गोवर्धन परिक्रमा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

govardhan parikrama
govardhan parvat ko uthaye hue shrikrishn
vivaran 'govardhan parikrama' ka hindoo anuyayiyon ke lie bada dharmik mahattv hai. poore vishv se bhaktajan govardhan parvat ki 21 ki.mi. ki parikrama dene ke lie sal bhar yahan ate rahate hain.
rajy uttar pradesh
zila mathura
parvat ki lambaee ath ki.mi.
parikrama path 21 ki.mi.
tithi pratyek mahine ke shukl paksh ki ekadashi se poornima tak.
darshaniy sthal kusum sarovar, chakaleshvar mahadev, jatipura, danaghati, poonchhari ka lautha, manasi gnga, radhakund, uddhav kund adi.
snbndhit lekh krishn, mathura, govardhan, vrindavan
any janakari bhagavan shrikrishn ne govardhan parvat ko apani anguli par dharan kiya tha. govardhan parvat ki parikrama 21 ki.mi. ki hai, jise poorn karane men 5 se 6 ghnte ka samay lagata hai.

govardhan parikrama ka hindoo dharm men bada hi mahattv hai. hinduon ka prasiddh tirthasthal govardhan, mathura se 26 ki.mi. pashchim men dig haeeve par sthit hai. kaha jata hai ki yahan ke kan-kan men bhagavan shrikrishn ka vas hai. yahan ek prasiddh parvat hai, jise 'govardhan parvat' athava 'giriraj' kaha jata hai. yah parvat chhote-chhote baloo pattharon se bana hua hai. is parvat ki lnbaee 8 ki.mi. hai. hindoo dharm men manyata hai ki isaki parikrama karane se mangi gee sabhi muraden poori ho jati hain. yah astha ki anokhi mi‍sal hai. isili‍e ti‍l-ti‍l ghatate is pahad ki log lot-lot kar pari‍krama poori karate hain. har din saikadon shraddhalu apani manokamanaon ko lekar govardhan ate hain aur 21 ki‍lomitar ke phere lagate hain. shraddhabhav ka alam yah hai ki‍ sal bhar shraddhaluon ki bhid lagi rahati hai. log sardi, garmi aur barasat ki paravah ki‍e bi‍na hi 365 di‍n yahan shraddha-suman arpi‍t karate hain.

pauranik katha

bhagavan krishn ke pita nnd maharaj ne ek bar apane bhaee upannd se poochha ki- "govardhan parvat vrindavan ki pavitr dharati par kaise aya?" tab upannd ne kaha ki- "pandavon ke pita pandu ne bhi yahi prashn apane dada bhishm pitamah se poochha tha. is prashn ke uttar men bhishm pitamah ne jo katha sunaee vah is prakar hai-

ek din golok vrindavan men bhagavan shrikrishn ne radharani se kaha ki- "jab ham brajabhoomi par janm lenge, tab ham vahan par anek lilayen rachayenge. tab hamare dvara rachaee gee lila dharativasiyon ki smritiyon men hamesha rahegi. par samay parivartan ke sath yah sab chijen aisi nahin rah payengi aur nasht ho jayengi. parantu govardhan parvat aur yamuna nadi dharati ke ant tak rahengi. yah sab katha sunakar radharani prasann ho geen.

any pauranik kathanusar

govardhan parvat ke snbndh men kee kathaen prachalit hain. ek any katha ke anusar- prachin kal men parvataraj oronkal ki patnie salamani dvip ne gorvadhan nam ke putr ko janm diya. gorvadhan ke janm ke samay asaman se sabhi devi-devataon ne phoolon ki varsha ki aur apsaraon ne nrity kiya. sabhi ne mngal gan aur badhaee git gaye. sabhi ne use golok vrindavan ke mastishk par avatarit hua anamol ratn kaha. kuchh samay pashchath satayug ke prarnbh men param gyani pulasty muni ne salamani dvip ka bhraman kiya. unhonne vahan par govardhan parvat ko dekha, jo ki visarpi paudhe, phool, nadiyon, gufaon aur choo-choo karate hue pakshiyon ke karan ati sundar lag raha tha. use dekhakar unake man men kapat a gaya. vah oronkal se milane ke lie ae, oronkal ne unaka samman kiya aur apane ap ko unaki seva men sarmapit kar diya. pulasty muni ne oronkal se kaha ki vah kali se aye hain, jo ki ek pavitr tirth sthal hai. yah gnga ke kinare par sthit hai. parantu vahan par koi bhi sundar parvat nahin hai. phir unhonne kaha- "rajan tum gorvadhan ko mujhe de do." yah sunane ke bad oronkal ne muni se prarthana ki ki- "manyavar! yah na mange. isake badale kuchh bhi mang len, main de doonga." muni ne kaha- "rajan! tum hamari agya ka ullnghan kar rahe ho."

muni ki yah bat sunakar raja rone lage. raja govardhan se apani judaee ko sahan nahin kar pa rahe the. yah sab baten govardhan sun rahe the. unhonne kaha- "maharshi! ap mujhe kaise kali tak lekar jaenge." muni ne kaha- "main tumhen apane dayen hath par rakh kar lekar jaoonga." govardhan ne kaha- "muniraj main apake sath chaloonga, parantu ek shart hai." govardhan ne kaha ki- "ap mujhe le jate samay jahan bhi rakh denge, main vahin par sthir ho jaoonga. usase age nahin jaoonga." muni govardhan ki shart man gaye. muni ne govardhan ko apane dayen hath par rakh liya aur kali ke liye chal diye. jab vah braj ki or se gujare, gorvadhan ko anubhav hua ki zaroor yah koee pavitr sthal hai. unake man men vichar aya ki vah yahin rook jayen. parantu vah apane vachan ke karan vivash the. tabhi pulasty muni ke andar ek prakritik anubhav aya aur vah dhyan mudra men jane lage. isake lie unhen govardhan ko apane hath se utarana pada. phir kya tha, govardhan vahin par sthir ho gaye. jab muni ne apani sadhana samapt ki aur vah govardhan ko apane sath le jane lage, tab govardhan ne apani shart yad dilaee aur kaha- "muniraj ap apane vachananusar mujhe aur age nahin le ja sakate." yah vachan sunakar muni krodhit ho gaye aur govardhan ko shrap diya aur kaha- "tum pratidin ek til niche gharati men dhasate chale jaoge." isi shrap ke karan govardhan ek-ek til niche dhasate chale ja rahe hain. jab satayug men govardhan dharati par aye, ve ath yojan lambe, panch yojan chaude aur do yojan oonche the. unako mile shrap ke karan kaha jata hai ki kalayug ke 10 hazar varsh poore ho jane par govardhan poori tarah se dharati men samahit ho jayenge.

ek any pauranik katha bhi govardhan ke bare men prachalit hai. isake anusar govardhan ko treta yug ka mana jata hai. ravan se sita ko chhudane ke lie ram ko lnka par chadhaee karana avashyak tha. isake lie vishal samudr ko par karane ke lie unhen] setu ki avashyakata padi. setu banane ke liye unhon ne apani vanar sena ko pattharon ki khoj men bheja. hanuman patthar lene ke lie himalay par gaye aur vahan se govardhan parvat ko apane sath lane lage. tabhi unhen soochana mili ki setu nirman ka kary poora ho chooka hai. us samay hanuman braj se gujar rahe the, unhonne govardhan ko vahin par chhod diya. tab govardhan parvat ne hanuman se kaha ki- "bhagavan mujhase kya galati ho gee, jo ap mujhe nahin le ja rahe hain." yah kah kar govardhan rone lage. tabhi hanuman ne bhagavan ram ka dhyan kiya aur yah sab katha vistar se kahi. phir uttar men bhagavan ram ne kaha ki govardhan se kaho ki jab ham dvapar yug men krishn ke roop men avatar lenge to sat din aur sat raton tak use apani anguli par dharan karenge. tabhi se govardhan ki pooja mere roop men hone lagegi. yah vachan sunakar govardhan khush ho gaye aur prabhu ki mahima ka gunagan karane lage.

parikrama

govardhan parikrama ka naksha

govardhan parvat ki parikrama 21 ki.mi. ki hai, jise poorn karane men 5 se 6 ghnte ka samay lagata hai. govardhan ki parikrama par ane vale shraddhaluon ki snkhya kafi adhik hai. poore bharat se shraddhalu yahan par akar bhagavan krishn ki kripa prapt karate hain. vishesh parvon par yahan par ane vale shraddhaluon ki snkhya men bhari vriddhi ho jati hai. yahan ke pramukh parv govardhan pooja aur guru poornima hain. in donon parvon par to snkhya 5 lakh ko bhi par kar jati hai. vaise pratyek mahine ke shukl paksh ki ekadashi se poornima tak yahan par mele ka ayojan kiya jata hai. parikrama karate hue yatri radhe-radhe bolate hain, jisake karan sara vatavaran radhamay ho jata hai. vaise parikrama karane ka koee nishchit samay nahin hai. parikrama kabhi bhi ki ja sakati hai. sadharan roop se parikrama karane men 5 se 6 ghnte ka samay lagata hai. parantu dandavat parikrama karane vale ko ek haphta lag jata hai. dandavat parikrama karane vale let kar parikrama karate hain aur jahan par vishram lena hota hai, vahan par chinh laga dete hain. vishram karane ke pashchagat phir chihn lage sthan se hi pun: parikrama prarnbh kar dete hain. kuchh sadhu 108 patthar ke sath parikrama karate hain. vah ek-ek kar apane pattharon ko age rakhate rahate hain aur dhire-dhire age badhate rahate hain. ve apani parikrama ko mahino men poora kar pate hain. jis sthan par ruk jate hain, vahin se parikrama prarnbh karate hai. sadhu parikrama marg men hi vishram karate hain. vah kisi any sthan par jakar vishram nahin kar sakate hain. yah parikrama ka niyam hai.

darshaniy sthal

sakshi gopal ji kan vale baba mndir

yahan ane vale log govardhan parvat par bane giriraj mndir men pooja karate hain. isake bad parikrama ke lie chal dete hain. govardhan parvat se yatra shuroo karane ke bad pahala mndir yahi ata hai. yahan par sakshi gopal ji ki moorti hai. log yahan par bhagavan ko naman kar age badhate hain.

shriradha-govind mndir

is mndir ka nirman bhagavan shrikrishn ke pote vajranabh ne karavaya tha. yah mndir prachin kal ka bataya jata hai. yahan par ek bhavy govind kund bhi hai. pauranik kathaon ke anusar giriraj govardhan ki pooja se indr ne kupit hokar aisi bhishan varsha ki, jisase braj doobane laga aur tab balakrishn ne govardhan parvat ko uthakar doobate braj ko bachaya tha. parajit hokar indr shrikrishn ki sharan men ae aur kamadhenu ke doodh se unaka abhishek kiya. gau ke bindooh arthath gau dugdh se vah sthal ek kund ke roop men badal gaya jo ki govind kund ke nam se prasiddh hua. yahan aj bhi gau khur, bnshi adi chinhon se ankit girishilaen hain.

rajasthan ki sima

govardhan parvat ki lnbaee karib 08 kilomitar se jyaada hai. isaka adha hissa‍ uttar pradesh men ata hai to doosara hissa rajasthan men. durga mata mndir se age rajasthas ki sima shuroo ho jati hai. is mndir ki devi ko 'baaurdar vali mata' bhi kaha jata hai. parikrama marg par yahan ek vishal get bana hua hai.

poonchhari ka lautha mndir aur chhatari

parikrama marg par 'poonchhari lautha' namak jagah par behad purana bhavan hai, ise 'chhatari' kahate hai. kaha jata hai ki yahan par snt, sadhu rahakar shrikrishn aur govardhan parvat ka bhajan karate hain. yahan sadhuon ka ana-jana laga rahata hai. isi jagah ke pas ek mndir bhi hai.

haraji kund

parikrama marg par haraji kund hai. is kund ke snchalan samiti ke adhyaksh ke anusar haraji shrikrishn ke sakha the. vah krishn ke sath gay charane jaya karate the. yahan par donon ki lilaen huee thin. isi vajah se is kund ka bahut mahatv hai. vartaman men is kund ka pani gnda aur matamaila ho gaya hai.

rudr kund

yahan par vishal rudr kund hai, jahan shrikrishn ki lila ho chuki hai. bad men yahan par avaidh kabja ho gaya tha. ilahabad uchch nyayalay ke adesh par avaidh kabja hata diya gaya. isake bad is kund ka nirman phir se kiya gaya hai.

radhakrishn mndir aur kaladhari ashram

yahan radha-krishn ka mndir hai. is mndir men parnpara ke tahat ashram snt seva kafi salon se chal raha hai. karib 70 sal pahale isaki sthapana huee thi. har din yahan par 40 se 50 snt ate-jate rahate hain. yahan par sau gayen pali gee hain. hamesha se yah ashram snton ki seva men laga hai.

thakur bihariji maharaj mndir

is mndir ke mahnt sukhadev das hari vnshi ke anusar yah mndir behad purana hai, lekin isake sthapana kal ke bare men kuchh pata nahin hai. ise maithil brahman samaj ke log chalate hain.

shri lakshmi venkatesh mndir, googhat

is mndir ki sthapana varsh 1963 men dakshin bharatiy parnpara se huee thi. yah manasi gnga ke bich men sthit hai. is mndir ki pooja ki parnpara dakshin bharatiy hai.

chootad teka mndir

yah behad purana mndir hai, jise ab naya roop de diya gaya hai. isamen hanuman, ram, lakshman, sita aur radha-krishn ki pratimaen hain. bataya jata hai ki jab shriram ko lnka jane ke samay samudr par pul ki avashyakata huee to patthar mngavae ge. us vakt hanuman dronagiri parvat ke pas ge. tab dronagiri ne apane bete giriraj (govardhan parvat) ko is kary ke lie bheja. hanuman govardhan ko lekar samudr kinare ja rahe the, tabhi adesh hua ki ab setu nirman hetu pattharon ki avashyakata nahin hai. is bich hanuman ne govardhan parvat ko yahin par rakh diya. ve yahan baithe bhi the. isalie is jagah ka nam chootad teka ho gaya. doosari katha ke anusar bhaynkar barish ke dauran braj ko bachane ke lie shrikrishn ne govardhan parvat ko utha liya tha. isake bad shrikrishn ne logon ke sath parvat ki parikrama ki. is dauran shrikrishn yahin par baithe the. tab se is jagah ko chootad teka bhi kahate hain.

hanuman ka pnchamukhi roop

mndir ke sath-sath yahan par ashram bhi bana hua hai aur akhnd 'ramayan' ka path chalata rahata hai. manyata ke anusasar yah mndir 25 varsh pahale banaya gaya tha.

kedaranath dham mata vaishno devi mndir

is mndir ka nirman kedaranath namak vyakti ne karavaya tha. 50 sal pahale gau seva aur dharmarth ke lie is mndir ki sthapana ki gee thi.

uddhav kund

jab shrikrishn mathura se dvarika chale ge the, tab unhonne uddhav ko mathura men gopiyon ka hal janane ke lie bheja tha. bataya jata hai ki yahan par uddhav ji maharaj kund men virajaman hain.

vitthal namadev dham

parikrama marg par vitthal namadev mndir hai. bhakt yahan par akar bhagavan ko naman karate hain aur phir age badhate hain.

radha kund

is kund ko radha ne apane kngan se khodakar banaya tha. manyata hai ki radhakund aur shyamakund men nahane se gau hatya ka pap khatm ho jata hai. yahan ke pujariyon ke anusar, jab shrikrishn ki hatya karane ki kns ki sari yojana viphal hoti ja rahi thi, tab asur arishtasur ko bheja gaya. us samay krishn gayon ko charane ke lie govardhan parvat par ge hue the. yahan pahunchane ke bad arishtasur ne bail ka roop dharan kiya aur gayon ke sath chalane laga. isi dauran shrikrishn ne usako pahachan liya aur usaka vadh kar diya. isake bad vah radha ke pas ge aur unhen chhoo liya. is bat se radharani behad naraz hueen. unhonne kaha ki gau hatya karane ke bad chhookar mujhe bhi pap ka bhagidar bana diya. is ghatana ke bad radharani ne kngan se khodakar kund ki sthapana ki. unhonne manasi gnga se pani lekar ise bhara. isake bad sabhi tirthon ko kund men ane ki anumati huee. yahan radharani aur unaki saheliyon ne snan kar gau hatya ka pap dhoya.

shya‍m kund

shrikrishn ne gau hatya ka pap khatm karane ke lie chhadi se kund banaya. unhonne sabhi tirth ko usamen virajaman kiya aur isamen snan bhi kiya. yahan kartik mahine ki krishnashtami ke din snan karane ka alag mahatv hai.

kusum sarovar

yahan par kusum van hai. shrikrishn dvara radha ji ki veni goonthi jane ke sthal ke roop men yah prasiddh hai. yah sarovar prachin hai. pahale yah kachchak kund tha. ise orachha ke naresh raja virasinh joodev ne varsh 1819 men pakka karavaya tha. isake bad varsh 1723 men bharatapur ke maharaja soorajamal ne ise kalatmak svaroop pradan kiya. unake putr maharaja javahar sinh ne varsh 1767 men yahan par kee chhatariyon ka nirman karavaya tha.

shyam kuti

yah sthal prachin kal ka hai. yahan par shrikrishn ne lilaen ki thin. vartaman men yahan ka najara ujada-sa lagata hai. ab yahan par vriksharopan aur saundaryikaran ka kam bhi karavaya gaya hai.

manasi gnga mndir

is mndir men manasi gnga ki pratima hai aur shrikrishn ke svaroopon ki bhi pooja hoti hai. manyata hai ki jab govardhan parvat ka abhishek ho raha tha, us vakt gnga ke lie pani ki avashyakakata huee. tab sabhi chinta men pad ge ki itana gngajal kaise laya jae. is dauran bhagavan ne apane man se gnga ko govardhan parvat par utar diya. isake bad se hi ise manasi gnga kahate hain. pahale yah chhah kilomitar lnbi gnga hua karati thi, lekin ab yah simat kar kuchh hi door men rah gee hai.

  • mndir giriraj ji

yahan par giriraj (govardhan parvat) ka mndir hai. isamen nirntar pooja chalati rahati hai. mndir ke andar ek vishal kund bana hua hai, jisamen govardhan parvat ka svaroop rakha hua hai.

parikrama samapt

is sthan par akar bhakton ki parikrama samapt hoti hai. yahan par ek vishal get bana hua hai. parikrama poori kar log khud ko dhany manate hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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