चाय  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

chay
chay
vivaran chay ek mahattvapoorn pey padarth hai aur snsar ke adhikansh log ise pasand karate hain. chay mulayam evn nayi patti, band vanaspatik kali adi se taiyar ki jati hai.
itihas chay ke paudhe ka utpadan bharat men pahali bar sanh 1834 men angrez sarakar dvara parikshan ke roop men vyaparik paimane par kiya gaya tha. sanh 350 men chay pine ki parnpara ka pahala ullekh milata hai. sanh 1610 men dach vyapari chin se chay yoorop le ge aur dhire-dhire ye samoochi duniya ka priy pey ban gaya.
tainin ki matra chay ki tazi pattiyon men tainin ki matra 25.1% payi jati hai, jabaki snsadhit pattiyon men tainin ki matra 13.3% tak hoti hai.
krishi chay ko aktoobar-navambar men boya jata hai tatha pattiyan chunane ka mausam varsh men tin se char bar chalata hai. chay ke lie nyoonatam varsha 125 se 150 semi hona chahie tatha tapaman 21°C se 27°C tak upayukt hota hai.
mukhy utpadan rajy bharat men chay ke mukhy utpadan rajy asam, pashchim bngal, tripura, uttar pradesh, himachal pradesh, tamilanadu, karnatak aur keral hain.
pramukh niryatak desh bharat, shrilnka, kiniya, chin, indoneshiya
vishesh bharat se chay ka niryat vishv ke 80 se adhik deshon ko kiya jata hai, jinamen mukhyatah briten, jarmani, ayaralaind, roos, misr, afaganistan, eeran, kanada, nidaralaind, astreliya, snyukt rajy amarika, snyukt arab ganarajy, irak, kuvait, nyoojilaind, turki adi deshon ko hota hai.
any janakari vishv men chay ke utpadan men bharat ka pahala sthan hai. vishv utpadan ka 27 pratishat aur vishv ke niryat ka 11 pratishat bharat se prapt hota hai.
bahari kadiyan ti bord bharat

chay (angrezi:Tea) ek mahattvapoorn pey padarth hai aur snsar ke adhikansh log ise pasand karate hain. chay mulayam evn nayi patti, band vanaspatik kali adi se taiyar ki jati hai. chay men mukhyatah kaifin ka ansh paya jata hai. isaki tazi pattiyon men tainin ki matra 25.1% payi jati hai, jabaki snsadhit pattiyon men tainin ki matra 13.3% tak hoti hai. sarvottam chay kaliyon se banayi jati hai. chay ki kheti men 'lal kitt' tatha 'shaival' janit 'chitti rog' ka prakop hota hai. chay ke lie nyoonatam varsha 125 se 150 semi hona chahie tatha tapaman 21°C se 27°C tak upayukt hota hai. vishv men chay ke utpadan men bharat ka pahala sthan hai. vishv utpadan ka 27 pratishat aur vishv ke niryat ka 11 pratishat bharat se prapt hota hai.

itihas

chay ke paudhe ka utpadan bharat men pahali bar sanh 1834 men angrez sarakar dvara parikshan ke roop men vyaparik paimane par kiya gaya tha. yadyapi jngali avastha men yah asam men pahale se hi paida hoti thi. inglaind ko isaka niryat asam ki chay kampani dvara kiya gaya. sanh 1815 men kuchh angrez yatriyon ka dhyan asam men ugane vali chay ki jhadiyon par gaya, jisase sthaniy qabaili log ek pey banakar pite the. bharat ke gavarnar-janaral laaurd baintik ne 1834 men chay ki parnpara bharat men shuroo karane aur usaka utpadan karane ki snbhavana talash karane ke lie ek samiti ka gathan kiya. isake bad 1835 men asam men chay ke bag lagae ge. kahate hain ki ek din chin ke samrat 'shain nung' ke samane rakhe garm pani ke pyale men, kuchh sookhi pattiyan akar girin, jinase pani men rng aya aur jab unhonne usaki chuski li to unhen usaka svad bahut pasnd aya. bas yahin se shuroo hota hai chay ka safar. ye bat eesa se 2737 sal pahale ki hai. sanh 350 men chay pine ki parnpara ka pahala ullekh milata hai. sanh 1610 men dach vyapari chin se chay yoorop le ge aur dhire-dhire ye samoochi duniya ka priy pey ban gaya.[1]

bhaugolik dashaen

chay ki kheti ke lie jin bhaugolik dashaon ka dhyan rakha jata hai, vah is prakar hain-
karakhane men rakhi sookhi chay, ooti

tapaman

chay chhaya priy paudha hai, jo halki chhaya men badi tivragati se badhata hai. isake lie masik tapaman 22° se 34° ke bich upayukt mane ge hain. jab uchchatam tapaman 28° sentigred se niche gir jata hai ya ausat nyoonatam tapaman 18° sentigred se niche ho jata hai, to isaki vriddhi rook jati hai. asam men 37° sentigred tapaman vale bhagon men bhi chay ka utpadan kiya jata hai. thandi pavanen aur ole chay ke lie hanikarak hote hain.

varsha

chay utpadan ke lie ardr jalavayu upayukt mani jati hai. yadi basant evn shit ritu men varsha ho jae to chay ki pattiyon ko varsh men 4-5 bar toda ja sakata hai. varsha ka ausat 150-180 sentimitar hona chahie. isaka utpadan asam ke pahadi bhagon men 125 se 375 sentimitar tak men tatha darjiling men 250 se 500 sentimitar tak varsha vale bhagon men bhi hota hai. dakshin bharat men chay kshetron men bhi varsha hoti hai. chay ke paudhe ke vikas ke lie jadon men jal ka ekatrit hona hanikarak hota hai. isalie chay ke udyan samudr tal se 610 se 1,830 mitar oonche pahadi dhalon par hi milate hain. himalay ka dakshini dhal evn pashchimi ghat ke pashchimi dhal sooryonmukhi hain aur adhik tap evn jalavrishti donon hi prapt karate hain. isake atirikt yah dhal dhruvon ki shital havaon se surakshit rahata hai. atah in dhalon par chay ka utpadan kiya jata hai.

mitti evn khad

chay ka utpadan pahadon ke dhalon par ya dhalavan bhoomi par bhi kiya ja sakata hai. yadi varsha ke atirikt jal bahane ki suvidha ho. bharat ke sarvattam chay ke udyan asam v meghalay ke halke dhaloo pahadi bhagon par, jo ki 1200 se 1800 mitar oonchaee tak hai, par pae jate hain. isake lie mitti gahari aur gandhak vali hani chahie. bahudha vanon ki saf ki gayi bhoomi chay ke lie achchhi mani jati hai. upajaoo, mulayam, baluee mitti men yadi pranij athava rasayanik tattvon ka adhiky ho to achchhi chay paida hoti hai. asam ke udyanon men chay ki jhadi़yon ke chhantane se jo tahaniyan girati hain, unhen bhoomi men phir se rop diya jata hai. isase mitti ko vanaspati tattv upalabdh hote rahate hain, darjiling ki chay isalie sugandhit hoti hai, kyonki vahan ki mitti men potash aur phaausphoras adhik matra men paya jata hai.

saste shramik

chay ki chunaee ke lie saste aur adhik matra men shramikon ki avashyakata padati hai, kyonki chay ki pattiyan ek-ek kar todi jati hain, jinase komal pattiyan nasht na hon. apani komal anguliyon ke karan hi chay ke udyanon men stri mazadoor dvara pattiyan todi jati hain. ab pattiyan todane ke lie dayanamon se chalane vali mashinon ka bhi prachalan ho gaya hai.

chay ki krishi

asam ke bagan men chay ki pattiyan chunati ladakiyan

chay ko aktoobar-navambar men boya jata hai tatha pattiyan chunane ka mausam varsh men tin se char bar chalata hai. pahali bar aprail se joon tak, doosari bar julaee se agast tak aur tisari bar sitambar se aktoobar tak. paudhon ko pahale chhoti kyariyon men ugaya jata hai. phir kuchh bada hone par anyatr rop diya jata hai. samay-samay par jhadi ki chhntaee ki jati hai, jisase komal pattiyan milati hain tatha jhadi 1.5 mitar se adhik oonchi nahin hone se patti chunane men suvidha rahati hai. bharat men chay ka prati hektear utpadan achchhe se achchhe udyan men bhi 1800 kilogram se adhik nahin hai. desh men kshetravar prati hektear utpadan is prakar hai- asam 1537, pashchim bngal 1411, tripura 623, uttar pradesh 382, himachal pradesh 132, tamilanadu 2002 karnatak 1886 aur keral 1484 . sampoorn bharat ka ausat ab badhakar 1800 kilogram ho gaya hai. uttar bharat ka 1800 kilogram aur dakshini bharat ka 2000 kilogram ho gaya hai. isase bhi chay utpadan men vriddhi ho saki hai. bharat men chay ke utpadak kshetr ek doosare se door-door hain. unaki mitti tatha jalavayu bhi ek doosare se bhinn hai, atah chay ki kismon men bhi antar hota hai. asam ki chay apani tej sugandh aur rng ke lie prasiddh hai, parantu pashchim bngal ke darjiling kshetr men paida hone vali chay bahut susvad aur madak hoti hai. dakshini bharat, visheshatah nilagiri aur kananadevans kshetr, men paida hone vali chay apani rng, madakata aur sugandh ke lie prasiddh hai. darjiling ki chay n keval bharat men hi varanh vishvabhar men shreshth mani jati hai. is samay chay bharat ki pramukh mudradayini fasal hai, jisake niryat se bharat ko 1960-1961 men 124 karod rupe tatha 2007-2008 men 2034 karod rupaye ki videshi mudra prapt huee. vibhinn karon ke roop men sarakar ko 40 se 50 karod rupaye ki ay hoti hai. chay paida karane men lagabhag 10 lakh shramik lage hue hain, jinamen se 4 lakh se adhik to asam ke udyanon men hi karyarat hai.

prakar

chay ki kism ke anusar do prakar ki chay hoti hai-

  1. chini kism - isaki jhadi dedh se do mitar oonchi hoti hai tatha pattiyan kathor aur gahare rng ki 4 se 7 sentimitar lambi hoti hain. isaka prati hektear utpadan kam hota hai.
  2. asam kism - isaki jhadi 1.0 se 1.5 mitar oonchi hoti hai tatha pattiyan adhik mulayam aur halki hare rng tatha 1.5 se 3.0 sentimitar lambi hoti hai.

bharat men pratyek udyan ke nikat hi chay taiyar karane ke lie phaiktari hoti hai, jahan bhinn-bhinn dhng se hari ya kali chay taiyar dibbon men paik ki jati hai.

chay karakhana, ooti

jalavayu kshetr

  1. ushn jalavayu ki chay kshetron ke antargat nilagiri pahadiyan, tamilanadu, tatha himalay ke dakshini dhal sammilit kie jate hain. yahan jo chay paida ki jati hai, use 'ushn jalavayu' vali chay kaha jata hai. in kshetron men sadharan kism ki chay adhik hoti hai.
  2. shital jalavayu ki chay poorvi himalay ki poorvi pahadiyon par asam men vishesh roop se paida ki jati hai. sadharanatah yah 1200 se 1820 mitar tak ki oonchaee par paida ki jati hai. uttamata ki drishti se yah madhyam shreni ki hoti hai.
  3. shitoshn jalavayu ki chay uttarakhand ke kumayoon, deharadoon; himachal pradesh ke mandi, kangada ghati evn pashchim bngal ke pahadi dhalon ki madhyavarti bhoomi par utpann ki jati hai. darjiling, kumayoon, kangada adi zilon men 2000 mitar tak ki oonchaee par chay paida ki jati hai. is kshetr ka utpadan kam hota hai, kintu chay uttam prakar ki hoti hai. desh men 13,256 chay ke udyan hain. asam men chay ke 770 udyan, pashchim bngal men 302, himachal pradesh men 1385, uttarakhand men 31, tripura men 57, tamilanadu men 6568, keral men 4112 tatha karnatak men 15 udyan hain. vartaman men chay ke antargat 0.5 miliyan hektear bhoomi hai.

utpadak kshetr

chay karakhana

bharat men chay ke kshetr himalay ke sampoorn pahadi pradesh men evn himachal pradesh aur pnjab se prayaddhipiy bharat tak men, arthath 330 uttari akshanshon se 100 uttari akshanshon ke bich, paye jate hai. chay utpadak pramukh mekhala men 23° uttar aur 32° uttar akshanshon ke bich hi kendrit hai. kul kshetr 75 pratishat uttar poorvi bharat men hai, jahan se kul utpadan ka lagabhag 70 pratishat prapt hota hai. dakshin bharat men kul kshetr ka 20 pratishat hai, jahan se 25 pratishat utpadan milata hai. shesh 5 pratishat kshetr uttar aur uttar pashchimi bharat men hain, jahan se kul utpadan ka 5 pratishat prapt hota hai. uttar-poorvi bharat men chay ka utpadan ek trikonatmak kshetr se prapt hota hai, jo 'darjiling' (pashchim bngal), 'sadiya' (asam), aur 'chataganv' (bangladesh) men vistrit hai. is trikon ke pramukh chay utpadak kshetr nimn hain-

  1. brahmaputr nadi ki ghati, jahan lagabhag 676 chay ke udyan hain aur asam ke kul chay ke kshetr ka 40 pratishat evn utpadan ka lagabhag 44 pratishat milata hai. yahan mukhy utpadak sadiya se gopalapada zile tak phaile hain, jinamen lakhimapur, shivasagar, dharang, kamaroop, golapada aur navaganv zile hain. yahan chay brahmaputr nadi ke uttari kinaron par 450 mitar ki oonchaee tak paida ki jati hai. bhoomi dhaloo hone ke karan atirikt jal bahakar chala jata hai. varsha ki matra ghati men 400 sentimitar, damadama aur dibroogad men 250 aur 225 sentimitar hoti hai. tapaman julaee men 310 se 370 tak rahata hai. yah kabhi bhi 100 se niche nahin jata hai. pala kabhi nahin girata. adhikansh utpadan julaee se navambar tak kiya jata hai, lagabhag 80 pratishat.
  2. surama ghati men kachhar zile men tilon par chay ke udyan sthit hain. yahan janavari men tapaman 10°C se julaee men 32°C tak rahate hain tatha varsha ki matra 300 se 400 sentimitar tak hoti hai. yahan kul chay ke kshetr ka 9 pratishat hai, jabaki utpadan kul 5 pratishat hota hai.
  3. duar ke antargat ek 16 kilomitar lambi patti men, jo himalay ki talahati men koochabihar aur jalapaeegudi men phaili hai, chay kuchh oonche dhalon par paida ki jati hai. varsha ki matra 300 sentimitar se adhik hoti hai, kintu dhaloo bhoomi hone ke atirikt jal bahakar chala jata hai. yahan ke mukhy utpadak kshetr mal, chasala, nagarakata, madarihat, pashukova, jayanti, katrik aur kumaragram hain. ye sab mechchhi aur raidak nadiyon ke bich kshetr men hain. yahan se 18 pratishat chay milati hai.
  4. darjiling zile men chay pahadi dhalon par sidhidar kheton men 90 se 1980 mitar oonchaee tak paida ki jati hai. yahan varsha ki matra 300 sentimitar tak hoti hai. yahan chay kee prakar ki mittiyon, bhoori, baluee, domat se lagakar pili domat mitti, lal bhoori van mitti men paida ki jati hain. mukhy utpadak zile jalapaeegudi, purooliya aur koochabihar hain.
chay ki pattiyon ko barasati mahila

any kshetr

uttari bharat men chay ke any utpadak kshetr nimnalikhit hain-

  1. taraee kshetr, jo himalay ki talahati men uttarakhand evn himachal pradesh men phaila hai. uttarakhand men, almoda aur gadhaval zile, himalay aur shivalik parvaton ke bich, kumayoon, chamoli aur pithauragadh men chay paida ki jati hai. yahan ke mukhy udyan patti, benital, silakot, chandapuramala, mujeti gadoli talavari aur jootani hain.
  2. jharakhand men chay ka utpadan chhota nagapur ka pathar, poorniya, hazaribag, aur ranchi zilon men simit kshetron men kiya jata hai. yahan nimn shreni ki chay hoti hai.
  3. himachal pradesh men chay ka utpadan kangada aur mandi zilon men hai, yahan se bharat ki lagabhag 66 pratishat hari chay utpann ki jati hai.
  4. dakshin-pashchimi bharat men chay ka kshetr samanyatah pashchim ghat ke dakshini bhagon men simit hai, jo 90 se 130 uttari akshanshon ke bich hai. yahan chay ke udyog ghat ke oopari bhagon men lal mitti vale kshetron men paye jate hain. yahan ke tapaman saman roop se oonche rahate hain tatha varsha ki matra 400 sentimitar tak hoti hai. 40 pratishat chay ka utpadan julaee se navambar ke bich kiya jata hai, shesh aprail se joon tak.

utpadan evn vyapar

ooti ke ek karakhane men chay chhanane ki prakriya

bharat se chay ka niryat vishv ke 80 se adhik deshon ko kiya jata hai, jinamen mukhyatah briten, jarmani, ayaralaind, roos, misr, afaganistan, eeran, kanada, nidaralaind, astreliya, snyukt rajy amarika, snyukt arab ganarajy, irak, kuvait, nyoojilaind, turki adi deshon ko hota hai. kul niryat ka lagabhag 40 pratishat si.aee.es. deshon ko jata hai. chay ka yah niryat kolakata, mumbee, kochchi, chennee aur mngalaur bandaragahon se hota hai. desh ke utpadan ke lagabhag 25 pratishat niryat kiya jata hai. desh men 75 pratishat chay khap jati hai, kyonki desh men pichhale char dashakon men chay ki khapat men nirantar vriddhi huee hai. atah kul utpadan ke pratishat ke roop men niryat men kami huee hai. phir bhi bharat men chay ki khapat prati vyakti pichhe kam hi hai. snyukt rajy amarika men 0.4 kilogram chay prati vyakti pichhe pi jati hai, inglaind men 3.5 kilogram, nidaralaind men 3.9 kilogram, astreliya men 1.8 kilogram chay pi jati hai. bharat men yah ausat 1955-1956 men 362 gram tha, jo vartaman men 603 gram ho gaya hai. bharat men chay ka niryat antarashtriy drishti se gir raha hai. 1955 men bharat ka chay niryat men hissa 37.8 pratishat tha, jo vartaman men girakar 11.7 pratishat rah gaya hai. isaka karan chin, indoneshiya, bangladesh aur shrilnka se bhari pratiyogita tatha bharatiy chay ke paramparagat grahak deshon gret-briten aur roos se chay ki lagatar kam hoti mang hai.
pahale bharatiy chay ke niryat men briten ka pramukh sthan tha, kintu sabase adhik chay si.aee.es. deshon v poorvi yoorop ke deshon snyukt rajy amerika, japan adi deshon ko niryat ki jati hai. usake bad briten ka sthan ata hai. isake bad ee.si.em. ke desh v kanada ate hain.

chay ka utpadan

chay ka utpadan, khapat evn vyapar (matra : miliyan kilogram; mooly : karod ru.)
utpadan niryat ayat ghareloo khapat
varsh matra

1997 -98

835.64
1998-99 854.78
1999 835.35
2000-01 848.36
2001-02 847.25
2002-03 845.97
2003-04 878.65
2004-05 906.84
2005-06 948.94
2006-07 947-12
2007-08 ( apral-navambar) 805.18
matra mooly
211.26 2003.15

205.86

2191.84

194.44

1932.66

203.55

1889.78

19.00

1695.78

184.4

1665.04

183.07

1636.99

205.81

1924.71

196.67

1793.58

218.15

2045.72

100.87

998.68
matra mooly

2.61

17.79

8.93

64.73

10.36

61.97

15.23

95.47

16.02

82.70

22.49

105.32

11.34

66.23

32.53

145.15

17.41

102.77

20.78

110.88

11.80

76.18
matra

597

615

633

653

673

693

714

735

757

771

vishv vitaran

chay ke bagan men kam karate kuchh log

vishv men lagabhag 26 lakh hekteyar bhoomi par chay ki krishi ki jati hai. vishv men isaka varshik utpadan 20 lakh tan hai. chay utpadak deshon men bharat, shrilnka, chin, japan adi pramukh hain. any deshon men roos, jarjiya, turki, kiniya, malavi, yuganda tatha mojambik pramukh utpadak desh hain. bharat lagabhag 4 lakh hekteyar bhoomi men phaile lagabhag 1300 baganon se 7000 lakh kigra chay prativarsh utpadan ka lagabhag 50% akele asam men utpadit kiya jata hai. asam men brahmaputr ghati, soorama ghati tatha sadiya kshetr mukhy chay utpadak kshetr hain. doosare sthan par pashchim bngal hai- yahan darjiling aur jalapaeegudi zile pramukh utpadak kshetr hain. dakshini bharat men pramukh chay utpadak rajy kramashah tamilanadu, keral, karnatak adi hai. yahan nilagiri, annamalaee aur kardemam pahadi mukhy utpadak kshetr hain.

pramukh niryatak desh

  1. bharat
  2. shrilnka
  3. kiniya
  4. chin
  5. indoneshiya
  6. bangladesh adi.

chay ke prakar

mote taur par chay do tarah ki hoti hai :

  1. prosesd ya sitisi (kat, tiyar aur karl) ya am chay
  2. hari chay (prakritik chay).

sitisi chay (am chay)

sitisi chay

yah vibhinn knpani ke utpadon ke tahat bikane vali danedar chay hoti hai, jo amataur par ghar, restaran aur hotal adi men istemal ki jati hai. isamen patton ko todakar karl (modana) kiya jata hai. phir sukhakar danon ka roop diya jata hai. is prakriya men kuchh badalav ate hain. isase chay men svad aur mahak badh jati hai. lekin yah hari chay jitani achchhi nahin banati aur n hi utani fayademnd.

hari chay (grin ti)

hari chay

yah chay ke paudhe ke oopar ke kachche patte se banati hai. sidhe patton ko todakar bhi chay bana sakate hain. isamen prati aksikarak (enti-aauksident) sabase zyada hote hain. hari chay kafi fayademnd hoti hai, khasakar agar bina doodh aur chini ke pi jae. isamen oorja (kailari) bhi nahin hotin. isi hari chay se ayurvedik (harbal) v karbanik (aaurgenik) adi chay taiyar ki jati hai.

ayurvedik chay (harbal ti)

hari chay men kuchh jadi-bootiyan masalan tulasi, ashvagndha, ilayachi, dalachini adi mila dete hain to ayurvedik chay taiyar hoti hai. isamen koee ek ya tin-char harb milakar bhi dal sakate hain. yah bazar men taiyar paiket men bhi milati hai. yah sardi-khansi men kafi fayademnd hoti hai, isalie log dava ki tarah bhi isaka prayog karate hain.

jaivik chay (aaurgenik ti)

jis chay ke paudhon men kitanashak (pestisaid) aur rasayanik urvarak (phartilaijar) adi nahin dale jate, use aaurgenik chay ya jaivik chay kaha jata hai. yah sehat ke lie zyada fayademnd hai.

safed chay (vait ti)

safed chay

kuchh dinon ki komal pattiyon se ise taiyar kiya jata hai. isaka halka mitha svad kafi achchha hota hai. isamen kaifin sabase kam aur prati aksikarak (enti-aauksident) sabase zyada hote hain. isake ek kap men sirf 15 miligram kaifin hota hai, jabaki kali chay (blaik ti) ke ek kap men 40 aur hari chay men 20 mi.gra. kaifin hota hai.

kali chay (blaik ti)

kali chay

koee bhi chay doodh v chini milae bina pi jae to use kali chay kahate hain. hari chay ya ayurvedik chay ko to amataur par doodh milae bina hi piya jata hai. lekin kisi bhi tarah ki chay ko kali chay ke roop men pina hi sabase sehatamnd hai. tabhi chay ka asali fayada milata hai.

turnt chay (instent ti)

is shreni men chay ke chhote-chhote baig ate hain, yani pani men dalo aur turnt chay taiyar. chay ke baig men tainik esid hota hai. isamen vishanu virodhi (enti-vayaral) aur jivanu virodhi (enti-baiktiriyal) gun hote hain. inhin gunon ki vajah se chay ke baig ko kaausmetiks adi men bhi prayog kiya jata hai.

niboo ki chay (leman chay)

niboo ki chay sehat ke lie achchhi hoti hai, kyonki chay ke jin prati aksikarak (enti-aauksidents) ko sharir avashoshit nahin kar pata, niboo dalane se ve bhi avashoshit ho jate hain.

mashin vali chay

restaran, daftar, relave steshan, eyaraport adi par amataur par mashin vali chay milati hai. is chay ka koee fayada nahin hota kyonki isamen kuchh bhi prakritik avastha men nahin hota.

any chay

ajakal stres riliving (tanav rahit), rijoovineting (kayakalp), sliming ti v ais ti bhi khoob chalan men hain. inamen kee tarah ki jadi-booti adi milaee jati hain. masalan, bhrami rileks karata hai to dalachini tajagi pradan karati hai aur tulasi hamari pratiraksha pranali ko mazaboot karati hai. isi tarah sliming ti men bhi aise tattv hote hain, jo vazan kam karane men madad karate hain. inase chayapachay dar (metabaaulik ret) thoda badh jata hai, lekin yah sahara bhar hai. sirf isake sahare vazan kam nahin ho sakata. ais ti men chini kafi hoti hai, isalie ise pine ka koee fayada nahin hai.

chay ke fayade

ooti ke ek karakhane men chay sookhane ki prakriya
  • chay men kaifin aur tainin hote hain, jo uttejak aushadhi hote hain. inase sharir men phurti ka ahasas hota hai.
  • chay men maujood el-thiyenain namak amino-esid dimag ko zyada sakriy lekin shant rakhata hai.
  • chay men entijan hote hain, jo ise enti-baiktiriyal kshamata pradan karate hain.
  • isamen maujood enti-aauksident tatv sharir ki pratirodhak kshamata badhate hain aur kee bimariyon se bachav karate hain.
  • chay men phloraid hota hai, jo haddiyon ko mazaboot karata hai aur danton men kida lagane se rokata hai.

chay ke nuqasan

  • din bhar men tin kap se zyada pine se esiditi ho sakati hai.
  • lauh tattvon ko avashoshit karane ki sharir ki kshamata ko kam kar deti hai.
  • kaifin hone ke karan chay pine ki lat lag sakati hai.
  • zyada pine se khushki a sakati hai.
  • pachan men dikkat ho sakati hai.
  • danton par dag a sakate hain lekin kaaufi se zyada dag ate hain.
  • der rat pine se nind n ane ki samasya ho sakati hai.

chay ki mahatta

chay

chay ki aushadhiy mahatta

chay ko kainsar, haee kaaulestraaul, elarji, yakrit aur dil ki bimariyon men fayademnd mana jata hai. kee shodh kahate hain ki chay kainsar v aaurtharaitas (jodon ka dard) ki rokatham men bhoomika nibhati hai aur baid kaaulestraaul (el. di. el.) ko niyntrit karati hai. sath hi, hriday aur yakrit snbndhi samasyaon ko bhi kam karati hai.

chay ke gun

  • chay ki pattiyon ke pani ko gulab ke paudhe ki jadon men dalana chahie.
  • chay ki pattiyon ko pani men ubal kar bal dhone se chamak a jati hai.
  • ek litar ubale pani men panch chay ke baig dalen aur panch minat ke lie chhod den. isamen thodi der ke lie pair dalakar baithe rahen. pairon ko kafi rahat milati hai.
  • chay ke do baig ko thnde pani men dubokar nichod len. phir donon ankhon ko bnd kar len aur unake oopar ti baigs rakhakar kuchh der ke lie shanti se let jaen. isase ankhon ki soojan aur thakan utar jaegi.
  • sharir ke kisi bhag men soojan ho jae to us par garm pani men bhigokar chay ke baig rakhen. isase dard kam hoga aur rakt parisncharan samany ho jaega.
  • garm pani men bhige hue chay ke baig ko rakhane se dant ke dard men turnt aram milata hai.

chay banane ka sahi tariqa

taza pani len. use ek ubal ane tak ubalen. pani ko adhe minat se zyada nahin ubalen. ek sookhe bartan men chay patti dalen. isake bad bartan men pani udel den. panch-sat minat ke lie bartan ko dhak den. isake bad kap men chhan len. svad ke mutabik doodh aur chini milaen. ek kap chay banane ke lie adha chammach chay patti kafi hoti hai. chay patti, doodh aur chini ko ek sath ubalakar chay banane ka tariqa sahi nahin hai. isase chay ke sare fayade khatm ho jate hain. isase chay kafi kadak bhi ho jati hai aur usamen kadavapan a jata hai.

yah bhi janen

kulh‌d men chay
kab pien

yoon to chay kabhi bhi pi sakate hain lekin sone se thik pahale chay pine se bachana chahie. darasal, rat ko sone aur aram karane se ant taza hoti hai. aise men subah uthakar sabase pahale chay pina sahi nahin hai. der rat men chay pine se nind ane men dikkat ho sakati hai.

sath men kya khaen
  • jin logon ko esiditi ki dikkat hai, unhen khali chay nahin pini chahie. sath men ek-do biskut len.
  • hari chay ayurvedik pey hai, isalie ise khali hi pina behatar hai. sath men kuchh n khaen to isaka gunakari asar zyada hota hai.
kitane kap pien

bina doodh aur chini ki ayurvedik chay to kitani bar bhi pi sakate hain. lekin doodh-chini dalakar aur sabhi chizen ek sath ubalakar banaee gee chay tin kap se zyada nahin pini chahie.

kitani garm pien

chay ko kap men dalane ke 2-3 minat bad pina thik rahata hai. vaise jibh khud ek snvedi ang hai. chay ke zyada garm hone par usamen jalan ho jati hai aur hamen pata chal jata hai ki chay zyada garm hai.

rakhi huee chay n pien

chay taza banakar hi pini chahie. adhe ghnte se zyada rakhi huee chay ko thnda ya dobara garm karake nahin pina chahie. isi tarah ek hi patti ko bar-bar ubalakar pina aur bhi nuqasanadeh hai. aksar dhabon aur gali-muhalle ki chay ki dukanon par chay banane vale bartan men purani hi patti men aur patti dalakar chay banaee jati hai. isase chay men nuqasanadayak tattv banane lagate hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. chay ki kheti kab, kahan aur kaise? (hindi) (ech ti em el) bibisi hindi. abhigaman tithi: 24 janavari, 2011.

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