ग्रन्थ लिपि  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

tamilanadu ke aaurkat, selam, tiruchirapalli, madurai, tirunelveli tatha purane tiruvitankur (travnkor) rajy men 7vin shatabdi se is lipi ka vyavahar hota tha. dakshin ke pandy, pallav tatha chol rajaon ne apane abhilekhon men is lipi ka prayog kiya hai. dakshin bharat ki sthaniy lipiyon ki apoornata ke karan snskrit bhasha ke granth evn abhilekh unamen nahin likhe ja sakate the. snskrit ke granth tatha abhilekh likhane ke lie jis lipi ka dakshin bharat men upayog hota tha, usi ko age chalakar ‘granth lipi’ ka nam diya gaya.

sabase pahale dakshin ke pallav rajaon ke lekhon men hamen granth lipi ka arambhik roop dekhane ko milata hai. pallav lipi ka prabhav evn prachar ham sudoor dakshin-poorv eshiya ke deshon men bhi dekhate hain. satavin shatabdi se dakshin bharat men pallav lipi ke do roop dikhaee dete hain-

  1. kalatmak
  2. sadharan.

mamallapuram (mahabalipuram) ke dharmarajarath par kuchh virud utkirn hain. inaki lipi ko ‘pallav lipi’ ka nam diya gaya hai. is rath par ankit char pnktiyan hain. in char pnktiyon men hi char prakar ke ‘a’, do prakar ke ‘m’ aur ‘y’ tatha tin prakar ke ‘n’ ka prayog hua hai.

  • lipyntarah
  • ameyamayah
  • apratihatashasan
  • atyantakam.
  • avanabhajanah

abhilekh aur danapatr

pallavavnshi rajaon ke abhilekh granth lipi aur snskrit bhasha men milate hain. inamen pramukh hain- raja narasinh varman ke samay ke mamallapuram ke kuchh laghulekh, raja rajasinh (narasinh varman dvitiy) ke samay ke kanchipuram ke kailasanath mandir ke shilalekh aur raja parameshvar varman ka kooram se prapt danapatr. rajasinh ka kailasanath mandir ka shilalekh satavin shatabdi ki pallav granth lipi ka badhiya namoona hai. is lekh ke likhane vale ne apani kalatmak ruchi ka khoob parichay diya hai. parameshvaravarman ke kooram-danapatr ki lipi kuchh jaldi se likhi gee hai. isamen hamen granth lipi ke sath-sath tamil lipi ke vikas ke bhi darshan hote hain, kyonki yah danapatr anshatah snskrit aur tamil men hain. isamen hamen telugu evn kannad lipi ke kuchh arambhik akshar bhi nazar ate hain. 8vin shatabdi men is lipi men kuchh vishesh antar nahin dikhaee deta, jaisa ki nndi varman ke kasakudi se mile hue danapatr ki lipi ko dekhane se pata chalata hai.

lipyntar

narasinhavammarnah svayamiv bhagavato nripatiroopavati-
rnnasy narasinhasy muhuravajit choळ(l) keran(l) kळ(l) bhrapandy-
sy sahasrabahoriv samarashatanirvvishtasahasrabahu-
kammarnah pariyळ mani mngळ shoor mar prabhritiranavidashshi(shirsh)

lipi

nauvin aur dasavin shatabdi men chol rajaon ke abhilekhon men jo lipi milati hai, use byoohlar ne ‘sndhikalin granth lipi’ ka nam diya tha. vartaman samay tak dakshini bharat men snskrit ke granth likhane ke lie jis granth lipi ka vyavahar hota raha, usaka arambh 13vin-14vin shatabdi ke abhilekhon men dekhane men ata hai. granth lipi men likhi huee jo sabase prachin hastalipi milati hai, vah 16vin shatabdi ki hai. vartaman samay tak dakshin men snskrit ke granth likhane ke lie jis granth lipi ka vyavahar hota raha, usaki do shailiyan hain- tnjavur ke brahman ‘vargakar’ granth lipi ka prayog karate rahe hain aur aaurkat tatha madras (chenai) ke jain ‘golakar’ granth lipi ka. tulu aur malayalam lipiyon ka vikas granth lipi se hua hai.  


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh


tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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