चांदी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(चाँदी se punarnirdeshit)
chandi
chamakadar safed dhatu
sadharan gunadharm
nam, pratik, snkhya chandi, Ag, 47
tatv shreni snkraman dhatu
samooh, avart, kaksha 11, 5, d
manak paramanu bhar 107.8682g·mol−1
ilektraaun vinyas 1s2, 2s2 2p6, 3s2 3p6 3d10, 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s1
ilektraaun prati shel 2, 8, 18, 18, 1
bhautik gunadharm
avastha thos
ghanatv (nikat k.ta.) 10.49 g·cm−3
taral ghanatv
(galanank par)
9.320 g·cm−3
galanank 1234.93 K, 961.78 °C, 1763.2 °F
kvathanank 2435 K, 2162 °C, 3924 °F
snlayan ooshma 11.28 kilo jool-mol
vashpan ooshma 250.58 kilo jool-mol
vishisht ooshmiy
kshamata
25.350

jool-mol−1kilo−1

vashp dab
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 1283 1413 1575 1782 2055 2433
paramanvik gunadharm
ilektronegetiviti 1.93 (pailing paimana)
ayanikaran oorjaen 1st: 731.0 ki.jool•mol−1
2nd: 2070 ki.jool•mol−1
3rd: 3361 ki.jool•mol−1
paramanvik trijya 144 pm
sahasnyojak trijya 145±5 pm
vaindair vals trijya 172 pm
vividh gunadharm
chumbakiy kram pratichumbakiy
pratirodhakata 15.87 nΩ·m
ooshmiy chalakata (300 K) 429 W·m−1·K−1
tapiy difyooziviti (300 K) 174 mm²/s
ooshmiy prasar (25 °C) 18.9 µm·m−1·K−1
yng mapank 83 GPa
aparoopan mapank 30 GPa
sthool mapank 100 GPa
paauyazan anupat 0.37
mohs kathorata mapank 2.5
vikars kathorata 251 MPa
brainal kathorata 24.5 MPa
si.e.es pnjikaran
snkhya
7440-22-4

chandi (angrezi:Silver) avart sarani ka ek tatv hai. chandi ka pratikanusar 'Ag', paramanu snkhya 47 hai. chandi ka ilektraaunik vinyas- 1s2, 2s2 2p6, 3s2 3p6 3d10, 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s1 hai. chandi samanyataya jasta, tanba, sisa, athava sone ke sath payi jati hai.

bhautik gun

  • chandi safed chamakadar dhatu hai.
  • chandi ooshma v vidyut ki sabase achchhi suchalak hai.
  • chandi ka paramanu bhar 107.88, vishisht ghanatv 10.55 se 9.87 tak, vishisht ooshma lagabhag 0.56 tatha rekhiy prasaragunak 1° se 100° sen. ke bich 0.0000194 hai.

chandi ka upayog

  • chandi ka upayog sikke v abhooshan banane men, bartanon men chadhane men, silvar bromaid (photographi men) banane men kiya jata hai.
  • chandi ke dvara amalagam bana kar isase darpan banaye jate hain v danton men bharane ke kam ata hai.
  • chandi se bani mishradhatuyen atyadhik upayogi hoti hain.

sisa ayask

silvar glams, stiphainait, roobi silvar, harn silvar, arjentait, payarajairait tatha austait adi chandi ke pramukh ayask hain. in ayaskon se chandi ka nishkarshan, amal, gaman, led v saianaid prakramon ke dvara kiya jata hai.

utpadan

bharat men isaka bahut kam utpadan hota hai. avashyakata poorti ke lie beljiyam, briten, itali, pashchimi jarmani adi deshon se isaka ayat karana padata hain isake pramukh utpadak kshetr hain- rajasthan men javar mains, karnatak men chitradurg tatha belari zile, andhr pradesh men kadapa, guntoor tatha kuranool zile, jharakhand men snthal paragana tatha uttarakhand men almoda. pahale isaka utkhanan tamilanadu ke annatapur men bhi kiya jata tha jo ab samapt ho gaya hai. 1999-2000 ke dauran desh men kul 53641 kigra. chandi ka utpadan hua.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh