चन्द्रभानु गुप्त  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

chandrabhanu gupt
chandrabhanu gupt
poora nam chandrabhanu gupt
janm 14 julaee, 1902
janm bhoomi aligadh, uttar pradesh
mrityu 11 march, 1980
abhibhavak hiralal
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi svatntrata senani, samajik karyakarta, poorv mukhyamntri (uttar pradesh)
kary kal pahali bar-7 disambar, 1960 se 2 aktoobar, 1963 tak; doosari bar-14 march, 1967 se 3 aprail, 1967 tak; tisari bar-28 faravari, 1969 se 18 faravari, 1970 tak
vidyalay 'lakhanoo vishvavidyalay'
shiksha em.e., elel.bi.
vishesh yogadan uttar pradesh ke chautarapha vikas ki guptaji ko chinta thi. bachche se lekar boodhe tak ka khyal tha. unhonne rajy men takaniki shiksha v krishi shiksha ke lie mnch taiyar kiya.
ullekhaniy tathy 'kakori rel kand' ke krantikariyon ke bachav paksh men vakalat karane ke bad hi chandrabhanu ji surkhiyon men a ge.
any janakari ap 1916 men ghar valon ki marji ke bina panch rupaye jeb men dalakar lakhanoo men kangres ke ek jalase men hissa lene pahunch ge the, jahan inhen lokamany tilak ke pair chhoone ka avasar mila.

chandrabhanu gupt (angrezi: Chandrabhanu Gupta, janm- 14 julaee, 1902 ee., aligadh, uttar pradesh; mrityu- 11 march, 1980 ee.) bharat ke prasiddh svatntrata senani aur uttar pradesh ke mukhyamntri the. un par 'ary samaj' ka bahut gahara prabhav tha. varsh 1926 se hi si.bi. gupt 'uttar pradesh kangres' aur 'akhil bharatiy kangres kameti' ke sadasy ban ge the. kee vibhagon men mntri rahane ke bad chandrabhanu ji varsh 1960 se 1963 tak uttar pradesh ke mukhyamntri rahe. unhonne samaj seva ke kshetr men bhi anek kam kie. lakhanoo aur gorakhapur jaise shaharon ko adhunik v vikasashil banane ki pahal karane vale si.bi gupt ko log majaboot prashasan, jujharoo netritv v badappan ke lie aj bhi yad karate hain.

janm tatha shiksha

chandrabhanu gupt ka ka janm 14 julaee, 1902 ko uttar pradesh men aligadh zile ke 'bijauli' namak sthan par hua tha. unake pita ka nam hiralal tha. chandrabhanu ji ke pita ko apane samaj men bahut hi man-samman aur pratishtha prapt thi. chandrabhanu gupt ke charitr nirman men 'ary samaj' ka bahut gahara prabhav pada aur bhavi jivan men ary samaj ke siddhant unake marg darshak rahe. unaki prarambhik shiksha lakhimapur khiri men huee. bad men ve uchch shiksha prapt karane ke lie lakhanoo chale ae. yahan 'lakhanoo vishvavidyalay' se em.e. aur elel.bi. ki pariksha uttirn ki. isake bad navabon ka shahar lakhanoo hi unaka karyakshetr ban gaya.

rajaniti men pravesh

shiksha poorn karane ke bad gupt ji ne lakhanoo men vakalat arambh ki. lagabhag panch phut aur char inch ke kad vale vale chandrabhanu, jo ki ek padhakoo yuvak the, unaka rajaniti se koee lena-dena nahin tha. lekin vah mahatma gandhi ke vibhinn andolanon se prerit zaroor the. 1916 men ghar valon ki marji ke bina panch rupaye jeb men dalakar ve lakhanoo men hue kangres ke ek jalase men hissa lene pahunch ge the. us samay lokamany tilak ka juloos kaisarabag hote hue charabag ki taraf a raha tha. bansamndi chaurahe par si.bi. gupt ko lokamany tilak ke pair chhoone ka mauka mila. pair chhoote unhen n jane kaisi prerana mili ki unake kadam sakriy rajaniti ki or badh chale. phir to rajaniti aur samaj seva men aisi paith banaee ki 1960 ke disambar men uttar pradesh ke mukhyamntri ban ge.[1]

prasiddhi

apane jujharoopan aur khari bat bolane ke karan si.bi. gupt yuva rajaniti men teji se ubhare. varsh 1919 men 'raulat ekt' ke virodh men pradarshan karane ke bad kangresajan chandrabhanu ji ki kshamataon ke kayal ho ge. 'kakori rel kand' ke krantikariyon ke bachav paksh men vakalat karane ke bad to vah surkhiyon men a ge. kangres ko ek aise hi tejatarrar yuva ki zaroorat thi. chandrabhanu gupt ko 1928 men lakhanoo shahar kangres ka adhyaksh banaya gaya. kanapur men hue kangres ke rashtriy adhiveshan men lakhanoo se deliget bhi chune ge. poore rashtriy andolan men unhonne sakriy sipahi ki bhoomika nibhaee.

mukhyamntri ka pad

bharat ki svatntrata ke bad 1948 men bani pahali pradesh sarakar men chandrabhanu gupt govind vallabh pant ke mntrimandal men sachiv ke roop men sammilit hue. phir varsh 1948 se 1957 tak unhonne anek pramukh vibhagon ke mntri ke roop men kam kiya. chandrabhanu ji 1960 se 1963 tak uttar pradesh ke mukhyamntri rahe. bad men 'kamaraj yojana' men unhonne yah pad tyag diya, kintu uttar pradesh ki rajaniti men unaka prabhav bana raha. 1967 ke am chunav men vijayi hone ke bad ve pun: mukhyamntri bane.

adhikansh neta naukarashahi ko apane niji hiton ke lie istemal karane men koee gurej nahin karate, lekin kuchh aise bhi neta rahe, jinhen yah bilkul pasnd nahin tha. uttar pradesh ke mukhyamntri si.bi. gupt bhi ek aise hi neta the. jab 1960 men ve mukhyamntri bane to rajaniti se prerit naukarashahi aur rajy ka khali khazana unake samaksh sabase badi samasya thi. unhonne ala adhikariyon ko patr likha, jisamen unhonne kaha tha ki- "mera vishvas hai ki prashasan tntr ko achchhe dhng se chalane ke lie doosaron ke hak langhakar ayogy vyaktiyon ki pronnati nahin ki jani chahie. yadi ek bar prashasan men pakshapat ka rog lag gaya to vah dhire-dhire badhakar poore tntr ko thap kar deta hai. prashasan tntr ko rajaniti ke kuchakron se door rahana chahie."[1] lekin shighr hi unake kuchh kangresi sadasyon ne chaudhari charan sinh ke netritv men dal badalakar pradesh men pahali gair-kangresi sarakar banane men madad ki. badali paristhitiyon men chandrabhanu gupt virodhi (kangres) dal ke neta bane.

samajik karyakarta

svatntrata ke bad ki rajaniti men unaki takat ka andaja isi se lagaya ja sakata hai ki do bar vidhan sabha chunav men unhen har ka samana karana pada tha. isake bavajood vah kangres ke rajy adhyaksh bane. unaki lokapriyata ko dekhate hue hi javahar lal neharoo ne unhen uttar pradesh ka mukhyamntri ghoshit kiya tha. rajaniti v naukarashahi ki mili bhagat par sakhti karane vale vah pahale mukhyamntri aur samajik karyakarta the. vah hamesha ane vale dinon ke bare men sochate the. rajy ke chautarapha vikas ki unhen chinta thi. bachche se lekar boodhe tak ka khyal tha. unhonne rajy men takaniki shiksha v krishi shiksha ke lie mnch taiyar kiya. chandrabhanu gupt ne samaj seva ke kshetr men bhi anek kary kie. unake dvara sthapit lakhanoo ki mukhy snsthaen thi-

  1. lakhanoo men bal sngrahalay
  2. motilal memoriyal aspatal
  3. bal vidya mndir
  4. navachetana bilding
  5. neshanal kaaulej
  6. tibi aspatal
  7. ravindralay

sirf yahi nahin, rajadhani lakhanoo ka 'kedi sinh baboo stediyam' bhi chandrabhanu gupt ji mehanat ka hi phal hai.[1]

virodhiyon ke madadagar

  • si.bi. gupt apane virodhiyon ki bhi madad karate the. us samay unake bade virodhiyon men se ek alagoo ray shastri ki tabiyat bahut kharab thi. yah bat jab chandrabhanu gupt ko pata chali to vah unake ghar pahunch ge. chikitsakon ko bulaya aur kaha- "inake ilaj men koee dikkat nahin ani chahie. sara kharch main doonga." charabag, lakhanoo men rahane vale upendranath chaturvedi ke kathananusar itana sadagi vala insan unhonne aj tak nahin dekha tha. unake anusar kabhi-kabhi chandrabhanu ardh paint aur baniyan pahane, sir par topi lagae aur hath men rool pakade tahalane nikal padate the. raste bhar ruk-rukakar sabaka hal poochhate the. har koee unase milakar apani takaliph bayan kar sakata tha.
  • gupt ji 'lakhanoo vishvavidyalay' ke koshadhyaksh the. unhin dinon patrakar ke. vikram rav vahan padhaee karate the. vah kuchh logon ko lekar chandrabhanu gupt se milane ge. unhonne in vidyarthiyon se poochha ki "kya kam hai?" vidyarthiyon ne bataya ki yah ladaka behad garib hai. isaki phis maph karava dijie. vah bole- "tum log mere khilaf nare lagate ho, kala jhnda dikhate ho. ye kamyunist parti ke us neta ka beta hai, jo mera khoob virodh karate hain." age joda- "mere aur isake pita ke bich vaicharik ladaee hai. yah ladaka pratibhashali hai. isaki phis tab tak maph rahegi, jab tak yahan padhaee karega."
  • chandrabhanu gupt ke sahayogi rahe vimal kumar sharma ek vakaya yad karate hain- "bat 1965 ki hai. chandrabhanu gupt ne chndraval men gram seva kendr khulavaya, jisaka main prabhari tha. us samay rajy men rajanitik utha patak chal rahi thi. unhen rajyapal se milana tha. meri tabiyat usi samay kharab ho gee. chandrabhanu gupt ko jaise hi yah pata chala, vah sidhe chndraval pahunche. mujhe lekar ae, balaramapur aspatal men bharti karaya. ilaj par kharch hue poore paise unhonne hi die."[1]

kathin nirnay

varsh 1969 ee. men sampoorn desh ke star par kangres vibhajit ho gee. nirdaliy ummidavar ke roop men indira gandhi ke sakriy sahayog aur kangres ke ek varg ke samarthan se vi. vi. giri desh ke rashtrapati chune ge. yah gupt ji ke lie bade kathin nirnay ki ghadi thi. ve sada se kangres ke sngathan se jude rahe the. jab unhonne dekha ki unake anek sathi vibhajan ke bad bhi purani snstha men hi adig hain, to unhonne bhi indira gandhi ki nee kangres men n jakar apane purane samarthakon ke sath rahana hi uchit samajha.

vasiyat

chandrabhanu gupt ji ne apani vasiyat men likha tha ki-

"mera saphar jo kabhi ruka nahin, jhuka nahin, n jane kab mnjil prapt kar le aur jivan ki sndhya chha jae. mera jivan ek bhikhari ka jivan raha hai. mere desh ke vishesh roop se is pradesh ke logon ne mujhe apar sneh aur samman diya hai. un sabhi deshavasiyon ke prati apani kritgyta vyakt karane ke lie mainne do snsthaon 'bharat seva snsthan' v 'motilal memoriyal sosayati' ko janm diya. jo kuchh mera apana kahane yogy tha, vah sab 'bharat seva snsthan' v 'motilal memoriyal sosayati' ka ho chuka hai. ab panadariban sthit keval ek makan 'seva kutir' meri niji achal sampatti ke roop men rah gaya hai, jisaka ekamatr svami main hoon. yah bhi desh ki garib janata ko arpit hai. mere nam jo dhan bainkon ke khaton men mere antim kshanon men hoga, vah meri antyeshti men sadagi ke sath vyay karane bad baki samaj seva men vyay hoga."[1]

rajanitik saphar

  1. 1916 - kangres ke sadasy bane
  2. 1925 - 'kakori kand' ke krantikariyon ke bachav paksh ka vakil banane ke bad surkhiyon men ae.
  3. 1928 - myoonisipal bord ke sadasy bane.
  4. 1929 se 1944 tak - lakhanoo shahar kangres ke adhyaksh rahe.
  5. 1946 se 1959 tak - 'lakhanoo vishvavidyalay' ke koshadhyaksh rahe.
  6. 1937 se 1957 tak - vidhan sabha sadasy rahe.
  7. 1946 - mukhyamntri ke sabha sachiv bane.
  8. 1947 se 1954 tak - rajy sarakar men khady evn rasad mntri.
  9. 1960 - 'pradesh kangres kameti' ke adhyaksh bane.
mukhyamntri
  1. pahali bar - 7 disambar, 1960 se 2 aktoobar, 1963 tak
  2. doosari bar - 14 march, 1967 se 3 aprail, 1967 tak
  3. tisari bar - 28 faravari, 1969 se 18 faravari, 1970 tak

nidhan

uttar pradesh ko pragati ke path par agrasar karane vale aur khyati prapt samaj sevak chandrabhanu gupt ka nidhan 11 march, 1980 men hua.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 ab kaun karata hai si.bi. gupt jaise kam (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 09 joon, 2013.

snbndhit lekh