ग्राउस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ef. es. graus
F. S. Growse
1871-1877, ziladhish mathura
  • graus ka poora nam fedrik saaulaman graus (ef. es. graus) hai. ye paradhin bharat men ek angrez sivil adhikari the.
  • ye mathura ke ziladhikari the, aur mathura ke ziladhish ke roop men inaka karyakal sanh 1871 se 1877 ee. tak raha.
  • graus ka mathura vishayak granth mathura-e-distrikt memaauyar pratham bar sanh 1874 ee. men prakashit hua. is grnth men tatkalin mathura mndal ka bahuayami aur bahuuddeshiy varnan milata hai.
  • unhonne ramacharitamanas ka angrezi men bahut sundar anuvad kiya tha. ve farasi-arabi mishrit urdoo ke prabal virodhi tatha desi shabdon se bharapoor hindi ke samarthak the.
  • graus se poorv tulasidas ka 'ramacharitamanas' angrezon ki pahunch se pray: bahar hi raha tha. unhonne isaka itana manohari anuvad prastut kiya ki usaka moolaras, katha-pravah aur kavy-saundary avismaraniy raha.

graus ka bharat-prem

graus sahab ki bharatiy snskriti, puratattv aur sahity men gahan ruchi thi. jahan kahin bhi ap rajakiy seva men rahe, apaka yah bharat-prem vahan ke prashasanik karyo ke bich dekha ja sakata hai. graus ki rajakiy seva ka adhikansh samay tatkalin agara prant ke mathura, mainapuri, aur phatehagadh men bita. sanh 1878 ee. men se 1879 ke bich eshiyatik sosayati ke janaral aur 'indiyan aintikvari' men inake mathura par likhe lekhon ka prakashan hua. graus sahab bharat ko angrez shasakon jaisi nazar se kabhi nahin dekhate the. ve is desh ki bhasha, kala, snskriti adi ke prati poornat: samarpit vyaktitv the. bhasha ke snbndh men bhi badi spasht aur sulajhi huee drishti unake pas thi. graus ne sanh 1872 men nikatasth palikheda namak sthan se yahan ki mahattvapoorn pratima asavapayi kuber ko prapt kiya tha . sanh 1888 se 91 tak daktar phyooharar ne lagatar knkali tile ki khudaee karaee. pahale hi varsh men 737 se adhik moortiyan milin jo lakhanoo ke rajy sngrahalay men bhej di gayin . sanh 1836 ke bad sanh 1909 tak phir mathura ki moortiyon ko ekatrit karane ka koee ullekhinay prayas nahin hua.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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