गोविंद बल्लभ पंत  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

govind ballabh pnt
govind ballabh pnt
poora nam govind ballabh pnt
janm 10 sitambar, 1887
janm bhoomi almoda, uttarakhnd
mrityu 7 march, 1961
abhibhavak shri manorath pnt
pati/patni shrimati gnga devi
nagarikata bharatiy
parti kangres
pad uttar pradesh ke mukhyamntri aur bharat ke grihamntri
kary kal mukhyamntri- 15 agast 1947 se 27 mee 1954

grihamntri- 1955 - 1961

shiksha vakalat
vidyalay 'myor sentral kaaulej', ilahabad
bhasha angrezi, snskrit
jel yatra san 1921, 1930, 1932 aur 1934 ke svatntrata sngramon men lagabhag 7 varsh jelon men rahe.
puraskar-upadhi bharat ratn
rachanaen varamala, 'rajamukut' aur 'angoor ki beti'
any janakari govind ballabh pnt ka muqadama ladane ka dhng nirala tha, jo muvaqqil apane muqadamon ke bare men sahi janakari nahin dete the, pnt ji unaka muqadama nahin lete the. kashipur men ek bar ve dhoti, kurta tatha gandhi topi pahanakar kort chale gaye. vahan angrez majistret ne apatti ki.

govind ballabh pnt (angrezi: Govind Ballabh Pant, janm:10 sitambar 1887; mrityu: 7 march, 1961) uttar pradesh ke pratham mukhyamntri evn svatntrata senani the. inaka mukhyamntri karyakal 15 agast, 1947 se 27 mee, 1954 tak raha. bad men ye bharat ke grihamntri bhi (1955 -1961) bane. bharatiy snvidhan men hindi bhasha ko rashtrabhasha ka darja dilane aur jamindari pratha ko khatm karane men unaka mahatvapoorn yogadan tha. bharat ratn ka samman unake hi grihamantritv kal men arambh kiya gaya tha. bad men yahi samman unhen 1947 men unake svatantrata sngram men yogadan dene, uttar pradesh ke mukhyamntri tatha bharat ke grihamntri ke roop men utkrisht kary karane ke upalakshy men rashtrapati rajendr prasad dvara pradan kiya gaya.

jivan parichay

apane snkalp aur sahas ke mashahoor pnt ji ka janm 10 sitambar, 1887 ee. vartaman uttarakhnd rajy ke almoda zile ke khoont (dhamas) namak ganv men brahman parivar men hua tha. is parivar ka sambandh kumaoon ki ek atyant prachin aur sammanit parampara se hai. panton ki is parampara ka mool sthan maharashtr ka konkan pradesh mana jata hai aur isake adi purush mane jate hain jayadev pnt. aisi manyata hai ki 11vin sadi ke arambh men jayadev pnt tatha unaka parivar kumaoon men akar bas gaya tha.

arambhik jivan

govind ballabh pnt ke pita ka nam shri 'manorath pant' tha. shri manorath pnt govind ke janm se tin varsh ke bhitar apani patni ke sath paudi gadhaval chale gaye the. balak govind do-ek bar paudi gaya parantu sthayi roop se almoda men raha. usaka lalan-poshan usaki mausi 'dhanidevi' ne kiya. govind ne 10 varsh ki ayu tak shiksha ghar par hi grahan ki. 1897 men govind ko sthaniy 'ramaje kaaulej' men prathamik pathashala men dakhil karaya gaya. 1899 men 12 varsh ki ayu men unaka vivah 'pn. baladatt joshi' ki kanya 'gnga devi' se ho gaya, us samay vah kaksha sat men the. govind ne loar midil ki pariksha snskrit, ganit, angrezi vishayon men vishesh yogyata ke sath pratham shreni men pas ki. govind intar ki pariksha pas karane tak yahin par rahe. isake pashchath ilahabad vishvavidyalay men pravesh liya tatha bi.e. men ganit, rajaniti aur angrezi sahity vishay lie. ilahabad us samay bharat ki vibhootiyan pn0 javaharalal neharu, pn0 motilal neharu, sar tejabahadur sapru, shri satishachandr bainarji v shri sundaralal sarikhon ka sngam tha to vahin vishvavidyalay men antarrashtriy khyati ke vidvanh pradhyapak jainigs, kaauks, rendel, e.pi. mukarji sarikhe vidvanh the. ilahabad men navayuvak govind ko in mahapurushon ka sannidhy evn sampark mila sath hi jagaruk, vyapak aur rajanitik chetana se bharapoor vatavaran mila.

pnt ji ke samman men jari dak tikat

karyakshetr

  • 1909 men govind ballabh pnt ko qanoon ki pariksha men vishvavidyalay men sarvapratham ane par 'lamsadain' svarn padak pradan kiya gaya.
  • 1910 men govind ballabh pnt ne almoda men vakalat arambh ki. almoda ke bad pnt ji ne kuchh mahine ranikhet men vakalat ki, phir pnt ji vahan se kashipur a gaye. un dinon kashipur ke muqadamen es.di.em. (dipti kalaktar) ki kort men pesh hua karate the. yah adalat grishm kal men 6 mahine nainital v sardiyon ke 6 mahine kashipur men rahati thi. is prakar pnt ji ka kashipur ke bad nainital se sambandh juda.
  • san 1912-13 men pntaji kashipur aye us samay unake pita ji 'revenyoo kalaktar' the. shri 'kunjabihari lal' jo kashipur ke vayovriddh pratishthit nagarik the, ka muqadama pnt' ji dvara liye gaye sabase 'pahale muqadamon' men se ek tha. isaki fis unhen 5 ru0 mili thi.
  • 1909 men pntaji ke pahale putr ki bimari se mrityu ho gayi aur kuchh samay bad patni gngadevi ki bhi mrityu ho gayi. us samay unaki ayu 23 varsh ki thi. vah gambhir v udasin rahane lage tatha samast samay qanoon v rajaniti ko dene lage. parivar ke dabav par 1912 men pnt ji ka doosara vivah almoda men hua. usake bad pntaji kashipur aye. pnt ji kashipur men sabase pahale 'najakari' men namak valon ki kothi men ek sal tak rahe.
  • 1913 men pntaji kashipur ke mauhalla khalasa men 3-4 varsh tak rahe. abhi naye makan men aye ek varsh bhi nahin hua tha ki unake pita manorath pnt ka dehant ho gaya. is bich ek putr ki prapti huee par usaki bhi kuchh mahinon bad mrityu ho gayi. bachche ke bad patni bhi 1914 men svarg sidhar gee.
  • 1916 men pnt ji 'rajakumar chaube' ki baithak men chale gaye. chaube ji pnt ji ke anany mitr the. unake dvara dabav dalane par punahvivah ke lie raji hona pada tatha kashipur ke hi shri taradatt pande ji ki putri 'kaladevi' se vivah hua. us samay pant ji ki ayu 30 varsh ki thi.

vakalat ka andaz

govind ballabh pnt ji ka muqadama ladane ka dhng nirala tha, jo muvaqqil apane muqadamon ke bare men sahi janakari nahin dete the, pnt ji unaka muqadama nahin lete the. kashipur men ek bar govind ballabh pnt ji dhoti, kurta tatha gandhi topi pahanakar kort chale gaye. vahan angrez majistret ne apatti ki.

snkshipt jivan parichay

pnt ji ke samman men jari dak tikat

pant ji ki vakalat ki kashipur men dhak thi aur unaki ay 500 rupe masik se bhi adhik ho gee. pnt ji ke karan kashipur rajanitik tatha samajik drishtiyon se kumaoon ke any nagaron ki apeksha adhik jagaruk tha. angrez shasakon ne kashipur nagar ko kali soochi men shamil kar liya. pntaji ke netritv ke karan angrez kashipur ko ”govindagadh“ kahati thi.

  • 1914 men kashipur men 'premasabha' ki sthapana pnt ji ke prayatnon se hi huee. british shasakon ne samajha ki samaj sudhar ke nam par yahan atnkavadi karyo ko protsahan diya jata hai. phalasvaroop is sabha ko hatane ke anek prayatn kiye gaye par pnt ji ke prayatnon se vah saphal nahin ho paye.
  • 1914 men pnt ji ke prayatnon se hi 'udayaraj hindoo haeeskool' ki sthapana huee. rashtriy andolan men bhag lene ke arop men british sarakar ne is skool ke viruddh digri dayar kar nilami ke adesh parit kar diye. jab pnt ji ko pata chala to unhonnen chanda mangakar isako poora kiya.
  • 1916 men pnt ji kashipur ki 'notiphaid airiya kameti' men liye gaye. bad men kameti ki 'shiksha samiti' ke adhyaksh bane. kumayoon men sabase pahale niahshulk aur anivary shiksha lagoo karane ka shrey pnt ji ko hi hai.
  • pntaji ne kumayoon men 'rashtriy andolan' ko 'anhisa' ke adhar par sngathit kiya. arambh se hi kumaoon ke rajanitik andolan ka netritv pnt ji ke hathon men raha. kumaoon men rashtriy andolan ka arambh kuli utar, jngalat andolan, svadeshi prachar tatha videshi kapadon ki holi v lagan-bndi adi se hua. bad men dhire-dhire kangres dvara ghoshit asahayog andolan ki lahar kumayoon men chha gayi. 1926 ke bad yah kangres men mil gayi.
  • disambar 1920 men 'kumaoon parishad' ka 'varshik adhiveshan' kashipur men hua. jahan 150 pratinidhiyon ke thaharane ki vyavastha kashipur naresh ki kothi men ki gee. pntaji ne bataya ki parishad ka uddeshy kumaoon ke kashton ko door karana hai n ki sarakar se sngharsh karana.
  • 23 julaee, 1928 ko pant ji 'nainital zila bord' ke chaiyaramain chune gaye. 1920-21 men bhi chaiyaramain rah chuke the.
  • pnt ji ka rajanitik siddhant tha ki apane kshetr ki rajaniti ki kabhi upeksha nahin ki jani chahie. 1929 men gandhi ji kosani se ramanagar hote hue kashipur bhi gaye. kashipur men gandhi ji lala nanakachand khatri ke bag men thahare the. pnt ji ne kashipur men ek charakha sngh ki vidhivat sthapana ki.
  • 10 agast, 1931 ko bhavali men unake suputr shrikrishn chandr pnt ka janm hua.
  • navambar, 1934 men govind ballabh pnt 'ruhelakhand-kumaoon' kshetr se kendriy vidhan sabha ke lie nirvirodh chun liye gaye.
  • 17 julaee, 1937 ko govind ballabh pnt 'snyukt prant' ke pratham mukhyamntri bane jisamen narayan datt tivari snsadiy sachiv niyukt kiye gaye the.
  • pant ji 1946 se disambar 1954 tak uttar pradesh ke mukhyamntri rahe. pnt ji ko bhoomi sudharon men paryapt ruchi thi. 21 mee, 1952 ko jamindari unmoolan qanoon ko prabhavi banaya. mukhyamntri ke roop men unaki vishal yojana nainital taraee ko abad karane ki thi.
  • pnt ji ek vidvanh qanoon gyata hone ke sath hi mahanh neta v mahanh arthashastri bhi the. krishnachandr pnt unake suyogy putr kendr sarakar men vibhinn padon par rahate hue yojana ayog ke upadhyaksh bhi rahe.
  • ilahabad ke tatkalin 'myor sentral kaaulej' se snatak evn vakalat ki upadhiyan prapt kin.
  • san 1909 men ilahabad haeekort men edavoket bane aur nainital men vakalat prarambh ki.
  • san 1916 men 'kumayoon parishad' ki sthapana ki aur isi varsh 'akhil bharatiy kangres kameti' ke sadasy chune gaye.
  • 1923 men 'svarajy parti' ke tikat par uttar pradesh 'vidhan parishad ke lie nirvachit hue.
  • san 1927 men uttar pradesh kangres kameti ke adhyaksh rahe.
  • navambar, 1928 men lakhanoo men saiman kamishan ka bahishkar kiya.
  • san 1921, 1930, 1932 aur 1934 ke svatntrata sngramon men lagabhag 7 varsh jelon men rahe.
  • san 1937 se 1939 evn 1954 tak arthath mrityu paryant kendriy sarakar ke svarashtr mntri rahe.
svatntrata ke punit avasar par govind ballabh pnt dvara diya gaya sandeshah-
mitron aur sathiyon, is aitihasik avasar par ap logon ke prati hardik shubhakamanaen prakat karate hue mujhe harsh hota hai. ham apani mnzil par pahunch chuke hain. hamen apana lakshy mil gaya hai. bharatiy sngh ke svatntr rajy men main apaka svagat karata hoon. janata ke pratinidhi rajy aur usaki vibhinn shakhaon ka niyntran aur snchalan karenge aur janata dvara, janata ke lie, janata ki sarakar keval siddhant nahin rahega varanh ab vah sab prakar se sakriy roop dharan karega aur sabhi manon men yah siddhant vyavahar men laya jaega.

natakakar aur lekhak

govind vallabh pnt achchhe natakakar hain. unaka 'varamala' natak, jo markandey puran ki ek katha par adharit hai, badi nipunata se likha gaya hai. mevad ki panna namak dhay ke alaukik tyag ka aitihasik vrit lekar 'rajamukut' ki rachana huee hai. 'angoor ki beti' (jo farasi shabd ka anuvad hai) mady men dushparinam dikhane vala samajik natak hai.

bharat ratn

bharat ratn samman unake hi kal men arambh kiya gaya. sanh 1957 men ganatantr divas par mahanh deshabhakt, kushal prashasak, saphal vakta, tark ka dhani evn udaramana pant ji ko bharat ki sarvochch upadhi 'bharat ratn' se vibhooshit kiya gaya. aj unaki yad men unake janm sthan par ek smarak ka nirman kiya gaya hai. pndit pant ko uttarakhnd ke log 'gothi pondh jyoo' kah kar bhi pukarate hain kyonki pant ji ka janm apane nanihal ke 'goth' yani jo sthan maveshiyon ke lie banaya jata hai vahan hua tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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