatha usamen 12 gram hi shahad milakar chatane se tooti huee haddiyan jud jati hain, tatha kamar aur jodon ke dard men bhi aram milata hai.
  • gehoon aur chanon ko ubalakar usaka pani pilane se gurda aur mootrashay ki pathari gal jati hai.
  • gehoon ki roti ek or senk len, ek or kachchi rakhen, kachchi roti ki or se til ka tel lagakar dard vale ang par bandh den. isase dard door ho jata hai.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. gehoon : mahattv (hindi) aigropidiya. abhigaman tithi: 27 janavari, 2011.
  2. gehoon ki upayogita (hindi) shoosh. abhigaman tithi: 27 janavari, 2011.

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