चंबल नदी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

chnbal nadi

chnbal nadi bharat men bahane vali prachin nadi hai. is nadi ka prachin nam 'charmanvati' hai. kuchh sthanon par ise 'kamadhenu' bhi kaha jata hai. yah nadi madhy pradesh ke moo ke dakshin men manapur ke samip 'janapav pahadi', jo ki lagabhag 616 mitar oonchi hai, ke vindhyan kagaron ke uttari parshv se nikalati hai. apane udagam sthal se chnbal nadi 325 kilomitar uttar disha ki or ek lnbe snkirn marg se tivragati se pravahit hoti huee chaurasigadh ke samip rajasthan men pravesh karati hai. yahan se kota tak lagabhag 113 kilomitar ki doori ek garj se bahakar tay karati hai.[1]

pravah kshetr

chnbal nadi par bhainsarodagadh ke pas prakhyat 'chooliya' prapat hai. yah nadi rajasthan ke kota, boondi, savaee madhopur v dhaulapur zilon men bahati huee uttar pradesh ke itava zile ke muradagnj sthan men yamuna nadi men mil jati hai. uttar pradesh men bahate hue chnbal nadi 900 kilomitar ki doori tay karati hai. yah rajasthan ki ek matr aisi nadi hai, jo varsh bhar bahati hai. is nadi par gandhi sagar, rana pratap sagar, javahar sagar aur kota bairaj bandh bane hain.

lambaee

chnbal nadi ki kul lnbaee 965 kilomitar hai. yah rajasthan men kul 376 kilomitar tak bahati hai.

sahayak nadiyan

chnbal ke nichale kshetr men 16 kilomitar ki lnbi patti bihad kshetr hai, jo tvarit mrida aparadan ka parinam hai aur mrida snrakshan ka ek pramukh pariyojana sthal hai. ye bandh sinchaee tatha vidyut oorja ke pramukh srot hain. chnbal ki pramukh sahayak nadiyan is prakar hain-

chnbal nadi, (rajasthan aur madhy pradesh ki sima par)

granthon ke anusar

  • mahabharat ke anusar raja rntidev ke ygyon men jo ardr charm rashi ikattha ho gee thi usi se yah nadi udabhut huee thi-

'mahanadi charmarasherootkledath sasrijeyatahtatashcharmanvatityevn vikhyata s mahanadi'[2].

aradhyainn shadavanabhavn devamullaghitadhva,
siddhadvandvairjalakan bhayadvinibhidaitt margah.
vyalambethassurabhitanayalnbhajan manayishyanh,
sroto mootyabhuvi parinatan rntidevasy kirtiah'.

in ullekhon se yah jan padata hai ki rntidev ne charmavati ke tat par anek ygy kie the.

  • mahabharat men bhi charmavati ka ullekh hai -

'tatashcharmanavati koole jnbhakasyatmajn nripn dadarsh vasudeven sheshitn poorvavairina'[3] arthath isake pashchath sahadev ne (dakshin disha ki vijay yatra ke prasng men) charmanvati ke tat par jnbhak ke putr ko dekha jise usake poorv shatru vasudev ne jivit chhod diya tha. sahadev ise yuddh men harakar dakshin ki or agrasar hue the.

  • charmanvati nadi ko van parv ke tirth yatra anu parv men puny nadi mana gaya hai -

'charmanvati samasady niyaton niyatashanah rntidevabhyanugyatamagnishtomaphaln labheth'.

'surasanarmada charmanvati sindhurndhah'[4]

  • is nadi ka udagam janapav ki pahadiyon se hua hai. yahin se gnbhira nadi bhi nikalati hai. yah yamuna ki sahayak nadi hai.
  • mahabharat men ashvanadi ka charmanvati men, charmanvati ka yamuna men aur yamuna ka gnga nadi men milane ka ullekh hai –

mnjooshatvashvanadyaah sa yayau charmanvati nadimh,
charmanvatyashv yamuna tato gnga jagamah.
gngayaah sootavishaye chnpamanuyayaupurimh'.[5]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

chitr vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. rajasthan ki nadiyan (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el.). . abhigaman tithi: 29 disambar, 2012.
  2. mahabharat, shanti parv 29,123
  3. mahabharat 2, 31, 7
  4. shrimadabhagavat 5, 19, 18
  5. mahabharat van parv 308, 25-26

snbndhit lekh