गोंड  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

gond

gond madhy pradesh ki sabase mahattvapoorn janajati hai, jo prachin kal ke gond rajaon ko apana vnshaj manati hai. yah ek svatntr janajati thi, jisaka apana rajy tha aur jisake 52 gadh the. madhy bharat men 14vin se 18vin shatabdi tak isaka rajy raha tha. mugal shasakon aur maratha shasakon ne in par akraman kar inake kshetr par adhikar kar liya aur inhen ghane jngalon tatha pahadi kshetron men sharan lene ko badhy kiya.

abadi

gondon ki lagabhag 60 pratishat abadi madhy pradesh men nivas karati hai. shesh abadi ka adhikansh bhag 'snkalan', andhr pradesh evn udisa men basa hua hai. gond janajati ke vartaman nivas sthan madhy pradesh evn chhattisagadh rajyon ke pathari bhag, jisamen chhindavada, betool, sivani aur madnla ke zile sammilit hain. chhattisagadh rajy ke dakshini durgam kshetr, jisamen bastar zila sammilit hai, ate hain. isake atirikt inaki bikhari huee bastiyan chhattisagadh rajy, godavari evn bainagnga nadiyon tatha poorvi ghat ke bich ke parvatiy kshetron men evn balaghat, bilasapur, durg, rayagadh, rayasen aur kharagon zilon men bhi hain. udisa ke dakshin-pashchimi bhag tatha andhr pradesh ke pathari bhagon men bhi yah janajati rahati hai.

nivas

gond janajati ka nivas kshetr 17.46 digri se 23.22 digri uttari akshansh aur 80 digri tatha 83 digri poorvi deshantaron ke bich hai.

sharirik gathan

gond janajati ke log kale tatha gahare bhoore rng ke hote hain. unaka sharir sudaul hota hai, kintu ang pray: bedaul hote hain. bal mote, gahare aur ghungharale, sir gol, chahara andakar, ankhen kali, nak chapati, honth mote, munh chauda, nathune phaile hue, dadhi evn moochhn par bal kam evn qad 165 semi. hota hai. gondon ki striyan purushon ki tulana men qad men chhoti, sharir sugathit evn sundar, rng purushon ki apeksha kuchh kam kala, honth mote, ankhen kali aur bal lambe hote hain.

bhojan

gond apane vatavaran dvara prastut bhojan samagri evn krishi se prapt vastuon par adhik nirbhar rahate hain. inaka mukhy bhojan kodon, jvar aur kutaki mote anaj hote hain, jinhen pani men ubalakar 'jhol' ya 'rabadi' athava 'daliya' ke roop men din men tin bar khaya jata hai. ratri men chaval adhik pasand kiye jate hain. kabhi-kabhi kodon aur kutaki ke sath sabji evn dal ka bhi prayog kiya jata hai. kodon ke ate se roti[1] bhi banaee jati hai. mahua, tengoo aur char ke taze phal bhi khaye jate hain. am, jamun, sitaphal aur anvala, anek prakar ke kand-mool evn dalen v kabhi-kabhi sabjiyan bhi khane ke lie kam men laye jate hain.

vastrabhooshan

arambh men gond janajati ke log ya to poornat: nnge rahate the athava pattiyon se apane sharir ko dhnk lete the. ab 3-4 dashakon se ve vastron ka prayog karane lage hain, kintu vastr kam hi hote hain. adhikanshat: purush lngoti se apane guptangon evn janghon ko dhnk lete hain. kabhi-kabhi sir men ek angochhe ke prakar ka kapada bhi bandh lete hain. kuchh log pet aur kamar dhnkane ke lie alag se pichhauni lapet lete hain. striyan dhoti pahanati hain, jisase sharir ke oopar aur niche ka bhag dhnk jata hai. ye choli nahin pahanatin. chhatiyan khuli rahati hain. sardiyon men sharir ko dhnkane ke lie ooni kambal v mote tat ka kapada kam men laya jata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. godala

snbndhit lekh